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OVER 250 PRODUCT REVIEWS! 


April 1986 $3.95 



THE 

SOFTWARE 

STRIP 


Low Cost Software—On Paper! 





ersion 2.0 

EAT SHEET 

Mr. Nice Guy ' 


Knows For Sure 

. 


ARE TWO HEADS BETTER THAN ONE? 

\Qnly Your Consi. 

\ 

LNINGFUL RELATIONSHIPS 

Through the 



BREAD & BUTTER BUDGETING 

A Flexible, Friendly Home Accountant 

THE STAR-STRUCK MAC 

A Galaxy of Macintosh Astronomy 









mA 






* r&My'' - 




- 


mi 






SONY THAN SORRY. 






The bomb's up. The system’s down. You’ve lost all your data to disk 
error because you made a very basic human error. You didn’t use 
Sony floppy disks. 

Next time, go with the industry standard, the company who 
invented the 3.5" disk drive system, and a floppy disk that comes 
100% certified error free. Sony. 

Only Sony 3.5" micro floppy disks contain such error suppress¬ 
ing materials as patented Vivax™ magnetic particles and a high- 
molecular DDL’“ binder system. This protects your micro floppy 
disk, and the information on it. for its lifetime; and assures data 
retrieval in the order you choose. Guaranteed. 

So use Sony 3.5"or 5.25" floppy disks, and avoid disk error. If you 
use somebody else's, you could be sorry 


THE ONE AND ONLY. 


SON* 


|SOr(y 


V 


Step, 


kfcl 


Z.I US 


C 1966 Sony Got pat alien of America Sony is a registered trademark or I he Sony Cot pot a bon 

Vivax and DDL are trademarks of (he Sony Corporation The One and Only" is a registered trademark of Sony Corporation of America 


Please circle 192 on reader service card. 










can travel in style ... fully protected! 




you ccm f fake 
with you? 

MacTote v and PrintTote * cases are 
manufactured especially for the 
Apple Macintosh'" and 
ImageWriter printer. Traveling with 
the Mac neatly packed in a smart 
set of Optimum cases is the only 
way to go ... and for a number of 
easy-to-see reasonsi 

Both cases are made of long- 
wearing and completely waten 
resistant cordura. Convenient 
zippered and padded pouches 
keep your software, literature and 
peripherals safe and well- 
organized, And our Jour prices make 
MacTote ™ and FrirrtTofe r,J even 
easier to pick up and carry away . 

Cases available separately Call 
today for the dealer nearest you. 


THE FINEST QUALITY 
DOESN T HAVE TO COST MORE 


MacTbte 


Coll (600) 447-0300 


a. 


or in CA TOLL-FREE (800) 632 4200 


L Padded pouch ior mouse; 2. Open pouch 
tor manuals or notes; 3. Opea podded 
pouch tor keyboard; 4. Side handle lor easy 
carrying and stability. 5. Padded. Velcro 
handle (no snaps); 6 , Padded, non-slip 
shoulder strap; 7.Zippered pouches tor 
disks or accessories on both sides ot case: 8. 
Zippered pouch tor accessories, modem, 
cords, etc 9 . Padded pouch for disk drive 
and extra padding to protect Macintosh's 
screen; 10. Reinforced bottom fully supports 
and distributes weight of Macintosh; 11, 
Heavy-duty nylon zippers. 


OPTIMUM 

COMPUTER CRS6S 

8334 Clairemont Mesa Blvd. 
Suite 111 

San Diego. CA 92111 

Macintosh u a tradomaik licensed lo 
Apple Computer. Inc. 


PrintTote 


A Fully-padded interior; B. Padded handles. 
C. Heavy-duty reinforced nylon zippers: D. 
Outside pockets on both top and bottom; E. 
Reinforced ribbing at stress points: F. 
Zippered cable compartments; G. Non-slip 
shoulder pad; it Built-in paper stand. 

MacTote and PrintTote cie trademarks ot Optimum 
Computer Cates 


Please circle 180 on reader service card. 


MW 
























MacUser 

VOL. 1, NO. 7 APRIL 1986 

Cover photo by Alex Qitcsada 


POWER COMPUTING 

THE SOFTWARE STRIP New technology 
that can lower software costs, by Steven 

Bobber ............ 38 

A RELATIONAL BARGAIN Interlace offers 
both relational database power and low 

cost, by Michael D. Wesley ..46 

ARE 2 HEADS BETTER THAN ONE? Can 
Consultant improve your work? Use it to 
find out. by Joost Rome it ...54 



Vatic 54 


EDUCATION 

THE STAR-STRUCK MAC A guide to four 
sky-watching programs, fry Robb Alev 
Allan .78 



Page 68 


MAC OFFICE 

JAPANESE TO GO A unique word pro¬ 
cessor lets Japan in on the Mac’s power. 

by Howard Katz ....60 

BREAD AND BUTTER BUDGETING Orga¬ 
nize your finances with The Home Ac¬ 
countant t by Bonnie Walker .74 


DESKTOP PUBLISHING 

ON YOUR MACS RcadySetGo 2.0 makes 
page layout easier than ever, by Tim 
Onosko .......68 



Patfc 46 






















ENTERTAINMENT 

THE CHEAT SHEET Ways to win that von 
never thought otl Trade Forman 

Hines ..........86 

DESIGNER BATTLES Create and tight 
your own Ancient An of War scenarios. 
by Neil L Shapiro _....._..._..94 




THE EDITOR'S DESKTOP Comet 

LaserWriter, by Neil L. Shapiro ..*..9 

WEST COAST REPORT Ghost of a 

Chance, by Michael D, Wesley ....25 

THE MACINTOSH BOUNDARY The Fam¬ 
ous Computer Columnists’ School fa 

Doug Clapp ............. 28 

THE HELP FOLDER Answers from the 
Mac Team, by Dan Cochran .116 


Pane 38 


ONE IF BY LAND. TWO IF BY "C” Add 
music to your programs, by Bob Perez 104 


THE DEVIL'S ADVOCATE The Amazing 
New Macintosh! by ]olm C. Dvorak 144 


DEPARTMENTS 

LETTERS Readers have their say. from the 

Mac Community ....... 15 

NEW ON THE MENU New products, copy 
protection, rumors and updates....... 18 

QUICK CLICKS Ten reviews of exciting 

programs........ 32 

TIP SHEET Get more from your Mac. 
compiled fa Trade Forman Hines*,.A \ 2 
MINIFINDERS Hundreds of capsule re¬ 
views help you to pick and choose. 122 
PICTURE PALETTE Your graphics show¬ 


cased....... 143 

ADVERTISERS INDEX.............. 136 









































About MacUser 



Cortland Computer Presents 

the Mac wish list 


No more waiting for the printer. 
Continue to work while printing 
high quality text or graphics. 


View up to eight Mac Write 
documents from within any 
application. 



MaC« 


\ 


Simplify applications with 
string macros. 


Prevent screen damage from 
image “burn-in.” 


Transfer directly and quickly 
between applications. 





Protect confidential files from 
prying eyes. 


Don't live with your Mac's limitations. Open up a whole new r world of 
performance with TopDesk: seven innovative programs you can add to 
virtually any Mac software. 

Prim formatted Mac Write, MacDraw, Microsoft Word and Excel documents 
while you work. Display up to eight Mac Write and text files simultaneously 
for instant cut and paste. Reduce long phrases to a few keystrokes, and store 
over 10,000 abbreviations. You can assign your own Command keys to any 
menu selection. Encrypt a 1G0K file in 5 seconds—with your own secret 
password. Bypass the finder when transferring between applications. Even 
protect your screen from image burn-in for as long as your Macintosh stays 
on. TopDesk does it all. 

So stop wishing and order TopDesk today. If you're not completely satisfied 
just return it within 10 days for a full refund, and keep the Transfer Utility 
Program as your free gift for trying TopDesk, 

Only $59.95 Call to order today at (415) 845-1142 

mp Desk 

Cortland Computer, Inc. P.O. Box 9916 Berkeley, CA 94709 

Please circle 198 on reader service card. 


EDITOR « CHIEF 

Steven Bobkcr 

WEST COAST EDITOR 

Michael D. Wesley 

SENIOR EDITOR 

Trade Forman Hines 

PRODUCTION EDITOR 

Daisy Genovese i 

ASSISTANT EDITOR 

David Biedny 

EDITORIAL ASSISTANT 

Gilbert Rankin 

INTERN 

Joshua Samuel Brown 

CONTRIBUTING EDrTORS 

Dennis Brothers 

Doug Depp 

Dan Cochran 

Ian McKNinel) j 

CONTRIBUTING ANTl-EOfTOR 

John C Dvorak j 

EDITOR AT URGE 

Neil L Shapiro 

ART DIRECTOR 

Lisa Orsim 

ASSOCIATE ART DIRECTOR 

Marytocth Cunnlff 

PRODUCTION ARTIST 

Catherine Claifco 

PRODUCTION DIRECTOR 

Alan Jcffnes 

PRODUCTION MANAGER 

Randi B. Kantor > 

NATIONAL ADVERTISING DIRECTOR Steven J, Rosonflefd 

ADVERTISING MANAGERS 
EASTERN 

NORTHWEST 

SOUTHWEST 

MIDWEST 

Peggy DIMarco 

Moreen St. Pierre 

Gary Meyer 

Kevin Sullivan 

ADVERTISING SERVICES MANAGER Mindy Roland 

CIRCULATION DIRECTORS: 

SINGLE COPY SALES 
SUBSCRIPTION SALES 

Jay Annls 

Wait 6 Randolph 

PUBLISHER 

Fell* Dennis ' 

EXECUTIVE PUBLISHER 

Melvyn A. Will lams 

VICE-PRESIDENT 

Susan Freeman 1 

ASSISTANT TO THE PUBLISHERS 

Susan Huang 

RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT 

Kottwitz A Associates 

ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT 

Cyndy DeLucia 

RECEPTIONIST 

Cynthia Reef 

PRESIDENT 

Robert G. Banner 

CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD 

Peter Godfrey 


MacUser (ISSN 0884-0997) is published monthly 
by MacUser Publications. Inc. * 1986. MacUser Publica¬ 
tions. Inc., all rights reserved. Compiled and packaged by 
Fetden Holdings Ud, Business and Editorial Offices: 25 
West 39th Street, Now York. NY 10018, Telephone: (212) 
302-2626 West Coast Offices: 359 Bel Marin Keys 
Boulevard, Novato. CA 94947. Telephone: (415) 382- 
8500. Midwest Offices: 1350 Wilmette Avenue. Wilmette. 
IL 60091 Telephone (312) 251-2541. European Offices: 
14 Ralhbonc Place, London WlP IDE, England. Tele¬ 
phone: 01-631 1433, US subscription rates are $27.00 
for 12 Issues, $45.00 for 24 issues and $62,00 for 36 
issues. For Canada and Mexico, subscription rates In US 
funds are $29.00 for 12 issues, $49.00 Tor 24 Issues end 
$63.00 for 36 Issues. For other countries odd $50 per 
year to the US rates for airmail. Add $12 per year to the US 
rales for surface mail. Single copy prtce is S3 95 (Canada 
$4 95), For foreign back issue orders {subject to availabil¬ 
ity) add $1,50 per copy for postage and handling. For 
subscriber service questions call 1-800-MAC-U5ER or 
write MacUser Subscriptions Dept., 29 HnvUard Street, S. 
Norwalk, CT 06854 Application to mail second-class Is 
pending at New York, NY. POSTMASTER send address 
changes to MacUser, 29 HavfFgnd Street, S. Norwalk, CT 
06854 


MacUser 

MboUht is art independent journal, not tftiBetod in 
any way with Apple Computer, Inc. BRA member¬ 
ship (Selected Market Audit Division) applied tor 
August, 1965. Printed In the USA. 


































INTERLACE 

THE MACINTOSH DATABASE 


INTERLACE* COMBINES 
RELATIONAL DATABASE 
POWER WITH THE EASE OF 
USE OF A FILE MANAGER 

Simple filing products though easy to use. lack 
the power to handle multiple-file applications and the 
calculations required to perform useful tasks. 

Most power databases require that you become a 
programmer before even the simplest task can be done. 

But now Interlace is here... 

LINK DATA IN MULTIPLE FILES 

Interlace is the only program which allows you to 
visually define your database by drawing connections 
between files. Adam Green, Infoworld: "...Really uses 
the visual strength of the Mac to produce a database 
design tool." 

VISUALLY DESIGN FORMS AND REPORTS 

Report design is freeform, place fields and pictures 
anywhere on the page. Choose your own fonts and 
styles. Reports can access multiple files and other reports 
using spreadsheet-style formulas to build practical 
applications. Stewart Alsop, PC Letter: "...Bridge(s) 
the gap between the pretty programs and the power 
programs." 


INCLUDES THESE POWERFUL APPLICATIONS 

■ Client Billing ■ Stock Portfolio Management 

■ Checkbook ■ Parts Explosion 

■ 1040 Tax planning including Schedules A, B, and D. 
Esther Dyson, Release 1.0: "Interlace is a stunningly 
wonderful application generator/dbms." 

Suggested retail price is SI39. Order now and get 
Interlace at the special introductory price of S95. Backed 
with a 60 day money-back guarantee. 


Call (800) 626-8392 
or in CA. (800) 826-1S85 



SOFTWARE- 

5888 Castano Drive 
San Jose. CA 95129. 

Send me Interface for the Introductory price of S95 [plus $4,00 shipping. 
Canada $10), Overseas add $25 and make payment by bank draft, payable in 
US dollars, drawn on a US bank. COD's and Purchase Orders WILL NOT 
be accepted. 

Name: 


Company. 


Phone, 

Address: 

City 

State: 

Zip: 

□ Visa O MasterCard 

Card #: 


Card Expiration Date: 


Signature: 


California residents add 7% sales tax. DEALER INQUIRIES WELCOME 

hnwrtace is a trademark of Singular Software, fnc. Macintosh is a trademark llcens&d to Apple Computet Inc, 


Please circle 193 on reader service card. 


mat 

























It’s amazing what you 
can reveal when you strip. 


Introducing a shape that’s about to turn on an 
entire industry. 

'Ilie Softstrip " data strip. From Cauzin. 

This new technology' allows text, graphics, and 
data to lie 
encoded on a I 
strip of paper, 
then easily 
entered into 

your computer using a scanning device called the 
Cauzin Softstrip , “ System Reader. 

Creating a simple, reliable and cost efficient 
way to distribute and retrieve information. 

Softstrip data strips, like those you see here, can 
contain anything that can be put on magnetic disks. 


Facts. Figures. Software programs. 
Video games. Product demonstrations. 



The Cauzin Sofbtnp totem Reader is now 
comfUtiMewiththe HIM PC \pple Hand Macintosh. 


A single strip can hold up to 5500 bytes of 
encoded data. 

It can stand up to wrinkles, scratches, ink 
marks, even coffee stains. 

And it can be entered into your computer with 
a higher degree of reliability than most magnetic media. 


Simply by plugging the Cauzin Reader into your 
serial or cassette port and placing it over the strip. 

The reader scans the strip, converts it to com¬ 
puter code, and feeds it into any standard communi- 
- cation interface. 

Because strips are so easy to gen¬ 
erate, most of your favorite magazines 
mid books will soon be using them in 
addition to long lists of program code. 

And you’ll 
lie able to enter 
programs with¬ 
out typing a 
single line. 

There is 

also software for 
you to generate 
your own strips. 

Letting you 
send every¬ 
thing from correspondence to business information 
using our new' technology 

Find out how much you can reveal by 
stripping. Just take this ad to your computer dealer 
for a demonstration of the Cauzin Softstrip 
System Reader 

Or for more information and the name of the 
dealer nearest you. call Cauzin at 1-800-533-7323. 

In Connecticut, call 573-0150. 



Cauzin Systems, Inc. 

8.35 South Main St., Watcrburv CT067U6 



Tlie Quzm Softstrip System Reader replaces tedious typing hy scanning the stnp 
and reading it into your computer 


«**■<**-■ .«•**** 6 1*0— 

BASIC Butinnu Subroutines 


Soon even one will hr Gripping a> data Strips appear in 
l*opular magazines, computer Inioks and text books 


Apple * .aid MactnSi'li * an r.gwrusl trail* mark' *>l Apple < *»rn|'U««T lit< ippfr * .i rvgotrrwl trademark •>! \|ifItu mds lot 
and tile VJbtftp* SNstcrti Header aft- trademark'**f I JU/!iu S>*t«ns loc IBM * is a regtslem! trademark 4 HIM Im 

Please circle 151 on reader service card 












ALTERNATIVE FINDERS 

Finding nut whits on your Mac disk can sometimes be a labor of unrequited lave. With 
BROWSE 1 ", however you hive t sped) alternative ehat let’s you ste what files are on 
your diskisk 

By selecting All Files'' you II see all the Hies on your disk including “invisible' files 
such as Desktop, By using the "eject' and/or drive buttons, you un quickly browse 
through a whale stack of disks without ever exiting the prog ram . 

S H A Z A M ,f is n't a Captain A mcrica n v idco game or an WI amat ion from Gome r Fy le. 

H e re it s a seJf-i n ml I mg ", extreme Iy fast, and compact replace m enc (nr the Finder w hen 
you wish ro select an application to run 

This program even lets you amove the Finder [torn your disk; saving valuable space. 
You can always run Finder from an other disk. Or, you can am Finder as an application 
using SHAXAM. 

Read in the strip of the program pun interested in. BROWSE is the first strip on the 
righli and SB AZAM is tire next one over Double click rhe appropriate icon to execute 
the program. Use it the same way you'd use your Fimkr, 

Both of these programs art part of the MUSICWORKS UTILITIES, which ire a collection 
of small, hut very' useful, programs written by Bub Rees. 


CUSTOMIZE YOUR BUSINESS HEADINGS 

The two data strips on the far cfghr contain a program called HEADINGS, which is 
part of the Mac Art for Business program collection by Fitrit ia Frank. Wrtli it you cart 
add flair ro your business stationery, memos, reports, and business forms It lidps you 
design head ings that add a gra ph tc touch ro chose ji ri n ted papers you haw to erta re duri ng 
the day 

Read in rhestrips. Loud it min MacPamrorose it wirh any Macintosh word processor: 
From the Finder, double click on the HEADINGS icon, If Mac Paint is also available, the 
life will be opened. From within MacPaint, choose Open from the File menu, dick on 
HEADINGS, and click the Open button. 


i i 

Mtffcpni and The Findtr m nr jeered undefmrk* of Appk t j.ntipifrtc, Inc. 

HRtmt and 5ft AZAM *ft di uc <hu ted t rnjrt -of tKr floMunCrwnputrf SoeicrTVWaffiitfrth l \rsvf>nnjp 
hjblic [Vumm wfmare. Tht? tncuongc ipu \v ibft thro program* * uh wur frwnji. 

NEvDINC.S ji rtpnnifd wiiH qf John lETIn t, Som. I nr. 

Copvrijtht €• I9«S h Ji>hn Wiki * Sum, Inc. All njhii rrumh 



lit 2 
183 
181 
















at MacStation D. 


You'll like what you see. 

MacStation Ii combines your primer, 
disk drive, modem, mouse, manuals 
and disks into one convenient unit that 
takes up significantly less space. That 
keeps your Macintosh computer system 
the efficient and productive tool it was 
designed to be. 

MacStation II is made of high-impact 
plastic to match the color and texture 
of your Macintosh. Adjustable side 
shelves keep equipment within 
easy reach. 

The top shelf is designed to hold any 
of the Mac compatible primers, 
including the wide Imagcwriter. And 
■100 sheets of 8Vi" or 15" continuous 
form paper fit neatly underneath. 

The ventilation system has been 
praised by professionals. But we didn't take their word alone. 

We put it to the MacTest, A special overload program that 
simulates extraordinarily high levels of usage. 

This 180-minute program directs the internal and external disk 
drives to alternately "write" to disk every ten seconds for a 
duration of approximately four seconds each. 

The temperature of the computer was measured by an internal 
probe positioned where the most heat build-up was apparent. 

The results show that MacStation II contributes only one degree 
to the Macintosh computer’s maximum internal temperature. 

Owning a MacStation II puts you in good company. Over 1000 


Tbc wedge design at the top hack allows air to circulate freely, 


DEGREES FARENHEIT 


0 30 60 90 120 150 130 210 

MINUTES ELAPSED FROM SWITCH ON. 


Macintosh Computer 
enclosed in the MacStation if. 


MacStation it side cents align uitb tlw side cents of pur Mac for 
maximum i en illation 


Macintosh Computer only. 

units are installed with Jet Propulsion 
Laboratory, AT&T and GTE telephone 
companies, Coca Cola, Motorola, 
General Electric and our friends at Apple Computer. 

MacStation 11 is affordably priced at S98.88*. 

To order direct or for the dealer nearest vou call toll free: 
1-800-622-7246 

Residents in Washington or outside the L'SA call: (206) 882-0551. 


mmg-rh—f— r* 

microNam 


'This is our suggested retail price. Micro Rain's dealers set Ihe actual selling Dries. Apple is a registered trademark. Macintosh is a trademark licensed to Apple 
Computer; Ina 
























SUSAN COHEN 


THE EDITOR'S DESKTOP 


COMET 

LASERWRITER 

by Neil L. Shapiro 

I was tying in bed drinking Rumple 
Mmtz peppermint schnapps and 
watching MTV Is New Yea ris Eve Party 
{magazine editors really know how to 
have a gtxid time). The announcer said 
something similar to, “Goodbye to 
198$—the year of Halley's Comet, 
which you need a big, fat telescope to see 
and even then it doesn't look like much. 11 

Well, I had to disagree. [ had just 
come in from a cold night 5 * observing of 
Halley's through my own big, fat tele¬ 
scope (a Celestron Super C8 Plus bought 
in a weak moment) and 1 had spent well 
over an hour simply staring at Halley’s. 
Sure it was tiny, blurry and hardly as 
spectacular as the fireworks in New 
York's seaport festivities or in the DiVin¬ 
yls' rendition of “Pleasure and Pain." But 
it sure was awe-inspiring to anyone that 
could understand what was happening. 
That train of thought, naturally 
enough, led me to think about Apple’s 
LaserWriter. In some ways the Laser¬ 
Writer was the Halley’s Comet of com¬ 
puting in 1985. A lot of fanfare followed 
by product introduction, and the prod¬ 
uct seemed somehow fuzzy, unfocused 
and perhaps overshadowed by other 
events. Bur stiff there was the glow of 
history about it. 

GUTENBERG, FRANKLIN, JOBS? 

Pm a believer in the theory that com¬ 
munications shapes history; chat many of 
a society's most all-encompassing fea¬ 
tures arc directly influenced, developed 
from and changed by that society's abili¬ 
ties to have its people be in touch with 
one another. It’s a theory that's hard to 
disagree with. 

When Gutenberg brought movable 
type to European societies he started a 
w hole new form of publishing. Books no 
longer were the realm of an extremely 
privileged few. Rather, they became 
more w idely available even if still to an 
aristocracy of nobility and dergy. But it 
wasn't long before publishers such as 
Caxton realized that they could publish 
in a vernacular language and reach a 
potentially huge audience with works 
such as Malory\s Alorte D Arthur* (Cax- 
ton was, unfortunately, also the world’s 
first blue-penciling editor as any compar¬ 
ison of Caxtun's Malmy with the original 


manuscript discovered by Prof Vmaver 
will reveal.) 

Gradually the audience for such works 
grew and grew- as more and more people 
learned to read. The process of books 
being available led to more people warn¬ 
ing to pick up on reading and, as more 
people learned to read, there were more 
books published. Such a process would 
someday (particularly in parts of a latter- 
day Cambridge) be referred to as posi¬ 
tive feedback. 

Finally, so many people had stumbled 
into learning bow to read that Benjamin 
Franklin and others were, in the 1700's, 
able to begin toppling a huge, world¬ 
wide empire by disseminating their own 



views and political arguments through 
die media of the “broadside.” These 
broadsides were pamphlets printed on 
private presses expressing eve nailing 
from homilies to outright sedition 
against the King. This first example of a 
free press established the fact that the 
pen may or may not be mightier than the 
sword, but used properly it can cause any 
number of swords to be unsheathed. 

Since Franklin's rime the free press has 
progressed in the Western world to truly 
astounding proportion and power. In¬ 
deed, it is sometimes hard to tell the 
difference between some huge, national 
newspapers and the political conglomer¬ 
ates they report on. 

Streaking into this already star-stud¬ 
ded firmanem has come die LaserWriter. 
Well, at least inching and edging its way. 

THE NEW RENAISSANCE 

How many people you know can 
read? How- many people you know can 
compute? Most importantly, how many 
readers do you know could compute if 
given access to a Macintosh? 

We are seeing something happen here 
which can only be compared to the 


manner in which reading gave rise ro the 
wealth of new ideas, techniques and 
sciences that wc refer to as the Renais¬ 
sance. Just as more and more people who 
were not clergy or high nobility learned 
to read then, today's new literati are the 
people who are learning to compute 
without having to be computer scien¬ 
tists. 

Up until now we have only seen what 
computers can do if applied to a task by a 
member of the computing aristocracy. 

With the advent of the Macintosh we 
had die first computer capable of being 
used by the butcher, the baker, the 
bookie and the outside agitator. With 
the advent of the LaserWriter wc arc 
about to see how such people will be 
able to put their own thoughts, feelings, 
ideas and broadsides into print. 

Sure, the realm of desktop publishing 
is now a corporate one. Programs like 
PnjjcMaktr and RtadySetGa are being 
sold to the people who can now afford 
the LaserWriter necessary to really make 
these programs sing. 

Even as we read these words, some¬ 
where a gigantic, boring 200-page, Mac- 
produced report on widgets and sales 
curves is being plunked onto an oak desk 
by a happy corporate gnome who has 
managed to disguise a lack of creativity 
with fancy graphics and enhanced type 
styles. But the advent of the LaserWriter, 
in the long run, will mean much more 
than that. 

Because sooner or later a laser printer 
like the LaserWriter will not cost as 
much as a small car. 

What w ill happen when you can buy a 
laser printer for less than four hundred 
dollars? I think it will revolutionize many 
aspects of the world we live in. Perhaps 
even literally, 

PTA’S AND GUERILLAS 

I've already had a few mailings from a 
local PTA published via Mac by using 
laser-produced output cm a cheap facsim¬ 
ile-type machine. The results were pretty 
good. From a printing standpoint, it was 
at least as eye-catching as "Poor Rich¬ 
ard s Almanac," Of course, content-wise, 
it was prem awful. 

But there was a fellow who, with 
almost no budget on a borrowed laser 
printer, was able ro produce a very' 
professional looking journal. It was a 
harbinger of things to conic. 

I don't really know what political 
group will br the first to catch onto the 
possibilities of recreating the broadside. 
But the technology' is there, it's just the 
price point that is still off. Let’s sec what 
might happen when prices go down. 

Make yourself a RtadySctGo docu- 


APRIL 1986 MACUSER9 






THE EDITOR’S DESKTOP 



Our TURBOUNK1200 Modem 
is 100% Hayes compatible, 
comes in a complete package 
including a high quality cable 
and excellent mouse-controlled 
software. Plug in and go. 

I PLUS * Free access to our bulletin 
board - Free discount subscription 
to Brkthru-Dalabase System and 
discount subscription to the Official 
Airlines Guide. 

I Thrbolink-Macintosh software by I 
Dreams of the Phoenix features: 

* Full MacBrnary protocol 
* Auto dial. Auto fog on 
- Sends/receives graphics! Icons! 


ThrboNnk Modem features: 
300/1200 baud speed. 

Automatically adjusts to suft other 
modems or set by software or dip 
switch. 

Autodial, Autoanswer. 

Full set of front panel status tights. 
Monitor the progress of your 
telecommunication at a glance. 

Clear manual for both modem and 
software. The software Is so 
intuitive it hardly needs a manual, 
but it's included — and excellent! 



not satisfied 


%Sti00 


Three Year Guarantee! 
60 Day Trial. 

Money back if you are 


Please circle 160 on reader service card. 



merit. Prim out a hundred or so on a 
cheap laser printer. Then modem the 
document across town to another cell 
member with a laser printer who does 
likewise and die pyramid builds and 
builds and grows into a truly massive 
distribution. Talk about grassroots cam¬ 
paigns. 

IYn really curious to see what will 
happen in countries where freedom of 
the press is something unfashionable 
enough to get the publisher called a 
perpetrator. The spread of computers 
and computer-processed in formation 
will be, in many countries, a form of 
wildfire. What may ignite the flames will 
be die ability to share this information 
quickly* easily and presentahly with the 
masses who still will not have access to a 
computer, and that's where the new 
fonn of printing can come in. 

A laser printer is a form of press. It is 
typography, make ready, production and 
printout all rolled into one big ball Of 
course, the present laser printers arc 
quite slow in regard to other forms of 
presses* However, you can have thou¬ 
sands of times more people able to use a 
laser printer and computer combination 
dian could ever learn how to pack type 
with wooden furniture in a platen press* 

Like a comet, the laser printer is a 
phenomenon. Unlike a comet, once here 
it remains with us and its effects will 
continue to grow. Let's just hope that it 
will not always take a big, fat wallet to 
appreciate it. 

SMALLER GUNS 

Meanwhile, there’s another revolution 
thar isn’t doing so well. That’s share¬ 
ware. 

Shareware is software that is offered 
by its author on a sort of trial basis. The 
idea is diat if the user likes the software 
then he or she will mail a check to the 
author. 

Some people, like Scott Watson who 
wrote Red Ryder, seem to do pretty well 
at this. Odicr authors arc not as fortu¬ 
nate. 

Pan of the problem seems to be chat a 
lot of shareware programs are being 
pkked up bv user groups and placed on 
disks of “public-domain 11 software and 
sold. Many shareware authors have pub¬ 
licly said that they fed people are not 
sending in their shareware fees because 
die users feel they have already paid for 
the disk. 

Please keep in mind that a shareware 
author deserv es payment. And, if you are 
using shareware software, you owe diar 
author his or her due. Send it today. It’s 
the only way to keep this particular 
revolution alive. ^ 


AT LONG LAST! 

A Pascal Compiler 
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Our compilers, unlike interpreted Pascals, 
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Included is a smart linker, an enhanced pro¬ 
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Step-Lively Software, Inc., offers full sup¬ 
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This includes a telephone hot-line, a bulletin 
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On Stage Developer's System -$399,95 

Step-Lively Software also offers its OnStage 
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10MACLT5ER APRI L i 9 S 6 

















The Graphics magician 

PAINTER AND ANIMATOR 

for the Macintosh by Eagle Berns and Roger Lawrence 


* Fite tm Gnmlfei Lie* 



o i m 

& 

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P= 

[* 

5 

6 

4* 

7 

B 


-mnsr 


Al^WEf] ( Animal? 


ANIMATION 

Create and choreograph 
animated shapes as small 
as a few pixels or as 
large as the entire screen. 
Clip shapes out of 
MacPaint images, or draw 
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COMPACT 

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Draw pictures that require 
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Ca//tng and confroi/fng the animation and graphics routines from BASIC , Pasca/. 
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front Polonuana/Penguin Software. Inc 

Apple is o fraderrmrfc of Apple Computer, he. and Macintosh is a trademark licensed to Apple Computer, he.. 

The Graphics Magician is a registered trademark and Polarware is o trademark of Polarware ■ Penguin Software, tnc.i 
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MacBottom20 Hard Disk Drive* 
The compact that takes 
you and your Macintosh 
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Don’t let the size of the MacBottom 1 ' 1 
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The MacBottom also provides you 
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And because the MacBottom is a 
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Despite its compact size, the 
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it has built-in power fail detection. 
Automatic turn-on needs no extra 
switches. And automatic head park 
needs no extra shutdown, even before 
travel. It can be connected to either 
the modem or printer port-it knows 
which, automatically! Or connect a 
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The MacBottom includes vari¬ 
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FROM THE DESKTOP that 


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The compact 
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combination of features produce the 
most efficient Macintosh ever! It 
comes with a full six month warranty, 
including parts and labor. Let one take 
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PROUDLY MADE IN THE US. A. 


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Amazing New Advance¬ 
ments for an Old Friend. 

ZBasic is an Incredibly advanced and 
powerful BASIC —but—it's still the old BASIC 
you're used to. Instead of spending 6 months of 
your life learning another complicated language, let 
ZBasic pul your programs into fight-speed, now! 
fIf you know BASIC, you know ZBasic.) 

How Fast is ZBasic? 

Lightening fast. Four years of intense 
development have produced the ultimate BASIC. 
ZBasic is" Compiled BASIC/' and generates stand¬ 
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Fastest easiest most 

POWERFUL BASK EVER! 


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Shell-Metzner Son 

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■ ZBasic™ 7,4wc. 

| Mbasc™ 2.1 664 sec. 

ZBast™ 

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1 ZBasic™ 

fBASlCA™ 

137 sec. 
2,190 sec. 

ZBasic™ 

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Compiler Speed/Interpreter Ease. 

like a BASIC interpreter, ZBasic allows you 
to write and execute your programs immediately! No 
messy "Linkers/* “Loaders/ 4 or clumsy "Subroutine 
Packages" like most other compilers. To compile 
and edit, simply typo "RUN/* Debugging works the 
same as the Interpreter, too. Just type "BREAK" or 
"CTRL C" to get back to the editor. 

Lightning-Fast Compilation. 

Computer Language Magazine says. 
“Compilation is amazingly fast,, /’ After typing 
"RUN/' ZBasic compiles your program at blinding 
speed —10 lines per second . 

Works the Same on All 
Computers. 

If you 4 re tired of throwing away your old 
programs everytime you switch to a new computer, 
2Basic is for you. Source code is portable from one 
computer to another, and si nee ZBasic uses Device 
Independent Graphics and Disk File commands, 
your programs automatically "Adapt" to any other 
computer And the ZBASIC editor is the same 
on all versions—regardless of the computer. 

Einstein Math. 

ZBasic offers programmers a math 
package that surpasses anything else in the 
industry! ffes, ZBasic is even better than 
FORTRAN, PASCAL. MODULA-2 or any other 
language available!) You will have up to 54 
digits of user-selectable accuracy at your power. 

“Superb Documentation!" 

"The 387 page ZBastc manual is a model 
of clarity and organization. The documentation is 
superb, solidifying our impression that someone 
worked incredibly hard to make ZBasic a 
benchmark for all other BASIC Compilers 

PC WEEK , Nov, 12* 1385 

Easy Structure—If You Want It. 

ZBasic helps you "Structure" your 
programs In a way that's easy and simple. ..you 
may use GG5UB or GOTO with names or line 
numbers. Supports muflMine LONG tFs and 
LONG FNn. UBT programs wfth—or without—line 
numbers! ZBaeic automatically Indents loops and 
structures in USTIngs, too. 



ZBasic 
Users Say: 

1 * Awesome! It's about timel-Great! 
Unbelievable! ” 


Special MAC Features: 

* Window, Menu and Mouse Support 

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- Long Integers (Range -2.147.493,646) 

■ Made Ik Voice Synthesiser support 

■ AppleTalk Network support 

* Supports both Serial Ports 

- Sieve: ZBasic: 7.4 seconds 
MBASIC: 2.0 (d):664 seconds. 

- Programs end variables each up to 4 Megabytes! 

- Math accuracy up to 240 digits! 

- No limit to INDEX! end ARB AT variable 
memory use! 


if 


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COMPUTER LANGUAGE 

* - ZBasic is a powerful offering for BASIC 
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DAVID SHANNON 


letters 


WHAT’S IN THE COST? 

J ohn Dvorak (MacUser, January) asserts 
that much of the LaserWriter's initial 
price was based on the cost of memory. 
Since it isn’t stated as to how this 
conclusion is drawn, I assume that he is 
comparing the price of the LaserWriter 
with another laser printer that uses the 
Canon engine hut has less memory— 
notably, the HP LaserJet. 

If this is the method used, Mr. Dvorak 
ignores an important variable. Ordinary 
laser printers receive data the same way a 
letter quality printer would, as a stream 
of ASCII characters. The LaserWriter 
receives instructions in die PostScript 
graphics language. Since Apple Comp lit¬ 
er doesn’t own PostScript, and thus must 
license it from its creators, Adobe Sys¬ 
tems, the cost of the license must be built 
into the price of the LaserWriter The 
exact cost is difficult to estimate, since 
rhe license agreement has never been 
disclosed. You can be sure, though, it 
doesn’t come cheap. 

Joel S. Peskoff 
Form Hills , NT 


HARROWING THE CHOICES 

Vc had a Macintosh for about 18 
months, and have had great fun learn¬ 
ing how to use a broad variety of soft¬ 
ware applications. But until this fall, I 
really didn’t need a spreadsheet, which 
gave me considerable time to evaluate 
what the market has to offer. 

After reviewing every available spread¬ 
sheet, T narrowed the choice down to 
Crunch or Excel. Looking at Jazz, I 
concluded that the Lotus product was 
better left for musicians. 

In evaluating Crunch or Excel, I was 
riding on a pendulum between case of 
use and power. Crunch offers some really 
neat features, blit Excel offers macros. 
And the bottom line is productivity. 
Macros make spreadsheet work more 
proficient, so I rationalized on buying 
Excel. 

Gregory M. At at her 
The University of Texas 
Austin , TX 


CREATIVELY MAC 

am a graphic designer and illustrator in 

the Twin Cities, Minnesota, who has 
found the Macintosh to be a valuable 
creative and business tool Although I 
still rely on the conventional tools for 
illustration, Macintosh has definite po¬ 
tential for providing illustrative needs— 
although they need to refine the resolu¬ 
tion a bit first. 

Tim Nybcrg 
Roseville, AIN 


GAMING 10, SPREADSHEETS 0 

uch a relief to see a magazine that 
answered questions u vvc the people,” 
not “us the office” wanted answered. 
Sorry, Lotus, Fvc never used a spread¬ 
sheet in my life and don’t care to, but I 
can sure get into fiddling with a role- 
playing fantasy game. 

Helen Phillips 
Detroit, All 



BACK TO BASICS 

■enjoyed reading the “Great Language 
I Face-off" (January'). However, there is 
an error in the table comparing the 
features of the various languages. Al¬ 
though rhe table indicates that AIS BA¬ 
SIC is not capable of calling assembly 
language programs, MS BASIC contains 
a very flexible and easy-to-use method of 
doing this. Libraries of assembly lan¬ 
guage programs actually extend the lan¬ 
guage since statements in libraries can be 
used just like other BASIC statements. I 
consider this feature of AIS BASIC to he 
one of its greatest strengths, making it a 
Suitable language for the development of 
serious programs. Already Clear Lake 
Research (with which I am associated), 
GW Instruments, First Byte, and Roein- 
anre sell libraries for BASIC. No doubt 
the number of libraries of BASIC will 
continue to increase. 

David M* Lane 
Houston, TX 

You'll probably agree with Sharon Zar - 
detto AkeCs review of the CLR Libraries in 
an upcoming issue !—SB 


W e starred writing our programs some 
time ago using Microsoft: BASIC. We 
soon became frustrated with BASIC be¬ 
cause of its general slowness, especially 
with larger programs. We started to 
change over to the C language in order 
to speed the execution of our programs 
even though wc prefer to write in BA¬ 
SIC, as it allows us to better concentrate 
on the “logic” of our programs and not 
so much on the “language.” 

I can now report that we have gone 
back to BASIC because of the CLR 
Libraries. These library' routines greatly 
enhance the operation of Alicrnsoft BA¬ 
SIC for the Macintosh. For example, we 
no longer use BASICS “PRINT" func¬ 
tion but rather the CLR Library function 
“DrawText" and “TextBox.” These pro¬ 
vide a tremendous "speed" improvement 
over the BASIC “PRINT 1 function. 
Dick Rylmder, Sr. 

Citrus Heights , CA 

DVORAK SPREADING TOO THIN 

S o far your magazine has proven to be 
quite use fill Keep sight of what makes 
you different from MacWorld: You seem 
to understand where the hungry Macster 
wants to go; your competition routinely 
prints articles about where five already 
been. All MacUsar needs is a writer with 
a keen sense of humor. Irreverence si, 
bullying no. Dvorak, I fear, is over¬ 
worked these days, blabbering more 
from nervous energy than profound 
thought. Neither the computer industry 
nor the rest of die world needs another 
Don Rickies. 

David Swift 
Jackson, WT 


BUGS APLENTY 

G eneral Computer released its 20-Meg 
disk with a print spooler feature. After 
checking with the company to verify 
compatibility', I obtained a free copy 
from my dealer and installed ir + But, the 
more it was used, rhe more bugs began 
to appear in all applications. The slow 
decay continued until drawers locked up, 
applications were damaged beyond re¬ 
pair, and the system finally wouldn’t 
even boot up. Turns out that all the new 
software is compatible except the Sys¬ 
tem! If a 20-Meg System is installed on a 
10-Meg HypcrDrive, ft slowly and me¬ 
thodically destroys its structure. The 
damage appears to extend even to flop¬ 
pies used as copy protect verifiers, and 
some data files. 

My own case was complicated by a 
copy of AlacTracks from Assimilation 
installed on rhe system. On each recon¬ 
struct, this was added back in. It wasn’t 


APRIL 1986 MACUSER15 











SO WHAT DO “THE REST OF US” THINK OF MACUSER? 

'Premier Issue looks like a winner!!" David LaGomb, Schenectady NY 12304; “Best of the bunchl" Patrick J, Flynn* E. 
Lansing Ml 48825; “Great first issue; keep it up I* Charles Fisher, Los Altos CA 94022; The 'Macintosh* ol Macintosh 
magazines. Mac World now has a standard to shoot tor." Devin 0. King, Anaheim CA 92806; "Vary pleased, i the it.' 
Trent Reese. Austin TX 78750; 'Excellent — well written and Informative.' Dr. Donald L Kane, Satellite Beach FL 
' 32937; 'Reviews and ratings are the best." William R Anderson, Rio Grande City TX 78582; “Very, very nice. But 
donT stop herel* David Wiseless, Midland TX 79701; “Super ideas - morer James P. McIntyre, Louisville KY 40219; 
'Looks like a yaotgood publicaibn!' H. James Rosenborg, Chicago IL 60602: "GoodI Nc gosh-wow articles. J hate 
gosh-wow articles. Keep this level." Menyl Gross. Lake Grove NY ll 755: The licet issue sat a very high standard of 
usefulness." Rosooe Fitts. Sweet Briar VA 24595; "Great articles. Besl of any so tar.“ R. Ponton, Visalia CA 93279; 
"tl's great! Keep up the reviews and programming articles. 11 Devon L. Petty, Hanover NH 03755; "About time a 
magazine lor real Mac users came out." Gabriel Oavidov, Dallas TX 75248; 'Excellentr Brett Sage. Jacksonville FL 
32211; "Excellent!" M.J, Head, Wylie TX 75098; "h‘a great!" Denise Sims, Stockton CA 95207; 'Excellent!' Nick 
Hademencs, Riverside CA 92504; “Best ■beginner' Mac magazine,' Mark Davis, Los Altos Hills CA 94022; “Excellent 
product capsules." D.G. Del ling, Oakland CA 94804; "Very good. Maybe very, very good' Charles Prealon, 
Anchorage AK 99521; “Nice magazine. Much better than MacWorid." Richard Clone, Dallas TX 75219; "Very useful!" 
Jos. L, Anderson, Boston MA 02134; The best Mac publication on the market!" Robert J, MiIko T Oakton VA 22124; 
"Excellent r Steven P. Young, Brooklyn NY It 218; “Best (Mac) magazine iVe seen yet “Craig Dugas, Lake Orion Ml 
48035; “Excellent. Finally a new magazine to outdo MacWorkL" David Lawrence, Anaheim CA 92804; "More 
informative than MacWorid," Tim Whelan, Regina Canada S4R 3E8; "Beet 1 have seen yet. Keep it up." B. W, Murray, 
Richmond. Onlario, Canada ; “Looking good !" H.M. Jakobssn, Jacksonville FL 32217; "Excellent." Bradford J. 
Sandler, Springfield PA 19064; "Excellent Very fulfilling to read!" John Y*H Honolulu Hf 96815; "Great format, worth 
the money." R Shuhert Chicago (L 60690; "lively format and writing, Enjoyed the articles thoroughly," Scott Brown, 
WelharfiekJ GT 06109; Thanks!' Harvey Markley, Indianapolis IN 46222; “Veiy useful" E M, SohaJfran, El Cerrito CA 
94530; “Excellent magazine.' Gary Gross, Warren Ml 48093; “Vary good. Keep up the good work.' R. Maynard, 
longueuil, Quebec, Canada J4L3J9; “Realty impressed! The artJdee donT: seem as biased as some magazines ' R. 
Crasser, Grissam IN 46971; “A very cool alternative to MuWoridl' Greg Grthn, Westminster CA 92683; "Good, 
practical lirst Issue " Theodore S, Darany. San Bernardino CA 92402; “Inleresting and informal rve." J,E. Gwyn. Dover 
DE 19901: ‘Excellent fieri issuer Tom Tarvin, Milford MA 01757: "An excellent first issue,' Dr. James M. Todd, 
Brattleboro VT 05301; “Articles are good and useful," Forrest D, Reece Jr.. Vera Beach FL 32961; 'Great start.' John 
Novak, Detroit Ml 48221; "I love the magazine. It gives me good into." Andy Malucelti, Lafayette CA 94549; "Great! t 
particularly like the in-depth lest reports on software,” Steven A. Hate, Waltham MA 02154; “Very informative. Good, 
wide spectrum." Steven W. Norton. Utica NY 13501; "Great meg. Lots ol info," Bob Calmer, Clearwater FL 33515; 
“Excelleni Loaded with informaiion el alt levels ot experience," Alan E BaJtia, Ek Grove IL 60007; "Wonderful!I* Jeff 
Scholl, Fairfield CT 06430; -Great! Watch out MacWcrkJI" C. Von Roepach. Santa Clara CA 95051; “Best Mac mag 
yel Thanks." Thomas L Clough, Elgin IL 60120; 'Fantastic magazine for the Mac." Michael G. Coffey, West VaBey 
City UT 04120; This magazine is great." Anthony Maciaa, Weaver AL 36277, 


THE VERDICT IS IN, AND APPARENTLY WE’RE DOING SOMETHING RIGHT. THESE 
ARE JUST A TINY FRACTION OF THE COMMENTS WE HAVE RECEIVED FROM OUR 
READERS VIA OUR READER SERVICE CARDS. NONE HAVE BEEN EDITED OR 
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letters 


until I noticed the frequency of Tracks 
File access error messages proceeding 
crashes that it was left out, and the 
improvement was immediate. It appears 
that McicTracks can also wreak havoc 
with a HyperDrivc system, and it should 
be approached with great caution. Sug¬ 
gestion; experiment carefully with Mac- 
Tracks , and use it on backup copies only, 
never a main disk. And only on a hard 
disk if you just love to tear them down 
and build them back up. Time after time 
after rime. 

Bob Hunt 
Santa Ana , CA 

WATCH OUT 

S oon after I bought my external drive, 1 
accidental started to insert my disk 
upside down into the external disk drive. 
I got the disk about a quarter of the way 
in before f realized my mistake, and 
started to pull it out. I could not do it. 
Eject in the File menu, COMMAND-E, 
pins in the hole, etc, all failed. 

My Apple dealer had to open the drive 
up to remove the disk. The disk drive has 
a mechanical probe near the front left 
which chocks to sec if the disk is in the 
locked or unlocked state. The hole in the 
disk for this is 3/16rhs of an inch from 
the left side of the disk, near the front. If 
you turn die disk upside down, you will 
find another hole, exactly 3/16ths of an 
inch from the left side, 1l/16ths inch 
from die rear of the disk. The probe had 
gotten caught in that hole, and would 
not let die disk out. 

James L. Bocttlcr 
Qrangtburjjj SC 

MAIL ORDER NOT CREATED EQUAL 

think many readers, mvsclf included, 
would be interested in finding a con¬ 
sume r-typo- re port rating for the mail¬ 
order businesses as well as computer 
stores that arc selling us Mac products. 
Such ratings would judge not only price, 
but whether or not these businesses had 
inventories as large as they advertised, 
good technical service and good respon¬ 
siveness to customer complaints. 

There are many consumer magazines 
that offer such services today in special¬ 
ized areas of automobile and home repair 
businesses. Look at die daily newspaper 
columns that rate the restaurants. A 
bimonthly survey of mail order business¬ 
es offering ty pical products, that identi¬ 
fied hidden and extra charges, that sur¬ 
veyed technical expertise and that 
measured time to delivery would assist 
us, your readers, tremendously. 

Alikal A . Pedersen 
Great Falls , VA 



Richard "Lord British" Garriott— killing the real 
one's a capital crime! 


SWEET VENGEANCE 

have become an Ultima HI maniac ever 

since my friend let me play it on his 
Mac for a few day's. 1 was marveled at the 
graphics and play action, but I also met 
with disastrous fate when I came upon 
Lord British. Like all full time adventur¬ 
ers, I thought my' characters could rake 
on anything so I went for the gusto and 
decided to attack him. Unfortunately, 
after about two hundred hits with niv 
+4 bow, I found that he was invincible. 

It came to my mind that there should 
be a solution to everything, so I played 
to regain my pride and avenge myself on 
die invincible Lord British. 

First, your party must be on horses 
and must have several keys to unlock 
doors. Enter the castle and open* the 
doors located on the left hand side of the 
castle. Arrack one of Lord British's 
guards so that Lord British will rrv to 
attack you. Lead him outside, making 
sure that he does not reach you, and then 
once he is outside, go to the ship and 
board ft as fast as you can. Take the ship 
toward Lord British and fire at him 
without going near the surface. It will 
take a mere five shots to destroy him. 
Then you have the castle all to yourself 
with every' priest, guard, jester and what¬ 
ever lives in the prison under your con¬ 
trol 

Happy destruction and demolition 
and don’t let a mere king stop you! 
H.T. Cheon/f 
Springfield^ VA 


► I 1-800-MAC-USER 


Jl 


MOVING? \* you re moving house 
soon and you're a subscriber, 
please try to let our subscriptions 
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for all subscription inquiries 


Softec Rental 

6 Co - 0 

e *Rent before you buy!! 

• 14 day rental policy. 
•$20 Free membership. 

Pagemaker.$116.25 

Helix.58.25 

Factfinder. .23,65 

Jazz. 92.50 

Excel.58.25 

Copy 11 Mac. 10.00 

200 Titles in Stock 

All Games in Stock 
Membership applies toward first 
$$$$$$ Rental! !!$$$$$$ 

Order Hotline 

1-800-962-7070 

In Illinois call collect 
(312) 427-6565 
P. 0.8037 Northfield, 11.80022 



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HELPING HAND FOR ADVENTURERS 


Malcolm Thain*s limited 
edition MaeDraw documents 
(usually printed with a Ro¬ 
land plotter) turned a section 
of the Australian exhibit at 
the Sail Francisco MaeWorld 
Expo into an impromptu gal¬ 
lery. Mac enthusiasts gath¬ 
ered to admire and purchase 
Thain’s works like the one 
above. After running off lim¬ 
ited editions of his works, 
Thai n destroys the MncDrmv 
file—TFH 


Having trouble getting 
past a particular spot in your 
adventure game? Maybe 
'The Book of Adventure 
Games II" can help. It's a 
compendium of descrip¬ 
tions, maps and dues for 
over forty popular adventure 
games for the Apple II and 
Macintosh, including Gate¬ 
way, Farenheit 451 and 


Hitchhiker's Guide to the 
Gataxy. The book won't give 
you outright answers—but It 
Just might jog your imagina¬ 
tion enough to (finally!) find 
the solution. "The Book of 
Adventure Games II" retails 
for $19.95. For more Infor¬ 
mation, contact Haba Sys¬ 
tem/Arrays, Inc. at (818) 
901-8828 .—TFH 


MIGRATING YOUR LISA TO THE MAC 


Own Lisa 7/7 software and 
want to make a permanent 
switch to the Macintosh envi¬ 
ronment? If you hurry, you 
can lay hands on the Macin¬ 
tosh XL Migration Kit, which 
transfers Lisa documents to 
Mac disks* 

Conversion tools available 
arc LisaWrite to MmcWrite 


and MicroSoft Word; Lisa- 
Dmw to MaeDraw; LtsaPro- 
jeet to MacPrcject; and Lisa- 
Cak to Microsoft Excel and 
Lotus Jazz. 

The conversion only works 
if you’re using Lisa 7/7, ver¬ 
sion 3.L Customers with ver¬ 
sion 3.0 must upgrade to 3.1 
before performing this con¬ 


version (authorized Apple 
dealers do this at no charge). 

This offer only extends 
dirough May 31, 1986. The 
basic kit sells for S30 and 
includes two Lisa installation 
disks and one Macintosh con¬ 
version utility disk. Two oth- 
er kits arc available for 5450 
each: The Migration Kit-Lo¬ 


tus Package (includes basic kit 
plus Jazz) and The Migration 
Kit-Microsoft Package (in¬ 
cludes basic kit, Ward, Excel, 
File and MacTerminal). 

Contact your local Apple 
dealer, or call Apple Custom¬ 
er Relations at (408) 973- 
2222 for ordering informa¬ 
tion .—TFH 



18 MA C USER APRIL 19 8 6 


BERT MON ROY 


























































































REALTORS TO GET REALDATA 


WOZ PUTS MONEY WHERE HEART IS 


Do you have the latest ver¬ 
sions of your programs? 
Most programs Indicate 
what version they are 
when you look In the About 
. * . choice at the top of 
the Apple menu. If your 
version Isn't the latest, 
contact the publisher 
about possible upgrades. 
Look for addresses In our 
MlnIFinder section. Here’s 
>f press time. 


BatteryPak 
Choose Printer DA 
Concert Ware+ 
Copy It Hard Disk 
Copy II Mac 
Excel 
ExperUSP 
ExperLogo 
Factfinder 
Fedlt 

Finder (NFS)* 
Finder (MFS)* 
FONTastic 
Font/DA Mover 
Front Desk 
Gato 

Hard Disk Utility 
Hayden Spelter 
Helix 

Home Accountant 
Jazz 

Just Text 


i,06g 

1.1 

1.5 
3.0 

4.5 
4.5 


3.0a 

1.0 

1.3 

1,11 

1.2C 

2.0 r5 

1,03 

1.0 

1.09 


*HFS Is Apple's new Hier¬ 
archical File System that 
comes In ROM In the 
Plus, MFS stands for Macin¬ 
tosh File system and Is the 
old, "regular” file system. 


el I and The Mortgage Quai- 
Ifler, which run In conjunc¬ 
tion with Microsoft's Excel. 
While the programs are pri¬ 
marily designed for the 
Mac r MS-DOS and selected 
CP/M versions of most Real- 
Data Inc. programs will be 
made available as well. For 
more Information, contact 
RealData, PO Box 691, 
Southport, CT 06490, (203) 
255-2732 .—TFH 


macuraw 
MacPaint 
MacProject 
MacSpell+ 
MacTerminal 
Mac Tools 
MacWrlte 
Mac Zap 
Mac Zap 
Mac Zap 
MS BASIC 
MS Chart 
MS File 
MS Fortran 
MS Word 
Multlpian 
OverVUE 
PageMaker 
QUED 
Quick & 
Utilities, 
ReadySetGc 
Red Ryder 
Smartcom II 
Statworks 
Switcher 
ThinkTani 
TlmeBase 
Turbocnarger 
VersaTerm 


1.9 

1,6 

1.0 

1,07 

2,0 

4.5 


The National Association 
of Realtors recently signed 
a 3-year marketing agree¬ 
ment with RealData, Inc., 
makers of Real Estate In¬ 
vestment Analysis r which 
will make Its entire line of 
real estate software aids 
available directly to the 
680,000 member realtors. 
Among new releases being 
offered to the group are 
Property Management , Lev- 


1.11 

2,00 


Steve Wozniak, designer of 
the venerable Apple II and 
co-founder of Apple, recently 
bought more than $5 million 
worth of Apple stock and says 
he 5 s interested in buying 


more. Tm not looking at it ; 
as an investment,” he was 
quoted as saying in 
InfoWortd, “I just fed strong¬ 
ly enough connected that I 
should own some.” — TFH 


storage by the 


PAGEMAKER UPDATE 


Aldus Corporation's Page¬ 
Maker software has gone 
through its first revision, and 
version 1.1 of the program 
offers some new features, 
as well as some bug fixes. 

PageMaker now supports 
an on-screen 11 x 17 inch 
tabloid format. Clearly, no 
current Macintosh printer 
can print sheets that large, 
so the user must print out 
two sheets and manually 
paste them together. Post¬ 
Script printers other than 
the LaserWriter (Allied Lino¬ 


type model 100 and 300, 
for example) that support 
larger page sizes will print 
directly In the larger sizes. 

Users familiar with Mac¬ 
Paint 1.5 and the Laser¬ 
Writer know that printing In 
final mode produces 
smoother Images, due to a 
new smoothing algorithm. 
PageMaker now also sup¬ 
ports this print mode for 
MacPaint graphics pasted 
Into layouts. Improved for¬ 
matting of text with tab set¬ 
tings imported from Micro¬ 


soft Word Is also included. 
There are also improve¬ 
ments In the program con¬ 
cerning the text editor, Clip¬ 
board T resource and memory 
management. 

The upgrade has been 
sent out free of charge to all 
registered PageMaker own¬ 
ers. An installer program 
upgrades owners’ original 
1,0 diskettes. For more In¬ 
formation, contact Aldus 
Corporation, 616 First Ave. r 
Seattle, WA 98104, (206) 
441-8666.— DB 


__ 

The problem with some 
disk carrying cases is that the 
disks they're supposed to pro¬ 
tect can fall out when you 
open or dose the case Mi¬ 
crostore's Disk* Book holds 
up to 32 disks securely, open¬ 
ing from the side instead of 
rhe top to prevent too much 
jostling. Two dosing binders 
(one on top, one at the side) 
keep the contents inside. The 
DtskBfitxjk is available in a 
variety of attractive colors, 
and sells for $34.95. For 
more information, contact 
Microstore, PO Box 37, St. 
Peter, MN 56082 or call 
(507) 345-7179 . — TFH 


APRIL 1 9 86 MACUSER19 




















APRILS B m ©F THE WIONTH 



This month's winner Is 
Daniel P.B. Smith from Bos¬ 
ton, Massachusetts. He re¬ 
ports that MacDraw 1*9 has 
a maddening bug {it was in 
version 1*7 as welt). 

When text and nontext 
items are dragged together, 
either because they are 
grouped, the text and non¬ 
text components move dif¬ 
ferent distances, losing 
their relative alignment! 
This happens only if the grid 


is on, and certain custom 
ruler settings have been 
made. Specifically, if the 
denominator of the major 
division size In inches multi¬ 
plied by the number of divi¬ 
sions is not a divisor of 24, 
it happens* For 1 inch, for 
example, it will happen for 
32, 16, 10 or 5 divisions, 
but not for 24, 12, or 8 
divisions! 

A $25 check and a 1-year 
extension of his subscrip¬ 


tion (for the solution) has 
already been sent to Dan* 
Get your bug reports in and 
you may be our next lucky 
winner. Send your reports to 
Bugsy, c/o MacUser Maga¬ 
zine, 25 W. 39th St., NYC , 
NY 10018. Remember to in¬ 
clude alt the details , such 
as what Finder, what fonts 
and desk accessories were 
in the system, and exactly 
how you stumbled on your 
crittter. 





The flow of noncommer¬ 
cial and shareware software 
never seems to diminish. In 
just a few short weeks, some 


incredibly polished and useful 
stuff has appeared on the 
grapevine: 

•Billiard Parlour provides 
both billiards and regular 
pool in an electronic pool 
hall. On-screen animation, 
sound, and very precise con¬ 
trol over hitting angle, force, 
and even ball spin (known as 
“english”) makes this simula¬ 
tion one of the most enter¬ 
taining noncommercial games 
weVe seen. Six different 
games are available, and play¬ 
ers take turns shooting 
against each other. Shots can 
be undone and even replayed 
(a pool shark's dream!)* Full 
instructions and information 


are summoned through a Help 
menu. Rack’em up, Charlie! 

•CmsbSavtT will get you 
out of many system bombs. 
Normally, the Mac must be 
reset (or switched off and on 
again) when one of these 
gremlins surfaces. Install Crash- 
Sava* at the beginning of a 
work session, and when the 
bomb explodes, simply hit the 
interrupt switch and die Mae 
returns to the Finder. It doesn't 
work, but sometimes 
is better than never, 

•Con Cade is a desk accesso¬ 
ry that simulates die opera¬ 
tion of the 68000 instruction 
set. The user can type hex 
values into ethereal registers 
and preview the effects that 
an instruction will have on 
those values* This is a "must 
have" DA tor programmers. 
•Other ... is die most logi- 
desk accessorj r around. It 
lets the user temporarily in¬ 
stall desk accessories in the 
apple menu. Similar to the 
DA Prcvmv program, diis is 
essentially the same, except in 
desk accessory format. Very 


handy for trying out new 
DAs without going the Font / 
DA Mover route. 

•Camera is a desk accessory 
that docs screen and printer 
dumps. So what? It has a 
timer chat can be set to do the 
dump after a specified num¬ 
ber of seconds, and it will 
automatically blank out the 
cursor when the dump is cre¬ 
ated* For those diat always 
forget the key combination 
sequence, here’s die answer. 

These are just some of the 
goodies wcVc run across. 
How does one go about get¬ 
ting them? The first place to 
try would be one of the larger 
communications networks 
(CompuServe, Delphi). An¬ 
other good source are the 
various BBSs (Bulletin Board 
Systems) around the country'. 
A modem and some persever¬ 
ance will pay off’ Your local 
Mac Users’ Group probably 
maintains a library' of public 
domain and shareware soft¬ 
ware. Try them. And enjoy 
some of the better bargains in 
the Mac marketplace .—DB 


THE RUMOR 
MANAGER 


There are lots of office 
pools at Apple these days. 
One of the most active Is the 
one that pays off on when 
the 1,000,000th Mac Is 
produced. The busiest Is on 
when that Mac will be 
sold, . . . the spell checker 
boomlet will continue with 
some real great programs 
and some astoundlngly low 
prices ■ , * MacUghtn/ng 
will touch off a whole new 
Mac industry . * colorizing 
equipment prices (currently 
$10G and up) will drop by at 
least half as a lot of equip¬ 
ment is sold in 1986 * * * 
enhancement packages 
that patch the new ROM 
(mostly to gain increased 
speed) will be very popular 
* . . the release date of the 
next new Mac Is allegedly 
late August, with the an¬ 
nouncement coming around 
July 4th .. , be looking for 
a significant change In the 
Mac Interface that will be 
fully compatible with the 
current standards ... by 
June 1st there will be more 
hard disks available for the 
Mac than there are data¬ 
bases . , . Apple will buy 
IBM (for cash) ... a soft¬ 
ware biggie is about to quit 
the Mac market . * . two 
"big" names will be joining 
Apple to work on the next 
Mac. As a result some origi¬ 
nal Mac team members will 
leave Apple . . . heard much 
about the Atari 520ST and 
the Amiga lately? 


20 MACUSER APRIL 19 86 


MARY LYNN BLASUTTA 































o 

o 

o 


If you're a C programmer 
you could be a more productive € programmer. 

Introducing Lightspeed C for the Macintosh” 
from THINK Technologies, Inc. 

Lightspeed C is a compiled programming environment for the Macintosh” 
that gives you speed, convenience, and top quality code generation, too. 

With Lightspeed C, turnaround is 1000% faster. Time to build from 
scratch is 3 times faster. Time to link a typical 15,000 line program is 
5 seconds.’ And generated code quality is better than any on the market. 

Best of all, Lightspeed C's, integrated Edit-AutoMake-Launch environment 
makes turnaround a one-step process. 

If you want to produce higher quality results with less time and effort, 
send for Lightspeed C today. 


Tho above statomenli are based upon benchmarks 
far creating an executable varitan ofXLlSP v 1.4 
(16.5K iourea lines) from scratch and by modifying, 
re-compiling, and no-linking one source file. 
Comparisons were performed using a 512K 
Macintosh with a 1QMB HyperdriveT 


Generated code size {in bytes) 

Program build lime {in sect.) 

a. compile 

b. link-BO’irun 

c TOTAL pgm build 
Turnaround lime jin ieo | 

(lime to make o change lo module xlcenfc) 


ComulaEr 

Aitoc 

Megama* 

Lightspeed 

[MacC V4.0J {V1.06G) 

(V2.1) 

[V0.40J 

36770 

34566 

44264 

3387C 

807 

654 

354 

134 

153 

49 

95 

5 

1040 

703 

449 

130 

211 

108 

127 

9 



J. L Send me Lightspeed C’ 

T fast. $175.00foroach 

non-copy protected compiler. 

[] I need more to think 
about, send me information 
about Lightspeed C/ 


Mall to: 

THINK Technologies 

420 Bedford Street 
Lexington, MA 02173 
Or call 017-863-5593 


TITLE 



COMPANY 



ADDRESS 

CITY 

state 

ZIP 

TELEPHONE 

□ CHECK ENCLOSED 


EXP. 

G MC G VISA □ AMEX ACa. it 


DATE 


SIGNATURE 


HO L^rvi*i frad^rtiFV □! Applfl Gunfitmw, I nt , Atr*cC n a (rndmarlt of Wan* Sahwor* SyVwm. K. t It d srod*™LePr« . iM« C ji is r«d*rvark ^CortiulterCam> K y p*n±n^ lia irod*mftrii cf &™rg[Con^WrCa 

Please circle 182 on reader service card. 

























MAKE YOUR MAC 
LOOK LIKE AN IBM 


CtwirlooM iUw an ISM monflchrDm# marvltar 


January ii>hue we 

said that 7he Home Accoun¬ 
tant (by Haba/Arrays/Conti- 
nental) was a fine program 
(It easily merits its 4-mouse 
rating) r but it wasn't accept 
able for keeping tax records 
due to its copy-protection 
scheme. That comment 
sparked a spirited debate 
on CompuServe's MAUG fo¬ 
rum, involving users, poten¬ 
tial users, a representative 
of the publisher and one of 
the program's authors. After 
ail was said, the publisher 
responded by removing the 
copy protection. To which 
we can only say, Bravo! 

The unprotected version 
is numbered 1.03. If you 
buy the package and get an 
earlier version, send in your 
warranty card to get 1.03. If 
you already have your free 
backup, send the disk 
marked “Backup" in and It 
will be replaced with a new, 
unprotected version. 

Now that the product Is 
not copy protected, it can be 


wrioieiitrcirieuiy recommend¬ 
ed for keeping your tax or 
any other financial records. 
Be sure to make frequent 
backups of both program 
and data and don't 
copies away. 

The good people 

VUE Development have_ 

decided to unprotect their 
excellent database OverVUE 
2.0. The unprotected ver¬ 
sion will be numbered 2.0c, 
This step makes an already 
superb product even better. 

And Forethought, publish¬ 
ers of Factfinder and File - 
Maker, released unprotect¬ 
ed versions of their products 
long ago. 

The trend towards unpro¬ 
tecting useful software 
seems to be gathering 
steam. Let's hope it contin¬ 
ues. It will if people make 
their feelings known to pub¬ 
lishers, support the prod¬ 
ucts that are not protected 
and, most Importantly, not 
condone or participate in pi¬ 
rating these products .—SB 


Ridiculed by Office- 
mates? Snubbed by Man¬ 
agement? Sure, you can get 
your work done in *4 the 
time of your co-workers . . . 
But why put up with the 
taunting and teasing when 
you can snap on this handy 
PC lookalike! 


Second door allows octtss 
Macintosh dish dftvt 


Storage area 
for Macintosh 
ext* mol disk dm* 


|N T H E 

MENU 


W diagonal 
rrtSTwl tons 
rnagniflts the 
Macintosh sen an. 
A kKuiobU in 
dear, green, 
or amhif tint 


H*ayy 

metal and ptost u 
are molded in 
IBM colors 


Hinged 
door caver 
to Macintosh 
dish drive 
looks like 
a S 1^4'driua 


Monitor vent 
is aligned with 
the Macintosh S 
cooling vents 


Brightness control 
attaches to the 
Macintosh 


3" fan makes 
noisy ISM PC sound. 
Special feature 
allows fan to be 
disconnected 
When no one eLse 
is m the office 


Handy power switch 
for internal AC outlet 
used by the Macintosh 





* n 

H Y 

, J; 

1 

ig||! 


H 


i 


n 

1 

[H 

fc£i 



1 

I 

n 

m 

m 


Micro Conversions' 

1 / 2 / 4 ™ 

Megabyte Upgrade 


Inside every Macintosh beats the heart of a 
superb machine. However, the sad fact is, most 
Macs will never have enough memory to run the 
major integrated software packages wholly from 
memory. Or perform other tricks. But yours can. 


Available in 1 Meg, 2 Meg, or 4 Meg configuration, 
the Micro Conversions 1 / 2/4 Megabyte Upgrade 
is a modular and expandable memory system that 
will give you both the room to run and the room to 
grow. Since the Macintosh operating system can 
address only up to 4 Megabytes of RAM, the 
1 / 2/4 is the ultimate memory system. And the 
1 / 2/4 is HyperDrive® compatible. 


STEVE SAKURAI 
































ira Komm 


Uf'l 




The first enhancements for 
the Macintosh have already 
been announced. Some of the 
most spectacular promise to 
be two new products from 
General Computer Corpora¬ 
tion, makers of the Hyper- 
Drive. 

The first product is called 
HypcrNct. It is advanced disk 
server software diat allows up 
to 25 Macintoshes to share a 
number of HypcrDrives that 
are connected via AppleTalk. 
HypcrNct updates the fdc/di- 
rectory information on the 
server Mac in real time when 
a client Mac makes a change, 
unlike currently available soft¬ 
ware. Drawers are mounted 
remotely and users see what 
appears to be one integrated 
network of disk servers. The 
new software will run on ex¬ 
isting Hyper Drives as well as 
the new HyperDrivc 2000, 

The other new product is 
the HyperDrivc 2000. It has 
an additional L5 megabytes 
of RAM (for a total of 2 
megabytes); a new 68000 


CPU running at I2MHz in¬ 
stead of 8 MHz, with no wait 
states; and a 68881 floating¬ 
point coprocessor. 

The Macintosh case is not 
modified-—externally, noth¬ 
ing looks different, but the 
overall speed increase is as¬ 
tounding, much better than 
what the upcoming Macin¬ 
tosh Plus offers. The Hvper- 
Drive 2000 will be available 
as an upgrade to any of the 
current Hyper Drive prod¬ 
ucts, and should be compati¬ 
ble with the new Macintosh 
Plus as well, although it will 
not be running Apple’s new 
Hierarchical File System 
(HFS). The 68000 speed-up 
doubles the effective speed of 
the Mac, because RAM is no 
longer hampered by ‘Svait 
states.” The 688S1 coproces¬ 
sor increases the speed of all 
SANE mathematics by trap¬ 
ping the calls. In addition, 
Consul air will have compiler 
support for die coprocessor 
that will provide 20—250X 
speed-up of some operations, 



particularly graphics. press time, but a fully 

Both products should be equipped HyperDrivc 2000, 
available by the time you read with HypcrNct software, wiE 
this. Pricing was not set at list for over $5000,— SB 


Makes your 
Mac the 
ULTIMATE 
MACINTOSH 


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Apple and Macintosh are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. 
HyperDrive is a Trademark of General Computer Corpopralion 
Please circle 73 on reader service card. 












See your local Apple dealer for die first hardware printer 
buffer designed specifically to increase productivity of 
Macintosh print functions! Significant features include: 


■ MacBuffer speeds your printing functions 

three ways: 

1. Macintosh to MacBuffer transfer rate 
is 6 times faster than standard Mac to 
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2. First character in the buffer initiates 
the print cycle. No waiting. MacBuffer 
operation is completely automatic 
with no complex Operator set-up 
required. 

3 Once data transfer is complete. Mac- 
Buffer completes the print cycle, 


leaving the Macintosh Operator free 
to prepare the next report or pursue 
other functions. 

■ MacBuffcr's memory size is designed to 
handle the extensive data storage require¬ 
ments necessary to optimize Macintosh 
print functions. i.e. (a single page of 
standard text and/or graphics can require 
up to 50K of memory while apage of high 
resolution text and/or graphics can 
require up to 200K of memory). MacBuf- 
fer's storage configurations offer signifi¬ 


cant advantages over print spoolers or 
other buffers whose memory limitations 
make them ineffective in the Macintosh 
environment. 

■ MacBuffcr's microprocessor eliminates 
the stolen memory cycles and computer 
overhead associated with the use of print 
spoolers. 

■ MacBuffer allows two Macintosh com¬ 
puters to share a single Imagewriter. No 
manual switching is required. MacBuffer 
will dynamically allocate memory as 
reports are received from each computer, 
or the memory may be partitioned by the 
operator. In either case printer utilization 
is greatly enhanced! 

■ MacBuffer is easy to install. It comes 
complete with all hardware, software and 
cables, ready for immediate use. 

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automatic printing of multiple copies and 
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operation. 

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■ Imagewriter and Imagewriter II 
compatible. 

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Specifications 

Microprocessor Controlled 

Memory Configurations 

Model M-256 256K 

Model M-5I2 5I2K 
Model M-1024 1024K 
factory upgradeable 

Data Transmission Rates 

• 57.6K baud in standard 

• 9.6K baud out standard 

• 9 6K baud in/9.6K baud out available 

• 57.6K baud iiV57.6K baud out available 

Operating Environment 

Temperature 32 c F(0'C) to 122°F(50’C) 

Humidity 10% to 95% Relative Non-Condensing 
Power Requirements 

- 117V i 10% 60 Cycle 
-(220V: 10% 50 Cycle optional) 

-Power Consumption® 117VAC 

9 Watts maximum 

Phy sical Dimensions 

- Height 5.375 inches (13.7mm) 

- Width 2.250 inches (5.7mm) 

-Length 10.125 inches (25.7mm) 


MacBtifflr offers tkmufk reduction in Opmior'CempukT Wail limes whtn performing Macintosh print functions. 
The following art typical timing comparisons when performing print functions using same popular Macintosh software. 


1000 * 

c 

§ BOO 

1 

1 600 * 

£ 

2 

’S 400- 


JS 


500- 


Th* inirru s page rcp'n - lUmUnttcci 
inAfttlsrfptiKSliMJB OIK Victnitrii 
Intiigt^niir jmJ JtaK 


□ Without Buffer 
■ With Buffer 



Microsoft 

Muliiplm 


Omiiii 3 


MacBuffer 




MEMORY 




KmJ ™ 


STATUS 


SINGLE 

SHEET 


COPY 


m coiy 


POWER 


©: 


MacBuffer 


Operator Panel 

s MemoryIndicator - indicates % of MacBuffer memory in use. 
Mode Switch - 

-Mode one - used with one or two Macs. Memory is dynamically 
allocated on a first-in, first-out basis, 

-Mode two - used w ith two Macs. Memory is partitioned 50%/ 
50% between each computer. 

Status Indicator-indicates MacBuffer is transmitting data to the 
printer, flashing indicator indicates memon ortransmission error. 

- Single Sheet Indicptor/Push Button-Depression places MacBuffer 
in Pause mode, illuminating indicator. As each page is primed the 
printer stops* allowing operator to insert new page io printer* 
Depressing "Resume" switch reinitiates prim cycle, 

* Copy Indicator/Push Button-Depression places MacBuffer in 
copy mode, illuminating indicator. Subsequent switch depressions 
determine number of copies to be printed In copy mode Memory 
Indicator indicates the first and last four copies to be primed. 

Pow erSwitch-applies pow er, clears MacBuffer ready for use. 


G“?GOTROI 1 ii—ic 

P.O.Box 17013 - Mpls.,MN55417 • (612)854-9116;800/328-9839 

Please circle 183 on reader service card. 
































CHARLES WALLER 


WEST COAST REPORT 



GHOST OF A 
CHANCE 

by Michael D. Wesley 


M ac businesses have sprung up in 
some interesting places. As was the 
case in the early days of the personal 
computer business, Mac software and 
hardware developers often work out of 
their basements, garages, hack rooms, 
even attics. Sometimes they work out of 
other people’s basements, garages, back 
rooms or artics—like their parents’. 

1 know 1 of at least one Bay Area 
company that worked out of an attic 
until recently. You got to their “space” 
by climbing a somewhat rickety wooden 
ladder located just behind the cluttered 
office of a communin' theater. Upstairs, 
half a dozen Macs and Lisas in various 
states of undress were scattered across 
several makeshift workbenches. Half a 
dozen young people worked intently on 
numerous projects, talking enthusiasti¬ 
cally and knowledgeably about hardware 
design and marketing while their heads 
scraped against the ceiling. Of course the 
advantage to such a setup is tile low 
overhead. 

Companies like this exemplify the joys 
and pains of entrepreneurship—die 
American dream of starring your own 
business. Entrepreneurial companies 
have varying degrees of success. Some of 
them have difficulty ever arriving at a 
finished produce or run out of money 
before they get the chance. Others get a 
working product out the door but for 
any of several reasons cannot build or 
sustain a market for it. Still others 
achieve a measure of success and contin¬ 
ue For a long time as small, family-type 
operations. 

The computer industry has had its 
share of highly successful entrepreneurs, 
companies that literally began in the 
garage or basement and have gone on to 
generate sales in the billions. 

In a very real way, these companies 
grow so big and so fast that the entrepre¬ 
neurial spirit can get lost—buried in 
bureaucracy', paperwork, and office poli¬ 
tics. When the entrepreneurship has 
sailed, some big companies have started 
to bring in a new ship to cake its place— 
intrapreneurship. 

Someone has a great idea that the 


company, a large multinational comput¬ 
er maker, for example, recognizes as a 
great idea (not a small feat in itself). A 
separate organization is set up within the 
company to'make the idea happen, giv¬ 
ing the managers and idea people a 
chance to start their own company, yet 
stay under the protective umbrella of 
mother, in this way, key people stay' with 
die company rather than going out on 
their own; die company can explore new 
markets in creative ways, and a good idea 
doesn't fall through the cracks. 

The creation of Macintosh is a pretty 
good example of intrapreneurship. Apple 
is a place that seems to generate lots of 
good ideas. 

Pmcwrship aside, even big computer 
companies have to draw die line some¬ 
place, Some projects are too big, too 
small, or too competitive with third 
party' products to justify' developing 
diem, even intraprencurially. A great 
idea for a nice little piece of software or 
hardware, perfect for a nice little compa¬ 
ny, may still fall through the cracks in a 
multinational computer company. 

With all these prcncurships in the 
water, there must be one especially de¬ 
signed to navigate these treacherous seas. 
We have entre- and intra-, so what’s 
missing* 

.Something extra; extraprencurship. If 
die big computer company (not wishing 
to tread on the toes of the third-parry 
developers it needs in order to sell its 
computers), has a great little prodtict, 
perhaps it could seed a new little outside 
company. One or two management peo~ 
pie, originally involved in the great ion of 
the product in-house, could be set up in 



their own great little company' to devel¬ 
op, produce, and market the great little 
product. Ultimately, it belongs to the big 
computer company, which quietly re¬ 
tains the copyright or patents. 

The big company could launch several 
extrapreneurships, then let the new com¬ 
pany^ principals take the ships as far as 
they could, This would be advantageous 
for everyone. The more companies there 
are developing software for a given com¬ 
puter, die better it would be for the big 
computer company, because software 
sells computers, and the better it would 
be for consumers because rhere would be 
software solutions for a wider variety of 
problems. Extraprencurship would even 
be advantageous for small or medium¬ 
sized diird party companies because they 
would be compering with companies 
their own size, rather than having to face 
the big computer company head on. 

Extraprencurship, which essentially 
boils down to ghost publishing, is a very 
interesting concept. Perhaps I should 
suggest it to some big computer compa¬ 
nies. Or maybe they’ve already discov¬ 
ered it. Hut might explain why some 
third party Macintosh products have the 
words “Copyright Apple Computer” 
embedded deep within their code. 

I don’t think vve have exhausted the 
possibilities of prcncurships yet. I would 
like to propose one more; retropreneur- 
ship, 

A big software company puts pressure 
on a big computer company to keep a 
product off the market because it would 
compete unfairly' with the software com¬ 
pany’s product. “Unfairly” because die 
newcomer is better, for example. You’d 
think that the big computer company 
would simply be stuck with a dead 
product. Bur people inside the computer 
company might really like their product, 
and be unhappy that it got killed. 

The designers or programmers may 
have to send the product out the only 
way diev can—through the hack door. 
The “dead” product is handed discreetly 
to close friends and begins quietly to 
appear on bulletin boards. In short order 
it becomes a cult product, a must for 
every' discerning owner of a given com¬ 
puter. Rerroprcneurship—another inter¬ 
esting concept. 

NEW STUFF 

Moving back to dry land, an entrepre¬ 
neurial company called Symmetry- is do¬ 
ing some very interesting things. Its 
latest offering is a program called Picture* 
Base that catalogs MacPaint images in 
files, Images can be found by key- words 
attached to their file, or users can scroll 


APRIL 1986 MACUSE R25 



WEST COAST REPORT 


1 


J_, 


J 


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YOUR 
SOURCE 

For . | j. 

Macintosh' 

SOFTWARE AND 
ACCESSORIES 

L_L .Ll 4- i_J 

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BRAND NAME 
MAC products at 
DISCOUNTED 1 
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\m 




SOFTWARE 
W HARD DRIVES 

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Please circle 48 on reader service card. 



through the file picture by picture. Full 
page MacPamt works can be seen and 
manipulated in miniature, so it is easy to 
copy a larger-chan-screen image from 
place to piacc, PicturcBasc looks like it 
could be a valuable product for anyone 
who keeps a large collection of dip art, 
design^ or other MacPaint images. 

Symmetry is currently working on 
another exciting product called Acta, 
although it may not be quite finished 
when you read this. Acta is an outline 
processor that works as a desk accessory. 
Ideas can be put down in topics and 
several levels of subtopics, all of which 
can be moved around as the outline takes 
shape, A built-in formatter takes a com¬ 
pleted outline and automatically formats 
it according to any of several types 
(LA.L, 1*1*1, etc.) Text can be moved 
freely from Acta to any Mac word pro¬ 
cessor or text handler (spreadsheet or 
database, for example) and back again, 
Acta should also be worth a close look, 
(Symmetry is a Mesa, Arizona company 
that can be reached at 602-844-2199.) 

Racal-Vadic, makers of communica¬ 
tions equipment and modems, is putting 
together a terminal package for the Mac. 
Called MncGeorge, it is a very easy to use. 
Mac-enhanced version of its George soft¬ 
ware for the IBM PC, with foil window¬ 
ing and menus. MacGtorge will come 
complete with a modem cable and tiny 
screwdriver so you 1 !I have everything you 
need to get started in communications 
except a modem. MacGcorjjt will work 
cither with RacaLVadie's line of modems 
or other Mac modems. It is supposed to 
be folly Hayes compatible. (Racal-Vadk 
is located in Milpitas, CA, 408-946- 
2227.) 

On a final note, Dash Chang of Chang 
Labs, makers of Rags to Riches account¬ 
ing software for the Macintosh, believes 
that software should emulate human 
thinking processes. In this way, pro¬ 
grams are intuitive to operate by design, 
not just because of flashy windowing or 
point and click. Inventory . the latest and 
perhaps the best product in the R/wjj to 
Rklm line, is an example. 

Inventory will be able to act as a receipt 
generator at point of sale in small busi¬ 
nesses and track incoming and outgoing 
product movements. With a myriad of 
built-in reports, Inventory can help the 
small business person get a better handle 
on what products sell and why. Accord¬ 
ing to Chang, it will work well as a 
standalone product, or will integrate 
with other Rqgs to Riches modules. Inven¬ 
tory will sell for $195, the same price as 
the other modules. (Chang Labs is locat¬ 
ed in San Jose, CA, and its number is 
408-246-8020.) 


Get Your 

SuperMac 

Here: 

AK: Anchorage: Pictures Inc, (£07) 279-1515: Fair¬ 
banks: Empire Electronics, (907) 479-6502 CA: 
Albany: ComputerLand. (415) 527-0844: Bakers¬ 
field Compute; Basics (605) 339-5080. Compute; 
Warehouse, Inc. (605) 327-3393: Belmont Com- 
puterLond, (415) 595-4232: Berkeley Spin Tronic* 
(415) 643-2743; Chico Computer Center Chico, 
(916) 891-1630; Citrus Heights Educational & 
Business Microcomputers, I no. (916) 723 4850; 
Calma ComputerLand ol Sena Manta (415) 
994-1400: Concord Infomax. (415) 689-2331 
Costa Mesa Computer Experience (714) 432 
9000; Dublin; ComputerLand, (415) 828 6090. 
Dublin Computers. (415) 829-0644: Fairfield: Mark 
Anthony Computer Carp. (707) 426-4600 Fresno: 
Online Computers Busy (209) 432-4324, Hayward: 
Computer Center, (415) 538 7368: ComputerLand, 
(415) 538-8000; tang Beach: Com puterLand. (213) 
595-6683. Los Angeles Computer Showcase (213) 
474 6409. les Gatos Wolf Computer, (408)354- 
1210; Mountain View: Microoge Computer Store, 
(415) 964 5555; Newport Beach Compute;land, 
(714) 476-8360: Oakland !he Computer Store 
(415) 763-7900; Peninsula Office Supply, (415) 
638-5959. Ftoto Alto: Computer Attic. (415) 322- 
Q639 Computer Ware (415) 323-7557; Aetaluma: 
Efcecutron Computers, (707) 778 1242, Redwood 
City: Peninsula Office Supply. (415)364-1333; 
Rocklin AVC Computers, (916) 624-0601; Sacra¬ 
mento: Nei Front Computers. (916) 638 0588 
Peninsula Office Supply, (916) 921 9400; San 
Diego: Byte Shop, (619) 565-8008. San Francisco: 
AAG Computers. [415] 753 1066; Cash W Carry 
Conroy Lapomt (415) 982-6212; Computer Con¬ 
nection, [415] 781-0200: Ben insula Office Supply 
[415} 398*2838; San Jose: Peninsula Office Supply. 
(408) 288-7900, (408) 998-5415: Son Mateo: Com¬ 
puter Age Co. (415) 348 2667, MJcroage Com¬ 
puter Store (415) 348-2983; Santa Ana: Advanced 
Computer Products, (714) 550-8813. Santa Dora 
Affordable Computers. (408) 249-4221; Santa 
Cruz: Affordable Computers, (408) 458-1644 : 

South San Francisco: Peninsula Office Supply, 

(415) 073-7530, Stockton: Stockton Computers 
(209}952-2C2B, Sunnyvale Fry's Electronics, (408) 
733-1770. Walnut Creek Peninsula Office Supply, 
(415) 945-0980 CO: Evergreen Idea: Computer 
5y$, (303) 674-8587, Longmont Micro Computer 
World, (303)651-1177 Cl; Fairfield: Microoge 
Computer Store, (203) 33^3694, Norwalk: Micro- 
age Computer Store, (203) 847 8428 FL: Jack 
sonvilto: Konputer Kingdom. (904) 641 9042, 
Miami: International Computer Systems, (305) 

88 7-4777 G A: Gamsvilte Prefer red Sy$tem sl 
(404) 532-3857 tL; Jacksonville; Computer Oasis 
Gillespies. (217) 245-1461 IN: Fort Wayne 
Grohm Computer Center. (219) 423-3422 
LA; Shreveport Compco Computer Centers, (318) 
869-1282 Ml; Ann Arbor Th e Leo rn i ng Center, 
Ltd., (313) 996-1616 NJ: Bdontoh; A World Ot 
Computers, (201] 335-1470: Cranbury Clancy-Fdul 
Computer Corp, (609) 655 8100; Union: Transnel 
Corp. (201) 608-7800 NY: Middletown: Com¬ 
puter Empo'lum. (914) 343-8740, Vestal: Micro 
World, £607) 757-0500 OH: Toledo Abacus II 
Micro Computers, (419) 865-1009 OR; Beaver¬ 
ton: Software Station, (503) 64^4667; Eugene: 
Computer Solutions. (503) 344 9677; Portland 
Cash 1ST Carry, (503)620-4990; Portland: Moores 
Audio Visuol, (503) 233-5621 TX: Abilene: Com¬ 
puter Shop of Abilene. [915) 695-7320: Arlington: 
Hardin Computer, (017) 478 2775; Houston Com- 
purfte, (713)956-7483; Laredo ComputerLand, 
(512)724 1551; Spring; Williams Computer Center, 
(713)821-9013, Webster ComputerLand, (713) 

332- 0540 WA: Bel I evue Conroy Lapoint, (206) 
455-G206 

SUPER 

TECHNOLOGY 




26MACUSER APR 


L 19 8 6 





















Introducing DalaFrame 

The hard disk Apple used when they 
introduced the Macintosh Plus 


W» 


fhen Apple railed out their first major new prod- 
uct In almost two years, you know they weren't 
about to skimp Not with millions of dollars of sales 
on the line and John Sculley on the stage So when 
Apple told us they had chosen our modestly 
priced DataFrame 20 megabyte hard disk to help 
demonstrate their new computer, we were very 
flattered. Especially since Apple had never before 
shown, lei alone introduced, any of their compu¬ 
ters using third-party hardware 

Why DataFramd? Because DataFrame was de¬ 
signed especially for the Macintosh Plus. It's the first 
hard disk to take full advantage of the new high 
performance SCSI port that comes with every new 
Macintosh, DataFrame is not only faster than com¬ 
peting external disks, but faster than internal drives 
as well. And Apple wanted to demonstrate this big 
advantage over the older 512K Macintosh, 

But DataFrame's design Is just as important as its 
performance The drive comes preformatted so it's 
simple to hook up — just connect It to the com¬ 
puter and switch it on. DataFrame boots from the 
hard disk with no floppy required. It takes full ad¬ 
vantage of the new hierarchical file system, so all 
20 megabytes are available all the time And if 
you need even more storage you can daisy-chain 
up to eight drives or other SCSI-compatible peri¬ 
pherals. 

But what really made the difference is our reli¬ 
ability. Data Framed field-proven 5Va" disk drive has 
seen service in more computers than all the 3 Yz* 
drives put together Its 40 g shock rating is almost 
50% greater than that of competing units for better 
resistance to the everyday bumps and jostling that 
can causa disk failure And our advanced VLSI 
controller uses less than one-third the power of 
competing units — so DataFrame operates coolly 
and quietly without a fan, tt all adds upfo a system 
so dependable that Apple chose it over every 
other SCSI drive, and even over their own HD20. 

So if you're getting ready to roll out a high per¬ 
formance hard disk with your Macintosh Plus* whether 
in front of the whole world or just the whole office, 
consider the only disk that was good enough for 
Apple — DataFrame. 


SUPERMAC 

TECHNOLOGY 

1901 Old Middlefiefd Way 
Mountain View, CA 94040 
[415) 964-8884 











THE MAC BOUNOARY 



THE FAMOUS 
COMPUTER 
COLUMNISTS’ 
SCHOOL 

by Douji Clapp 


Y ou’d like to be as wealthy as me, 
wouldn’t you? And as winy—yet pro¬ 
found. Not to mention my dashing 
(yet endearing) good looks. 

I can’t help you with looks. I can, 
however, help you become a Famous 
Computer Columnist. Everyone, of 
course, wants to be a Famous Computer 
Columnist. The work’s easy, the pay is 
good, you get to he a “somebody” 
and—best of all—you can scam lots of 
free stuff. 

Sounds good, doesn’t it? Read on. 
First, find a magazine This won’t be 
hard. Even with magazines dropping like 
flics (I never liked Dave Ahl anyway), 
there are still plenty of magazines that'll 
take you on* Magazines like knowing 
they’ve got a regular chunk of something 
to put between the ads. Pick your target. 

Next, submit a few sample columns. 
These should be provocative, opinionat¬ 
ed, slick and easy to read. Here’s how to 
do it: be fervent* Everyone loves ferver- 
ency. Or is it ferverentness? Anyway, do 
that* You can be dissipated and boring 
and pompous and self-indulgent and lull 
of angst later on. For now, be fervent. 
And perky. If you can’t manage perky, be 
passionate* Be passionate about copy 
protection; that’s an easy one. (A hint; 
be against it. Passionately against it*) 
Write a few sample columns* Make 
them all the same length. Send them in. 
Give the impression that you’re prolific, 
punctual, and easy to work with. 

That should do it* You’re now a 
Computer Columnist. Kick back. 

No, don’t kick back. It’s dog cat dog 
out there. Being a columnist isn’t 
enough; you’ve got to daw your way to 
the top of the heap* After all, you want 
m be a Famous Computer Columnist! 
Sure it’s “Dynasty,'’ but it’s necessary. If 
you're not at the top, your column can 
be dropped. No columns, no checks. 
You probably couldn’t get a real job 
anyway* Sharpen your fingernails. 


Now die important part: be remem¬ 
bered* Being remembered is more im¬ 
portant than being right, or being 
"nice,” or anything else. If you’re re¬ 
membered, you'll be read again. And 
you’ll get "word of mouth.” You're on 
vour wav when people mention your 
name. 

How to be remembered? The easiest 
way is to be a jerk. Be mean, be critical, 
be a jerk. Dump on people, companies, 
and things. The nastier the better* You’ll 
be remembered. It works. Trust me. 

Besides, it’s hard work to be fair, or to 
accurately analyze anything or anybody. 
That takes time and effort and under¬ 
standing* You’re nor gerting paid 
c:notigl i for u n d e rst an d i ng. 

Ifs simple contrariness. Find out what 
everybody likes, then dump on it* Or 
chccrlead for a despised underdog: that’s 
also a good tactic* Pick a hunk of junk, 
then tout it as “really the best system,” 
Junk abounds; it shouldn’t be hard. 
(And don’t be afraid to go overboard* 
Cheer lead for a ridiculously lousv system 
like the Atari ST. Nobody will believe 
you, but people will think there must be 
a hidden meaning in the column. Hid¬ 
den meanings are good—they make you 
look profound.) 

But don’t settle for being a mere jerk. 
Be an arrogant jerk. When vou want 
software or hardware, call up and ask for 
it. Say you want to write about it* (You 
usually won’t write about the products. 


but say you will—companies like that). 

Be rude and demanding* Look at it 
this way: advertising is incredibly expen¬ 
sive, Free publicity is, well, free. Any 
fool knows that* (Except Lotus, that is* 
If you can scam free stuff from Lotus, 
give me a call; we need to talk* I wrote a 
book about Jazz and couldn’t scam a 
single release copy!) 

Stan scamming, start being a jerk, and 
starr cultivating contacts* Be obsequious 
(don’t know what that means? Look it 
up. Fin head!) to a few select vendors. 
They’ll give you “inside stuff’ you can 
use in your columns. 

There's never enough “inside sni IT,” 
though. That's okay Don't be afraid to 
make stuff up* Who’s to know? Try this: 
'"Apple's Ultra-Mac project has produced 
its first prototype machine* It’s rumored 
to have 1024 by 1024 resolution, with a 
palette of 256 colors.” 

How’m I doing? (Oh, don’t get ner¬ 
vous. Nobody will remember your little 
fictions. What they will remember r.s that 
you deliver "inside stuff.” That's what's 
important*) 

Next, start expanding your fame* 
Hang out with Rich Computer People* 
Let it be known that you hang out with 
Rich Computer People. If you can’t 
hang out with Steve Jobs, hang out with 
Wozntak. Or Bill Budge. Or Chris Craw¬ 
ford. (By the way: name dropping is 
always good*) Or fern- Pournelle's aunt. 
Anybody, even Formerly Rich Compile- 



28MACU5ER APRIL 1986 


PETER BONO 








or People or Failed Capitalists will do, in 
a pinch. 

Get invoked in other projects. You 
probably can’t program, because pro¬ 
gramming is hard. (Pretending that you 
can program, though, is good. Go 
ahead: pretend; nobody will make you 
prove it.) 

Write a few books. You’re a computer 
columnist. Getting a contract will be 
easy. You can’t write anything bur col¬ 
umns? Don’t sweat it! Have one of your 
friends ghost write the boob, for a fee, 
{It's easy. It works. It’s been done.) 

Go to all the computer shows. Be a 
speaker. Go to all the parties. Throw a 
few parties. Schmooze, You gotta 
schmooze. Think of it as glad-handing 
for die eighties. 

The alternative (or possibly adjunct) 
to schmoozing is hiring a public rela¬ 
tions firm, A PR firm can write your bio, 
get you on radio and TV talk shows and 
make you a “somebody." A top firm, like 
Rogers 5c Cowan in LA, will nick you 
for $3,000 a month. 

Schmoozing is cheaper. Name drop¬ 
ping is cheaper. 

Now that you’re well-known, it’s time 
to tlex your muscles. Destroy somebody 
or some company. Ravage them in print. 
Ravage them thoroughly and completely 
or snidely and off-handedly. Hither will 
work. 

This, besides being immense fun, is ' 
necessary. You can’t be a Famous Com¬ 
puter Columnist unless you’re also 
Somebody to be Reckoned With. Do it. 
Blood under the nails is good for your 
career. 

Mix praise and a few “discoveries" in 
among the ravaging. It’ll solidify your 
“Insider status.” IfU help you get more 
free stuff from link companies. Think 
synergy, 

" And that’s it! It’s easy, it’s fun, it’s “do¬ 
able." Go for it. 

Have a nice April, everyone. 

PS: My editors at MacUscr read this 
column, then pointed to the column’s 
title and said “You didn't say anything 
about the Macintosh.” 

Okay, okay. How about a little 
“What’s hot and what’s not?” Charlie 
Jackson does it in MACazmc, 1 can do it 
here. Here’s what’s hot: Mac Under¬ 
ground, TMON , a\LicEosy from Aegis 
Development {a must-have for Mac C 
programmers), the Skipfmdcr desk ac¬ 
cessory (shareware), and PmvcrMath 
from Brainpower. 

What’s not hot? The Amiga system 
software (quick, hand me a spoon), and 
anything (except games) that’s copy pro¬ 
tected. Pm passionately against copy 
protection (wouldn't ya know?)^ 


M Mac Underground is a dream 
come true for Macintosh™ 
Power Hardware People!" 

Doug Clapp, co-author of The Complete Macintosh Sourcebook 


HI. I’m Jerry Daniels (national director 
of Mac Underground) sitting in for our 
regular corporate image--Mr. Rick. We 
chose Rick and his French Resistance 
image to illustrate our position as 
distributors of high-grade intelligence, 
far-out equipment, and technical support. 

You've probably seen Mr, Rick in our 
other ads. He's a good guy, but he 
smokes too much,,.so while he’s away at 
a sm ok e-end ers weekend, I thought I'd 
slip in and comment on Doug's quote. 

Doug Gapp became a member of the 
Mac Underground last summer. Pm 
pleased ihat-as a member-he thinks we're 
the organization for Mac power hardware 
people. WE think we're spreading the 
power of the Mac over a larger base of 
people —and crtoting more power users. 

The Underground does give you a 
"power edge". We supply you with first¬ 
hand knowledge and direct access to 
equipment that will transform your Mac. 
We help you discover the souped-up, 
super computer you need to ride the 
tumultuous waves of the information age 
all the way into the twenty-first century. 

A TICKET TO RIDE 

A ticket to the future via the Mac 
Underground will cost you $39.95. It’s 
good for a year. For that kind of money 
you gel a copy of our telecommunications 
software Underground Courier™, twelve 
months of unlimited entrance (via your 
modem and phone) to an Underground 
SafeHousc™, free member classifieds, and 
access to outrageous discounts on hard¬ 
ware, software and accessories for the Mac 
direct from Online Publishing Systems. 
(More on OPS later.) 

Let's get back to Courier and the Safe- 
Houses it accesses: we think Courier 
represents a real landmark in tele com¬ 
munications, You use it with a Hayes- 
compatible modem to point/click your 
way into a local SafeHousc. 

Once in a SafeHousc you can copy 
daily intelligence reports, Mac article 
abstracts, art, documented public domain 
programs, and demo software. You can 
also send messages to your MU Bishop™ 
(the person who runs your SafeHousc), 
But local SafeHouscs arc not just outlets 
for our info. Read the next column. 



A STRATEGIC ALLIANCE 

The Underground SafeHouscs provide 
service, support, and install at ion for a 
company called Online Publishing 
Systems, OPS is an Apple value-added 
reseller (VAR), OPS sells its Mac 
value-added products directly to our 
members. This is the same sort of 
strategic alliance that Apple has with 
General Electric. Maybe on a different 
scale, though, huh? 

For some, our best feature is still the 
the great deals on products that OPS 
offers to our members (and other 
selected clubs, fraternities, and 
associations). These products include 
innovative hardware items like the OPS 
Internal Mac Modem designed by Larry 
Dziegiclcwski, master engineer for OPS. 

YOU CAN GET INVOLVED 

If you look at the list of SafeHouscs 
below and don't see your state, you 
should apply for a SafeHouse license. 
Licenses aren't free, but you've probably 
got the hardware you need to get started, 
and Bishops make money! (No vows of 
poverty here,) 

Maybe we really are a dream come 
true! Call us and decide for yourself. 
Ask for a complete dossier on the Mac 
Underground (brochure for those who 
donT like spy jargon). Or, better yet, 
just get it over with and join the 
Underground. Doug can't be that far off* 
can he? 


FOR MORE INFOi 
MAC UNDERGROUND 
HEADQUARTERS 
607 North Court Street 
Fairfield, Iowa 52556 
(515) 472-9613 
10AM-4PM Mon.-Fri. 



SAFEHOUSES: 
California Delaware 


Iowa 

Louisiana 
Nebraska 
Wisconsin 

How about your stale 


Kansas 
Missouri 
N. Carolina 


Mjdat£*h ii * tndemut oT Appte Cnapotr, 1 it UtArjnsutid Courier, Ltaiteuqupd: ScTcHMae, OttterjrtttUKJ ZHihcp, 
ratersrnuQd Otipwiue, Nolei from the Mic Undcrijwuiii vt mnkmuki rfMt tae. 


Please circle 106 on reader service card. 































Did ya ever have one of those 
days? Like the horn on the car 
getting stuck while following a 
funeral on the freeway? Or the 
24*hour teller going on the fritz 
after it has swallowed the card? 
Or the I.R.S. 
showing up- 


and they 
“want to 
help"? 

MacWars will 
vent the frustrations of life on 
this planet by taking you to a 
world of fantastic lightening- 
quick animated 3-D graphics 
and digitized sound. 



Feel the day fall off those weary 
shoulders by jumping into the 
space interceptor and take off 
for the planet sized space sta¬ 
tions’ surface. Attacking one 
wave after another of defensive 
fighters, while knocking out the 
intricate surface defense system, 
make them 
all pay by 
blowing up 
the final 
objective-the 
heavily 

guarded main power gener¬ 
ator. The makers of Harrier 


Strike Mission 
bring to the 

Macintosh Os-;' ' 

the ultimate ' \ • 

in space _ 

adventures w*® 

guaranteed to bring endless 
hours of self-indulgent fun and 
excitement, without having to 
share it with anyonel AfacWars- 
the empire awaits! 


Miles Computing, Inc. 

iiii pc 21018 Osborne Street. Bldg. #5 

/ * M| ifrV Can ° ga Park ’ CA 91304 


/M 


(818) 341-1411 


U Telex 595863. MILES COMP 

ahead of the pdcfe TWX 91033 37664 


MacWars is a trademark oi Miles Computing. Inc. Macintosh is a trademark licensed to Apple Computer Inc, 

Please circle 178 on reader service card. 



( 






























Drive id Macs 50 Times Harder 


The MagNet’’" 20 Meg Multiuser Internal Hard Drive 


The MagNet 20“ Hard Drive 

Mirror Technologies introduces one of the most 
powerful Macintosh hard drives available. The 
MagNet 20 combines great value, expandability, 
speed and portability to give your Mac amazing 
capabilities. 



This Internal Hard Drive 
1$ Fast And Portable 

Mirror Technologies has teamed up with Infosphere, 
to develop a special version of MacServe" (XL- 
Serve, the predecessor of MacServe, is the most 
popular AppleTalk" network software in the world!) 
MacServe software adds all of the capabilities 
and features of the best Mac hard drives available 
today, plus the ability to share peripherals, programs 
and data with multiple computers. As your needs 
grow the MagNet 20 already contains the power 
and versatility to handle your computing to go. 

Packed With Features 

The MagNet 20 allows you to print spool, disk 
cache, protect files with passwords, partition volumes 
and fully or incrementally backup your data. The 
MagNet 20 is the most powerful single or multiuser 
storage solution available today. 


Apple a nd Macintosh are rcKislered trade marks of Apple Computer, Inc. MagNet 20 is a 
reukiered trademark «>l Mirror Technologies Jne, 


Rugged Design 

The MagNet 20 uses a hard drive specially designed 
to withstand treatment that would “crash" the 
competition. The patented drive head lifter in the 
MagNet 20 pulls the read/write heads away from 
your precious data upon power off. This means you 
and your Mac can travel with confidence. 

The Powerful Single User Solution 

Purchase the MagNet 20 as a very powerful 
single user drive and simply add the inexpensive 
AppleTalk network cables to allow multiple Macs 
to access shared programs, data and peripherals! 



Multiuser Capability at a 
Single User Price 

Stop waiting: call 1-800-328-6795 ext. 428 for the 
Mirror Technologies dealer nearest you. 

Drive 16 Macs 50 times harder. 


Mirror Technologies 


2209 Phelps Road 
Hugo, Minnesota 55038 

Please circle 184 on reader service card. 














happening in the world of Mac? Well keep you up-to-date with our monthly Quick Clicks. 


SPANISH 
GRAMMAR III Hi 

List Price: $34.95 Published by Queue , 5 
Chapel Hill Dr.. Fairfield * CT 06432. (203) 
335-0906. 

Spanish grammar tit, owe in a series of four 
programs on Spanish grammar, is a tutorial 
program meant for teachers to use with 
students who require reviews in the Spanish 
language. It is not targeted for beginners or 
anyone who wishes to start a new language 
from scratch. Previous knowledge of the 
language is needed to get any value from it. 
Even the manual is clearly labeled 'Teach¬ 
er’s Manual." 

Spanish Grammar Ill's interactive nature 



uses multiple choice and fill-in formats. A 
lesson selection is made by clicking on one 
of the ten grammar lessons, which brings 
up a name input screen. Then the selected 
lesson starts with a brief synopsis of usage, 
and examples for the grammar being test¬ 
ed. (This is also available in the Help menu 
for easy access during a lesson.) 

Lessons can be approached in any order, 
but it's best to handle each in succession, 
since each lesson following is built on 
ideas introduced earlier. The user has the 
choice of working on one, two or as many 
lessons as he or she can handle at a time. 
In the beginning of each module there are 
instructions as to how the review is to be 
approached One question at a time ap¬ 
pears on-screen, with the keyboard or 
mouse used for responses. The keyboard 
can be used to enter an answer in a box 
with a cursor that follows the question, or 
students can answer simply by clicking on 
any of the boxes labeled A to E. feedback is 
immediate and responsive. When a student 
answers Incorrectly, the correct answer is 
shown and explained. A Time menu allows 
the user to see how long the lesson has 
taken so far, although Spanish Grammar III 
does not allow for saving a lesson to 
resume at a later time. 

At the end of each lesson there is a 
summary with data on how many questions 


were attempted, how many were correct, 
and a percentage-based score for the user, 
which is automatically added to the Teach¬ 
ers Management Report, (The Score menu 
gives a condensed form of this for viewing 
during a lesson,) The Teachers Manage¬ 
ment Report allows the teacher to check on 
students’ work. Up to 20 names per screen 
are listed for each module worked on and 
for each time, even if the module Is done 
twice. After 40 records, the 40th record is 
automatically deleted when the next person 
uses the program since new names are 
entered from the top. 

The Management system is meant only 
for the teacher s use and. therefore, is put 
on-screen in a very obscure system so 
students can't get to it on their own. To 
select the Management Report, the teacher 
clicks in a circle at the upper right hand 
corner of the title screen Progress for each 
student can be viewed on screen, printed or 
erased A major design flaw in the erase 
option is that it clears the whole system of 
all the records when put into operation. Any 
one record for any student cannot be 
erased on its own. That means the only way 
of keeping a record permanently is to print 
it out. 

Despite its minor flaws. Spanish Gram¬ 
mar /// carries off what it means to in a clear 
and constructive manner.—OG 


A MIND FOREVER 
VOYAGING Hit 

List Price: $44.95, Requires at feast 512K. 
tnfocom , 125 CambrldgePark Dr.. Cam¬ 
bridge. MA 02140. (617) 492-6000 . 

Infocom has a problem, its designers have to 
try harder to get Mac owners’ interest be¬ 
cause their games avoid all the joys of the 
Mac interface. For Mac users, text adven¬ 
tures start out in second place There is no 
use of the mouse, or of the graphic and 
sound capacity of the machine. Adding 
insult to injury. Infocom persists in using 
pictures of IBM disks on their Mac pack¬ 
ages. 

Despite these handicaps, A Mind Forever 
Voyaging has a gripping, imaginative story 
and poses enough mental challenges to 
thoroughly engross most players. The plot 
ts truly unique. 

Players are asked to assume a most 
unusual role. They begin by reading a short 
story, provided (heretically) In hard copy in 


the game package. Once you start out, you 
are given the shocking news that your 
life time of experiences and memories was 
carefully engineered. You are not human; 
you're an experimental computer. 

Most of the difficulty in the game lies, 
like an infant initially testing the capacities 
of its body and mind, in learning how to use 
your senses and abilities. In one of your 
memory modes, you are a young married 
man with a career and a son, In other 
modes you're unable to touch, have no 
human (body) functions, but do have other 
powers. 

Your task is to determine the viability of a 
special and crucial government plan. You 
can utilize one mode to visit the future. 
Your task is to bring back recordings of 
specified elements to be reviewed by a 
committee. 

An innovative aspect of the game is that 
you'll gradually come to the realization that 
you are "on your own" after the initial task 
has been completed. Considerable initia¬ 
tive is required to complete the next two 
phases of the game. 

On the negative side, the setting is more 


humorless than most Infocom games, And 
some of the tasks become repetitious. 
AMFV does not warrant its advanced cate¬ 
gory rating. After the difficult adaptation to 
the role, there are only a few actual puzzles 
to be solved. One of these puzzles (in spite 
of exalted promises about the fine parser) 



is precisely how to phrase what you want to 
communicate to the game. The instructions 
have you believe there are no such prob¬ 
lems. Despite these drawbacks, AMFV is a 
true adventure and a trip in imagination 
well worth taking —Linda Joan Kaplan 


32 MAC USER APR 


L 1 9 8 6 


























THE DUBL-CLICK 
CALCULATOR 
CONSTRUCTION 
SET mu 

List Price: $99. 512K. Published by Dubh 
Click Software t 18201 Gresham St.. North - 
ridge, CA 91321. (818) 349-2758 . 

THE QU8L-CUC* calculator construction set 
makes it easy to design custom calculators 
that install as desk accessories on your 
Mac disks. Using MacPaint-like tools, pre¬ 
designed keys are dragged onto a calcula¬ 
tor shell and positioned. The shell can be 
stretched with a "rubber band" tool and can 
be much larger than it initially appears 

A parts box window contains all the 
shapes and special items that can be 


placed on a calculator. There are four basic 
types of keys—alphanumeric, function, pro¬ 
grammable and macro—In a variety of 



shapes. Keys are dragged onto the shell, 
then "wired" (assigned a function) by click¬ 
ing on the key with the electricai plug icon. 
Macro keys are assigned a permanent se* 
quence of specific operations as the calcu¬ 


lator is being built. Programmable keys can 
be assigned new functions at any time. 
The calculator shell can hold up to 100 
items {which may Include icons to print to 
the fmageWrrter or a text file), a small 
calendar, or various timer functions, as well 
as standard mathematical, financial and 
scientific operations. All of a calculator's 
keys can be wired so that entries can be 
made directly from the keyboard. 

Calculators are saved as desk accessory 
files that are loaded with Font/DA Mover, or 
they can be made to self-install automati¬ 
cally on the startup disk. Finished calcula¬ 
tors take at least 7K of memory, A scientific 
calculator with special features may take 
20K or more. The program checks available 
memory before Installing a new calculator. 
The manual is small but excellent, and 
The Dubl-Cltck Calculator Construction Set 
is easy to use.— MOW 


RECORD HOLDER iU 

List Price : $49.95, Software Discoveries, 
99 Crestwood Rd., Tolland CT06084. (203) 
872-1024 

Record holder is fairly simple, but irs a pow¬ 
erful data manager. Its strengths are its 
ease of use and price. There's a tot here, 
far more than its low price would seem to 
promise, 

Set up is flexible. Users simply create 
what fields they wish on a master record 
Using simple click and drag techniques, a 
very large number of fields of very large size 
can be quickly created, Fields can contain 
up to 32K characters (when working on a 
512K or Mac Plus). Fields are specified to 
be of a particular type (text, numeric, date, 
etc.),The arrangement can easily be modi¬ 
fied, except for the field type. Unfortunate¬ 
ly, only the default font is available and 
graphics cannot be added to the records. 

Data entry follows standard Mac conven¬ 
tions, A nice feature is an automatic Save 
feature, which periodically saves your work. 


minimizing data loss if a crash occurs. 
Dates are particularly well handled, as the 
program has the ability to convert dates 
between its three formats, 

Files have a table of contents in the form 
of a scrollable window that lists ail that 
file's records. Double clicking on a record 
name brings that record to the screen. 

Reports are well handled. Simply arrange 
the fields you need on a report form. These 
forms can be up to 16 inches wide and can 
include page headers. Mathematical func¬ 
tions such as total, average and count are 
available. After setting up the report tem¬ 
plate. users select what range of records is 
to be scanned for the report. 

Searching records is the heart of the data 
manager function. Record Holder searches 
better than the average database. The 
search functions are both simple to use 
and, at the same time, versatile. They can 
contain wildcards. Indeed, it is possible to 
search on virtually any part of any element 
of any field, 

Reports can be previewed to the screen 
and printed to the ImageWriter. They don’t 
print correctly on the LaserWriter. 


The manual is written for users who are 
not database pros, It s mce to see a manual 
so well planned for the program's target 
audience. There Is also considerable on¬ 
screen help. Most users will read the man¬ 
ual to get started and then never require it 
again. 

Record Holder isn't for everyone. Its lack 
of advanced features and its inability to use 
other than its default fonts (and total lack 
of graphics) limit its applicability. But if the 
features are sufficient, and they are for 
many applications, this program is a true 
bargain,—SB 



GRID WARS m 

List Price: $39.95 Published by Ann Arbor 
Sof (works, Inc,, 308Vu S. State Street. Ann 
Arbor, Ml 48014 (313) 996-3838. 

"I NEED A DRfNRl" 

Wiping the comet dust of his shoulder, 
the unwary human looked around the bleak 
insides of the bar. "Sparks," he thought, 
“of all the places I have to walk into, l 
choose this dump. Looks like something 


out of that old movie, hell, was it called 
Space Wars, Star Bores, nuts,,.," 

Without warning, he felt something grab¬ 
bing him, lifting him effortlessly into the 
air. The stench of alien sweat was strong 
"Human! You no read?! No humans 
here!” 

Our hero turned to face the voice, and felt 
his intestines cringe. He was face to face 
with something that looked like a wookie 
with a mohawk. And that breath! 

" Listen, all 1 want is a lousy drink, and I'll 
be outta here faster than you can sav 


plutonium milkshake, ” 

"No, human will play Grid Wars, then if 
alive, will drink.,," 

"But.,." 

The next moment he was sitting in front 
of a large black table, facing another alien. 
Its breath was worse, and its complexion 
was like a greemite pizza. He glanced down 
and saw a beige keyboard with three keys, 
labeled laser cannon, torpedoes and a red 
key with the faded word VaporizerT There 
was also a small box attached to a cord. A 
mouse? 


APR 


L 1986 MACUSER33 







































































QUICK 


(iiiiini iiiiiiiii'imniuirrniiiiiiiiiiiijiiiii 



LICKS 




"Human," croaked his opponent, "you 
will defend your position, I throw energy 
zingers, voltage pies, other nasties, you 
launch energizer spheres, try to destroy 
them. Energizer Spheres act like projec¬ 
tiles, they fly with parabolic motion. Mouse 
moves your sights back and forth horizon¬ 
tally. You point to place on grid you want 
shoot, hit mouse button. Keyboard for tor¬ 
pedoes and vaporizer" 

Good thing I majored in ancient physics, 
thought the human, 

"My photon field advances towards you. 

You constantly bombard it, or energy ten- Thanks a tot, he thought 

drils reach you. destroy you Vaporizers "t get tired, you win, you play next guy. 

destroy everything on the board. You get Fifteen of us watting to play You lose, we 

one vaporizer. You play good, you get bury you in titanium tube. We have fun, 

more, 1 * yes?" 



Td rather just get my drink and get 
going. ,,,*■ 

The alien's eyebrow (or something) 
arched up high. "We play!" 

Out of nowhere, an extraterrestrial pretty 
whispered in his ear, "Just do what he says, 
if you've played this type of game before, 
you know what will happen. Play it long 
enough, you'll get really good at it, and 
you'll both want to move on to something 
more Interesting, maybe even fight over 
me..,; 

Our friend began to sweat. "But when do I 
win? What do I get if I beat you?" 

A low titter went through the throng of 
creatures, "You find out!" was the last thing 
he heard, as an energy ball came flying out 
of nowhere,,,.—DO 


MACINOOGA 

choo-choo am 

List Price: $39. Published by Fortnum Soft¬ 
ware, 31 W. Sierra Madre Btvd., Sierra 
Madre , CA 91024 , (818) 355-7114. 

Toy trains, model railroads, and computers go 
back a long way. Many of the early hackers 
met and worked at MIT's Tech Model Rail¬ 
road Club, While they made significant 
advances in computing, they never did get 
the trains computerized—until very recent¬ 
ly. Now Macfnooga Choo-Choo really brings 
toy trains and computers together, That's 
because Mac/nooga is a true electronic 
train set. 

The program comes with five layouts 
ready to run. The different layouts illustrate 
all of the program’s features. Some have 
invisible track, others glory in their Mac¬ 
Paint-created scenery. All are fun to oper¬ 


ate, Just beware of crashes, which lead to 
results unimaginable on the real thing. 
The layouts provided are easy to modify 
using the wide range of tools available. 
Simple program-generated scenery can be 
added to MacPaint* created scenery that is 
already in place. Users can add signals, 
which will stop trains if they're set to, 
uncouplers, more locomotives and more 
cars. Several designs of each type are 
provided on a handy Train palette. 

Once the layout Is set, trains are set into 
motion with the mouse and all speed and 
directional control is accomplished with the 
mouse. Be careful when running trains, or 
you'll crash them! Crashes of electronic 
trains are rather different from crashes of 
electric trains (or programs, for that mat¬ 
ter), Here crashed trains proceed on their 
rather merry way. They look and move as 
though they were drunk! 

Empire builders can start from scratch 
and build up a reasonable layout. Just like 
real toy trains, the space available is limit¬ 


ed. but ample for all but the most land- 
greedy. As in real life, it is better to lay your 
track after you do the scenery. Laying 



multiple tracks is accomplished using the 
Burrow command which allows the builder 
to treat each element in the grid square 
separately. 

About all that's missing is the electrical 
smell of warm motors and transformers and 
the ability to view your creation from any¬ 
thing other than a bird's-eye view.—SB 


copy ii mac aa 

Ust Price . $39 95. Published by Central 
Point Software, #100, 9700 SW Capitol 
Highway , Portland. OR 97219. <*503; 244- 
5782. Version 4,5 reviewed , program is 
updated frequently . 

Coer ti MAC MAS made MORE BACKUP COPIES OF MAC 

software than any other program, so many 



that Its title is in danger of becoming a 
verb. Few Mac owners would misunderstand 
a sentence like "Copy // the disk before you 
even run it," 

This notoriety is deserved. The program is 
simple, foolproof, crashproof, idiotproof 
and, most importantly, effective User op* 
tions are limited, which might seem to 
make this program less potent than com¬ 
petitors that let their bells and whistles 
hang out, but in this case it just means that 
the programmers have thought of almost 
everything and built it all right in. The few 
options are explained on a Help screen and 
in the manual. 

few users have any problems and no 
reports of Copy tl crashing have ever gotten 
around. The program's only real flaw is that 
it defaults to its less reliable bit copy mode 
when launched, tricking some users into bit 
copying when they should first do a sector 
copy (it’s really a block copy) first. Copy It 
Mac's sector copier verifies as it works. 


while its bit copier doesn't, so it is perfectly 
possible to introduce new errors when bit 
copying. If the clear manual is followed, all 
Should work properly. 

New versions of Copy it Mac are released 
at frequent intervals and registered owners 
get a chance to update for $18. The up¬ 
dates are usually worth it. as each signifi¬ 
cantly increases the list of programs Copy it 
Mac can back up. 

Also included on the disk are Mscfoo/s 
and Copy It HD (for Hard Disk), MacToots 
combines a good disk editor with excellent 
file management and recovery sections. 
Since it does far more than Copy It Mac , 
most of the manual is devoted to using it 
effectively MacToots is invaluable when 
attempting to salvage lost or damaged 
fifes. It is the easiest to use of all the file 
recovery tools and makes the fewest techni¬ 
cal demands on its users. 

MacToofs also provides simple ways to 
set a files attribute bits (those are the 


34MACU5ER APRIL 1986 






































































OTHER PRODUCTS 

• Engineering Tool Kit 

• Stats Tool Kit 

• Biomedical Research 
Chart Tool Kit 


Control Charts • Histograms 

^P, NP, U C • Scatter Plots 

XR Charts • Pareto Charts 

Trend Charts » MSBasic 2.0 req’d 


By word of 
mouse* 

Go ahead. Just ask one of the thousands of satisfied 
Mac owners who rely on the Moustrak. The genuine, 
original desktop pad that reduces mouse wear, keeps 
the rollers dean and the tracking smooth. 

Each Moustrak is made from the highest quality 
materials available, in a variety of colors, sizes and 
prices. All at your dealer now, 



Scf-Ware Teels 


P.O.Box 8751 


Boise, Idaho 83707 
343-1437 


For your local dealer, call 1-800-221-MOUS 
In Calif. (707) 963-8179 

As distributed by MacUser at Mac Expo, San Francisco 


Please circle 1G9 on reader service card. 

Please circle 170 on reader service card. 

- 



cricket 

ttrlZwfrtf introduces. 


■ Sixteen bar patterns & plot 
symbols 

•Selection of fonts, sizes & 
styles 

•Text lines & arrows added 
anywhere 

• Large data sets of 2000 or 
mote points 

• Regression curve fits 

• Error bars {both x & y| 

•Enter & edit data quickly 

• Easy importing of data 

■ Depth for 3-D “pizzaz” 

• Graphic Macros for speed & 
ease 

•Color selection 

• QuaNiy Control Charts |8 
types] 

• Unbelievably easy to use 

•and lots morel 


cricket 



The most revolutionary 

business & scientific graphics package 

available for the Macintosh ™ I 

THE PROOF IS IN THE PRINTED PAGE I 


Suggested Retail Price SI95 
Demo available for $6,95 


9 


till 


jN 


i ■» i 


Place & size you' graph* 
on ere page 

Image of the page 




Actual Image or Page Layout Window 


Call or write for more information. 

ci ifkc*t 

VfStf- 215 * 387-7955 

3508 Market St. Suite 206 ■ Philadelphia. PA 1910-1 
for ordering or to have a brochure sent 

1-800-345-8112 

In PA 1-800-662-2444 

Requires 128 K ImageWmer and LaseAVfUr are irademafkj or Apple Computer, Inc. 


You can create 
professional quality 
graphs I 

• Position and size 
each graph on the 
page 

• Multiple graphs per 
page 

•Overlay one or 
more graphs 

• Print on 

I mage Writer or 
LaserWriter 

• Color graphs 
using. . 

Color plotters (HP & 
others) 

Film recorders 
and others I 


Please circle 134 on reader service card. 


























































Q U I C 


controls that cause files to be invisible, 
locked or protected). A file’s type and ere- 
ator field can also be changed 
Copy // HD copies selected applications 
to hard disks. It works on all unprotected 


K CLICKS 




applications and a long list of copyprotect¬ 
ed programs The applications that it can 
copy are listed in a dialog box. Since its 
function is very limited. Copy // HD is 
extremely easy to use. 


The disk that contains these programs is 
not copy protected. The first of your many 
Copy It backup copies should be itself. Take 
good care of it, since it's certain to be one 
of your most valuable tools —SB 


MACH 1.0 tm 

List price: $99. Requires 512H Second 
drive and printer recommended Published 
by Palo Alto Shipping Co,, PO Box 7430, 
Mento Park , CA 94026 (800) 44-FORTH. 

The structure of forth makes it different from 
other programming languages Forth pro¬ 
grams build on low-level functions to create 
larger words or commands that describe 
higher level tasks (thus extending the lan¬ 
guage). To decipher a Forth program re¬ 
quires reading it backwards from the bot¬ 
tom up. Forth has some characteristics of 
both an interpreter and a compiler. 

One disadvantage of Forth is the lack of 
local variables, which complicates the 
passing of parameters between words. 
Most versions of Forth force users to edit 
program text in segments called screens 



processors. 

Mach 1 from Palo Alto Shipping Company 
is a multitasking implementation of Forth 
designed for the Macintosh. Mach 1 has 
corrected the lack of local variables found 
in Forth-83, a standardized version upon 
which it is based, by adding named input 
parameters, it also has provided for the 


loading of text-only files instead of blocks, 

Mach 1 has libraries of predefined words 
to perform functions such as toolbox ac¬ 
cess. uniform input/output and floating 
point arithmetic. It also includes an MDS 
compatible assembler and symbolic debug¬ 
ger 

The speed of Mach l f s code, although 
still slower than code written in C. Is 
dramatically improved over other versions 
of Forth And Mach 1 is so easy to use that 
program development time can be much 
quicker than it might be in other high level 
languages. This is due in part to the nature 
of Forth. It Is also because Machl and the 
MDS editor can both run under Switcher so 
time Isn't wasted jumping from one to the 
other. The list price and low licensing costs 
of Mach 1 should make it an excellent 
choice for Forth programmers —Gilbert 
Rankin 


SPEED 

READER II «« 

List Price: $69.95. Published by Davidson 
Si Associates, 3135 Kashiwa St,, Torrance , 
CA 90505 . (800) 556-6141 (outside CA}. 
(213) 534-4010. 

Speed reader u ts a complete self study course 
that utilizes a series of exercises to im¬ 
prove reading speed, comprehension and 
memory retention. The exercises build 
three specific skills—eye span, rate of 
perception and eye movement—gradually 
and in sequential steps. 

Eye span exercises increase the range of 
text read at one pause by training the eye lo 
use peripheral vision in reading. Starting 
with two tetters and progressing to entire 
words, these exercises are used at the 


beginning of a practice session. The next 
step involves reading a prepared selection 
in a narrow column of text, then gradually 
expanding the width of the column. Ques¬ 
tions are asked at the end of each passage 
to evaluate comprehension. 

Speed Reader II times your reading and 
prepares reports on both reading speed and 
comprehension it also graphs the scores of 
any six exercises as an indication of pro¬ 
gress There are 35 selections on the Speed 
Reader ti disk, all at high school reading 
level. Additional levels are available, from 
elementary through adult, on data disks. 
Each additional level costs $19,95, 

Speed Reader It is easy to use and welt 
designed. There is virtually no need to use 
the keyboard, so you can concentrate fully 
on reading. 

By following the course as outlined in the 


book, it may be possible to increase read¬ 
ing speed as much as 200%, or perhaps 
more. Tests conducted by Mac User showed 



significant improvement in reading speed 
(from 300 words per minute to just under 
500) after one practice session —MOW 


CLICKART 
EFFECTS «« 

List Price: $49.95, Published by Tf Maker 
Company , 2115 Landings Drive. Mountain 
View. CA 94034. (415) 962-0195 


Every serious MAcPAmm must have CucuAni 
Effects. A desk accessory designed to be 
used within MacPaint. ClickArt Effects al* 
lows the user to rotate, stretch, slant or add 
a vanishing point to any graphic object 
Any image in the active MacPa/nf window 
can be modified with the four effects avail- 
able, If the artist isn't satisfied with the 
effect achieved by a tool, the image may be 


restored with the undo command, undo will 
only work on the fast tool used. 

Images modified with ClickArt Effects are 
still MacPaint elements and can be cut or 
copied and pasted into any application that 
supports the Clipboard, 

ClickArt Effects Installs itself into Mac- 


* !■!«■ I»l bmrg-r-t j Uj* 



Paint, not into the System Folder like most 
other desk accessories. If MacPaint is 
moved to another disk, ClickArt Effects 
moves with it, and will still appear under 
the desk accessory menu T even though it 
was not installed on the new disk. 

Certain operations, such as rotate, pro¬ 
duce images that are very dirty, requiring 
extensive 1 cleaning in FatBits. This distor¬ 
tion effect is due to the resolution of the 
Mac screen, and is not ChckArf Effects 1 
Wl There are tricks to minimize this 
effect: when working with shaded images, 
remove all shading (preferably in fatSits), 
manipulate the image as desired, then 
refill the object with the original patterns. 

MacPaint is one of the most popular 
programs around, and with ClickArt Effects 
under the apple, it's even better!—DBfE 


36MACUSER APRIL 1986 











































































CftftPHtCS SOFTWARE 


ICC. mi GyvV-rHH y *n“«W 

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Speed Header n . . ..39. SO 

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HSyfeoQase .65 DO 

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SpeUw. --....- v *5 25 

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Typing Tutor l|l . . . 

Stoneware £>S Master . 

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DISKETTES ~ 

Sony 3^ id Pat*.25.2s 

Verbatim 315 to Paci< .27.00 

Hemoreit tf/7 10 pack _ 28.25 

Brown 3te 10 Pack... 21 00 


2B25 
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Mac Dwo 10 Faed 5 ftomov 
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MacStatlon It Holds 400 
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We carry at! products for all computers. Call toll free for our prices: 

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POWER COMPUTING 


BY STEVEN BOBKER 


THF 

SOFTWARE 

SHIP 


REVOLUTIONS ARE ODD THINGS. 
Sometimes they are sudden and 
violent. Sometimes you wake up to 
find they've already happened. And 
sometimes a revolution oceurs with¬ 
out your being aware of it at all. 

Examine a revolution; any revolu¬ 
tion will do. All have a few things in 
common. They are ail like fire. Cer¬ 
tain ingredients are necessary. Re¬ 
move one and there is no revolution. 
Revolutions must have a cause, good 
or bad. There must be weapons or 
tools. And someone or something 
must bring everything together at 
the right time. 

Steve Wozniak started a revolu¬ 
tion when he created the first mass- 
produced disk drive for microcom¬ 
puters. The old way of doing things, 
using cassette tapes for data and 
program storage, just didn’t cut the 
mustard. Sure cassette technology 
worked, but almost in spite of itself. 
It was slow and very inefficient. Rut 
it was all there was. People put up 
with it, though they wanted and 
needed something better. That 
'"something better"' was the random 
access disk technology then found 
only on larger, much more expensive 
computers. Woz took that technol¬ 
ogy and made it usable and afford¬ 
able for micro users. It sparked a true 
revolution in data storage. 

Today users are faced with some 
new problems. The first is data glut. 
There is too much data around. 
While some comes on disks, most of 


it is printed (in newsletters and 
newspapers). To rtlakc the best and 
most efficient use of tiliis data, it 
must be somehow converted into 
computer readable form. Manual 
data entry is a solution only if your 
resources arc nearly infinite. Obtain¬ 
ing the material on a disk or via 
telecommunication to a disk is some¬ 
times possible, but usually very ex¬ 
pensive. There has to be a better 
way. 

Even those who program have 
trouble getting their products to 
market. The economics of software 
publishing preclude simple efforts by 
individuals. The costs of disks, of 
duplication, of manuals, packaging 
and distribution all combine to rc- 
quire a substantial investment to 
bring a program to market. Many 
programs (although exactly how 
many no one can say) never see the 
light of day. And we’re all losers for 
that. If only the costs were lower, the 
original outlay less. 

Sure* there’s Freeware or 
shareware or MacHonorWare or 
whatever you want to call it, but die 
number of Mac programmers who 
have made a decent return from it 


can be counted on one hand. What is 
needed is something that might al¬ 
low programmers to sell their work 
at low cost and small investment and 
yet make a profit. The words '"low 
cost'" and '"small investment"" are posi¬ 
tively revolutionary in today’s soft¬ 
ware publishing world. 


A GLIMMER 



A recently developed technology 
may help solve both problems, diat 
of data glut and that of '"cheap'" 
software. Cauzin Systems has creat¬ 
ed a simple to use, easy to print 
method of putting data on paper. Its 
new Softstrip system is relatively 
inexpensive, both from the users’ 
standpoint and from die creators’ 
standpoint. The tiny black and white 
squares pack a lot of data into a small 
space, and the reader is capable of 
retrieving that data under all but die 
worst conditions. 

Cauzin appears committed 
to making its technology easily and 
widely available. That only makes 
sense, for in true capitalistic spirit* 
the more systems sold and the more 
they arc accepted, the higher Cau- 
zin’s 'profits will-be! * 

All the elements for a revolution 
arc in place. There is a problem or 
cause. In fact, there arc several. And 
die weapons or tools arc there. The 
Softstrips and their readers are not 
widely used yet* but they arc there, 
ready and working. And Cauzin 
seems willing to lead us into a new 
era of data and program distribu- , 
tion. The revolution could be hap¬ 
pening at this very moment. 


WHAT YOU SEE 

The Softstrip system is both sim¬ 
ple and complex. The actqal Soft' 
strips are composed of black aiid 
white squares printed on paper, 
They arc the data. Strips are fijad b\ 
a high-tech reading 
to your computer, 
strip results in data o 
a disk. Let’s look at th 
of the system. 

While the Softstrip 
superficial similarity 


ar code. 


38MACUSER APR 


L 19 8 6 





A new technology 


promises to make 
software cheaper than 
ever and easier 


to obtain . 




APRIL 1 9 86 MACUSER39 


v ■ ' : ./ 















THE SOFTWARE STRIP 



The Reader is mrrv ad and easy to use and store. 


there are two major differences. The 
first, and most important, is the data 
density* Bar codes typically get 
about 3K on a page, while Softstrips 
can pack just over 40K per page. 
The other difference is reading case* 
Bar codes generally have to be man¬ 
ually scanned, a tedious job on all 
but the shortest files* Softstrips are 
read automatically. Users simply 
align a dot and a line on the paper 
with a hole and the edge of the 
reader (and both need be aligned 
only to a tolerance of 1/16th of an 
inch). Strips cannot be read out of 
order; any attempt to do so will be 
thwarted by the software. 

Softstrips encode 8-bit ASCII data 
(common, ordinary everyday stuff; 
all Mac programs can be translated 
into this code) into machine-read¬ 
able form. The resulting encoded 
data can be printed in low*-, medium- 
or high-density strips. The density 
chosen depends both on the means 
used to generate the data strips and 
the quality of the ultimate printing 
process and paper. 

Low-density srrips can store up 


500 bytes in a standard 9.5-inch 
strip, medium-density allows up to 
approximately 3400 bytes per strip 
and high- density contains about 
5500 bytes per strip. Strips can be as 
short as 1 inch long or as long as 9.5 
inches. Their width is determined by 
their density, with low-density strips 
being approximately 1/2 inch wide, 
medium-density 3/4 of an inch and 
high-density approximately 5/8 inch 
wide. 

The data on paper is in the form 
of what Cauzin calls dibits. A dibit is 
two successive squares with a black 
followed by a white representing a 
zero and a white followed by a black 
is a one. Thus each byte consists of 
16 black and white squares in a row. 

Each line of data consists of either 
two, four or six byres, depending on 
die density. As you would expect, 
the higher the density, the more 
bytes per line. Lines therefore con¬ 
tain either 32, 64 or 96 squares plus 
parity and marking information at 
the ends, 

There'S nut much chance of mis¬ 
reading data. Error detection is pro¬ 


vided by three separate techniques. 
First, there’s a parity bit at each end 
of the data lines; one is used to cheek 
the parity of the odd bits, while the 
other is used for the even bits. Each 
line is also checksummed with either 
a normal 8-bit checksum or an op¬ 
tional 16-bit CRC (cyclic redundan¬ 
cy cycle) checksum. And finally, the 
mechanical scanning method effec¬ 
tively scans each up to four times 
and integrates the data to avoid 
problems caused by irregularities in 
the printing process. 

The result of all this is an 
error rate that Ciuzin claims is less 
than one bir in 10,000,000,000 bits. 
We had no read problems in any of 
the materials we tested, mutilated 
and retested. This system seems even 
more immune to error than standard 
electronic media such as disks. 

The real heart of the system, at 
least as far as the end user is concerned, 
Ls the strip reader itself. This electro¬ 
mechanical device weighs a scant 20 
ounces (not including its cast alumi¬ 
num base), and is 16.6 inches long 
bv 2.5 inches high by 3 inches wide. 
It is powered by a small external 
transformer and connects to the 
Mac’s serial modem port. 

The reader is manually positioned 
over each strip, aligning through a 
hole at one end and the reader edge 
at the other. The sensor scans in 
increments of 0,0025 inch and has 
an effective accuracy of 0.00001 
inch. Since data lines are between 
0.01 and 0.04 inches high, each line 
is scanned several times, each time in 
a slightly different location. The sen¬ 
sor’s on-board circuitry integrates 
the density of each half of each dibit 
and decides whether each bit is a 0 
or a 1 based on die multiple versions 
of the information it has obtained. 

The actual reading of the data 
occurs when the sensor illuminates 
the data with near-infrared light. 
This Might, which is generated by a 
light emitting diode (LED), heats 
{very slightly!) the carbon used in 
black ink and photocopier toner. 
The sensor then records die heat 
increase of the dark areas. 

This method of reading has many 
advantages. Users can overwrite da- 
tastrips with colored inks or markers 
and the strips will still be readable. 


40MACU5ER APR 


L 1 9 8 6 



















The strips are also immune to such 
disk killers as spilled coffee or soda! 
Just dry the page out and read it. 

On the other hand, writing across 
a strip with an ordinary pencil or 
printing the strip on colored paper 
will copy protect the data in the 
sense that the strip can no longer be 
photo- or xerox copied and used. 
Pencil writing contains carbon and 
so is readable by the sensor. 

Photocopying colored papers usu¬ 
ally alters the background toner 
(which contains carbon) level and, 
again, gives erroneous information 
to the sensor. 

As the reader moves down the 
page it tracks its own lateral move¬ 
ment to within 5 microns. Its align¬ 
ment is controlled by two separate 
servo mechanisms. These self-align¬ 
ment features let the reader handle 
Sofrstrips that are not perfectly flat. 
It is possible to crumple a page 
containing Sofrstrips and then 
smooth it out and read the data 
successfully. More importantly, data 
in magazines can be read without 
any special preparation. The pages 
the data is on do not have to be 
removed and, while they should lie 
reasonably flat, die reader can handle 
normal page warps. This ability to 
correcdv read under less than perfect 
conditions is a major strength of the 
system. 

The optical portion of the scan¬ 
ning system consists of eight rotat¬ 
ing cylindrical lenses and an aspheri- 
eal corrector lens, forming an 
effective aperture of f/12. The system 
has a depth of field between 0.05 
and 0.08 inches, allowing for warp 
in the scanned material. A set of 160 
additional cylindrical lenses on; the 
rotating cylinder allow die system tp 
maintain very exact consol: of the 
scanning rate. 

The mechanic dements arc mostly 
plastics with die actual movement 
controlled by six high-precision 
molded plastic gears. The electronics 
consist of an ATMS 7040 8-bit 
microprocessor and a custom VLSI 
chip that contains the reader logic, 
control and communications using 
four nested phase-locked-loops and 
several hardware and software 
servos* 

The equipment is as sturdy and 


Softstrips. The strip on the left tea 
tow-density strip, that in the middle 
is a medium-density strp and the 
right tend strp is a high-density 
strip. AJf three strips show 
Mainstay Software's tumbling 
Mac demo. The whole program in 
tow density e 2-1£ slrps king : in 
medium density it's one strip and 
a very short second strip; while the 
high-density version s complete. 
Try It) 



1 


1 



APR 


L 1986 MACUSER41 






























































































The Caurin ScfUVp Reader. The Transfer menu alows userstotnrodapplications the Reader ha$pulorufi& 


THE SOFTWARE STRIP 

robust as the strips. Some basic tests, 
such as dropping it on the floor 
repeatedly, failed to cause problems. 
Breaking it seems to require a deter¬ 
mined effort. 

The data that the reader collects is 
sent to the Mac in 4800-baud bursts, 
although the average data transfer or 
throughput rate is between 1000 
and 1500 baud, depending on strip 
density and length. A full 9.5-inch, 
high-density strip takes about 30 
seconds to read. 

. - . IS WHAT V0U GET 

The system, at least from the user’s 
viewpoint, is both small and simple. 
Simply buy a reader, which lists for 
under $200. Software and other data 
will be available in various printed 
forms. 

Where do you find this software 
and data? Right now, the sources are 
limited. There is a chicken and egg 
effect in progress. Publishers arc re¬ 
luctant to provide their software and 
data in Softs trip form since there 
aren’t enough readers in users’ hands 
"to make it worthwhile (or cost 
effective or whatever), w Reader sales 
have been slow because rhere’s little 


GETTING STARTED 


Check your dealer first for a reader. 
Some dealers are starting to carry 
them. The list price is $195. Be 
sure you get the Mac version of the 
software, as there are also versions 
for the Apple 11 and the IBM PC. The 
only difference in the readers is in 
the detachable cable that connects 
the reader to your computer. Given 
extra cables and proper software, 
you can use the reader with several 
different computers. 

Program strips, of course, con¬ 
tain material that is computer spe¬ 
cific. Data strips, on the other 
hand, should be in straight ASCII 
code, and thus able to be imported 
to different computers, just as Mac 
files of type TEXT can be sent to 
other machines. 

If your dealer isn't carrying read¬ 
ers yet, contact Cauzin for the name 
and address of a dealer. They can 
be reached at 1-800-533-7323, or 
in Connecticut at 573-0150. 
They're located at 835 South Main 
St. ( Waterbury, CT 06706. 


to read. Why buy a reader to sit and 
gather dust? Cauzin is aggressively 
promoting the use of Softstrips and 
will do some publishing on its own. 
As more strips are published in ads 
and commercially, this problem 
should fade. 

MacUser plans to provide our 
more extensive code listings in this 
form, starting in the next issue or 
two. Other Mac-oriented magazines 
(such as Nibble Mac) either are al¬ 
ready doing that or will be doing 
that. And as soon as demand war¬ 
rants we’ll be providing our indexes 
and other data compcndiums (possi¬ 
bly including our Mini Finders) in 
this new format. 

Newsletters and magazines, par¬ 
ticularly in the financial field, will 
soon be publishing their data in 
Softstrip as well as normal printed 
form. Financial data is an excellent 
candidate for Softstrips, since to be 
most useful, it must be massaged in 
analysis programs. That usually 
mams tedious manual entry, with a 
large probability of a few errors (due 
to typos) creeping in. A Softstrip or 
rwo can save hours of work. 

Apple is thinking of providing 
Mac System software updates in this 
format. As most certified developers 
know, the Software Supplements 
Apple has provided over the last year 
and a half have been on disks, over a 
hundred disks per developer. Some 


of diat material (particularly patches 
to existing programs and files) could 
be more easily provided in Softstrip 
form. 

Other businesses can benefit from 
this technology. Banks, particularly 
smaller banks, can be more competi¬ 
tive by sending customers statements 
in Softstrip form. Having the data 
ready for entry in accounting pro¬ 
grams will be a major convenience 
for customers, both in saving time 
and reducing errors. Other busi¬ 
nesses that now send detailed state¬ 
ments can also provide data in this 
form. 

That’s a little bit in die future, 
however. Right now, users can’t 
generate their own Softstrips. The 
Softstrip technology is proprietary 
to the Cauzin Systems and right now 
Cauzin is the source of all software 
strips, Cauzin will convert material 
of your choosing to Softstrips for a 
fee ($20 per strip, S50 minimum 
order). Thar's not practical for state¬ 
ments and other material where each 
recipient gets different data. 

However, programs to generate 
Softstrips are under development 
and may be available by die time you 
read this. Current plans call for Mac 
software that has the ability to gen¬ 
erate low-density Softstrips on the 
ImageWritcr and medium-density 
Softstrips on the LaserWriter. High- 
density Softstrips will still require 


42 MACUSER APRIL 1986 



































service bureau production as they 
use a resolution finer than the 300 
dots per inch that die LaserWriter 
can provide. The materials that Cau- 
zin now produce on its in-house 
equipment are shipped in the form 
of photographic film negatives (po¬ 
sitives arc also available) so that 
maximum quality can be obtained in 
the printing process. 

Most users will not generate their 
own strips, but will use Softstrips 
diev find in magazines and newslet¬ 
ters. Sometimes the Softstrips will be 
part of a booklet consisting of a 
program and its manual. Cauzin 
plans to publish programs under the 
StripWare brand name. These pro¬ 
grams will come complete with man- 
nal and cost between $3 and $13. 
These prices may be low, and they 
show that the overall production and 
publishing costs for software put on 
the market in this new format are 
much lower than in the more tradi¬ 
tional marketing methods. This 
alone can open the market to much 
new software, much as occurred 
when the first Apple disk drives 
lowered die cost (and time involved} 
in producing many copies of pro¬ 
grams. If the Softs trip System 
catches on, as it appears to be doing, 
we can expect an explosion of good, 
low-priced software. 

Softstrip technology offers more 
dian cheap programs. That may be 
its major attraction for some users, 
but there is lots more it can do. The 
possibilities arc nearly endless. Data 
archives can be created, stored and 
filed in traditional office ways (files 
in file cabinets). Backups no longer 
have to eat up expensive storage 
media. And backups of the backups 
are just a trip to the copier away. 

Very large files can be created, 
although as a practical matter some¬ 
where around 75 K should be con¬ 
sidered the maximum size. That's 
because it does take 30 seconds or so 
to read in each strip. A 75K file 
would be 14 or 15 high-density 
srrips. Faster readers are under devel¬ 
opment and eventually file size 
should not be limited in any way. 

Pergamon Press, a major publish¬ 
er of scientific journals, has already 
started putting the table of contents 
(continued on page 136) 


o\ 

oj 

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oi 

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01 

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MacPalette 



PRINTS IN COLOR ON THE 
APPLE IMAGE WRITER II 

Install MacPalette™ on your application disk, then use 
the PRINT command to print in color from MacDraft©, 
Mac Draw®, Mac Write®, JAZZ®, Chart®, 
MaeProject®, and all odier object orientated programs 
(not MacPaint®). MacPalette™ gives you the ability to 
mix an almost infinite number of color patterns. 


BUY IT FROM YOUR DEALER TODAY! 


For more information, phone CompServCo 

1 - 800 - 272-5533 

MacPalette is another Microspot quality 
product. Dealer inquiries are welcome. 

MacDraw, MacWritc, MacProjccl, & MacPaint are ™ or 
Apple Computer. MacDraft is a ™ of Idd, Inc. JAZZ is a 
™ of Lotus. MacPalette is a ™ of Microspot. 


O 

O 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

0 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

o 

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o 

o 

o 

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Please circle 68 on reader service card. 


APR 


L 1 9 8 6 MACUSER43 






























































PTOC3AI7U PLUi > 1-800-832-3201 


Mac Specials! 


Affinity Tempo 79.00 

01 yih* Scriwa r« Omnia 3 245.00 

Ceuzln Systems 

Enter programs without typing a Singh) Line! 

CavJin SoftStcip Reader Call 

innovative Date Qeilgn 

Mac Draft 139.00 

Kalmar Dssrgni 

foakwrood RoihTop Disk Cases: 

Micro Cabinet {holds 45 2 W disks) 14.00 

Double Micro Cabinet ffiaWi £0 31** (tofts) 21.00 
Living Video Text 

ThlnkTank 512K 39.00 

Lot us Jazz 319.00 

Mark Of The Unlearn 

Proiesston al Compose r 24500 

Microsoft Eveei 224.00 

ODS, Inc. Consultant 10900 

Practical Computer Peripheral* 

Mac Bobom Hard DI Bfc 20MS 1149 00 

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interlace 89.00 

Talcs 


Affinity Micro systems 
Tempo 

Batteries Included 

Battery Pak (Version T. 1) 

Borland SldeKick (Unprotected^ 
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Dubl-Click Software 
Calculator Construction Set 
Dreams 01 The Phoenix Twftlve-C 
Electronic Arts 

Custom Calculator Construction Sal 
EnterSet QuickSel (Version 2.0} 
OuickPainl 
QuitkMord 

Haba Systems Ha&a Window Dialer 
Harvard Associate* Desk Toppers 
Mainstay Typo Now 
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WinddWare Calendar or Pbona Book 
WlndoWere Phono Book A Calendar 
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Silicon Beach Software 
Accessory Pak *1 
Ti Maker ClickOn Works heel 
Vldex MocCatendar 


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07.00 

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Business FilaVision 

The Atlantia Company 

Microstore MS-t (Holds 803V? Disks!) 

195.00 

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Backup & Utility Software 

Apple Computer 


Switcher Construction Set 

12.00 

Assimilation Process Guardian 

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Mac Memory Disk 

22.00 

MIDI Cort'tKHer 

22.00 

B/T Computing 


HeapShdw fVbrsian 30) 

49.00 

Central Point Software 


Copy M Mac 

19,00 

Computer: BpplfcotJone, Ina 


{[ kn a Mac (Apple UEmulator) 

52,00 

Crystal Canyon Computing, Inc. 


ThaMflu Librarian 

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Quick & Dirty Utilities 

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fortnum Software M ac Nq-st 

31 DO 

FWB Software Hard Disk Util 

59 00 

Hayden MUD (MacroMind Utility Disk) 

29,00 

Hippopotamus So ft ware Hippo-Lock 

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Idealorm Mac Labeler gratae 2Q) 

28 00 

Infos pare MacServe 

179.00 

Kent Marsh Umlted, Inc. 


MacSafe 

44.00 

Kane Group Poworcache 

21.00 

Mainstay 


MncBooatar or Disk Ranger 

32 CKj 

N' Cryplor 

26,00 

PflcPaint or Mac Spool 

26,00 

Me booth Mac + J[ (Version 3.0) 

IDS 00 

MicroAnelyat MacZap 

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Neshoba Systems FlIoFlndcr 

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N nine Microsystem a Turbocharger 

55.00 

New Cenaen Microcode 


Mac Disk Catalog 11 (512K) 

36,00 

PBI Software 


Icon Switcher 

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Icon Library—Fun & Gemos or So$(h<u 4 14 00 

Protekt-it Software ProCopyfProEda 

29,00 

Practical Computer Ap pH cations 


MacBackup 

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SMB Devaiopmant MacMate! 

35.00 

SoftStyle Printworks 

Call 

Epstart V2.0 

26,00 

Lasers tart 

58,00 

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Joistert or Toshstan 

26,00 

Symmetry Picture Base 

32.00 

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Williams A Macias 


myDiskUbeler 

31,00 

Desk Accessory Programs 


Languages 


Ap p Is Co mp uta r M ac Pascal 
Macintosh 68000 Development System 
Cons ul air 

Mac C/Mac C Toolkit ftereteri 40) 
Creative Solution* 

MaeForth Level t — Explorer’s System 
MacForth Level II - Provisional Systei 
ExpeiTflIMgence Extra rLogoiTters/on I 
ExperUspAterawi 1.04) 

ExporOPSS 

H ip p epota mu* Software 
Hippo C Level 1 
Hippo-C Level 2 
Htppo-C Upgrade Kb 
Krtye Systems Neoni 
Mainstay MncASM 

Mega max, Inc. Megamax C Compiler 

Microsoft Microsoft Basic fVfers ion 2,1) 

Microsoft Logo 

Microsoft Raman Compiler 

Model a Corporation Mac Modula-2 

Portable Software PorlaAPL 

Signmure Software McAasambly 

SoFTech Microsystems 

Mac Advantage GCSD Pascal 

Soft works Ltd, Softwdrks C Compiler 

Saltworks Basic/Pereonal 

Saltworks OaskJQusIness 

Terrapin Mac Logo 

Zedcor, Inc. ZBas ic 


95 00 
145.00 

289,00 

78 00 
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79 ,00 
239 00 
189.00 

75-00 
215.00 
135.00 
129.00 
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175.00 
88.00 
75.00 
169 00 
90 00 
199 00 
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159 00 
12900 
69.00 
169 00 
55 00 
69 00 


Communications Software 


Acgl* Software MscMallTolacom 29.00 

Apple Computer MacTorminal 95.00 

Co mpu serve CompuServe Starter Kit 21 00 

DelflVJi MacLink with Cable 109 00 

Desktop Software 1st Port 48 00 

DlllttilumPvus 

PC to M ac and Back with Ca bio* B9 00 

Dream* Of The Phoenix 
Mouse Exchange Terminal or 9 B S 27,00 

Haba Systems HabaCom 4200 

Hoyea Microcomputer Smancom II 88 00 

Kaz Business Systems MaoDaghorOaia 
Gen D210 Term Emulator 45 00 

Me Jn stay Tb Jest ape 78 00 

Turbo Download 25,00 

Mesa Graphics Tetallho 149,00 

Mycroft Labe Mite 87.00 

Pfl Fa n Hr iritou ch 79-00 

Prometheus ProCwrvM 8900 

Smith Micro Sort wo re Marker Lm k 42.00 

Source Telecomputing 
Tho Sdurafeubschp/ton & manual) 30.00 

V i dex M ail Center (2 User) 169 00 

Mail Ce nter (6 U$ers) 269 00 


Business Software 


Aegia Software The House Keeper 
Apple Compulsf MacProject 
Assimilation Process 
Mac Spall flight or The Right Word 
Business Essential* 

Creighton Development 
MacHoma or MacOlfice 
MacSpelU 

Cricket Software Cricket Graph 
Da (a Food Mac Forms 
DrewForms 

DelaPak Software My Qlfice 
Executive Olflcn 
Liberty SpelLCheckar 
Dream* Of The Phoenix 
Day Keeper Calendar 
Desktop Software First Base 
First Merge 

Electronic Arts Financial Cookbook 
Emerging Technology MacOHi* 
Eqtron Mac Base 
Forethought Faclflndar 
filemaker 

Gemma Production a 

Taz Wizard 85/86 

Greene, Johnson, Inc, Spsllswetr 

Haba System* HabaWord Or MaCRftl&x 

Haba Wills, Forme, or Business Lottere 

Hayden Software Ensemble 

Hayden: Chart 

H&yden; Spoiler 

I Know ITs Here Somewhere 

Human Edge Software 

The Communications Edge 

Tho Management or Salas Edge 

The Mind Prober 

The Negotiation Edge 

Layered Front Desk 

Note* RjrJazi or Excel 

Later Software LazerBase 

Living Video text Think Tank 126 

Think Tank 512 

Mainstay Micetro Information Manager 
Meg aH&u* Megs Business Pack; 

Flier, Form. Merge 8, Desk 
MegaFiter 
Mega Form 
Mega Merge 

Micro Planning Software 
Micro Planner 
Microsoft 

Microsofi File. Muftfplan. or Word 
Microsoft Cheft 
Microsoft Excel 
Mac Business Pack. 

Word, MuHiplan, File 8 Chan 
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late Re 


Ode ate Helix fVsreion 2.0} 


32.00 
145 00 

69 OP 
65 00 

26.00 
55,00 
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42.00 
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95,00 
225.00 
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4800 
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84.00 
105.00 

45-00 
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59.00 
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45.00 
35,00 

27.00 
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42.00 
5900 
52.00 
99-00 
6900 

235.00 

99.00 

149.00 

6500 

23900 

1TO.OO 
72.00 
224 00 

342.00 

25.00 

219.00 


Paladin Crunch 

Si tori Software Bulk Mailer 

Smith Micro Software 

Slock Portfolio System 

Softstyie Decision Map 

SoftechMIc rosy sterna MatiMonager 
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Software Publishing 

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StatSoft DetaFost 

165,00 

79.00 

109 00 

76 00 

69 00 

52,00 

2300 

2300 

99.00 

39.0D 

Publishing Tools 

Aldus PageMaker 

Bob ion Software Pub Hi here 

The Mac Publisher 

The MacPubneher n 

Manhattan Graph tea 

ReadySfttGol (Version 21) 

Microsoft Typographer 

359 00 

72 00 
109.00 

Call 

112.00 

Overlays For MuKiplan 


Allegro Software 

Personal Finance or Business Analyst 29.00 

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Profit Project ionMBroekevan Analysis 4 7 00 

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Tax Shelter Syndication Analysis 169 00 

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Financial Analysis 59,00 

CommercialrtnO usi r LbI Applications 59.00 

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Properly Management Level I 175 00 

Mortgage Quainter 119,00 


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Aegis Software ZAP f Invoice 54 00 

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BizMac Small Business Systems Call 

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Rags to R Ic has G L A R, or AP 99. DO 

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AMS Gene rei Lodger 75.00 

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The Roma Accountanl 75.DO 

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Micromax Gallery Finance Package 
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Monogram Dollars 4 Sense 81.00 

Forecast 4000 

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Open For Business II 495.00 

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Graphics Software 


Appl a Compu I a r M ac Draw T 45.0C 

Al leys Corp. Fonlaslic 24,00 

Ann Arbor Soft work* 

Animation Tool Kill 31,00 

InMolion 99.00 

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VidedWorks 57.00 

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□aVTnri: Bu I Id mg Blocks 46 00 


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OaVi nci: I nteriors or Landscapes 29. M 

In n ovat Ivo D ■ ta Oealgn Mac Drall 139 00 

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I/O Designs ColdrPH n\ Software Only 25 00 
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Professional ]Vpe Fonts For Taxi 29.00 

Prpfe$Sldnai Type Fonts For Headlines 42,00 
Megnum Software McPict Volume 1 or 2 28.00 
The Slide Shew Magician 
Matrix Advocates Images 
Muss Graphics PlpUl 
Microsoft Microsoft Aft Manager 
Micro Spot MacPalafte 
MacPld 

MacPiot Prelasslonal 
Miles Computing 
Mac The Knile Volume 1 
Mac The Kniila Volume II 
Mac The Knile Volume ill 
Polarwara 

The Graphics Magician Painter 
A Animator 

Silicon Beach Software 
Silicon Press 
Springboard 

Aft A La Mac Mol, 1 - People & Places 
Art A La Mac Vbl 2-Variety Pack 

T/Makar 

Click Aft Letters nr Personal Graphics 
Click Aft Publications or Ettecls 
Vamp, Inc. McCad 


Ed ucat ional/Creat i ve 
Software 


34 00 
27 00 
59.00 
30.00 
52.00 
11700 
224 00 

21.00 

25,00 

27,00 


52,00 

49.00 

2300 
23 00 

29 00 
2900 
299.00 


Addison Wesley Smart Eyes 

ATI MacCoach Training 

Jazz Training 

Teach Yourself Multi plan 

Teach Yourself Excel 

BrolnPower Ch Ipwils 

PowerMalh 

Thinktast 

Camde NutrfGalc 

Davidson & Asoo. Speed Roader ll 

Spell 111, Math Blaster, or Word Aback 


36 00 
45.00 
45.00 
45.00 
45.00 
26 00 
52.00 
22 00 
49.00 

37 00 

Spell 111, Main Blaster, or Word Aback 27.00 

Electronic Arte Pinball Construction Sat 27,00 

Deluxe Musk: Construction Set 32,00 

First Byte Smooth Talker {Version 2.0) 55.0D 

Kid Talk or Speller Bee 42.00 

Forethought Typing 1 ntrioue 29 OO 

Fortnu m S oft wens MacGhe m istiy 89.00 

Two Disk Sei includes Templates t Chem/ab 
Great Wave Soft wo re Concert Ware Plus 39 OO 
Concert Warn Plus Keyboard ^ 29.00 

ConcertWara Music \7t, V.2, or V3 12.00 

Comet Halley 19 00 

KidsTime 31.00 

Harvard Aesocietes MacManager 29.00 

Hayden MustcWorks 45 00 

Score I mproveme nl System lor Ih e SAT 57 OO 
Score Improvement- Achievement Tests 57 .00 

- 35.00 

29.O0 

20.00 
20.00 
29.00 
49.00 
29.O0 
37.00 
47 00 
24.00 

29 00 

26 00 
36 00 

36.00 
25.00 
35.00 
39 00 
44.00 
25.00 
44 O0 
44 00 
44.00 
44 00 
44,00 
49.00 
49.00 

32.00 
22.00 
29O0 
25.00 
15.00 

39 00 
24.00 
3500 
24 00 

45.O0 

27.00 
42 00 


Turbo Turtle 
Computer Novel Construction Sel 
Hippopotamus Software 
Hippo Cflrnputar Almanac 
Hippo Jokes & Quotes 
Hippo Sound Studio I 
Micro: Maps MacAttes Volume 1 or 2 
M icroeo ft t ntrepre neu r 
Learning Mullipfen a Chart 
Mind scape Perfect Score SAT 
The Luc her Profile 
Ortho Information Services 
OFTTHO Computerized Gardening 
Petemlr 

MacType, MathFla&h or Wordplay 
GED Typing Made Easy 
Queue IntellecUte I Soft were 
Hot Like The Others 
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What Comes Next? 

Reading & Thinking 1 or II 
Vocabulary Adventure I or it 
Spanish Grammor I, II or lit 
World Geography Adventure I or II 
U S. Geography Adventure 
How A Bill Becomes A Law 
A merican History Adveniure 
Starting A New Business 
Analogies I or II 

College Aptitude Reading Exorcises 
Rubicon Publishing 
Dinner at Eight or SongPalnler 
Oej a Vu 

Scarborough Maks Millions 

MasterType 

Run For The Money 

Shaherozam 

M uslc Type 2 0 or Mac-A M ug 
Simon. & Schuster Mac Art Dept. 
Typing Hilar III 

F*aper Airplane Construction Sel 
Software Concepts 
Concepts Computerized Atlas 
Spectrum Holobyle 
Teilstar Level T Northern Hemisphere) 
Te lister Level 2 {Northern A Southern) 
Think Educational 
Mac Edge li or Mind Over Mac 
Mac Edge Plus or 
Mad Mac & Hia Mind box 
TtmeWoiia 

Evelyn Wood Dynamic Reader 

Unicom Soft were 

Animal Kingdom or MacRobOts 


28.00 


27.00 







































In Connecticut Call 378-3662 or 378-8293 


Game Software 


Activision Borrowed Tim* 
Championship Star League Bosab&i 
Hacker or Mindshado* 


MacChallengef or Pyramid ot Pftril 
Ann Arbor Saltworks Grid Ware 
Bantam Books 

She dock H Dims: 'Another Bow" 

Blue Chip Software 
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Brode rfe u n d Ancient Art of War 
Cyborg or Lode Runner 
CBS Sohwire Murder by the Dozen 
Felony 

Creighton Development Mac Command 
EPV* Winter Games or Pogue 
Temple of Apshar Trilogy 

Elec ironic Ana 

Dr. J A Lorry Bird go Ono-On-O no 
Sky Fox or Archon 
Software Golden Old too 
Fortnum Software 
Macinooga Chob-Ctioo 
Hoyden Software Holy Grail 
Masterpieces or Perptoxx 
Sargon III or Inca 
Word Challenge 11 
Infocom A Mind Forever Voyaging 
Cutthroats or Enchanter 
Deadline or Slancross 
Hitchhiker's Guide or Zork I 
rnfidel. Zork HarZqrklll 
PlanelfeJl or Seostalker 
Sorceror or Suspect 
Suspended or SoeUbraaker 
Wtsnbringer or Witness 
Invistoiuea - Hint Booklets (aa. | 

Magnum Software Gypsy 
Ml let Computing 

MacArtaek or MacWare. Of Overlords 
Harrlor Strike Mission, or Fusillade 
Mind scape Balance ol Power 
Deja VU: A Nightmare Comes Ttua 
James Bond W7: A View To Kill 
Patter of The Halley Project 
Rambo: First Blood Pari !l 
Stephen King - e: The Mlsi 
Origin Systems Ultima III or Ullima IV 
Other Valley Software 
Monkey Business or Della Petrol 
PBl Software Feel here A Space 
Strategic Conquest 
Fokker Tnplane 

Polarware Pansate Or Transylvania 
typhus. The Quest, or Crimson Crown 
Practical Computer Application■ 
MacGolf 
Palon 

Psion Chess (3D A MutthUngual) 

Pryor Ity Software 
Forbidden Quest or Galeway 
Sierra On-Line 

Championship Boxing or Frogger 
Ultima IT 

SHI con Beach Software 
Airborne! or Enchanted Scoplore 
sir Tech Wizard ry 

Sped rum Ho lobyte GATO or Orblter 
Star Systems Software 
12 Classic Adventures 
Strategic Simu lation* 

Gemstone Warrior 
Synapse Software 
Mindwhool, Essex, or Brimstone 
Telerium Amazon or Oregon World 
Farenhalt 451 or Rendezvous wj’ftems 
Unicom Software Fuiuri* or Utopia 
Vldex Fun Pack 
MncChockers A Revere i 
MacGommon & Cribbago 
MarVogas 


Z7.0Q 

21.00 

27.00 

23.00 
22 00 

27 00 

30 00 
27 00 
24 00 
25.00 
27 00 
1800 
24.00 
24 00 

26 00 
2600 
24 00 

21.00 
29.00 
24 00 

29 00 
2400 
26.00 
23.00 
20 00 
23 00 
26 00 
2300 
26 00 
29.00 

23 00 
6 00 

23.00 

27 00 
27.00 

30 00 
33.00 

24 00 
27 00 
24 00 
24.00 
37 00 

21 00 
21.00 
29 00 

35 00 
24.00 
24 00 

35.00 

31,00 

26 00 

24,00 

35.00 

21.00 

36 00 
26 00 

39 00 

21.00 

27 00 
27.00 
27.00 
24.00 
23,00 
26 00 

28 00 
34.00 


Disk Drives/Hard Disks 


Apple Computer 

Macintosh Hard Disk 20 1189.QQ 

Macintosh External BOOKS Drive 389 00 
AST Research AST4G00 Cali 

74 MB External Wind Disk with QChMB Cartridge 
Tape Backup tor the Macintosh Pius 
Connie 

OmnttnJk Starter system* toc/ode Odvm 
Interface, Cable. A OmnlWk Multiuse/ Software 
11 MB Mac OmniTelk Starter System 1679.00 
21 MB Mac Om nftelk Slarter System 2349 00 
45 MB Mac QmnfTflJk Stader System 3669.00 
126 MB Mac Qmnl7kik Starter System 6719.00 
Dmnitelk Multiuser Software 279.00 

DetaSpice 

Mac BOOK External Drive 335 00 

Kaba System* 

HaboDtsk 600 KB Q$/DD External Drive 269.00 

Iomega 

Be mou III Bo* Personal Server SMB 1299 00 
Bernoulli Box for AppleTalk 1-10MB Call 

BemouN I Box tor AppleTalk 2*10MB Call 

5 Meg Cartridge 39,00 

HeadCleaning Kii 59 00 

Maple Technology 

MT-3002 BOOK External Drive 199 00 

Micro lech 

Avt&iiect Drive with J tear lAbrrBnfoe 
MAC535-20 800KB External Drive 289.00 

Mirror Technologies 

Magnum BOCK External Drive 299 00 

M EjgW ot 20X External 20MB H ard Drive Call 
Magnum Tape 1DM9 

or 20MB Tape Backup Call 


Mttitiba 

Super 5 Mac400K External Drive 225,00 
Su per 5 Mac 800K Externa! Drive 335 00 

Paradise Systems 

M ic 10 Hard Disk Subsystem 759 00 

Mac 20 Hard Disk Subsystem 969.00 

Persona I Com puts r Peri pha re I s 
MacBonom Hard Disk 20MB ? 149.00 

Quark QC10-10 Mag Hard Disk 1029 00 

0020-20 Meg Hard 0 bit 1379 00 

Western Automation Labs 
□asoh External RAMdisk 500KB 395 OO 

Dasch External RAMdisk 1000KB 595 00 

Dasch External RAMdisk 2O0OKB 725.00 


Modems 


Anchor Automation 
Signalman Express 1200 Baud 
Signalman Lightning 2400 Baud 
Aon In Com nulfcr 
Apple Personal Modem 300/1206 
Hayes Microcomputing 
Sm art modem 300 
Srnartmodem t200 

Smart modem 1200 Mac w/Smartcomll 
Smartmodem 2400 
Transit tO00 

Trensel 1000 Mac Accessory Kii 
Kensington 

Portable Modem (300 Baud} 

Mlcrocom 

Mac Modem 1200/He^s Compatible) 

Novation 

Cal Comm Ccmmunicahons System 


229 00 
34900 

279 00 

135 00 
365 00 
429 00 
575 00 
269 00 
3100 

66 00 

399 00 

299 00 

Popcorn X'100 Modem wfSirmghtaik 259.00 

Prometheus 

Prornodam 120QM w/ProCcm-M 28900 

LLS. Robotics 

Password 1200 19900 

Courier 2400 369 00 


Printers 


Apple Computer 

ImageWriler FI Color Printer 

imageWriter ll 32K BuFter 

ImageWriter II Cut Shoes Feeder 

I mageWnter Wide Carriage 

LaieiWritor 

Brother HR-1SXL 

HR-25 

HA-35 

TwLnWnfar 5 Dual Hoad Punier 

Epson AP-60 FmagewriterCompalablo 

DX-UV20 DaleyWheel 

FX-flS/165 wrSerial Interlace 

LQ-80{V100CMl5OOw/Sarial Interlace 

SQ-2000 w/SerieF Interface 

Hewlett Packard 

Thinkjei, Uz&rJol, LozorJol PFys 

JuM 6100 Serial 

6200 Serial 

6300 Serial 

NECSplnWnSBre.U.360 
SpinWhter 2010 
SpinWriter35’F0 
SpmWriteraetO 
Color PinWnterCP2-6 \CT 
Color PmWrter CP3-6 15* 

Cotormate 

NEC SpinWriter Accessory Kii 
Dkldii* ML-192 Apple Mae/Usa 
ML-193 Apple Mac/Uae 
Toshiba P-1340 ParaNel/Soriai 
P-341 Parol lol/Serial 
P-351 Parana irSerlal 


459 00 
79 00 
165.00 
479 00 
4569 00 
329.00 
459.00 
679 00 
659 00 
Cell 
Call 
Call 
Cell 
Call 


Blank Media 


Stoo/* Sided 3^' Media 
BASF 3W" SS/DD Disks (box of Si 
Bulk 3Vi" SS/DD Disks (box of 10} 


l 

6) 


Sony 3 S&OD Disks (box o f 10} 

Fugi 3W' SS/DO Disks (bo* of TOJ 
Maxell 3 V*" SS/DD Disks (box of 10} 
Memorex 3V^i" SS/DD Disks (box of 10} 
Verbal im 3W' SS/DD Disks (box of J0> 
3 M 3VT SS/DD Disks (box of 10) 
Double Sldtd 3Vj w MBrft9 
BASF 3Vt* D5/DD Disks (box of 5) 

Fuji 3V*" DSIOO Disks (box of 10} 
Maxell 3WDS/DO Disks (box ot fQ) 
Sony 3W P DS/DD Disks (box of 10) 
verbatim 3W* DS/DD Disks (box of 10) 
3M 3W" DS/DD Disks (box of 10) 


399 00 


Digitizers 


GTCO Corporation Maclnllzer 
Kette Group 
Capture am sound from the real world! 

MacN iffy Sound Dig itizur 11S O0 

Koale Technologies Corp. 

KAT Graph les iSblal 135 00 

Mansion 16900 

New Image Technology Magic Digitizer 249,00 
Summagftphlc* Maclabiet 329 00 

ThundftrWare Thundersean 175 00 


Accessories 


A M Prod ucti 

3W“ Head Cleaning Kt 16.00 

Apple Computer Mad mesh Carry C ase S5 00 
Aulml !■ Lion Process N ume rlc Tu rbc 129.00 
Mac Tiirbo Touch 79.00 

Mac Port Ad apter 69.00 

MIDI Conductor 7S.00 


28 00 
34.00 
5000 
44 00 
11500 


Mac Epson Con npcilan 75.00 

Mac DaisyWhw! Connection 79 00 

Bech-Tach Fan ny M ac 79 00 

Creighton Development 
ProPrint Software Only 39.00 

ProPrint with Cable 5200 

Curl Is Manufacturing 
Diamond-Surge Suppressor-SFl 
Emerald-Surge Suppre«or-SP2 
Ruby-Surge Suppressor SPF-2 
Sapphiro-Surge Suppressor-SPF-I 
Crystal Power CondJttener-SPF-5 
Deteehleld 

Backup AC Power Supply (200 Watts) 249 00 
Da LoSpace M a* Print 0 u ffer 256K 4O9.Q0 

Diversion *, Inc. U nderwarg H i bbon 9-00 

Underware Color Pans-Small 9 00 

VJnderware Color Pan*-Large 13.00 

Environ menial Software Company 
MacAltiro Available In Nsvy^Blua. Burgundy. 
or Silver-Grey 

E tfernaf Drive or Keypad Cover 7 00 

Image*; iter Cover 11.00 

ImageWrlier II Cover 11.00 

Wide ImagoWrlter Cover 1300 

Mac A KeyBoard Cover 15.00 

Mad niosh PI ua Cover 16 00 

LazeiWriter Cover 17.00 

Mac XL A Keyboard Cover 20 00 

Eroolron MadTiii 75.00 

Mac Buffer 120K 209 00 

MocBulfer 512K 309 00 

M&cBulfer 1 Meg 459 00 

In novel I ve Concept a 

Flip rTFile/Mlcre 6.00 

Flip W Fite ll/Mtero 1600 

In novel I ve Technology 
The Pocket Pack (holds 6 disks) 9 00 

The Easel (holds 20 disks) 12.00 

The Pyramid 14.00 

The Disk Directory 16 00 

The Library 27 00 

Cwnpu-BHO 52.00 

1(0 Deelg n i m agewrlter Carrying Case 39 OO 
imageWnter II Carrying Case 49.00 

Fmagewriter Wide Carrying Case 49 00 

Macintosh Carrying C ase 49 00 

Kensington A/B Box 60 00 

Disk Case f hc/ds 36 Mac disks) 19,00 

Disk Drive Cleaning Kii 1 9.00 

Exlernal Disk Drive Cover 0.00 

fmadeWritor or imagPWritaf 11 Cover 8 50 

Macintosh Ousl Cover 8-50 

Mouse Cleaning Kit w/Pockel 16 00 

Mouse Poe iai 9 00 

Mouse Way (Mouse Pud) 8 00 

C Ircular Polarizing Filter 31 00 

Slerler Pock (Includes TlltZSwNolf S3.00 

Surge Prolector 32 00 

Swivel 21,00 

TllUSwivel 22.00 

Conirol Center 60 00 

Printer Stand 17.00 

Kette Group Mae Nitty Joystick Convertor 35.00 
MatN i fty Ste reo Music Sysiem 55 00 

MacNlHy AJB Switch 22 00 

MagNifly ABlCtO Swlich 32 OO 

Krefl QulckSEick 45 00 

Micro soft MacEn h ancer V2,0 159 00 

Mo u ee System a a + OpUcai Mouse 59 OO 
MouiTtek Mouse Pad 7 r x 9* 1 Size 


MousePodO^x 11* Size 9.oo 

MPH Computer Products MAG-B-COQL 99,00 
Products Inc. 

Macintosh to Modem CabFe (6 fwt) 19 00 

Macintos h io Pfi nla r Cable (6 feet) 19.00 

Optimum Computer Luggage 

Mac Tote Mat Carry Cose 60,OO 

Pereonlce, Inc. \riow Control Systam 179 00 

Ribbons Unlimited 

Available in Black. Blue. Brown. G men, 

Orange. Purple, Red. w. S*Wr A Gold 
I mo geWnior Ripbon - Black 4 50 

imageWriter Ribbon - Color 5 00 

ImaoeWnter Rainbow Pat k (6 Cotore) 27 00 
Smith A Bellows 

Hand 1 Crated Mahogany Os* Case 
Holds up to 90 Disteltes 
Systems Coni rol MacGuard 
Tang an I Technologies LTD 
PC Mac Key (IBM Style Keyboard) 

Video 7 Mouse Stick 


19.00 
55 00 


219.00 

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Microsoft Press 

Creative Programming to Microsoft Basic 14.00 
Excel In Business 17 00 

inside Mac Paml 14 00 

Mad ntosh M Idnlgftl Mad ness 14.00 

MacWOfWMacPIey 14 00 

Microsoft Mocinattons 16.00 

Microsoft M u H i plan: Ol Mice A Men us 13.00 

Presentation Graphics on 
The Apple M ac i n tosh 14. DO 

The Apple Macintosh Book 14.00 

The pnmed Word 13 00 


ORDERING INSTRUCTIONS: 


VtSA ANO MASTS RCAflO ACCEPTED 
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aangnui& 


>iease circle 69 on reader service card, 



1-800-832-3201 



































! 











POWER COMPUTING 



Interlace is a powerful , 


easy to use, fully 


relational database . 


For $95. No kidding! 


POWER SOFTWARE COSTS A FOR- 
nine. That discovery is often a bitter 
pill for new computer users to swal¬ 
low. But once that pill goes down, 
its message heads straight to the 
brain and takes root there, From that 
point on, it is difficult to imagine 
tilings being any other way. Devel¬ 
opment time and resources are cost¬ 
ly, so software companies have to 


charge exorbitant prices to recoup 
their investment. This thought, so 
painful at first, becomes a way oflifc. 
Then inexpensive software is some¬ 
times viewed with skepticism and it’s 
easy to overlook a real bargain. 

interlace is an incredible Bargain, 
Developed by people originally in¬ 
volved with software development 
for the Lisa or similar projects at 
Xerox PARC and other Silicon Val¬ 
ley think tanks. Interlace is a database 
manager that is powerful and at die 
same time easy to use. It can manip¬ 
ulate numbers and text with most if 
not all of the functions normally 
found in industrial-strength spread¬ 
sheets; offers simple standard reports 
or complex custom reports; works 
with single or multiple files; and 
makes it easy to link information in 
one file with related data in another 


file. Interlace is good, it is true to the 
philosophy and operation of the 
Mac interface and it sells for $95. No 
joke—$95. 


DESIGNER DATABASE 

Interlace opens with a big, empty 
window called the DataBase Over¬ 
view. The Overview window dis¬ 
plays the files created or opened in 
each session, and is always there as a 
reference. This can be valuable when 
working with multiple files (up to 
15 files can be open at a time), 
because it is easy to get confused 
about where things are located. A 
Windows menu lists all the windows 
open at any time. Clicking on the 
name of a window brings it to the 
top of the^ pile. 

Creating a new file is as simple as 


by Michael D. Wesley 


APR 


L 1 9 8 6 MACUSER47 










A RELATIONAL BARGAIN 


selecting NEW DATABASE FILE*.* 
from the File menu. Once the file is 
named and saved to disk, a small 
window appears in the Overview 
window with die name of die new 
file in the title bar. A blank space is 
provided for the first field, and is 
already selected. To build the file, 
simply type in die name of each field 
and press the return key* The file 
window grows to accommodate die 
number of fields* up to 254 fields 
per record. 

An X appears in the Close box in 
die file window’s ride bar. This 
means that the design must be saved 
before any data can be entered. 

KEEPING THE BOOKS 

As an example of a simple file, a 
small children’s bookstore wants to 


keep track of all the books it carries. 
The Book file needs to contain the 
following in formation: title, author, 
publisher, supplier {in the case of 
books that can be purchased from a 
local distributor as well as the pub¬ 
lisher)^ price, and discount {die dif¬ 
ference between what die bookstore 
pays and the retail price). Each of 
these pieces of data is a field. The 
Book file is created by typing each of 
these field names in the file window* 
Interlace fields can contain a vari¬ 
ety of information, including text, 
numbers, dates or times. The op¬ 
tions arc listed in the Describe menu* 
The default setting is text, because a 
text field can contain any type of 
data* The text setting is Fine for most 
of die fields in the Book database, 
but what if you want to search for ail 


the books with prices less than S10? 
If the price information is entered as 
text, the search is cumbersome, but if 
a field contains a number. Interlace 
searches for a particular value quickly 
and efficiently* That means the price 
and discount fields should be set as 
Number fields* 

By choosing DISPLAY FORMAT.,, 
from die Format menu, the price 
field can be assigned a dollar format 
and told to display two decimal 
places. Then, when you are entering 
data for a book with a price of 
$6.00, all you have to enter is die 
numeral 6, Interlace will format it 
automatically to display as a dollar 
amount. 

To make it easier for Interlace to 
be able to find a specific book, each 
record or complete listing must be 
unique, so one or more of the fields 
must be identified a*s key fields. Us¬ 
ing the bookstore example, there 
may be more than one book in stock 
with the same title, but there proba¬ 
bly won’t be two books with the 
same title and author, so each book 
record can be uniquely identified by 
making both Title and Author key 
fields. With Interlace, diis is done by 
selecting the field in question and 
choosing KEY FIELD from the De¬ 
scribe menu* The field label is now 
underlined in the file window, indi¬ 
cating that it is a key field. A file 
must have at least one key field* 

The order in which field names are 
listed in the file window is carried 
over to data entry, and is used to 
determine sort priorities* Field 
names can be moved up or down in 
die file window list simply by pick¬ 
ing them up and dropping them in a 
new spot. If a field name is moved 
directly between two key fields, it 
automatically becomes a key field 
and has sort priority over the field 
below it. 

ON THE RECORD 

Once the file is built and the 
design has been saved, the next step 
is to begin entering data* Double¬ 
clicking in the title bar of the file 
window brings the data entry win¬ 
dow to the screen with a blank 
record ready to be filled in. The field 
names appear as labels in the same 
order as they are listed in the file 


| 4 File Edit Format Describe oalafriue Search Ml*c UMndour OP 


OalnBate uyerukrtu 


gbooks 



Title 

Aulhor 

Publisher 

Price 

Discount 

AH Supplier 

OnHand 






T(l!i Apples and arongvv 

Author {Brown — 

jwi 1 son Smith * 

Price £495 
Discount [JOlT' 

elI*. 


Qelo 


Entry 


zm 


A sample record in die 
Book file, with the Over¬ 
view window behind rL 
The title was formatted 
for boldface when the 
data entry window was de¬ 
signed. 


* Flit Edit Format 


Enter qualification lor the record!*) desired. 


Field to Search: 

_ 1 

Operator to Use: 

| Title 

a 


@ Equal 

Author 



O Not Equal 

Pub Its her 



O l*** 

Price 



O Or Equal 

Discount 



O (treater 

All Supplier 



O Creator Or Equal 




O starts UHlh 


§ 


O Include* 


{TnhccL) 

I tum 1 





Value to Find: ]£ 


Title - H Applet and Oranges* 


The Querybuilder dialog 
box. Searching for a re¬ 
cord Is as easy as clicking 
and typing in a value* 


43MACUSER APRIL 1986 





























































* Fite Edit formal Oetalbft Rrporl fonu llgje LDlmdoiu 


T 


I loyllil I 


r/siw ^critall Toy 


iwestern Dlsl 


Price s mso‘ 


tiamff Jack in me bo * 

. _ .flWg- 

t Hi ipVeV 


Name 


Price 


A sample table-style re¬ 
port, redesigned so en¬ 
tries list vertically rather 
than the default horizon¬ 
tal arrangement The in¬ 
set shows bow the report 
was designed. 


window, with an empty box beside 
each to hold the data. To enter the 
name of a hook, simply click on the 
field box next to Name and begin 
typing. Move from one field to die 
next by pressing eidter TAB or RE¬ 
TURN after each entry. The record is 
complete when all the fields are 
filled, but it can be entered into die 
database with any number of boxes 
empty, as long as at least one of the 
key fields contains data. The remain¬ 
ing fields can be filled in, or the 
record changed, at any time. 

In many databases it is difficult or 
impossible to change a file’s design. 
The position and size of the field 
boxes are set to default values by 
Interlace, but they can Ik* easily 
changed. Elements of Interlace files 
can be moved around, deleted or 
their contents altered at virtually any 
time, whether a file is brand new or 
already contains data. 

Selecting FORM LAYOUT from the 
Database menu gives you full con¬ 
trol over the look of die data entry 
form. The form is placed against a 
grid background and several new 
menus become available. In the 
Book file example, the Title and 
Author entries need to be larger than 
the price and discount, for example. 
In the form layout mode, the Tide 
entry box can he made larger, or die 
Price box smaller, simply by select¬ 
ing it and dragging the lower right 
hand corner until the box matches 
die desired dimensions. The field 
boxes can be picked up and moved 
to any position on the page. Hold¬ 
ing the SHIFT key down while select¬ 


ing several objects makes it possible 
to treat them as a single unit. 

Interlace also provides control 
over the font and style of labels and 
fields. For instance, all the titles in 
die Book file can be made to appear 
in bold type simply by clicking on 
the Title field box and choosing 
BOLD from the Style menu. 

When the form layout looks just 
right, selecting DATA ENTRY from 
the Layout menu returns the data 
entry window with all the cosmetic 
changes recorded. All necessary data 
is then entered for each book in 
stock. As a record is completed, ir 
can be entered in the file by selecting 
ENTER RECORD from the Database 
menu, or pressing comm an day. A 
new, blank record is brought on¬ 
screen by selecting NEW RECORD or 
pressing COMMAND-E. (Nearly all of 
Interfaces menu selections have a 
command key option.) If several 
records are going to be entered in 
one sitting, pressing the ENTER key 
on flic Mac keyboard saves a step. 
This enters the record, puts it away, 
and displays a blank record. 

To delete a record while the file is 
being built or at a later time, simply 
select DELETE RECORD from the Da¬ 
tabase menu, but use this option 
cautiously. One of the drawbacks of 
Interlace is chat there is no warning 
dialog box when a single record is 
deleted, nor can you undo DELETE. 
A record deleted accidentally (easy 
enough to do because DELETE RE¬ 
CORD lies just below NEW RECORD 
in the Database menu) will have to 
be retyped. This is a bit surprising. 


because in all other areas. Interlace is 
careful to prevent accidents. 

The number of records, or list¬ 
ings, a file can contain is limited only 
by disk space, but all the records in a 
single file, such as the Book file, 
must be on a single disk (or volume 
on a hard disk). Individual files with¬ 
in a multiple file database can spread 
across more than one disk, 

Tlie database can be browsed re¬ 
cord by record by selecting either 
FIRST, LAST, PRIOR or NEXT RECORD 
from the Search menu or pressing 
the appropriate command key com¬ 
bination. Some database programs 
display records in the order they 
were entered. Interlace automatically 
does a sort on the key fields and 
displays the records in ascending (A 
to Zor 1,2,3... ) order. In the Book 
file, the records will be displayed 
alphabetically by title. 

Using a very simple dialog box 
called Query build. Interlace can also 
search for a record on any field and 
according to a variety of logical 
operators. To find the record for a 
book called David and the Wizard 
click on TURF, in the list of fields 
presented in a Mini Finder-style win¬ 
dow, select EQUAL from the list of 
operators and type the full title. You 
could also find this book and similar 
titles by clicking the title, selecting 
INCLUDES or STARTS WITH, and typ¬ 
ing any part of the title. 

Press ENTER to accept a search 
qualification and OK to display the 
desired record. When the record is 
shown, the formula Interlace used to 
find it is displayed in a formula bar 
above the record, for example 
STARTS{Titk% David). The advan¬ 
tage in using Interlace is that this 
formula is built by pointing and 
clicking on a list of options, rather 
than requiring the user to know the 
program’s syntax for formulas. 

DISPLAYING DATA 

Interlace has a simple built-in re¬ 
port format called a table-style re¬ 
port. A new report is created from 
the File menu. A dialog box asks you 
to choose between a table report and 
a custom report you build yourself. 
Selecting the table-style report 
brings up a dialog box similar to the 
one used to transfer fonts and desk 


APR 


L 1 9 8 6 M A C U S E R 49 












































A RELATIONAL BARGAIN 


accessories in Font IDA Mover. 

A list of all fields appears in a 
window on the left side of the box, 
with a blank window on the right* 
To include a Held in the report, 
select it and press die INCLUDE but¬ 
ton* Intniace automatically drops to 
the next field name in the list and 
you continue selecting the fields to 
be incorporated into the new report* 
Alternatively, you can have all the 
fields displayed in the report by 
clicking on the INCLUDE ALL but¬ 
ton* 

Next, use the Query bin Id dialog 
box to qualify' die records. The re¬ 
port can perform a search on the 
database and list any or all of the 
records, as specified in Querybuild* 
Save the report and a report window 
comes up on the screen* 

The report is initially displayed in 
design mode, with blank field boxes 
against a grid background* In this 
way, the size, shape, and position of 
the field boxes can be adjusted. The 


default display shows all the assigned 
fields in a row across the page, with 
labels above each field. The group¬ 
ing of boxes has a thick gray bar 
along the left: edge indicating diat it 
is a Repeating Collection. The Re¬ 
peating Collection is Interlaces way 
of indicating that a particular field or 
group of fields repeats for every 
record. Because of the design setup 
in Query build. Interlace assumes that 
each of the assigned fields will be 
displayed for every record. 

The fields can be moved into 
another design, such as a vertical 
grouping, by picking them up and 
dropping them in their new location. 
Doing this disturbs the Repeating 
Collection, so Interlace pulls the first 
record from die database and dis¬ 
plays data in the fields moved out of 
the Repeating Collection. This is not 
a time for panic, bur it is a bit 
confusing at first* Ignore the offend¬ 
ing data and finish placing ail the 
fields in the design you want. Then 


use the crosshair cursor to draw a 
large box around the entire collec¬ 
tion. Select REPEATING COLLEC¬ 
TION from the Describe menu. The 
fields are now surrounded by a gray 
box, and arc once again empty of 
data. 

As with the data entry window, 
the report design window allows 
you to nindily the font or style of 
any field or label You can make the 
labels in different sty les for variety or 
to set them apart, then save the new 
design. Choose DISPLAY from the 
Report menu and the report appears 
on-screen. The reports print out just 
as they appear on the screen, either 
on the I mage Writer or LaserWriter. 
Interlace can also place graphics into 
data entry or report forms. The 
flexibility of reporting opens up a 
wide range of possibilities, including 
forms generation and mail merge* 

Custom reports arc created from 
scratch on a blank page with a grid 
background* Each field is drawn and 
given a type such as text or number, 
then placed where it belongs on the 
grid. Unlike the table-style report, 
the field has no specific reference to a 
file or a field. This must be built by 
selecting a file from a list in a 
minifinder window, then using 
Querybuildcr to specify the field and 
search qualifications. For the report 
to display all of the records selected 
by the query, the group of fields 
must again be made a Repeating 
Collection, 

Sometimes, a report has to display 
information for sonic records but 
not all of them, as it does when the 
primary' supplier of a book is some¬ 
one other than the publisher. The 
fields in question can be formatted 
for Variable Height, and told not to 
display if there is no entry' for a 
particular record. The Variable 
Height option can also be used 
when a field needs to contain several 
lines of data* 

CAN YOU RELATE? 

Although building a single file 
database like the Book file is very 
easy with Interlace , the true strength 
of the program is revealed in its 
ability to link multiple files. Say that 
the children’s bookstore expands to 
carry a line of toys, and wants to 


| 4 Flic IflM Format Describe Quemleiu tUIndom 


I DnlnBijie Overview I 


fll 1 





Files are linked simply by 
drawing a line from one to 
the other. Linked field 
names are automatically 
emboldened. Underlined 
fields are key fields. 


| 4 Ffrrtnpl Donuibg Palabote laorth Mln LiNmlom" 


IDi 


Urn* 


I 


I Inuenlonj | 


&aCk_Or-DBTBd [5 

Sold \f 
On-Hond 10 
LtieGcok 
tfiBluy || 


kj|j ~ 


TUlp Ap&tei and Granges 
Author 0rown_ 

Publisher ; Wilson Smith 
Price SA95 
Discount (jQJE 
frq 1 n Entrij 


jm 


Selecting the title field in 
an Inventory file record 
and pressing Comma nd-G 
automatically brings the 
related Book entry to the 
screen. 


50MACUSER APRIL 19 66 





















































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Disk Systems for the Macintosh and 
Macintosh Plus Computers 



Suggested retail price: 


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by most users. It offers true HFS 
and MFS compatibility and comes 
with a smart Archival/Restore 
utility that knows how to back-up 
only the most recently changed 
files within a volume. 


Micah Drive* AT' achieves this break 
through by adding an internal 
SCSI interface to the Mac" that 
gives the fastest data through put 
speeds possible. In the Mac Plus", 
the external SCSI port is left 
unimpeded for other devices - 
even other hard disks. 


MicahDrive AT" was designed to 
fit comfortably inside the Mac", 
and can be transported safely 
wherever you and your Mac" go. The 
rugged drive is mounted in a modular 
shock-resistant unit that can take up to 
40 G’s shock. Tlie system secures data so well 
that it comes pre-formatted and ready to use. 


The MicahDrive AT* w'on't limit your memory 
either. MicahMemory 2/4" expandable RAM 
card was designed especially to take your 
MicahDrive" and Mac Plus" to 2 or 4 mb of RAM 
with absolute hard drive / RAM compatability. 


MicahDrive AT 10"_ S1495. 

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MicahMemory 2/4" Card, 2 mb RAM_S 595. 

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A RELATIONAL BARGAIN 


keep track of all books, toys and total 
inventory, A Toy file can be built 
along the same lines as the Book file, 
and a third database built for Inven¬ 
tory. 

While looking through the book 
or toy file, it might be valuable to 
kno\y exactly how many copies arc 
on hand. With a non-relational data¬ 
base, you would have to open the 
Inventor)' file and do a search to find 
the record you wanted to see. A 
relational database, which is in itself 
a programming language, establishes 
active links between files. In many 
relational programs, the links arc 
complicated to set up and manipu¬ 
late, requiring a thorough knowl¬ 
edge of the program’s language 
structure. With Interlace , linking files 
is wondrously simple. 

To establish a link between the 
Book and Inventory files, both file 
windows must be showing on the 
DataBase Overview Window, but no 
documents should be open. If the 
Close box in the title bar of cither 
file is shaded, a document is open 
and must be closed before the design 
of either file can be changed. 

The link has to be established 
between two new fields at the time 
the fields arc created. Select the last 
field in the Book file window and 
press RETURN. This creates space for 
a new field name. The Interlace man¬ 
ual recommends that the linked field 
name should reflect the name or 
purpose of die linked file, so our 
example is OnHand, indicating the 
number of Books in stock. A similar 
fieldname, thcBook, is entered in the 
Inventor)' file window. The link be¬ 
tween the two fields is made simply 
by drawing a line from one field- 
name to the other, as in MacProject. 

In the case of the Book and Inven¬ 
tor)' files, the link is from one record, 
that of a single book, to one other 
record, its inventor)' counterpart. 
Once the link is drawn, use a choice 
in the Describe menu to tell Interlace 
that it is a single link to one record. 
Intnlacc can also establish a collec¬ 
tion of links from one record to 
many, for example a link from a list 
of suppliers to all the books they 
supplied, or from many records to 
many, depending on the nature of 
the link. The wav to determine die 


correct type of link is described very 
clearly in the Interlace manual. A 
similar link can be established be¬ 
tween the Inventor)' and Toy files, 
using fields OnHand and the Toy, 
for example. 

When any of the three files is 
displayed, the new linked field ap¬ 
pears, with field entry boxes diat 
match the key fields in the related 
file. In the Inventory record for the 
book David and the Wizard , the 
fields for the Book entry represent 
the title and author of the book, 
respectively. Enter these items in the 
correct fields. Then select SHOW 
LINKED RECORDS from the Data¬ 
base menu or type COMMAND-G and 
the related file in the Book file will 
be displayed. If the related file has 
not been opened yet. Interlace opens 
the file, finds the appropriate record, 
and displays it, all automatically. It 
would have been nice if the related 
record could be pulled up by double¬ 
clicking on the link, but you get 
accustomed to using COMMAND-G 
after a while. 

COUNT ME IN 

The case of generating linked files 
alone is enough to consider Interlace 
a bargain, and not just because of its 
price. The potential time savings is 
remarkable. But Interlace hasn’t fin¬ 
ished astonishing us yet. It also in¬ 
cludes a ftill range of spreadsheet- 
type logical, mathematical, and 
statistical functions (SUM, COUNT, 
MIN, AVERAGE, SIN, COS, TRUE, 
FALSE, etc.). These functions can be 
used to make Interlace a freeform 
spreadsheet, or to create complex 
and powerful reports. 

For example, die book and toy 
store could generate a custom report 
that acted as a point-of-sale receipt 
generator. The report would accept 
the name of each item sold, pull the 
price from the Book or Toy file, 
calculate the sale, compute sales tax, 
calculate a total, print a receipt, and 
update the inventory. 

Interlace can also port data in or 
out from theClipboard, as a text file, 
or in mail merge format. Text from 
die Clipboard or text file must be 
formatted in a specific manner that’s 
well outlined in the manual. 

Interlace is fully Sii'/rf/;rr-compati¬ 


ble. It requires a whopping 300K 
configuration to work properly but 
there is enough space left to work 
comfortably with another program 
that requires only 128K. 

LACING UP 

Although Intnlacc is very easy to 
use, some of its operations can be 
confusing at first, like building a 
custom report for the first time, or 
using the spreadsheet functions if 
you are not adept at spreadsheets. 
The manual opens with a good tuto¬ 
rial that covers major operations, but 
its structure is a bit unusual, with a 
section after the tutorial called De¬ 
tails and Techniques, then a detailed 
reference section. There is very litdc 
explanation on the use of the spread¬ 
sheet functions. The index is weak 
and it is often difficult to find the 
answer to a specific question, al¬ 
though there is an excellent context- 
sensirive on-screen help facility. 

All in all, Interlace is a special find. 
It is well designed and the execution 
is excellent. It is a relational database 
that can be used quickly and easily 
even by someone who has never 
heard of a relational database. It is a 
good buy for its quality, not just its 
price. 


INTERLACE: 
REPORT CARD 

Overall Rating: •••• 


Follows Mac Interface: ••••• 

Printed Documentation: •— 

On-Screen Help: •••• 

Performance: •••• 

Support: ••• 

Consumer Value: ••••• 


Comments: Powerful, easy to use 
relational database that shows just 
how much the Mac can do. 

Best Feature: Simple creation of 
files and links between files. 

Worst Features: Cannot undo 
when you delete a record, some¬ 
what weak manual. 

List Price: $129 retail, $95 if you 
order direct. Requires 512K. Sec¬ 
ond drive or hard drive strongly 
recommended. Published by Singu¬ 
lar Software, 5888 Castano Drive, 
San Jose, CA 95129. (408) 446- 
0207. 


52MACUSER APRIL 1986 





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Need some problems 
solved? Some ideas? 
Someone to organize 
those thoughts? Maybe 
you need a Consultant 


54MACUSER APRIL 198$ 
















DON PACE 


POWER COMPUTING 


“THANKS, l REALLY NEEDED THAT!” 

Sometimes it's a splash of cold 
water, sometimes it’s a kick in the 
pants and sometimes it’s a new way 
of looking at a vexing problem. At 
one time or another, all of us have 
required that push, that help to get 
started. Now there’s a program that 
uses simple artificial intelligence (Al) 
techniques to help start the creative 
juices. odsiConsultant is a problem¬ 
solving program that can stimulate 
new ideas. It was designed to pro¬ 
voke creative as well as critical think¬ 


ing faculties, and after accomplishing 
those feats, it then helps refine the 
solutions to a problem so they can be 
easily and effectively presented to 
others. That’s a lot for any program 
to claim. Yet many people feel that 
Consultant does exactly what it 
claims to do. 

Another large segment of the user 
community says that while the pro¬ 
gram docs all that, that’s nothing 
beyond the way they ordinarily be¬ 
have. So why bother with a relatively 
expensive bit of software? If some 


inspiration is needed, a fill-in-the- 
blanks book will do just as well. 
These people will not get much from 
Consultant and should probably ig¬ 
nore it. 

Others will find it to be exactly 
what they need to focus on a prob¬ 
lem—the perfect kick in the pants 
they need. Some people even react 
better to things they perceive as 
advanced, high-tech or computer¬ 
ized. Subconsciously they fed that 
this “tiling,” this computerized high- 
tech “thing,” must know better. And 









ARE TWO HEADS BETTER THAN ONE? 


in some cases, Comultant does know 
better. Its low-level AI routines can 
focus your thoughts faster, and often 
better, than you can. 

In the end, whether Consultant will 
work for you comes down to your 
personality. Look carefully at your* 
self and at the program before com¬ 
mitting yourself to it. Do you often 
need that little push? Could your 
ideas stand some focus, some im¬ 
provement in aim? Or does that sort 
of help hinder and even offend you? 

CALLING IN THE CONSULTANT 

Most people tend to confront 
problems from a single direction. 
But using only one avenue—the ap¬ 
proach usually found most success¬ 
ful, comfortable, or obvious—it is 
easy to overlook a better (more ele¬ 
gant, more efficient, less expensive) 
solution. Consultant lets users ap¬ 
proach a problem from a number of 
vantage points and uncover unique 
and valuable insights. 

Consultant starts by asking users 
to narrow down the pertinent facts 
or evaluate preconceptions. That 
alone may clarify a poorly defined 
problem. Then its idea generating 
and decision-making aids arc used to 
expand or compress conceptual 
flights of fancy and provide some¬ 
times unexpected insights. 

Let’s see how Consultant could be 
used to hdp solve a particular prob¬ 
lem. Assume that you have just been 
assigned to head a computer graph¬ 
ics group in your company. The 
group has a recent history of prob¬ 
lems and low productivity. A lot of 
time and energy is being wasted, 
because under existing conditions 
staff' members can’t generate graph¬ 
ics efficiendy, communicate new 
ideas effectively or share graphic data 
easily widi one another. Your job is 
to straighten die mess out, and how 
you go about it is up to you. You 
need a solution to a very complex 
problem, and you need it fast. You 
turn to Consultant to help attack the 
problem. 

Consultant starts bv forcing the 
creation of an assignment list that 
lists your responsibilities. For exam¬ 
ple, you might enter that you estab¬ 
lish policies and procedures, super¬ 
vise graphic production, manage a 


Begin 


Register Personal Data 
Determine Mission 
identify Bssignments 
Prioritize Assignments 
Describe Assignment 
Choose Procedure 


Detect 


Describe Problem 
Gather Candidate Facts 
Assess Releuancy and Ifalidity 
Organize Facts 
Develop EHpianations 
Test Explanations 
identify Solution 


Disc oner 


State Hypothesis 
Gather Candidate Facts 
Assess Releuancy and Uelldlty 
Refine Hypothesis 
Design Experiment 
Conduct Experiment 
Interpret Euidence 
Develop Principle 


Create 


Gather Candidate Facts 
Determine Objectives 
Assess Relevancy and Validity 
Identify Obstacles 
Inventory Resources 
Generate Ideas 
Edit and Translate Ideas 
Make Decisions 
Test Decisions 


These are the menu* you’ll use first. Always start 
a work session at the Begin menu. Then use one 
of the next three menus to start solving your 
problem. 

team of 12 people and report to the 
general manager. 

When the assignment list is com¬ 
plete, Comultant reprints it and asks 
you to use its PRIOEUTIZ.ER decision¬ 
making aid to determine the best 
order to tackle your assignments. 
PRIOR TO ZER takes the list and pre¬ 
sents you with item-pairs from 
which you choose die item with the 
higher priority. Although some 
items may seem equally important. 


the forced-choice method helps clari¬ 
fy responsibilities and purs them in 
perspective. 

After completing the paired deri¬ 
sions, Consultant rearranges die 
items into a new “prioritized” list. 
Widi the assignments preferentially 
sorted, i fs time to dig into die main 
issue. 

The most important assignment 
should be worked on first. The pro¬ 
gram asks you to describe ft. In this 
case, you are to organize a computer 
graphics facility that will maintain an 
up-to-date computer graphics opera¬ 
tion and provide users with the abili¬ 
ty to share graphic images. 

You have now determined a prob¬ 
lem, situated it within the context of 
your responsibilities, and described 
it. This problem should be smaller 
and easier to work on. That may be 
enough of a kick for you to simply 
go on and solve the problem your¬ 
self. Once die smaller problem is 
solved, go back to the Comultant to 
get the next piece of the overall 
problem. Keep doing that until die 
entire problem is solved. 

But what if the smaller problem is 
still too complex, too hard to get a 
handle on? Just move to Comultanfs 
next level of problem-solving assis¬ 
tance, Youll have to choose a proce¬ 
dure from Consultants three op¬ 
tions. 

The DETECT option asks you to 
look back and describe the problem 
by gathering relevant facts, assessing 
them and organizing them. Based on 
a review of that assessment, you can 
develop and test explanations and 
identify plausible solutions. 

A second approach, DISCOVER, 
uses the scientific method to help 
uncover the basic principles behind a 
hypothetical problem solution. After 
evaluating your problem, you pose a 
hypothesis. Comultant then instructs 
you to compile evidence and design 
and conduct an experiment to test 
your initial premise. 

The third option, CREATE, looks 
toward the future. YouTl be asked to 
state the problem in terms of how it 
relates to your objectives, recognize 
the resources you have available and, 
based on these determinations, gen¬ 
erate, edit and test your decisions. 

Your choice of procedure should 


56 M A C U 5 £ R APRIL 1986 
























be based as much on your personal¬ 
ity as anything else. Do you hate 
experiments, or is research a weak 
point? If that’s so, then CREATE will 
probably be your preferred option. 
Here’s how create works. 

The first step is to gather the 
pertinent facts (Consultant calls them 
Candidate Facts). Then determine 
your objective(s); what do you want 
to happen? Your role in the solution 
is often suggested by the data you 
just collected. 

Next, Consultant suggests using 
die RATER decision-making aid to 
assess the relevancy and validity of 
your facts. RATER wants two inde¬ 
pendent criteria (for example, “use¬ 
fulness” and “economy"). Then it 
asks you to rate each item on your 
list of facts on a 1 to 10 scale relative 
to these criteria. Many items arc 
often closely clustered at the top of 
the hst. However, Consultant takes 
small rating variations into account 
and reorders the list. The list can be 
considered a plan of action. Work 
down it to solve this particular por¬ 
tion of the problem. But if you’ve 
come this far, let Comultant take you 
a bit further. 

The next step is to identify the 
obstacles that must be overcome be¬ 
fore you can reach your objective. 

There arc often many objections 
to overcome when presenting an 
ambitious idea—in this case, they 
might include a boss 5 inability to 
appreciate the role of the computer 
or an inability to work with its 
limitations, an unwillingness to in¬ 
vest in the idea, or whatever. Objec¬ 
tions reflect valid concerns that must 
be taken into account before at¬ 
tempting to sell an idea. 

Take the time to inventory your 
resources. Consultant helps by re¬ 
printing the obstacle list and asking 
sc What resources can be employed to 
overcome obstacles and reach the 
stated objectives?” This list will make 
more solutions obvious or even inev¬ 
itable. 

OTHER PROBLEMS, OTHER SOLUTIONS 

Perhaps the most crucial aspect of 
critical thinking is brainstorming, 
generating many ideas very quickly 
and nonjudgmentally. At this point 
it may be time to turn to Consul- 


Sell 


Designate Prospect 
Set Goals 
Prospect's Needs 
Select Rids 
Get Appointment 


Arouse Interest 
Describe Conditions 
Name Plan 
Describe Objectives 
Enplaln Features 
Explain Costs 
Handle Objections 
Cause Acceptance 

Evaluate Presentation 
Follom-up 


Plan 


Identify Goals 
Establish Objectives 
Determine Units 
Quantify Objectives 
Assign Time Limits 


Identify Tasks 
Identify Interdependencies 
Assign People 
identify Milestones 


List Resources 
Quantify Resources 
Determine Costs 
Determine Benefits 
Test Plan 


Work 


Monitor Plan 
Modify Plan 
Measure Results 
Measure $ 


Plan Netit Session 
Evaluate Performance 
Contract Improvement 


Scratchpad I 
Scratchpad 2 
Scratchpad 3 
Scratchpad 4 


0oc« • solution has bean identified, use these 
menus to prepare the presentations and propos¬ 
als you'll need to sell your solution to others. 


tanfs BRA1NSTORMER feature, 
which can take the place of a whole 
group of people. After entering a 
“stimulus question 5 ’ (“How is this 
idea fiscally reasonable?”), you arc 
instructed to suspend judgment and 
input anything that comes to mind. 
That means coming back to the 
problem at any time to continue the 
process or letting ideas flood all at 
once. 

Consultant offers other tools to 
help the flow of ideas. QUESTIONER 
poses questions based on data you 
have input, the COMBINER forces 
you to relate your facts to each other 
(often generating new ideas), and 
the SCENARIO tool helps you create 
simple models. 

The ideas you generate are most 
valuable when they lead to a specific 
action. Consultant will often reprint 
the original mission you entered 
when you started the work session. 
It then ask s you to rephrase your 
intentions as “action terms.” All 
ideas generated should then be 
looked at in light of the action terms. 
This will generate new ideas, and 
maybe even more solutions. 

USING THE SOLUTION 

Solutions are simply plans of ac¬ 
tion until they arc implemented. 
Consultant provides a plethora of 
tools to help you seU and implement 
your solution. 

The options on the Plan menu ask 
you to identify goals and specify 
objectives by quantifying goals and 
giving them a time limitation. You 
should also tell the program what 
you think arc your tasks (and their 
interdependencies), resources, prob¬ 
able costs and hoped-for benefits. 

The interdependency question is 
often particularly instructive. Comul¬ 
tant has you take the list of tasks 
and, using the RELATOR decision¬ 
making aid, determine their relation¬ 
ships. RELATOR presents the tasks as 
item-pairs and asks you to specify if 
an item is dependent on another. 
After going through all the item- 
pairs Consultant reorders the list (A, 
B, C,...) and displays the results—[A 
depends on: C ]; [B depends on: 
A];.,.[G depends on: D, B], and so 
on. Through the use of these tools it 
is possible to construct a clear plan 


APRIL 1986 MACUSER57 































ARE TWO HEADS BETTER THAN ONE? 



* flic Edit Begin Detect Discover Create Plan Sett LUork 


Consultant 


DECISION MAKING AIDStOI 


IDEA GENERATION AIDS 


Prlnritizer. 


Rrainstormer 


Grader 


Questioner 


Combiner 


Evaluater 


Scenario 


Relator 


Tutor 


Categori2er 


Coach 





1 1 

mm 

r 



Die work screen Is ringed with icons. That lets you access any tool at any time. 


of action relating to the original 
objective. Now’s the time to devise a 
way to sell the plan. 

Proceed to the Sell menu. First, 
you’ll be asked to specify the people 
to whom the plan will be presented, 
and identify as much as possible 
their needs, goals, and so on. You 
can call on the SCENARIO decision¬ 
making aid for help. SCENARIO asks 
you to input a Title and Tone (your 
point of view). Then it asks you to 
specify the Players and their Roles 
and any props necessary' to the story'. 
Finally, it suggests a scenario. If this 
scenario doesn’t seem to work, go 
back and change the Tone to reflect 
your boss’ point of view and retell 
the story'. This may help you realize 
the pressures the bosses are operat¬ 
ing under; the deadlines that must 
be met and standards that must be 
upheld. With this knowledge, you 


may be able to present the idea more 
convincingly. 

Consultant suggests appropriate 
graphic aids (perhaps some MacPro- 
ject flowcharts, examples of Mac 
graphics to demonstrate the stylistic 
diversity' available with a Macintosh, 
etc.), interest generating devices (a 
Macintosh slide show?), relevant 
background material, and other psy¬ 
chological stimuli. 

Finally, Consultant can print a re¬ 
port containing all the material gen¬ 
erated in the work session. Armed 
with this report, users can prepare 
cftcctivc presentations and 
proposals. 

WHY BOTHER? 

Creative problem solving is not a 
mere phenomenon where the inscru¬ 
table minds of the exceptional indi¬ 
viduals work in random ways. Every'- 


CONSULTANT: REPORT CARD 

Overall Rating: •** 


Follows Mac Interface: •«** 

Printed Documentation: *#** 

On-Screen Help: **** 

Performance: — 

Support: « 

Consumer Value: •• 

Comments: Incorporates simple 
A1 techniques to stimulate and sup¬ 
port critical thinking. 

Best Feature: Provides easy-to- 


use problem-solving direction, with 
a wide variety of tools. 

Worst Feature: Doesn't delve 
deeply enough into the problem- 
solving process for some users. 
List Price: $200. 

Published by Organizational De¬ 
velopment Software, Inc., Suite 
535, 1011 E. Touhy Ave., Des 
Plaines, IL 60018, (312)699-4156. 


one is capable of creative thinking. 
CofMtltnnfs idea generation aids arc 
list creation and manipulation tech¬ 
niques designed to help all problem 
solvers use their creative potential. 

Critical thoughts compliment cre¬ 
ative ideation. It is important to 
suspend your critical faculties in gen¬ 
erating ideas, and it is eventually 
necessary to choose wisely from 
among die possibilities, coalescing 
simple ruminations into reality. Al¬ 
though critical thinking is a skill we 
all exercise, it can be refined, Consul¬ 
tant's decision-making aids reflect 
some very useful sorting algorithms 
that make it easier to understand and 
prioritize ideas, 

PROGRAMMATIC DETAILS 

Consultant makes excellent use of 
the Macintosh interface. Context- 
sensitive on-scrcen help is always 
available. These help screens are 
called either Tutors or Coaches, de¬ 
pending both on where you are in 
the program and w hat sort of help 
you require. On-screen icons are 
used to access thcm.Thc documenta¬ 
tion is clear, and learning the pro¬ 
gram is a speedy, painless process. 

Report generation is adequate, 
but the reports would be more inter¬ 
esting if they could use graphics and 
fonts other than their default fonts. 
Some of the format, which isn’t user 
definable, is inappropriate. For ex¬ 
ample, it would be much more use¬ 
ful to see the results of the RELATOR 
tool displayed as a flowchart rather 
than as the bracketed list supplied. 

Consultant docs offer four 
"Scratchpads.” A Scratchpad is a 
Note Pad-like file upon which users 
enter (via the keyboard or by cutting 
and pasting) lists, which can then be 
worked on using the various idea 
generation and decision-making aids. 

Unlike most programs that non- 
judgmentally catalogue information, 
Consultant encourages the user to 
hone in on specifics. With it users 
can confront the trees without losing 
sight of the forest. 

Problem solving should not be a 
chore. It should exercise minds and 
challenge abilities. Consultant will 
not answer your questions. But it 
can inspire you to make the most of 
your problem-solving capabilities,^ 


58MACUSER APRIL 1986 






































. 






ismeaie±=±s« 


SOME THINK ITS FAR MORE THAN A GAME W 

the finest family computer game you cdrrbuy. And now the classic 
first scenario, Proving Grounds of the Mad Overlord ha& been completely 
redesigned for the Macintosh , 

The new Mac Wizardry is ready to work its very special magic on your imagination, 
find out why hundreds of thousands of fans have made Wizardry the most popular 
computer fantasy role-playing game of all time. 

We invite you and your family to enter this fascinating , immensely rewarding world. 
Discover for yourself if Wizardry is just a game. Or far more, 

• Available at all Fine Computer Stores. PRICE: $59,95 

• LOOK FOR THE DRAGON SYMBOL OF WIZARDRY. PROMISE OF EXCELLENCE. 
Please circle 62 on reader service card. 






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MAC 


OFFICE 



JAPANESE 



All the Japanese you 
can type—on the Mac! 


THE JAPANESE J.OVE THE MACIN- 
tosh. Given the Jove affair that West¬ 
erners have developed in recent years 
with sushi and samurai movies, that 
seems a fair exchange. The only 
problem is, the Japanese aren’t buy¬ 
ing Macs—not in any great num¬ 
bers, at least. 

The reason is the language. Sim¬ 
ply pur, the Japanese talk Japanese 
fo y and the Mac doesn’t. Or at least it 

’ didn’t until quite recently, A Japa¬ 

nese company called ErgoSoft is try- 
Howard ing to change that and come to 

Apple’s rescue in the Land of die 
Rising Sun. Their products tell die 

KatZ rale of a technological revolution. 


Until 6 years ago, word process¬ 
ing was an unknown concept in 
Japan. Even the idea of a Japanese 
typewriter was unknown. The rea¬ 
son is the complexity of the Japanese 
language. It is only with the advent 
of the microprocessor and recent 
advances in the software sciences 
that the Japanese have become able, 
on a personal basis, to access their 
own language in any sort of auto¬ 
mated form. The effect this is having 
in Japan is revolutionary, and any 
micros that can’t handle the lan¬ 
guage are out of die running. For a 
long while, that’s where the Mac 
stood—out of the running. 

Enter ErgoSoft. The company of* 
fers two products that allow the 
Japanese to use their own language 
in conversing with the Mac. This is a 
first for Macintosh, and a necessity if 
the Mac is to survive in the tough 
Japanese marketplace. One of the 
two products, EjfWord y is a word 
processor that bears a resemblance to 
MacWritc. The other, EffBndg€ } ex¬ 
tends the Japanese text-entry capabil¬ 
ities of EgWord to major applica¬ 
tions such as MacPaint^ MacDraWy 
and the entire Microsoft software 
family. The names of the products, 
by die way, sound much better in 
the original Japanese, where they are 
pronounced more like “EzWord” 
and “EzBridgc”; their radicr curious 
rendering in English is an unfortu¬ 
nate consequence of transliteration. 
So whats the big deal about a 
Japanese Word or MacWritc? Japa¬ 
nese has the world’s most complex 
writing system, and it takes far more 
than your normal, run-of-the-mill 
word processor to master its convo¬ 
luted structure. In fact, it takes a 
word processor with a high degree 
of smarts, one that’s very nearly 
artificially intelligent. 

What makes Japanese so difficult? 
For one tiling, there arc all those 
ideographs. Called kanji, or “Chi¬ 
nese characters,” close to 2,000 are 
formally taught in the Japanese edu¬ 
cational system, and you might en¬ 
counter up to 3,000 or so in a 
morning newspaper. If that weren’t 
bad enough, most of these icon-1 ike 


60MACU5ER APR 


L 1 9 a 6 










Donald Keene 



APRIL 1986 MACUSER61 


















JAPANESE TO GO 


The desktop. A small (5K1 
kata k an a font allows lim¬ 
ited Japanese entry out¬ 
side of EgWord , Things 
somehow look the same 
but different Shown are 
the “Skisifteinu" and 
“Fonto" disks “System" 
and “Fonts." 


* 7?Yft ^>>17 





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- 0 


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p 

jm 


Chapter 5 from the Japa¬ 
nese translation of Cary 
Lu T s The Apple Macin¬ 
tosh Book, showing all 
three Japanese scripts In 
dally use. Colors indicate 
hiragana in yellow, Aafa- 
kana in green and kanfi in 
red. 

The small “Input Meth¬ 
od" window in the lower* 
right shows that English 
input is converted to hira* 
garra on entry, before be¬ 
ing converted to kanji. 
The user can bypass En¬ 
glish entirely if desired. 


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The original English for 
the above. EgWord can be 
used in a pinch for En¬ 
glish entry as well. Word¬ 
wrap is not a required 
feature in Japanese. 


* 7?<ji are ait §?a 




Lff »-21 


El 




2 


Chapter 5 Word Processing 

... A major challenge for word-processing pr 
ogram developers has been to give you on paper 
exactly what you see on the screen — not an 
easy task. With traditional word processing, 
you could rarely be sure exactly where new pag 
es of text began, much less see italics or hea 
dlines on the screen. 

Macintosh has changed all that. At last, ah 
at you see really is what you get. 

frt i • ■■■ " 


-Kt'j 


symbols have multiple pronuncia¬ 
tions, or readings. Readings deter¬ 
mine meanings, and how a character 
or group of characters is pronounced 
is subject to a complex set of rules 
that make the internal workings of 
the Mac’s ROM look like child’s play 
by comparison. 

There arc only a limited number 
ofreadings that are used when char¬ 
acters are combined to form new 
words, and consequently there arc 
many more homonyms in Japanese 
than there are in English. Hom¬ 
onyms, of course, arc what you get 
when different words have the same 
pronunciation. 

And there’s more. In addition to 
the kanji character set, two other 
writing systems are in daily use as 
well. These two character sets, called 
hiragana and katakana separately, 
and kana collectively, employ an ad¬ 
ditional hundred-odd symbols that 
serve primarily as a phonetic alpha¬ 
bet, much as do the letters in our 
own English alphabet. With the 
kana, in other words, you can write 
what the kanji sound like. 

The Japanese writing system uses 
a mixture of all three scripts in a 
tremendously complicated orthogra¬ 
phy (die art of writing words with 
the proper symbols) that is both a 
source of pride to the Japanese and 
die bane of Western students of the 
language. The rules of usage are so 
difficult to learn that it takes average 
Japanese students two to three years 
longer than their Western counter¬ 
parts to master dicir own language. 

The first problem that causes Japa¬ 
nese word-processor designers to go 
prematurely gray is this: With up to 
3,000 characters and dirce writing 
scripts in daily use, how do you 
input text? One obvious solution is 
to build a bigger keyboard. And 
we’re talking big here. What die 
Japanese—happily—have elected to 
do is to retain the traditional 
QWERTY keyboard—traditional at 
least in the West and adopted as a 
standard by most Japanese manufac¬ 
turers—and to combine savvy soft¬ 
ware and raw computing ability to 
allow users to input kanji without 
really doing so. 

ErgoSoft has adopted this ap¬ 
proach and it works well. The basic 


idea is that either kana or die English 
alphabet can be used to enter the 
phonetic representation of the text— 
to enter what the text sounds like . On 
command, the word processing soft¬ 
ware then consults a dictionary of 
kana-to-kanji translations and re¬ 
places the entered phonetic script on 
the screen with a “best guess” as to 
what kanji die user intended to use. 

The best-guessing algorithm is 
complicated by the fact that one 
group of kana can represent many 
different kanji—the homonym prob¬ 


lem discussed above. The secret of 
the software lies in how that best 
guess is derived, and this involves 
frequency tables of the Japanese lan¬ 
guage, tiie rules of Japanese gram¬ 
mar, and a knowledge of the context 
of what is being translated. Depend¬ 
ing on the sophistication of the 
software, this best guess is generally, 
but not always, the one the user 
intended, and the user has to be able 
to easily modify the choices that the 
machine has made. 

EgWord shines in this respect. The 


62MACUS ER APRIL 1986 






































































lookup time is fast, and point-and- 
dick makes changing kanji as easy as 
changing your mind. In fact, the 
company claims the fastest and most 
accurate kana-to-kanji conversions in 
the industry* 

Eg Word's conversion software 
swings into effect on command 
{press the ENTER key) or when the 
user types a period signaling 

the end of a sentence. The program 
can digest up to 500 kana at a time 
in producing a kanji conversion, and 
the company claims this is an indus¬ 
try-best as well If you like the con¬ 
version, fine—otherwise press the 
ENTER key again and up pops a small 
window showing all the possible 
kanji candidates for the word under 
consideration* And there can be doz¬ 
ens, with more unlikely candidates 
appearing in a second window be¬ 
hind the first* Point with the mouse 
or cycle through the list with the 
ENTER key to select a new homonym 
and then hit RETURN to replace the 
selected text and go on to the next 
w r ord. During the editing session, 
the EgWord dictionary disk resides 


in the external drive, giving the pro¬ 
gram fast access to over 38,000 
character and word entries. 

The visual characteristics of the 
Japanese language also push the ca¬ 
pabilities of most micros, but the 
Mac is nothing if not a superb 
graphics machine and is easily up to 
the challenge* Kanji arc written in a 
series of strokes and can become 
visually quite complex, requiring a 
fair degree of screen resolution so 
that the finer details of the characters 
arc not lost. ErgoSoft draws its kanji 
in a I6-by-16 pixel matrix, which 
provides a pleasing visual screen ap¬ 
pearance* 

A 24-by-24 pixel font allows even 
finer reproduction on the Image- 
Wrirer. As you might imagine, these 
two fonts take a lot of room on 
disk—over 350K! The screen font is 
loaded from a fonts disk at the start 
of a session and resides in memory 
thereafter. The size of the fonts files 
is one of the reasons that Eg Word 
requires a 512K Mac and two drives. 
Canon, which distributes Apple 
products in Japan, also offers a 



The conversion process in 
action* The hiragana entry 
"kadai” has just been 
converted to the two se¬ 
lected kanji shown* In this 
case the software has 
made the right choice, but 
we can look at other syn¬ 
onyms in the window at 
the lower-left by pressing 
Dfitfr, cycle through these 
choices and change our 
mind if desired* 


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A Japanese "Save” dialog* 
Look vaguely familiar? 
The cancel button reads 
"Kyansem” in Japanese, 
and the two righthand 
buttons read “Ijekkuto" 
and "Doraibu," respec¬ 
tively. 


“DynaMac”—a 512K Mac with the 
Japanese fonts in ROM. 

EgWord can draw over 3,000 
kanji, kana and special symbols. The 
ASCII standard, which utilizes seven 
bits out of an eight-bit byte, runs out 
of code numbers at 128* The Japa¬ 
nese have adopted a two-byte num¬ 
bering scheme, promoted by the 
Japanese Institute of Standards and 
adopted by all Japanese manufactur¬ 
ers. The most frequently encoun¬ 
tered 3,300 symbols are known as 
the JIS Level One character set. The 
remaining characters are quite rare 
by comparison and arc known as JIS 
Level Two* Eg Word allows full ac¬ 
cess to the JIS Level One set, and 
Level Two support is promised 
down the road. 

All in all, EgWord is an impressive 
product that pushes the capabilities 
of die Mac to address an issue that 
involves over 100 million people* It’s 
unlikely diat ErgoSoft’s offerings 
will find a large market in North 
America. In Japan, however, they 
just might enable the Mac to succeed 
against domestic competition. Eg 


EGWORD: 
REPORT CARD 

Overall Rating. •••• 


Follows Mac Interface: ••• 

Printed Documentation: •••*• 

On-Screen Help: NONE 

Performance: ••••• 

Support: ••• 

Consumer Value: •••• 


Comments: Japanese word pro¬ 
cessing, allowing full text-entry ac¬ 
cess to all written components of 
the language. 

Best Feature: Speed and ease of 
use in an extremely complex lan¬ 
guage environment* 

Worst Feature: Some confusing, 
non-standard use of Mac Interface 
(e*g.. kana are automatically "se¬ 
lected” as entered prior to conver¬ 
sion). 

List Price: $300 (at current ex¬ 
change rates). 

Published by ErgoSoft* Japan* 
Distributed in North America by 
Counterpoint. PO Box 1685, Cam¬ 
bridge. MA 02238, 


APRIL 3.9 8 6 MACUSER63 






















































SOFTWARE 

Addison-Wesley 

Smart Eyes (speed reading tutor) S36 

Affinity Microsystems 

Tempo (power user s macro utility) _ 79 

Attsys 

RjrUastJC (create yuut own fonts) . 27 

Apropos 

financial Planning (reps Multiplan) 51 

tn vestme nt PI anni ng (reqs . Multiplan } 51 
Tax Planner (requires Excel) 35 

Arrays/Continental 

Home Accountant (reqs external drive) 52 

Assimilation 

Mac-Tracks (macro utility) 22 

Mac-MemoryDtsk (reps 5 12k) 22 


MIDI Composer (music record/playback) 22 
Business-Essentials (correspondence ). 65 

Mac-Spell‘Right (40,000 word dictionary) 69 
Right-Word (spell checker & thesaurus) 69 


ATI 

Teach Yourself Multi pi an 39 

Jazz Training 39 

Excel Training 39 

Batteries Included 


The Mac BatteryPak (desk accessories} 27 

Blyth Software 

Omnis 3 (requires 57 2k, external drive) 245 


Borland International 

Sidekick (unprotected) 44 

Brainpower 

PowerMalh (reputes 572k} 52 

StatView (statistics package) 99. 

CAMDE 

Nutricalc (diet & nutrition analysis) 49 

Casady Company 

Fluent Fonts (two-disk set) . 29 

Central Point Software 

Copy II Mac (includes MacToots) 20 

Challenger Software 

Mac3D (3D graphics, CAD features) l25 

Chang Labs 

Rags to Riches Ledger 99 

Rags to Riches Receivables (reps, 572k} 99 

Rags to Riches Payables (reqs. 512k) 99 

Rags to Riches Three Pak 249 

Creighton Development 

MacSpell + (requires 512k) 55 

Data Food 

DrawForrns (requires MacDraw) 30 

MacForms (reputes MacPaint ) 42 

Digital, Etc. 

Maccountant . ....... .139 

Dilrthium Press 

PC to Mac & Back (fink your PC) 79. 

Dow Jones 

Straight Talk ........ 45 

Spreadsheet Link. 56 

Market Manager PLUS 109. 

Dreams of the Phoenix 
Day Keeper Calendar 27. 

Mouse Exchange BBS 27 

Mouse Exchange Terminal 27 

Quick & Dirty Utilities Vol 7 27 

Twelve-C Financial Desk Accessory 27 

Electronic Arts 

Financial Cookbook. 32. 

Deluxe Music Construction Set 32 


Entersel 

Quickpamt (find MacPaint fifes fast) $29 

Quickset (icon-driven accessory} 29 

Quickword (word process/rig too!) 32 

1st Byte 

Speller Bee (spelling-learning toot) 42 

KidTalk (' talking notebook "} 42. 

S mootht alker (version 2.0) . 57, 

Forethought 

Typing Intrigue... 29 

Factfinder (free-form entry) . 64. 

FileMaker (custom design reports} 108 

Fortnum/Soirthem 

Maclnooga Choo-Choo (reps 512k) 21. 

MacNest (double screen scrapbook) 25, 

MacChemlsI ry. 89 

Great Wave Software 

Comet Halley. 18 

ConcertWare + (music composition) 39 

Greene* Johnson 

Spet(swell (inci. homonym dictionary} 29 

Harvard Associates 

MacManager (business simulation) 29 

Desktop pers (new desk accessories) 29. 

Hayden Software 

DaVInci Buildings 29 

DaVmci Interiors. , 29 

DaVInci Landscapes . . 29. 

Da Vinci Building Blocks 46 

DaVmci Commercial interiors 114 

Art Grabber with Body Shop 29 

Turbo Turtle . ,, 35, 

I Know It s Here Somewhere 35. 

Music Works. 45. 

Hayden:Speller. 45. 

Score Improvement System for the SAT 57 

VideoWorks 57 

Hippopotamus Software 

Hippo Computer Almanac 21 

Hippo-Lock (file security program) 68 

Hippo-C - Level 1. 79 

Hippo-C - Level 2 219 

Ideaform 

MacLabeter (print disk labels) . 29. 

Innovative Data Design 

Paste-Ease (requires MacPaint) 35 

Mac Draft (requires 512k) 139, 

Kensington 

Graphic Accents _ 29 

Type Fonts for Text 29 

Type Fonts for Headlines (reqs. 572k} 42 

Layered 

Front Desk (schedulingtorganizer) 77 

Legisoft/Nolo Press 

WillWnter (prepare your own will) . 27 

Linguist's Software 

MacCyrillic. , 39. 

SuperFrench/German/Spanish 39 

Tech (1000 different symbols) 59 

MacArabic .. , 59. 

MacKana/Basic Kanji 59. 

MacKorean... 59 

SuperGreek 59. 

SuperHebrew. 59 

SuperGreek/Hebrew/Phonetics . 89 

Living Videotex! 

Thinklank 512k (outline processor) . 101. 


Magnum 

McPic - Volume I $28. 

McPic * Volume II. 28. 

The Slide Show Magician 34. 

Manhattan Graphics 

Ready Set Go (requires 512k) 105 

Mark of tho Unicorn 

Professional Composer (reqs. 512k) 249 

Microsoft 

Entrepreneur 29 

Learning Multiplan and Chart 37 

Chart 1 05,. 72. 

Logo 1 0 75 

Basic 21. 87 

Multiplan 1.1 . 105. 

file 1 02. 111. 

Word 1.05 . Ill 

Fortran 2,1 . 169, 

Excel 10. 225 

Mites Computing 

Mac the Knife - Volume L... 21 

Mac the Knife - Volume 11. . 25. 

Mac the Knife * Volume III 27. 

Mindscape 

The Perfect Score: SAT .. 47, 

Monogram 

Forecast. 40 

Dollars & Sense. 01 

Nevins Microsystems 

Turbocharger (requires 512k) 55 

New Canaan Microcode 

Mac Disk Catalog 11. 32. 

Odesta 

Helix (requires 512k , external drive) 219 

Organizational Development 

Consultant (idea management call 

Palantlr 

MacType (supports Dvorak keyboard) 26 

MalhFlash (math flash card drifts) 26 

WordPlay... . . . . .. . . . . .... 26. 

Accounts Receivable *... . 69 

General Ledger. , 69 

Inventory Control. 69 

inTouch (communication to emulation) 79. 

PBI Software 

Icon Switcher. . 14 

Icon Fun & Games Library , . 14 

icon Business Library 14 

Peachtree 

Back to Basics General l edger 88 

Accounts Payable 88. 

Accounts Receivable. 88 

Pgtarware 

Graphics Magician .. 47 

Protekt-lt Software 

ProCopy/ProEdit... 29. 

ProVUE Development 

OverVUE 2 0 (power-packed database) 149 

QED information Sciences 

Typing Made Easy. 36 

Rubicon Publishing 

Dinner At Eight (reapes to wines) 35 

Satori 

BufkMailer (mailing lists) .... 79 

Scarborough Systems 

Maslertype (typing tutorial) .. 25- 

Sierra On-Line 

MacQneWrite (cash disbursements) 137 

MacOneWrrte (accounts receivable} ,. 137 
































founders’ sale. 







time ; but the Tinker twins are 
finally getting the recognition 
they’ve always deserved. 

Two honest and intelligent 
faces symbolizing many of 
the characteristics that make 
MacConnection the leading 
name in Macintosh mail order. 

You see, folks like the 
Tinker twins wouldn ; t think 
twice about spending an hour 
getting a neighbor’s cow out of 
the mud. And today, our Mac 
technical specialists wouldn’t 
think twice about spending 
time helping one of our 
customers out of an 
electronic quagmire. 

Lucius ana 


MacWiis S27 


Happy days are 
here again. 

Too bad Lucian 
and Lucius 
Tinker weren’t 
around to see 
Marlow (pop. 550) transformed 
from a sleepy little rural village 
into an upbeat 
microcomputer 
paradise, We’ve 
spruced up a few 
of the old hotels 
and mill buildings 
to house our bur¬ 
geoning Mac business. But the 
old beams are still there, and 
real wooden clapboards still 
grace the exterior walls. With 
all due respect to Silicon Val¬ 
ley we’re pretty fond of life 
up here in the hills. 

The more things 
change. 

Yes, it took a long 




aan $4y 


Rags to Riches Ledger S99 


to answer a 


stranger’s ques- 
. They 

dealt fairly with 
friend and foe alike. And they 
always did a job when they 
said they were 
going to. 

But we can’t 
live up to all their 
standards. It’s hard 
to find real silk ties 
these days. Those 
starched collars are 
sort of uncomfortable. And 
buttoning the top button of 
our jackets looks a little 
strange. But business in Mar¬ 
low is as personal and forth¬ 
right now as it’s always been 
The Tinker twins wouldn’t 
have it any 
other way. 


Puftct Score SAT $47 


14 MILL STREET, MARLOW, NH 03456 l-800/Mae&Lisa or 603/446-7711 


©Copyright 1986 Micro Connection. Inc. MacConnection is a division of Micro Connection, Inc, MacConnection and Micro Connection are trademarks of Micro Connection, fnc. 

Please circle 82 on reader service card- 



order magic in the 


Silicon Beach Software 

Accessory Pak 1.$21. 

Simon & Schuster 

The Mac Art Department 24 

Paper Airplane Construction Kit, 24 

Typing Tutor III . 31 

SMB Development 

MacMate (requires 512k) 35 

SoftStyJe 

Epstart . 27 

Jetslart ... .... 27 

Toshstart ,27 

T [start. 49 

Laserstart. 59. 

Decision Map 79 

Softview l T Inc. 

MacInTax 1905 (tax prep & planning) 53, 

Software Publishing 

PFS: File/Report 100 

Springboard 

Art a la Mac Voi. 1-People and Places 23. 

Art a la Mac Voi 2-Vanety Pack 23 

State of the Art 

Electric Checkbook 42 

Symmetry 

Quick Disk (requires 512k) 2 V 

T/Maker 

Click Art Personal Graphics 29 

Click Art Publications. 29, 

Click Art Letters 29 

Click Art Effects. . - 29 

ClickOn Worksheet. 46 

Telos Software 

File vision (graphic filing program) 99 

Business Filevision 219 

Think Educational 

Mind Over Mac 29 

MacEdge II (math <5 reading) 29 

Videx 

MacCalendar (tnci reminder system) 51 

GAMES 

Activision 

Hacker 27, 

Mind Shadow . 27 

Ann Arbor Sottworks 

Grid Wars (3D graphic arcade) 28 

Bantam Electronics 

Sherlock Holmes: Another Bow 27 

Blue Chip 

Millionaire (stock market) . 30 

Tycoon (commodities) 30 

Baron (real estate) 30, 

Squire (persona/ finance, reqs 512k) 30 

Brainpower 

Think Fast (improves recall) 23 

Chipwils 26 


MacConnection 
Special of the Month 

through April 30. 1986 
Paradise Systems 

The 10 and 20 megabyte hard disk 
subsystems for your Mac 
Includes 

• Storage capacity of 30 floppies on ihe 
10MB over 50 disks on ihe 20MB 

• Comes with its own power supply 


• Includes an extra serial oort 

• Weighs only 5 pounds 

• Full one-year war rani y 

Paradise 10MB 549 

Paradise 20MB 799 


Broderbund Software 

Lode Runner 24 

Cyborg (sci-fi text adventure) 24 

Ancient Art of War (military strategy) 27 

CBS 

Murder by the Dozen 25. 

Electronic Arts 

One on One/Dr J vs Larry Bird (reqs 512k) 27 
Pinball Construclion Set . 27 

Epyx 

Rogue (toe mainframe classic!) 24. 

Temple of Apshai Trilogy (4 levels). 24 

Winter Games (Olympic events) 24 

Gamestar 

Championship Star League Baseball.. 22. 

Hayden Software 

Masterpieces (jigsaw puzzles) 24 

Word Challenge II (boggle-tike game) . 24 
Perplex* (scrabbie-type game) 24 

Sargon ill (9 levels of chess) 29 

infocom 

Seastalker (junior) 24 

Cutthroats (standard) 24. 

Enchanter (standard) 24 

H i tchhike 7s Guide (stan dard) 24 

Pianelfall (standard) 24 

Wishbringer (standard) . 24, 

The Witness (standard) 24 

Zork I (standard) 24 

Zork II (advanced) 27 

Zork III (advanced) 27 

A Mind Forever Voyaging (advanced) 27 

Infidel (advanced) 27. 

Sorcerer (advanced) . 27 


1-800/ Mac^Lisa 


Suspect (advanced) . .$27 

Deadline (expert) 29 

Spelibreaker (expert) 29 

Starcross (expert) ,.,, . 29. 

Suspended (expert;. 29 

Invisiclues (hint booklets) ., 6 

Magnum 

Gypsy (toe Computer Oracle) 23 

Mark of the Unicorn 

Mouse Stampede (highly addictive) ... 23, 

Miles Computing 

Fusillade . 21 

MacAttack (3-D tank simulation) .... 27 

Harrier Strike (3-D flight simulation) _ 27 

Mac Wars (hours of fun) . 27 

Mindscape 

Rambo First Blood Part II..24. 

James Bond 007 A View to a Kill ' . . 24 

Stephen King's The Mist"..... .. . , 24 

Racter (converse with your Mac!). 27 

Balance ol Power 30 

Deja Vu (murder mystery;. 33, 

Origin Systems 

Exodus: Ultima 111 (fantasy adventure) , 38 

R81 Software 

Feathers & Space 21 

Strategic Conquest 29. 

Fokker TriPlane Flight Simulator. 35 

Penguin 

Transylvania . 24 

Crimson Crown (sequel to above) . 24 

The Quest.,...* * ,.. 24 

Xyphus (role playing adventure) .24 

Pryority Software 

Forbidden Quest 24. 

Gateway (sci-fi fantasy adventure) 25 

Psion 

Psion Chess (3D and multi-lingual) . 31 

Scarborough Systems 

Make Millions (bustoess simulation} . 29 

Sierra On-Line 

Frogger (classic video game) ,24. 

Championship Boxing 24, 

Ultima II (role-playing adventure) 35 


Silicon Beach Software 

Airborne! (digitized-sound war game) 21 
Enchanted Scepters (text & graphics) 24 


Sir-Tech 

Mac Wizardry 36 

Spectrum Holobyte 

GATO (submarine simulation^ . 26. 

Tellstar North Level I (reqs 512k) 27 

Tetarium 

Amazon 27 

Dragon World 27 

Farenheil 451. 27 


57GU 




MacComiectiori 

MacConnection, 14 Mill Street, Marlow, NH 03456 800/622-5472 603/446-7711 


Copyright 1985 Mitro Cuniicciinn, Inc, MatGnnntction is a diviiiuft of MicnuCuomrciiem, Inc. MacCnnpiccimn and Miern Gunned inn arc iradcTdark* *4 MTcra Connection, Iht, 

All item* vtibjcd to availability, Fried subject tu change without notice. 

"Defective *nfiwarc replaced immediately. lVIretive hardware replaced nr repaired *t mir dkerctUm. Surnt ttruiyhivc warramirt up lo flvt ydr*, 


Please circle S2 on reader service card, 
















; Marlow hills 


Unicom 

Futuria (sci-fi adventure) $ 24 

Utopia (science fantasy game) 24 

Animal Kingdom (ages 6*12) 27 

Mac Robots (pre-school program). 27 

Videx 

MacCheckers/Reversi 28 

MacGammonCribbage 28 

Mac Vegas 34 

HARDWARE 

Assimilation 

Mac«Port* Adaptor 69 

MaoEpson-Connection 75 

MIDI Conductor 75. 

Mac-Daisywheel'Connect ion 79 

Mae-Turbo-Touch 79 

Numenc-Turbo 129 

Compucable 

Mac to Hayes Smart modem cable 16 

Mac to Apple modem cable 16. 

Mac Lo Hayes Tran set 10G0 cable 16 

Cuesta Systems 

Datasaver AC Power Backup (90 wafts) call 
Curtis Manufacturing 

Diamond (6 outlets) , 28 

Emerald (6 outlets; 6 ft cord ). 34 

Sapphire (3 outlets; EMIIRFI filtered) 44 

Ruby (6 outlets; EMIIRFI filtered: 6 ft cord) 50 

Epson 

AP-80 (Imagemter compatible) call 

FX«85 can 

FX-286 (replaces FX-785) can 

LG-1GQ0 (letter quality dot matrix) call 

Ergotron 

MacTdt (inci external drive bracket) 75 

Hayes 

Smartcom II (communications software) 86 
Smarlmodem 1200 call 

Smartmooem 2400 call 

Transet 1000 call 

IOMEGA 

Bernoulli Box (dual 10MQ storage) 2475 

10-Meg Cartridge. call 

Head Cleaning Kit call 

Kensington 

External Disk Drive Cover 8 

Mouse way 8. 

Mouse Pocket 8 

Mac Dust Cover 9 

Imagewriier Dust Cover 9 

Mouse Cleaning Kit w/Mouse Pocket 16 
Universa! P t inter Stand 17 

Disk Case (holds 36 Mac disks) 19 

Disk Drive Cleaning Kit 19 

Till/Swivel 22 

Polarizing Filter 31 

Surge Suppressor 32 

Starter Pack (includes T0$wwel) 53 

A-B Box 60 

Control Center 61 

Koala Technologies 

KAT Graphics Tablet 139 

MacVision (digitizer) 169 

Kraft 

QuickSttck. 45 

Microsoft 

MacEnhancer 159. 


Mitsuba 

Super 5 400k External Drive SI 99 

Super 5 800k External Drive 325 

Mouse Systems 

A + Oplical Mouse 59 

N 2 Products 

Mac to Modem cable (6 feet) 19 

Mac to Printer cable (6 reef) 19 

Mac to Transet 1000 caole (9 ft} 19 

Paradise Systems 

Mac 10 (10 megabyte hard disk) special 
Mac 20 (20 megabyte hard disk) special 

PBI Software 

Switch Box 36 

PKI 

Sydewyndr 400k External Drive 225 

Systems Control 

MacGara (surge protection) 55 

Thunderware 

Thunderscan (high-resolution digitizer) t75 

Video? 

MousoStick 39 

DISKS 

BASF 3W P Disks (box ol 5) 12. 

Sony 3'// Disks (box of 70) 21 

Fuji 3VI" Disks (box of JO) 21 

MAXELL 3V-" Disks (box of 10) 22 

Memo rex 3 V/ Disks (box of 10) 23 

Verbatim 3’// Disks (box of 70) 23. 

3M 37/ Disks (box of 10) 24 

Sony 3vy Double sided Disks ( fO) 33 

MAXELL 3V>" Double-sided Disks (W) 33- 

INFORMATION SERVICES 

CompuServe 

CompuServe Inlormation Service 27 

Source Telecomputing 

The Source (subscription & manual) 30 

MISCELLANEOUS 

Automation Facilities 

Floppiclene Dnve Care Kit 20 

MacPak Complete Care System 29 

Clean Image Ribbon Co. 

Clean Image Ribbon Kit 12, 

Computer Coverup 

External Disk Drive Cover 4 

Imagewriier (II) Cover 8 

Wide I mage writer Cover 8 

Mac & Keyboard (two covers ) 10 

Diversions 

Underware Ribbon 10 

ColorPack (includes Colorpens) 19 

Environmental Software Company 

The Clutch (holds 8 disks) 9 

MAC ATTIRE 

High quality up-stop nylon dust covers 
External Drive Cover (400k & 800k) 

Numeric Keypad Cover (fits Turbo Touch) 7 
Imagewriier (II) Cover 

Mac (Plus) & Keyboard Cover 15 

LaserWriter Cover 

Mac (Plus) & HD20 & Keyboard Cover 17. 

I/O Design 

Imagewriter Color Transfer Ribbon i0 

I mage ware 45 

I mage ware wide 49 

Macmware 59 


Innovative Concepts 

Flip & File Micro (holds 25 disks) S9 

Rip & File (holds 40 disks) 13 

Innovative Technologies 
The Pocket Pak (holds 6 disks) 10 

The Ease! (holds 20 disks) 14 

The Disk Directory (holds 32 disks) 21 
Kalmar Designs 


Teak wood Roll-top Case (holds 45 disks) 14 
Teakwood Roll-top Case (holds 90 disks) 2> 


Magnum 

Mouse Mover (let your mouse ride)} 14 

Microsoft Press 

Microsoft Multiplan Of Mice and Menus 13 
Midnight Madness 14 

The Printed Word 14 

Apple Mac Book Vos 2 15 

Maanations (mtro to Basic} 16 

Excel in Business 18 

Moustrak 

Moustrak Pad (standard TxB') 8 

Moust rak Pad (large 9”x 11 ') 9 

Image writer Pad 12 

Pacific Wave 

Flip Sort Micro (holds 60 disks) 15 

Ribbons Unlimited 

Imagewriier Color Ribbons 5. 

Imagewriier Ribbons Six Pack 27 

Imagewriier Rainbow Six Park 27 

Smith & Bellows 

Mahogany Disk Case, made by New England 
Craftsman (Holds 90 disks) 24 


OUR POLICY 

• We accept VISA and MASTERCARD 

• No surcharge added for charge cards 

• Your card rs noi charged until we ship 

• If we must ship a partial order we never 
charge freight on the shipment(s) that 
complete the order 

• Net accounts pay actual shipping 

• No sales lax 

• All shipments insured, no additional charge 

• Allow 1 week for personal and company 
checks to clear 

• UPS Nexl-Day-Air available 

• COD max $1000 Cash or certified check 

• 120 day limited guarantee on all products.’ 

• To order, cail us anytime Monday thru Fnday 
9.00 to 9 00. or Saturday 9:00 to 5 30 

You can calf our business offices at 
603 446- 771 1 Monday thru Friday 9 00 to 
5 30. 

SHIPPING: 

Continental US: - ■: printers and drives add 
2% for UPS ground shipping (call lor UPS Blue 
or UPS Next-Day-Air) For all other items, ado 
52 per order to cover UPS shipping We wilt 
automatically use UPS 2nd-Day-Air at no extra 
charge if you are more than 2 days irem us by 
UPS ground Hawaii: For printers and drives, 
actual UPS Blue charge will be added For all 
other items, add $2 per order Alaska and 
Outside Continental US: Call 603 446-7711 
for information 




























BART GOLDMAN 


DESKTOP PUBLISHING 



Get Set, Get Ready — 


Set — Go! Version 2.0! 


EARLY IN 1985, THREE MACINTOSH 
programs created a new genre of 
microcomputer applications—desk¬ 
top publishing. The concept had 
been tried on other computers with 
only limited success (Rroderbund’s 
Apple II and Commodore 64 pro¬ 
gram The Print Shop gave users limit¬ 
ed abilities to mix graphics and text), 
but thanks to the Mac's superb reso¬ 
lution and ability to integrate words 
and text created with different appli¬ 
cations, desktop publishing became 
the “hop 1 genre in the microcomput¬ 
er industry. 

MocPtibUsher from Boston Soft¬ 
ware, PageMaker by Aldus Corpora¬ 
tion and Manhattan Graphics 1 Rea - 
dySetGo provide users with the basic 
functions of typesetting and page 
layout, die cornerstones of graphic 
arts. With each of these applications, 
a single person at a computer can 
construct a professional-looking lay¬ 
out with text (from a word processor 


such as MaeWrite or Microsoft 
Word) and pictures (from MacPaint 
and others) as well as decorative 
elements like black and gray blocks, 
lines (called “rules’ 1 in publishing 
parlance) and borders. Suddenly, mi¬ 
crocomputers—and the Macintosh 
in particular—could be valuable 
tools for assembling advertising and 
promotional materials, books, news¬ 
letters and magazines, 

ON THE MARK 

ReadySetGo was the first desktop 
publishing program to come from a 
graphic arts company which recog¬ 
nized the Mac’s potential early on, 
Manhattan Graphics was looking for 
an inexpensive way for customers to 
better use its own commercial type¬ 
setting service. Instead of just mim- 
micking the “front end” of a typeset¬ 
ting system—the computer-based 
text-entry portion —ReadySetGoS au¬ 
thors made an effort to duplicate the 
functions of die layout artist’s draft¬ 
ing table. 

At the heart of ReadySetGo is its 
ability to “flow” or “pour” text onto 
a page in multiple columns of vari- 


APR IL 1986 MACUSER69 






ON YOUR MACS! 



ReadySetGo's main screen. Element blocks are created by selecting the block type from the Create 
menu. Note the Picture, Text and Solid blocks on the screen. 


File Edit Create Emit Stijlp romint Block Page Special 


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Graphics blocks can be both resized and crapped. The face in the Picture block has been cropped to 
show only one eye. 


gus widths and lengths. Visuals can 
be mixed with this text and the 
entire layout can be continually 
changed according to the user’s 
whims. One column can be made 
wider or shorter, a picture may be 
moved from the top to the bottom 
of the page, a box can be drawn 
around the text to highlight it, shad¬ 
ed areas can be dropped behind a 
picture or text to create a more 
attractive treatment, graphics can be 
resized, text edited and “spec’d” 
(fonts and styles specified) and so 
on. 

The first version of ReadySetGo 
accommodated only a single layout 
page and required that text and 
pictures be brought into the pro¬ 
gram via the Clipboard or, in the 
case of text, be entered directly from 
the keyboard. A new edition of the 
program, version 2.0, is now avail¬ 
able that greatly expands its capacity 
and capability. Multiple page layouts 
can now be created, and text can be 
brought in from word processing 
files. 

In addition to greater flexibility, 
ReadySetGo can handle a large num¬ 
ber of the individual pans of a 
publication. Up to 32 pages can be 
stored in a single disk file, and each 
page can contain up to 100 blocks {a 
block can contain a picture, text or 
graphic element), or up to 1000 
total for the entire publication. 

Blocks that contain text are limit¬ 
ed to 30K, that is 30,000 characters 
including spaces and numbers. So 
the practical limit of one long piece 
of text is about 5000 words or the 
equivalent of 20 manuscript pages. 
Longer files will require division 
using the cut-and-paste features of a 
word processor. 

SETTING UP SHOP 

ReadySetGo is supplied on a single, 
unprotected disk, making backup 
copies and installation on a hard disk 
both possible and simple. When the 
program is ready, a grid of half-inch 
squares—the electronic equivalent of 
graph paper—appears on the screen, 
and the page number is identified by 
large outlined numbers in eacli cor¬ 
ner. Each new RSG file starts this 
way. To add pages, just pull down 
the Page item off die menu bar and 


select ADD A PAGE. Ifs a good idea 
to determine, or at least estimate, 
how many pages you’ll need at the 
start. 

There are some significant differ¬ 
ences between the way RSG works 
and what most people know as the 
“standard** Macintosh user interface. 
For instance, while the screen repre¬ 
sents only one portion of a larger 
sheet (letter, legal size, etc.), there 


are no scroll bars to move the sheet 
within the screen window. Instead, 
“Show Page” under the “Special” 
menu brings up a mini-page and a 
movable frame that corresponds to 
the size of the screen. Users move 
around the RSG page by reposition¬ 
ing this frame. 

The areas of the page that will 
contain text, pictures, graphic ele¬ 
ments, boxes and rules are simply 


70MACUSER APRIL 1986 































































































labeled TEXT, PICTURE, SOLID and 
FRAME blocks. (A fifth type, the 
TEXT LINK black, is used to continue 
text from one column to another. 
More on this later.) 

A block begins life on the page as 
a one-inch square box. At first, mov¬ 
ing and resizing blocks is frustrating, 
since they don't behave the way 
conventional Macintosh windows 
do. A block can only be moved by 
placing the tip of the cursor arrow 
just underneath its top border; resiz¬ 
ing happens when the lower right- 
hand comer of a block is touched 
just inside the block border. Unfor¬ 
tunately, there are no visual indica¬ 
tions that you're ready to drag or 
size the block, or even to indicate 
that you 7 rc touching it in the correct 
place. After a few tries, the trkk 
comes naturally, yet this inconsisten¬ 
cy remains annoying. 

The MODIFY item underneath the 
Block menu comes to the rescue 
when precision in size or position is 
required. By entering measurements 
in indies into slots in a dialog box, 
fine-tuning for accuracy is possible. 

As with other desktop publishing 
programs, work is simplified if you 
come to the layout session with 

TIPS 

The desktop publishing programs 
available for the Macintosh repre¬ 
sent the beginning of a true revolu¬ 
tion. For once, the power required 
to produce a professional-looking 
publication is available to anyone 
with (at most) the price of a new 
Toyota, This not only offers enor¬ 
mous entrepreneurial opportuni¬ 
ties, but will improve the way that 
we communicate with each other 
on a daily basis. Very simply put ( 
these publishing systems make in¬ 
formation easier to convey. 

Making page layouts with this 
new software can be simple, or it 
can be extraordinarily frustrating. 
When using any desktop publishing 
program, here are a few tips to 
make things easier: 

• While each of these programs 
offer text-editing capabilities, do 
your editing on a word processor. 
Not only is it faster and simpler, but 
the layouts won't require constant 
adjustment if you use text already 


some concrete ideas about where 
things will appear on each page. The 
best idea is also the oldest: Make a 
“dummy” page—a sketch or sche¬ 
matic of how the page will look— 
before you start. Then, by placing 
the appropriate number of blocks of 
the proper size on the page, your 
work can proceed more easily. 

View an electronic version of the 
dummy page by selecting SHOW 
PAGE. Each clement is represented 
symbolically. Pictures, for instance, 
are differentiated from text by 
crossed lines that occupy picture 
blocks. Odicr options, DISPLAY 
PAGE and DISPLAY FACING PAGES, 
give a true version of the page in 
reduction, including miniature {and 
unreadable) text and graphics. 

LET THE QUIPS FALL 
WHERE THEY MAY 

It's possible to position and size a 
text block that would fill a single 
RSG page, but that would defeat the 
purpose. More than likely, youll 
want to create several columns, per¬ 
haps of different widths. After creat¬ 
ing die first text block, where the 
story or text begins, every other 
block in which die story will contin¬ 


ue should be created as a “text link” 
block. Each such block refers directly 
to the first block and works in con¬ 
junction with it. 

Flowing or pouring in text begins 
by touching die first text block (to 
make it an active window) and se¬ 
lecting a MacWrite or Word docu¬ 
ment using the GET TEXT command 
under the File menu. RSG only 
works with ASCII text files, so when 
die dialog box appears, it shows the 
word processing files that have been 
saved using the “Text Only” option. 
Formatted MacWrite or Word docu¬ 
ments don't register as being avail¬ 
able. 

The text quickly appears in the 
proper width within the active text 
block and, if there arc odicr text link 
blocks on the page and the story is 
long enough, continues in those as 
well. 

Since RSG uses unformatted text 
files, type styles—different fonts, 
boldface, italics—must be edited 
into the text in the same manner that 
these selections are made in Mac* 
Write . This is accomplished by high¬ 
lighting text, then selecting font, 
sole and size from the appropriate 
menus at the top of the screen. 


FOR DESKTOP PUBLISHERS 


in its finished form while creating a 
page. Generate galleys—printed 
versions of the text in the same 
column width youll be using—to 
proofread and measure text, 

• Plan ahead. Gather all the nec¬ 
essary text and pictures before go¬ 
ing into a layout session. By assem¬ 
bling all of these elements 
beforehand, you can experiment 
more with the layout itself without 
the need to pull text files and pic¬ 
tures from disks one at a time. 
Since most of these publishing pro¬ 
grams use lots of disk space, cre¬ 
ate a single floppy disk (or folder on 
your hard disk} for the text and 
pictures you'll need, 

• Use dummy pages. Even 
though these are powerful pro¬ 
grams, few of them allow you to 
visually plan'your page. ( Ready* 
SetGo comes closest, though.) A 
dummy, especially for a multiple- 
page publication, can save hours of 
layout. When translating the dum¬ 


my to the computer screen, place 
photographs (or boxes that repre¬ 
sent them), rules and other graphic 
elements first. Then flow the text 
onto the page. This will save much 
of the constant readjustment that is 
otherwise required. 

• Study other people’s layouts. 
When reading a book or magazine, 
notice the way that pages are set 
up* where photos are placed, how 
graphs are displayed, when rules 
and other elements are used, and 
other style points. Don't be 
ashamed of limited artistic talent. 
Sometimes a little creative “borrow¬ 
ing" can spark a layout. 

* Even though it's been said a 
million times before, back up your 
work . Its agonizing to lose the word 
processing file that you've been 
working on for an hour or so, but 
downright depressing to lose a 
newsletter layout that you've had on 
your screen for the better part of 
two days. 


APRIL 1986 MACUSER71 



ON YOUR MACS! 


{Some of the standard Mac Write 
shortcuts, such as COMMAND-R for 
boldface, will also work.) Centering 
and justification is handled this way, 
too. 

If you want to adjust the text in 
each of two or more blocks, they can 
be resized, shortened to eliminate 
unwanted single lines at the bottom 
or top of a column (called “widows" 
and “orphans" in printers' jargon). 


or expanded to extend the number of 
lines in a single block. When any 
blocks are resized for this reason, the 
text in them doesn't automatically 
change. 

Under the menu item named 
Block are two commands, reflow 
and VACUUM, which do exactly what 
they sound like. Reflow pours the 
text into all of the blocks once again, 
readjusting lor the new block sizes. 


Vacuum sucks all of the text back 
into die first text block so that text 
link blocks can be changed or new 
ones added. 

PICTURE THIS 

Narurally, a publication requires 
graphic elements other than typog¬ 
raphy and rules. ReadySetGo uses the 
Scrapbook to transfer MacPaint and 
other bit-mapped images (such as 
those from die Thunderscan scan¬ 
ning digitizer and Koala’s MaeVi- 
sion video digitizer) to a page lay¬ 
out. 

Once a conventional cut-and-paste 
is made from the Scrapbook—in this 
case into a specific active picture 
block, rather dian the document as a 
whole—pictures can be cropped and 
scaled, reduced or enlarged. Crop¬ 
ping is as simple as just resizing the 
picture block, dragging the bottom 
left comer of die block. Of course, if 
you resize the block larger than the 
original, the page displays only 
white space. 

Reposition a picture within the 
block by clicking the mouse button 
while pointing to any of eight re¬ 
gions around its center. Clicking on 
the left topmost region of die block 
will, then, shift the picture up and to 
the left. 

Scaling a picture can only be done 
through the “Modify" dialog box 
found under the Block menu. Im¬ 
ages can be squashed or stretched by 
varying the scale horizontally or ver¬ 
tically, specifying each by a number 
typed into the box. The beauty of 
being able to reduce pictures, natu¬ 
rally, is diat a far better resolution is 
achieved. Macintosh screen pic¬ 
tures—including Thunderscan and 
Mac Vision images—have a resolu¬ 
tion of 72 dots per inch. Results are 
more impressive if an image is re¬ 
duced to less dian 100% of its size, 
particularly when printing with a 
LaserWriter. While the effect still 
can’t match the quality of traditional 
halftoning, it looks very rich and 
derailed. 

When working with MacPaint 
documents within RSG t it’s often 
easier to use a desk accessory like 
MacroMind’s Art Grabber (pub¬ 
lished by Hayden) than to rely on 
the Scrapbook. Art Grabber can 
open a MacPaint document while in 



Hayden's drt Grabber desk accessory is a must for pulling graphics elements directly out of 
MacPaint flies and pasting them into Graphic blocks in ReadySetGo. Otherwise, graphics are 
brought in through the Scrapbook. 



The Special menu Includes commands for previewing a hill page and facing pages, toggling the 
registration grid, and assigning foreground-background prioritizations to blocks. 


72MACUSER APRIL 1986 









































































The Solid Block dialog box appears when a new block is created or an exiting block Is specified. The 
four gray tone values cannot be edited, but the block can be placed with extreme precision on the 
page. 


any other program (including RSG) 
and cut largcr-thamscrecn-sizcd por¬ 
tions of it to the Clipboard. 

The limitation of using only bit¬ 
mapped images is a serious one, but 
there are ways to include pictures 
from other programs like MrnDraw 
or Microsoft's Chart : Since all pic¬ 
tures are transferred into RSG by 
means of the Clipboard, you can 
bring in screen images from these 
programs by taking a screen “snap¬ 
shot 11 (pressing Control-Shift-3 
keys) or capturing a portion of die 
screen with the aid of any of die 
public-domain FKEY (function key) 
routines diat perform this function. 

THE RULE OF RULES (AND OTHER 
GRAPHIC ELEMENTS) 

The creative use of elements like 
boxes, rules and “tints” (gray shaded 
areas comprised of dots) is what 
gives publications a professional 
sheen. RSG treats these simple 
graphic pieces in a far different man¬ 
ner than other desktop publishing 
software or even graphics programs 
like MacDraw and MacPaint . 

For one thing, RSG makes no 
distinction between large solid boxes 
and thin lines, A line is just a “Solid” 
block—chosen from the Create 
menu once again—that is com¬ 
pressed in one dimension. Squeeze it 
horizonally to get a vertical line and 
vertically for a horizontal rule. Like 
every other block, it can be resized 
and repositioned either with the 
mouse or from a dialog box. 

In addition ro their logical use to 
separate unrelated blocks, lines or 
rules are often used as decorations. A 
vertical line placed in the space be¬ 
tween two columns (called die “gut¬ 
ter 11 ) adds a distinctive, businesslike 
look to a page. It works best in very 
thin line widths. Narrow horizontal 
rules can be used effectively to sepa¬ 
rate data in catalogs or listings. In 
both cases, RSG allows users to set 
die line width to as narrow as .0139 
inch or 1 point (l/72nd of an inch). 
Coupled with RSG’s very powerful 
tabular capabilities, rules can be used 
to quickly generate forms and charts. 

Solid blocks need not remain 
black, nor must they stay rectangu¬ 
lar. The MODIFY dialog box that 
appears when a solid block is active 


offers die choice of black or three 
shades of gray, and can transform a 
rectangle to one with rounded cor¬ 
ners or to a circle. Stretching the 
circle yields an oval. 

Likewise, a “Frame” block—essen¬ 
tially a box—is made with a click on 
the Create menu. Modify the box by 
rounding its corners, or change it to 
a circle or an oval of specified dimen¬ 
sions. The frame’s lines (minimum 1 
point in width) can also remain black 
or tinted in one of the gray shades. 
Combining pictures, charts or 
graphs widi shaded frames or 
blocks—you place the larger shaded 
areas behind the picture with a SEND 
TO BACK command item—gives the 
same very contemporary look as 


Follows Mac Interface: «• 

Printed Documentation: **** 

On-Screen Help: •* 

Performance: **** 

Support: •** 

Consumer Value: **** 


Comments: Low-priced page lay¬ 
out application that can set up to 
32 pages of a single newsletter. 
Best Feature: Excellent Image- 


youll find in the graphics used by 
the Nav York Times , Wall Street 
Journal or USA Today. 

MORE FOR YOUR MONEY? 

Perhaps one of the best reasons 
for choosing ReadySetGo over other 
desktop publishing programs for the 
Mac is a simple one. 

Money. 

At $125, RSG is a good bargain, 
and, while it is in some ways limited, 
it may be all the power some people 
will require. Its text-handling capa¬ 
bilities, including the ability to set 
interline spacing (called “leading” by 
printers from the days when a thin 
slice of lead was inserted between 
(continued on page 119) 


Writer and LaserWriter support; can 
display both pages of a spread. 

Worst Feature: Can't read format¬ 
ted MacWr/fe or Word files; needs 
scroll bars; text and graphic block 
windows should have visible "drag" 
corners. 

List Price: $125. 

Requires 512K and printer. Pub¬ 
lished by Manhattan Graphics, 163 
Varick Street, New York, NY 10013, 
(212) 924-2778. 


REPORT CARD: READYSETGO 2.0 

Overall Rating: 


APRIL 1986 MACUSER73 







































































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74 MAC U S ER APRIL 1986 














































LES WALLER 


MAC 


OFFICE 


by 

Bonnie 

Walker 


BREAD 

AND 

BLITTER 


BUDGETING 


From investing in a 
condo to reducing your 
food bills, HAMac can 
help you plan your 
(future) fortunes . 


"A FOOL AND HIS MONEY 
are soon parted, 1 ' or so the saying 
goes. Even though most of us aren’t 
fools, vvc arc still soon parted from 
our money no matter how wisely we 
try to budget it. The Home Accoun¬ 
tant and Financial Planner for the 
Macintosh (HAMac) won't keep you 
and your money together longer, 
but it will at least provide a detailed 
set of records explaining where it all 
goes. In other words, it won't pro¬ 
long the marriage, but it will help 
you plan for the divorce! 

The HAMac and your personal 
system revolves around the personal 



checkbook you use to deposit in¬ 
come and write your bills. You can 
have several bank accounts {check¬ 
ing, savings, investment, etc.). Your 
transactions, however, will be as¬ 
signed to one set of “categories* or 
“accounts.” 

DEFINING CATEGORIES 

Your first task is to define and 
enter your categories {up to 200), 
either all at once or as you go. 

Each category must be assigned a 
“type,” such as income, asset, charge 
account, expense, liability, or bank 
account. An asset is a possession that 
has value such as a car or a house or a 
computer. Cars and computers usu¬ 
ally depreciate; houses often appreci¬ 
ate. Users can enter the current value 
and estimate the amount each asset 
will appreciate or depreciate. Any 
asset that gathers interest or even 
dividends and capital gains, probably 
works best as a bank account in 
which deposits and withdrawals can 
be made. 

Charge accounts like Visa, Ameri¬ 
can Express or gasoline credit cards 
can be identified as either charge 
accounts or expenses. Since a gaso- 


APRIL 196 6 MACUSER7S 













BREAD AND BUTTER BUDGETING 


line credit card is one account with 
one category of purchases, it is prob¬ 
ably easier to make it an expense- A 
charge account category lets you 
enter purchases from different ven¬ 
dors and assign each to a different 
category. You can also create a cate¬ 
gory such as “finance charge” and 
keep track of that {currently} tax 
deductable expense. 

A liability is a debt you owe. The 
main problem with liabilities is that 
die payment is usually split into at 
least two categories, interest and 
principal. You should do an amorti¬ 
zation table, entering the starting 
amount of each loan you have* the 
amount of loan, interest rate, etc. 
and create three categories. 

For example, Jan Hartk bought a 
house costing $75,000. The house is 
an asset appreciating about five per 
cent a year. Jan also has a mortgage 
of $65,000. The mortgage is a liabil- 
tty. When the HAMac, figures out 
Jan’s net worth, it subtracts all liabil¬ 
ities from assets and comes up with a 
“net” amount. The third category 
associated with this asset is the inter¬ 
est paid on the loan. (A fourth might 
be the property taxes.) When each 
payment is entered, Jan selects SPLIT 
as the category and divides the 
amount of the payment between 
interest and principal as the amorti¬ 
zation tabic she printed out' indi¬ 
cates. The principal she assigns to 
the liability and HAMac, reduces the 
amount of the liability. You can “pro¬ 
ject” the value or total amount of 
each category—in other words, do a 
budget. 

HAMac lets you figure deprecia¬ 
tion or appreciation for your assets. 
You can also identify each one as 
“tax” or “nontax” item. For example, 
most income is taxable. Food, an 
expense category, is usually not a 
taxable or tax deductable item. Later 
you may request a report of all “tax” 
items. All reports will indicate 
whether a transaction is a “tax” item 
or not. 

Some peo pie h ate to budget, 
thinking it an unnecessary chore or 
even a restriction on their right of 
self-determination. But with HA- 
Mac*s budget feature, all you need to 
do is “estimate” die amount of mon¬ 
ey you think you’ll spend each 


month in each category. HAMac 
then keeps track of how much mon¬ 
ey you do spend each month, vour 
annual total to date, and how much 
you are “under” or “over” the esti¬ 
mates. No one need ever know* but 
a beautifully printed HAMac budget 
graph is terrific evidence when a 
member of the household lias ex¬ 
ceeded die budgeted amount for any 
category (or even for all categories). 

WHAT'S YOUR PLEASURE? 

People who use the HAMac will 
probably fall into one of two broad 
groups: Those who want the infor¬ 
mation to be very accurate (to the 
penny if possible), and those who 
are happy with a dose estimate of 
their resources. Members of the first 
group probably balance their check¬ 
books every month; the second 
group leaves a little cushion in their 
checking accounts, “just in case.” 

If you want an exact record of all 
your financial resources, it will be 
necessary to do some planning on 
paper before you start entering 
transactions. The “rest of us” can 
jump right in. Let’s look at the fast 
approach first. 

CATEGORIES AS YOU GO! 

Carolyn and Don Wilson want to 
keep a record of the checks they 
write. They’d like to know how 
much they spend every' month on 
major categories like food, utilities, 
entertainment* etc. Basically they’d 
like to know where their monc/s 
going. They own a home and item¬ 
ize deductions on federal tax forms. 
However* the taxes and interest are 
part of the monthly payment and the 
bank reports the totals at die end of 
die year. The main tax-deductable 
categories that the Wilsons need to 
keep track of are medical expenses 
and charitable contributions. The 
Wilsons have one checking account, 
one savings account, and an invest¬ 
ment account. They would like an 
estimate of the total value of their 
assets. 

HAAlac users like the Wilsons can 
really jump right in and enter a 
starting balance for their personal 
checkbook (one of the default cate¬ 
gories) and then begin entering 
checks and deposits ro the account. 
Just add categories as you go. For 


example* let’s say the first check of 
the year was to the Comer Market 
for food. Type the name, “Comer 
Market,” the amount* and the cate¬ 
gory “food.” 

When you click on SAVE, the HA- 
Mac will inform you that there is no 
such category. You dicn pull down 
the Lists menu and dick ADD CATE¬ 
GORY and type the information in. 
You’ll assign this category to the 
expense group. 

PLANNING AHEAD 

The Wilsons will nor get into any 
major difficulties with their “design 
as you go” system that grows like 
Topsey unless they get confused us¬ 
ing an estimated financial record. 
Carolyn Wilson, for example* is hap¬ 
py to know that their financial worth 
is about $250,000. Don, on the 
other hand* recognizes that a few 
mistakes in the system have made ail 
of dicir totals a bit oft' and it bothers 
him. He decides mid-ycar to prepare 
an amortization table for his car loan 
and enters principal and interest as 
SPLIT transactions, assigning die 
principal payment to the liability 
category (Loan-auto) and die rest to 
Interest-Auto so diat he can tell how 
much he still owes on the car from 
month to month. 

REVISING RECORDS 

HAMac is friendly about making 
revisions, so friendly it even features 
a category' called Adjustment. Don 
can sdcct adjustment in any category 
and then add or subrract from that 
category's balance. Another method 
is to select a transaction and simply 
change die amount* category', or 
other information. But, dierc is one 
problem—you can change or elimi¬ 
nate SPLIT transactions, but you 
cannot create a SPLIT category once 
a transaction has been saved. 

Although the “create a category” 
as you go method works just fine in 
most cases, it is a good idea to enter 
all “starting balances” for each ac¬ 
count before starring to enter trans¬ 
actions for a new year. Carolyn cre¬ 
ated die MasterCard category when 
she wanted to enter a payment 
check. Then she learned diat she 
could not adjust the starting balance 
in a category after she had selected 
diat category for a transaction. The 


76MACUSER APR 


L 1 9 8 6 




only way to make the total owed 
correct {bringing over the balance 
from the previous year) was to use 
the Adjustment Category, 

BUDGETING 

A “budget” is simply a projection 
or an estimate of either income or an 
expense. Click twice on a category to 
set up a budget with HAMac . The 
Wilsons used totals for various cate¬ 
gories from the previous year to get 
starred, dividing the totals by 12 and 
entering die average amounts for 
several categories such as electricity, 
hearing, gasoline, telephone. For 
quarterly bills, they entered an 
amount for only the months they’d 
be billed. HAMac lets you be as exact 
as you need to be. 

Once die information has been 
entered, go back to your checkbook 
and click SAVE (or press ENTER) and 
enter your next check. 

Every month, the Wilsons can 
look under the Graph menu to see 
how their budget looks in compari¬ 
son with their expenses. 

The Wilsons will now have totals 
at the end of the year with respect to 
the categories they created on an “ad 


hoc” basis. They have an estimate of 
their financial situation. 

DID THE FREEZER SAVE MONEY? 

HAMac can help you figure out 
specific information about costs or 
saving. In January 1985, the Wilsons 
bought a freezer. They knew it 
would be convenient but wondered 
if buying meats in large quantities on 
sale really saved them money. Using 
the 1984 food total (without the 
freezer), they entered the average 
monthly food bill as the budgeted 
amount. Then they used the HAMac 
customized graph feature to produce 
a graph showing their food budget 
only. In this case, the Wilsons were 
pleased to find that they actually 
spent less money on food in the year 
with the freezer. 

PRECISE TO THE PENNY 

John and Sally Marsh like to keep 
their checkbook balanced to die pen¬ 
ny. They want to use their HAMac 
data to prepare their income tax. 
They’d like a financial statement ac¬ 
curate enough to use at a bank when 
they apply for a loan. The Marshes 
did some preplanning before they 


entered the first transaction. They 
prepared a list of categories and 
subcategorics “on paper” to match 
federal tax deduction categories, in¬ 
cluding Medical Expenses (Doc* 
tors. Transportation, Other), Taxes 
(Stare, Federal, Local), Real Estate, 
and so on. 

THREE WAYS TO KEEP (ON) TRACK 

The Marshes had three options 
available which would allow them to 
keep track of the total amount spent 
in subcategories. First, they consid¬ 
ered using the “Memo” They could 
enter Taxes as die category and iden- 
dfy the subcaccgory by typing 
“State, Real Estate, General Sales,” 
etc. beside “Memo” HAMac al¬ 
lowed the Marshes to prepare cus¬ 
tomized transaction reports search¬ 
ing by category and by memo. Of 
course, the use of the memo must be 
consistent (spelled exactly the same 
way) and since HAMac does not 
save lists of memos, the Marshes 
would need to prepare a list and save 
it outside of the computer. 

While the Memo method was at¬ 
tractive, die Marshes rejected it 
when they discovered that SPLIT 
transactions did not permit them to 
enter a separate memo beside each 
item. If they tried to enter a mort¬ 
gage payment or loan payment, die 
memo method would not work. In 
addition, die “accuracy” required 
was too taxing even for die Marshes. 
Any variety among memo entries 
would make this entire method in¬ 
valid. 

The second method considered by 
the Marshes was simply to enter each 
subcategory as a separate category, 
like Taxes—Federal, Taxes—State, 
and so on. 

The HAAlac's 200-category limit 
(which includes all assets, income 
sources, charge accounts, bank ac¬ 
counts, liabilities and expense cate¬ 
gories) could be restrictive, but the 
Marshes’ paper list indicated that 
this was a viable option. 

The third method lor creating 
subcategorics with HAMac required 
using ID codes, a two-letter code 
that can be used to identify special 
characteristics of a transaction. For 
example, the Marshes could create 
(continued on page 114) 


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Buying power 

11050.79 


Starling 

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1966 

1969 

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Soue 

Monthly 

202.76 
264.39 
367.54 
S74 49 
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[ Calculate ] 


The ’Future VaWGoaT ofrtbn 
lets users painlessly calculate 
savings they'l need towards a 
future purchase 


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or choose all, il you ike. 


APRIL 19 8 6 MACUSER77 
























































CARL WESLEY 


EDUCATION 



Jumping Jupiter! Look, 


up in the sky! Need to 


know what's up there? 


Here's a fieid guide to 


Macintosh astronomy 


programs . 


MICROCOMPUTERS HAVE LONG 
had a respected place in astronomy, 
from controlling telescopes for ad¬ 
vanced amateurs to flying digital 
duty on the Space Shuttle. As far 
back as 1976, some adventurous 
NASA programmers were exploring 
ways to use kit-built micros to help 
interpret data from satellites such as 
LANDS AT* 

For "the rest of us,” however, 
astronomy software use has ap¬ 
peared only recently, no doubt 
spurred on in part by the arrival of 


Comet Halley, Although the selec¬ 
tion is still slim, the delay has al¬ 
lowed designers to ensure that most 
of the packages make good use of 
the Mac's capabilities. Several of 
them are of real value to 
skywatchcrs. 

To be useful, certain fundamental 
features should be in any astronomy 
program. Plotting the positions of 
the planets and Moon according to 
user-specified times and locations is 
a must, with some limit to accuracy 
(all microcomputer astronomy pro¬ 
grams must accept a certain degree 
of approximation to obtain a reason¬ 
able operating speed). Constellation 
mapping (drawing lines between ap¬ 
propriate stars to reveal the popular 
figures) and right ascension/decltna- 
tion (RA/dec) to altitude/azimuth 
(alt-azimuth) coordinate conversions 
are necessary, as is some indication 
of stellar magnitudes (see “Astro- 
Terms"). It ts also helpful if objects 
can be identified by pointing and 
clicking on them. 

Finally, the database of celestial 
objects should be reasonably “deep," 
certainly enough so that the major 
constellations arc clearly revealed. 


and so that it includes some “deep- 
sky" features such as the nebulae and 
clusters in the Messier catalog. 

Predictably, not all astronomy 
software is created equal. Unlike 
spreadsheets and word processors, 
refined through years of competi¬ 
tion, astro programs on the Mac 
(and elsewhere) differ greatly from 
one another in appearance and sheer 
utility* With so much software today 
available only by mail, there is a real 
risk of buying sight-unseen a pro¬ 
gram that falls short of one's needs. 

ASTRONOMY 

This program provides two view¬ 
ing windows, one for the night sky 
and another for the solar system 
(Fig. 1). The time, date and viewing 
location in latitude and longitude arc 
entered in a dialog box when the 
program first is booted, and can be 
changed later using a RESET option 
on the Control menu. After each 
change, bodi windows are recalculat¬ 
ed in turn (if they are open). 

Each window can be resized to fill 
the entire screen, or closed altogeth¬ 
er. Another, more interesting, menu 
option permits “zooming" in or out 


APRIL 1986 MACU5ER79 









THE STAR-STRUCK MAC 


Fig. 1: Astronomy's over¬ 
head Shy View is jumbled 
by overlapping text and 
hyphenated stars. 



Fig. 2: The shy plot from 
MacSfronomy, with Moon 
diagram, parameter box 
and neighboring change 
boxes. (Note Comet Halley 
above Jupiter.J 



_11 Hi_ 

t 5OCO0 
Wednesday 
1-15-1936 
7 01 FK 


[neiojir view I 

U t ~ 266:05 55 
El 63:21-37 
RA 029 14 
Dec 37.20371 
|0ta 160 00 JO 


on selected spots, thus enlarging or 
shrinking the viewing area by about 
150% and placing the selected spot 
at the center of the window. (A 
REPOSITION option only reccnters 
the viewing area.) 

The “Solar System” window 
draws a polar, or overhead, view of 
the Sun and planets, with orbits 
indicated by ellipses. Because of' the 
enormous scale of our system, only 
planets from Jupiter and beyond are 
plotted initially; zooming in towards 
the Sun reveals the inner bodies. 

In the “Sky View” window, a 
circular plotting area representing 
the night sky shows die more impor¬ 
tant stars of the major constellations, 
along with the visible planets. Sun, 
Moon, and, naturally. Comer Hal¬ 
ley. Labels appear next to the promi¬ 
nent stars and planets. A polar grid 
showing altitude and azimuth over¬ 
lays the plotting area; star positions 
change relative to the grid according 
to die date and viewing location. 
Unfortunately, die grid is inverted 
compared to the sky: cast is shown 
to the right, whereas when looking 
overhead, it lies to the left. 


This, astonishingly, stands as the 
sum total of Astronomy's capabilities. 
Some of the basic requirements for 
any useful astronomy program are 
simply lacking: right ascension and 
declination information, horizon 
views, and constellation mapping, to 
name a few. 

Further, those features that are 
present have surprising limitations: 
recalculation of the sky plot after 
changing the date takes quite a long 
time (about 3 minutes); zooming in 
too far reveals empty space devoid of 
any celestial object or gridline (faint¬ 
er stars do not appear); while zoom¬ 
ing continually outward compresses 
the entire known universe into a 
chaotic point. Worse, zooming in 
only lengthens the recalculation time 
for that window, even if the result 
displavs nothing at all. 

The plotting method of die Sky 
View window is also less than ideal: 
most stars are drawn as hyphens, and 
planet and starnames frequently 
overlap. And although closing the 
Solar System window speeds up the 
redisplay of the Sky View plot by 
eliminating planetary calculations. 


Astronomy's disk-based manual warns 
that it docs not prevent the obvious 
error that can result: changing time 
or place with a closed Solar System 
window w ill properly redraw stellar 
positions but not planetary 7 ones, 
causing erroneous plots. 

All in alf, despite some interesting 
and unique features. Astronomy -—at 
least version 2.8—appears to be 
more of an experiment in translating 
spherical astronomy formulae into 
computer graphics than a useful pro¬ 
gram for amateur observers or arm¬ 
chair astronomers. 

MACSTR0N0MY 

MacSwonomy provides much more 
functionality than Astronomy. The 
program uses three displays—a cir¬ 
cular overhead sky view (Fig. 2), a 
polar view of the solar system with a 
zooming feature similar to Astivno- 
my\ and a separate Description win¬ 
dow dm shows basic textual data on 
each item in the program’s database. 

Both the overhead Sky plot and 
the Planet solar system view have 
adjacent boxes indicating basic view¬ 
ing parameters such as date, time 
and location. These parameters can 
be changed by clicking diem and 
dien clicking in a row of small ad¬ 
justment boxes that appear, some¬ 
what akin to changing the Mac’s 
internal clock with the Control Pan¬ 
el. Any such adjustment causes the 
sky map to sprout a DISPLAY burton 
as a warning that the current sky 
view is not synchronized with the 
parameter box. 

A variety of features are offered, 
among them astronomic symbols 
(1,^, 9 ) in the sky plot, a moon 
phase diagram in one corner of the 
display, a compass rose in another 
corner, optional constellation map¬ 
ping, and “point-and-dick” identifi¬ 
cation. A single dick on any spot 
causes a box to appear with its 
coordinates; a double click brings up 
the coordinates as well as the object’s 
name and a DESCRIBE button that, 
when pressed, jumps to the Descrip¬ 
tion window to show the pertinent 
info from the database. 

To locate a specific object, a menu 
option called FIND can be used in 
conjunction with the Description 
window to display the reference. 


80MACUSER APRIL 1986 




































Fig. 3: Comet Halley 
traces the famous object 
across the shy, and pro* 
rides a wealth of viewing 
tilts for observers. 



This can then be “accepted” to re¬ 
turn to the Sky Data window with 
the object's coordinates in the identi¬ 
fication box. Now, clicking on the 
identification box will cause the ob¬ 
ject to biink in the sky view. 

It’s possible to fix the plotting 
area, either to a RA/dcc* spot or to 
an alt-azimuth one, so that changing 
the viewing parameters lets you ei¬ 
ther follow a part of the sky around, 
or always face in one direction. Fur¬ 
ther, die amount of sky displayed 
(and, thus, the scale of the view) can 
be changed by varying the view 
“diameter.” 

One criticism relates to the com¬ 


pass rose: although properly orient¬ 
ed (east to the left) when facing 
south and looking overhead, the rose 
does not change its angle when the 
sky plot is revolved using different 
alt-azimuth settings. In addition, be¬ 
cause the plot area is always circular, 
there is no indication of the “real” 
horizon; you are not always sure of 
whether you can actually sec what 
the program seems to show. 

MocStronomfs most unusual fea¬ 
ture is a user-editable database of 
celestial objects (as many as 3,000 
objects are allowed). The program's 
basic data are saved mMacWrite text 
files with the relevant formats de¬ 


scribed in the manual, so users can 
add or alter object information— 
even planetary symbols. The pro¬ 
gram will automatically convert the 
modified file to the necessary inter¬ 
nal format for use in plotting. 

COMET HALLEY 

Great Wave Software—distributor 
of ConcertWare +—markets this pro¬ 
gram, which is not a general astrono¬ 
my package, but rather focuses on 
providing a wealth of useful infor¬ 
mation for observing the 
1985-1986 apparition of the most 
famous of all periodic comets. As 
such, it performs excellently. 

Once given a viewing date, time 
zone and latitude, Comet Halley gen¬ 
erates a square window of the eve¬ 
ning sky, showing Halley's estimated 
location (Fig. 3). Various options 
include moving the comet forward 
or backward a day, tracing its path 
with small circles, overlaying a RA- 
/dec. grid, adding constellation 
names and mapping, etc. Most strik¬ 
ing is the program's ability to auto¬ 
matically advance the comet’s daily 
position forward or backward at one 
second intervals, thus giving the illu¬ 
sion of motion. 


ASTRO TERMS 


Making sense of astro-programs 
for the Macintosh requires familiar¬ 
ity with the basic terminology. 
Some of the following terms may be 
helpful: 

Alt-azimuth: the coordinate sys¬ 
tem using azimuth and elevation as 
Its basis. 

Azimuth: the distance in degrees 
along the horizon from geographic 
north (or south, depending on the 
authority). For example, due east 
equals 90* (or 270°). 

Declination: similar to latitude, a 
measurement of the north/south lo¬ 
cation of an object in the sky. 
Measured from the celestial equa¬ 
tor. an imaginary plane drawn out¬ 
wards from the Earth’s equator. 

Ecliptic: the apparent path of the 
sun through the celestial sphere, 
tilted from the celestial equator by 
about 23.5° and caused by the 
earth's own tilt with respect to its 
motion around the sun. 

Elevation, altitude: the distance 


above the horizon of an object, in 
degrees (e.g., directly overhead 
equals 90°). 

Equatorial: the projection of the 
earth's equator onto the celestial 
sphere. 

Julian date: the number of a giv¬ 
en date, measured in a sequence 
from noon on January 1, 4713 B.C. 
Thus noon on January 1, 1985 
starts Julian day 2,446,067.0, 

Magnitude: the brightness of a 
celestial object, with 0 magnitude 
being very bright and 6 being very 
dim. Each higher number is about 
2.5 times fainter than the previous. 

Messier catalogue: 110 perma¬ 
nent "deep-sky” objects listed be¬ 
gun by Charles Messier in 1784, to 
distinguish them from comets he 
was hunting. 

Precession: the extremely slow 
(26,000 year) wobble of the earth 
on its axis. 

Right ascension: similar to longi¬ 
tude. a coordinate system for mea¬ 


suring the east/west location of an 
object in the sky. Uses hours/min¬ 
utes/seconds rather than degrees, 
so 24 hrs, equals 360° and 1 hour 
equals 15°, The zero point is the 
vernal equinox, where the sun is 
located in the sky on the first day of 
spring. 

Sidereal time: "star time". If one 
side of the Earth always faced the 
Sun, )t would always be midnight on 
the dark side, and no solar days 
would pass. But in the course of a 
year, as the Earth circles the Sun 
once, it would revolve once with 
respect to the stars—a sidereal 
day. There are approximately 365 
solar days and 366 sidereal days In 
a given year. 

View parameters: the data neces¬ 
sary to compute the positions of 
celestial objects as seen from a 
specific location on a certain date: 
day, time, latitude, longitude, etc. 

Zenith: the point directly over¬ 
head from a given location. 


APR 


L 1986 MACUSER81 











THE STAR-STRUCK MAC 


Program 

Astronomy 

MacStronomy 

Comet Halley 

TellStar 

Source of data 

? 

Sky Catalogue 
2000.0 

? 

Skalnate Pleso, 
Sky Catalogue 
2000.0, etc. 

Minimum-maximum dates 

none 

0-3000 AO 

2000 AD ± 50 yrs. 


8/85 to 7/86 

Maximum no. of objects 

7 

±3000 

constellations 

? 

Star magnitudes 

3.0? 

5,0 

4,0. constellations 


constellations 

Language 

7 

Lisa Pascal 

Megamax G 

MS-BASIC 

Author 

Ed Tomaszewski 

Stan Nolte 

Chris & Tina Galfo 

Evan Scharf 

System configuration 

512K 

128K, 512K. XL 

128K, 512K, XL 

512K, XL 

Version 

2.8 

i.lb 

? 

TOO 

Manual 

li pp. (disk- 
based) 

54 pp. 

5 pp. 

51 pp. 


plotted objects* Within the plot area, 
the cursor becomes a small crosshair, 
centering on any object and clicking 
the mouse once fills the parameter 
box with pertinent information ^uch 
as name, coordinates, magnitude and 
visibility. (If you forget where the 
object was originally or change the 
view, simply clicking in the parame¬ 
ter box will cause the object to 
blink.) Further, finding a specific 
object can be accomplished by using 
a menu command called FIND and 
entering its name into a dialogue 
box: the plot window automatically 
locates the object and places a blink¬ 
ing cursor on it. Planetary data can 
be placed in the parameter box by 
selecting an appropriate menu item 
and choosing from a box of radio 
buttons. 

One criticism of TellStafs sky 
views arises from the way it indicates 
constellations: besides optional map¬ 
ping, each constellation is marked by 
a small lower case V’ adjacent to it. 
Unfortunately, this extraneous char¬ 
acter confuses the sky display for 
experienced observers by interfering 
with die natural patterns of the con¬ 
stellations themselves. 

Another minor problem concerns 
the compass rose next to the plot 
region* Where the sky plots show 
the correct orientation—east to the 
left and west to the right—the com¬ 
pass rose is reversed, with the cardi¬ 
nal points as they would appear on a 
standard geographical map. 

The program comes in two ver¬ 
sions: TellStar I covers only to the 
Northern Hemisphere’s viewable 
universe, while TellStar II covers the 
entire sky and includes a complete 


In addition, several menu choices 
open windows with a variety of 
textual and graphic information: 
Moon Tnfo, Comet Halley Position, 
Viewing Tips, Viewing Instruments, 
and—most important—a Horizon 
Window showing the comet’s height 
in the sky. Using this information, a 
novice or beginning amateur observ¬ 
er can get out into the field and 
without much practice see Halley 
wend its sinuous way through the 
heavens. 

TELLSTAR I & II 

TellStar has a long and respected 
history: versions have existed for 
various microcomputers (originally 
the Apple II) since its development 
in 1980. It is thus no surprise to find 
that it stands as the most sophisticat¬ 
ed astronomy package available for 
the Mac. 

After some fancy opening graphics 
and a request for the necessary date 
and location, TellStar presents a list 
of calculations as it performs them. 
This takes about 2 minutes (while 
the cursor becomes an hourglass). 

Fig* 4: The overhead win- 
dour from TefrSter shows 
stars with various magni¬ 
tude symbols and constel¬ 
lations with small *Vs*" 


Once completed, however, the pro¬ 
gram runs at a very good clip, faster 
than any of the other packages save 
the more limited Comet Halley —an 
astonishing feat, since it is written in 
BASIC. (Because Microsoft BAS/C 
for the Mac is an interpretive rather 
than compiled language, TellStar for 
the Mac is somewhat slower than 
versions on the IBM PC and its 
clones.) 

TellStar provides nvo alternative 
types of sky plots: a circular over¬ 
head view with the zenith in the 
center (Fig. 4) and square plots 
showing horizon views from the 
various points of the compass (Fig. 
5). Each view shows a range of star 
symbols to indicate differences in 
magnitude. Switching back and 
forth is accomplished with an adja¬ 
cent compass rose, using “radio but¬ 
tons"’ at points corresponding to the 
desired views* (A check box selects 
the overhead projection.) Above the 
compass rose is a box listing the view 
parameters* 

TellStar permits an easy form of 
point-and-click identification for 



32MA CUSER APRIL 1986 



















For all of you who thought Dennis Brothers 
was crazy to give away MacTEP, here’s MicroPhone. 

The one he’s selling. 


When the Macintosh first 
came out, the most powerful per¬ 
sonal computer ever built didn't 
have the brains to make a 
phone call. 

So Dennis Brothers tore 
down his Mac, figured out 
how it worked, and wrote 
Mac's first communica¬ 
tions program, MacTEP 

Wnich he proceeded 
to give away. 

MacTEP was a classic 
The first standard in Mac com¬ 
munications. 

Now he's created the 
second: MicroPhone. A program 
that goes far beyond any communi¬ 
cations software currently offered 
for any computer. 

MicroPhone is so sophisti¬ 
cated, it cuts through the worst tangles you encounter 
when you go on-line. A delight to the experienced. And a 
saviour for the novice. 

Run on automatic. 

When you open MicroPhone to the desktop you'll 
find a comprehensive collection of icons pre-programmed 
to access all major information services: CompuServe^ 
Dow Jones News/Retrieval* The Source, Delphi,'* 
the works. 

A few clicks and you're in. With automatic log-in 
and sign-on. 

But that's just the beginning of its ability to auto¬ 
mate the whole telecommunications process. For Micro¬ 
Phone features the most powerful, yet simplest to set up 
macros ever seen on a program. 


MicroPhone's unique “Script” win¬ 
dow. Open it and you'll discover an 
extensive set of functions which 
can be called up and linked with a 
series of mouse clicks. The result¬ 
ing macro is extremely powerful 
The method is Mac-simple 

Using Watch Me or the 
Script window, ora combination of 
both, you can automate log-ons, file 
transfers and unattended opera¬ 
tions. And navigate back into the 
farthest reaches of any database 
with a single stroke. 

Make files fly. 

Sending and receiving files 
is faster and easier with Micro¬ 
Phone, too. Using XMODEM pro¬ 
tocols and MacBinary, MicroPhone 
transmits or receives anything you 
can create on a Macintosh. Including MacPaint docu¬ 
ments, text, spreadsheets, charts, database tables, or 
programs. 

MicroPhone allows you to scroll back and forth at 
high speed to review your session. Then you can select 
any portion of your session, print it, save it to a file, or copy 
it to the Clipboard for use by other Macintosh programs. 

MicroPhone also features an editor desk acces¬ 
sory for composing text in mid-session using familiar 
Macintosh editing techniques. 

But enough talk. See for yourself what Dennis 
Brothers has done now to advance the cause of telecom¬ 
munications. just take any major credit card in hand and 
call us toll free to place your order. 

Dennis isn't giving it away this time. But at 
$74,95, almost. 



Write your own script. 

Dennis gives you two ways to create these macros. 
The first is to set MicroPhone in the Watch MeF the 
recording mode. 

The program looks over your shoulder as you con¬ 
duct a communications session following your keyboard 

and menu commands, 

MicroPhone can 
remember not only an 
uninterrupted string of 
keyboard commands, but 
also wait-for-prornpt con¬ 
ditions. In fact, virtually 
any series, no matter how 
long or complex. 

The entire sequence 
is saved. To be invoked at 
any time with a single key 
command. 

The second way to 
generate macros is through 

MirraVktmt and llnfrb A it are trademarks, of Software If n f n res Corporation MacTEP ii a trademark 

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£ e( f s get technical box. 

Runs in terminalemulation mode at 
speeds up w SIM Baud Emulates 
DEC^VISZWOO ^ and JJYtype Wo 
mmafs Supports TEXT {ASCII} and 
XMODEM {Christensen} protocols send 
and receive. Supports MacBinary. Runs 
on )28K and 5I2K Macintosh Laser 
Wnfer compatible. Includes Switcher for 
use with other Macintosh programs. 
Compatible with Hayes, Apple and other 
leading modems. Built-in full text editor 
licensed from Dreams of the Phoentx 
Inc Documentation by Ned Shapiro. 



S O )■ T WAR B 

V K N T U R E S 


n 


The traditional dip-out coupon. 

With an untraditional money-back guarantee. 

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Send Ur SOFTWARE VENTURES* DEPT K 290? Claremont A^rnuc. Suite 220 r Berkeley. CA 94705 


i 















THE STAR-STRUCK MAC 


A nie Edit View Ulimicv 6 



Local i£*i 
Hm Verti, HV 
LdUtutf* rt 40* « £»- 

QJtudt: U 73* WM" 

Dbfwualten Tip* 

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JUI-OrtOdy. 2440429.39 

Ik«I 21 « 37 

tlM: 21X13* 

Siflw-**! Tim 4:64:34 

LhJ vrfiat Tin 
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P f V*or J 64 

O-Mnith n«n tlH 2:34:37 
S'OtriaJ Timm: 9 . 00:33 





Fig, 5: TettStof* horizon 
view, looking east at the 
Moon I note the compass 
we), A better choke for 
serious observers. 


rather than partial Messier catalogue. 
Both versions offer several utilities— 
routines for: converting alt-azimuth 
coordinates to RA/dec; equatorial 
coordinates to ecliptic; precession 
since the 1950 epoch (used by many 
star charts); and so forth. 

WHAT’S IN THE STARS? 

The Mac lends itself to superb 
graphical displays, and each of the 
packages reviewed here take advan¬ 
tage of that. On the other hand, each 
computes the necessary astronomical 
positions with limited precision, 
usually by eliminating such factors as 


orbital perturbations for the planets, 
which affects calculations only in the 
far future or past. 

Astronomy provides an unusual 
perspective on the solar system and 
can zoom around the sky; but be¬ 
yond this there is little more to it. Its 
slowness and lack of other basic 
capabilities make it more of a dem¬ 
onstration program than a utility. 

MacStronomy goes much further, 
containing many features useful and 
even educational to novice observers 
and students getting their first expo¬ 
sure to the field of astronomy. Par¬ 
ticularly interesting is the expandable 


database, which allows for custom¬ 
ized sky displays. A new version due 
out shortly will be faster and per¬ 
form more precise calculations. 

Great Wave's Comet Halley is a real 
aid to anyone hunting the great 
comet for themselves, even when 
used alongside the wealth of Halley 
books and magazines. Ho other pro¬ 
gram presents as much information 
and detail on Halley as this one. Its 
“automatic” plotting mode brings to 
life die pace and path of the comet, 
better than any static chart. 

Finally, overall, TcUStar stands as 
the best of the lot for general observ¬ 
ing use, by providing a set of rou¬ 
tines of real utility as well as versatile 
and revealing sky plots. It has the 
best manual of all the programs, not 
only describing the operation of the 
program, but providing a astronomi¬ 
cal glossary and several tables listing 
the locations of dozens of prominent 
stars and Messier objects. This 
would be my first choice to help plan 
an evening’s observing session out in 
the field. 

Now, speaking of “out in the 
field,” if we could find a way to 
shrink the Mac to pocket size.Ej| 


REPORT CARDS 


ASTRONOMY v. 2.8 

Overall Rating: 

•* 

Follows Mac Interface: 

ftftft 

Printed Documentation: 

None 

On-Screen Help: 

None 

Performance: 

•• 

Support: 

? 

Consumer Value: 

• 


Comments: Slow and limited. 


Best feature: Zoom in or out of 
the sky plot. 

Worst feature: Lack of right as- 
cension/deci ination coordinates. 

List price: $35. 

Published by E & M Software Co, T 
95 Richardson Rd, T N. Chelmsford, 
MA 01863. (617) 251-7451. 


TELLSTAR I & It 

Overall Rating : •#••• 

Follows Mac Interface: •*•• 

Printed Documentation: ••••• 

On-Screen Help: None 

Performance: mmm+m 

Support: ' ? 


Consumer Value: 

Comments: Strong, useful pack¬ 
age for novices and intermediate 
amateurs. 

Best feature: Quick sky plotting 
and horizon views. 

Worst feature: Extraneous mark¬ 
ers for constellations. 

List price: $49,94 (ver.l) and 
79,95 (ver, II). 

Published by Spectrum HoloByte, 
Inc,, 1050 Walnut, #325, Boulder, 
00 80302. (303) 443-0191. 


MACSTRONOMY 

Overall Rating: ##• 

Follows Mac interface: *•* 

Printed Documentation: •*•• 

On-Screen Help: None 

Performance: 

Support: ? 

Consumer Value: ••* 


Comments: Good beginning as¬ 
tronomy program. 

Best feature. Editable database 


ana plot symbols. 

Worst feature: Using viewing pa¬ 
rameters is overly complicated. 
List price: $75. 

Published by Etlon Software, P0 


Box 649, Lafayette, CO 
(303) 665-3444. 

80026. 

COMET HALLEY 

Overall Rating: 

••ft* 

Follows Mac Interface: 


Printed Documentation: 

••• 

On-Screen Help: 

None 

Performance: 

•••• 

Support: 

? 

Consumer Value: 

•••• 


Comments: Educational and use¬ 
ful aid for following Comet Halley, 

Best feature: Automatic daily 
plotting. 

Worst feature: Limited lifetime. 

List price: $29.95. 

Published by Great Wave Soft¬ 
ware, P0 Box 5847, Stanford, CA 
94305, (415) 325-2202. 


34 MA C USER APRIL 1986 
















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Cochran and John Dvorak. More ££ how 
to” and £ "hands on” articles that neither 
insult your intelligence nor blind you 
with jargon. And MacUser carries more 
software and peripheral reviews than any 
othcr Macintosh magazine. Period. 


Wc leave a lot more out , too. Wc leave 
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s i nce-sl iced-w h o le-w h ea c” cd itoria I 
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Here at MacUser, wc call the shots as we 
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Wc see MacUser as a monthly tool and a 
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MacI Jser 

THE 

MACINTOSH 

RESOURCE 




86 MAC USER APRIL 1986 














i*l in 


ENTERTAINMENT 



THE 

CHEAT 

SHEET 

Who Says , "Von Only Cheat Yourself?” 


1 LOVE ADVENTURE GAMES. I 
stayed up past midnight for six solid 
weeks trying to bear the thief in Zork 
/; I agonized for weeks about where 
to find the “exotics” hinted at in 
Ultima 111 . I wouldn’t put down my 
copy of Roque until I had gotten to 
the twenty-sixth level, found the 
Amulet and clawed my way back out 
of the dungeon. 

Fvc solved them all— Wizardry's 
evil wizard cringes at the sight of me. 
Ultima's Lord British seems to like 
me even though I always clean out 
his treasure room. My certificate of 
completion for Deja Vu: A Night¬ 
mare Comes True's “Ace Harding 
School of Detectives” hangs in a 
place of honor above my desk. Sin¬ 
gle-minded? Maybe. Crazy? Abso¬ 
lutely. How do 1 do it? It’s easy. I 
cheat. 

Am I only cheating myself) May¬ 
be. But then, most adventure games 
require at least a few months of 
undivided attention, and even the 
most sophisticated cheating can only 
pare down that time a little bit. 
o Cheating in an adventure game is a 

3 little bit like pecking under the cards 


APRIL 1986 MACUSER87 










THE CHEAT SHEET 


while playing solitaire—except that 
solitaire only takes a few minutes to 
play, while the larger adventures can 
take nearly a year to complete. If you 
enjoy savoring ever)' little triumph 
and defeat, stop reading now. But if 
you want to turn the odds to your 
favor as much as possible, read on 
for hints on how to get past your 
adventuring roadblocks—without 
resorting to Fedit, that is. 

DOING IT THE MAC WAY 

The Mac offers a feature not 
found on other gaming microcom¬ 
puters, a boon to any adventurer 
who likes to walk the fence between 
carefully exploring ever)' possibility 
and losing it all in total recklessness. 
This feature lets you enter any area, 
fight with any creature or test out 
any situation that strikes your fancy, 
all without the slightest possibility of 
permanently damaging the game in 
progress—even on an adventure like 
Wizardry that immediately writes 
your foolish moves to disk. 

It’s called a lockable disk. 

When the little tab on a Mac disk 
is set to the up position, that disk 
can still perform as usual—except, of 
course, that it can’t alter the existing 
files in any way. With games like 
Rogue, which immediately tally a 
player’s death by erasing the game 
file, it’s a great way to preserve a 
particularly good game. 

Every piece of game software for 
the Mac includes the built-in COM¬ 
MAND-SHIFT-1 “eject" function key. 
Just play with the locked disk, then, 
when you want to save the game, 
eject it, unlock it, and stick it back in 
the drive. The Mac might get a little 
confused and spit the disk back out, 
but it will immediately ask for it 
again. 

A few games like Wizardry and 
Rogue update your file automatically 
as you play, even without a Save 
Game selection. If you’ve grown 
attached to the characters you nursed 
along from mere neophytes, locking 
your playing disk is the easiest way 
around this pesky quandrv* 

THE IMPORTANCE OF 
SAVING EARNESTLY 

Whether your adventure prefer¬ 
ences run to medieval fantasy or 



Invislclues are printed in invisible ink so you 
only have to see the answers you need right now. 


high-finance money games, the most 
important edge you can give yourself 
is to save the game frequently—and 
preferably to different file names, if 
the program allows for it. That gives 
you the flexibility of being able to 
pick up the action at different points 
in time, often gaining insights with¬ 
out having to tough out the conse¬ 
quences. 

For example. Blue Chip’s financial 
games (Millionaire, Baron, Tycoon 
and Squire) create the entire course 
of commodity prices when players 
initiate a new game. If you play 
through six months of price fluctua¬ 
tions and end up losing your fortune 
in a bad deal, just go back to a file 
from the same game that you saved 
earlier and play out the time again. 
In these scenarios, forewarned is 
definitely forearmed! 

The situation is reversed in Make 
Millions , although diat doesn’t mean 
you can’t turn it to your advantage. 
In this high-finance role-playing 
game, world news—and therefore, 
stock prices—are generated random¬ 
ly with each new round. That means 
that if you took a bath on Aloha 
Lumber the first time around, re¬ 
verting to a game saved earlier could 
just change the course of history. 

Some games take up so much disk 
space that it’s hard to save more than 
one or two games at a time. In that 
case, just use the Finder to copy your 
game files to a backup. It may be 
more time-consuming than just lock¬ 
ing the disk before playing, but it 
allows you more flexibility within 
each file, plus the reassurance that at 


least one of your saved games is 
safely stashed out of harm’s way. 
Copying files to backups is the surest 
way of holding on to the progress 
you worked so hard to achieve. 

OPTIONS? YOU WANT OPTIONS? 

Some adventures offer players dif¬ 
ferent skill settings. Needless to say, 
if you play on the Novice level 
instead of the Advanced, the going 
will be much easier throughout the 
game—but it will take you far less 
time to solve the scenario. A few 
games, like Pryority’s Forbidden 
Quest and Gateway, even offer on¬ 
line hints, which save players the 
trouble of having to plough through 
logjams by the usual methods. Of 
course, using the hint option often 
means you’ll lose a number of points 
corresponding to the difficulty of the 
hint, but it’s an easy solution when 
there’s no recourse left. 

Sometimes, a game’s difficulty set¬ 
tings can be used to familiarize your¬ 
self with a particular area or scenario 
of a game. For example, in Broder- 
bund’s The Ancient An of War, you 
could try out each scenario with a 
trial run set to the easiest of the 
difficulty options—forests can be 
made sparse instead of dense, water 
can be calm and shallow as opposed 
to deep and dangerous, and so on. 
After cutting your teeth on the easi¬ 
est settings, you’ll have an idea of 
how to figure out the right strategies 
when the difficulty settings are set in 
their “natural” positions. 

BEGGING AND BORROWING 

If you belong to CompuServe, The 
Source, Plato or any other network, 
the answer to your adventure game 
quandry might be just a phone call 
away. Most networks have special 
sections devoted to games, or at least 
to light conversation, and a little 
time and patience might unearth 
someone with the knowledge you 
need. 

Of course, there’s no shame in 
calling die company for the solution 
to an impasse—as long as you don’t 
expect them to play the entire game 
for you. Most game manufacturers 
list their telephone numbers on the 
box, or if you can’t find it there, 
check the MacUscr review for it. 


88MACUSER APRIL 1986 


ALEX QUESADA 









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Macintosh's new m system not copy protected Ste Icenses avoitoWe 


Multi-Tasking 
for the Mac! 

The development system for 
writing multi-tasking Mac applications 

Machl™ is 32-bit FORTH-83 with: 

• Unlimited multi-tasking 

• A true 68000 assembler in MDS format 

• Complete Hi-level Toolbox interface 

• Subroutine-threading for fast execution. 

• Normal text files and selective loading 

• IEEE Floating-point 

• MacinTalk for words that speak 

• Vectored I/O to serial ports, printers, 
AppleTalk, files, etc. 

• Enhanced readability with local variables 
and named-input parameters 

• Switcher, Edit, and a symbolic debugger 

• Single-step turnkey w/ no licensing fees. 

512K $49 MC/VISA 

The Palo Alto Shipping Co. 

PO Box 7430 Menlo Park, CA 94026 
(800) 44-FORTH (415) 854-7994 


Please circle 141 on reader service card. 


Please circle 154 on reader service card. 



4lHECORD\ 


.-.-HOLDER 


Dan bcjutk*ter for flic Hitintwh" 


WHY PAY 


Introducing Record Holder™, the best Data Manager fiA QC 
for the Mac, at a ridiculously low introductory price of "ITiTw 


W DOLLARS 
FORA 


SYSTEM 
AHD SETTLE 


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Record Holder is a full function data manager 
that allows you to store up to 32K of text and is 
so easy to use that you can get a report out in 
Less than 5 minutes. 

Easy To Learn 

* Comprehensive manual includes a tutorial 
section, 

■ You never feel tost with over 100 HELP 
screens. 

Easy To Use 

■ Need not define the length of your fields. 
All fields arc variable in length. 

* What you see is what you get. Designing 
both Screen and Report is as easy as 
clicking and dragging with the mouse, 

* Make mailing labels in seconds. 

Flexible 

* Allows text fields of up to 32,000 
characters. 

* Allows Calculated or Computed fields. 

* Allows Date, Numeric and Money formats. 

Loaded With Features 

* Unique Table of Contents Window allows 
global view of your database and instant 
access to any record. 


* Powerful and flexible searching 
capabilities. 

* Allows Totals, Averages and Count as well 
as Running Totals and Running Counts for 
Report generation. 

• Up to 124 sort levels for Report 
generation 

• Allows unlimited number of Report 
Formats per file, 

* Automatic SAVE feature to ensure data 

Integrity. 

• Compatible with the Macintosh 128K, 

5I2K and the XI. 

For more info, call: (203) 872-1024 

To order try credit card, coil toil free 
(7 days a ufeek, 24 hrs. a day): 

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In Maryland, Call: 1-800-638-8890, op. 229 

Or send check or money order to. 

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Master CanWisa Accepted 

Add S5 for shipping and handling. 

CT residents please add 73% sales tax ; 


Hotter a irti/btruirk ofSo/toxzrc IXjtotvrici. Inc. Macintosh is a tamed trademark of Apple Computer, fnc *StJj fhtitnv Distnnrtet. Inc . 1985 


Please circle 146 on reader service card. 






















THE CHEAT SHEET 


WHEN ALL ELSE FAILS 

In response to a large demand 
from frustrated adventure game 
players, many companies sell hint 
booklets designed to ease people 
around problems that they can't 
seem to solve by themselves* 

Infocom, creator of a number of 
classic text adventures (Zork , Star- 
cross. Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy) 
also markets the world’s classiest hint 
booklets for its entire line of games. 
Called Inmichm, each pamphlet 
consists of pages of questions, each 
followed by several blank spaces. 
Players who get stuck before they 
can enter a palace might look up the 
answer to “What do I give the troll 
to let me pass?" under the Palace 
section* Then, they pass an enclosed 
developing marker over the blank 
space under the question to be given 
a general due The second due is 
more specific, and the third gives the 
outright answer. To keep adventur¬ 
ers from inadvertantly learning more 
than they want to just by looking at 
the booklet, a number of dummy 
questions are sprinkled in for good 
measure. 

Inmidues are available directly 
from Infocom, Ordering details are 
enclosed in every game box, or call 
i-800-262-6868 (in New Jersey, 
800-238-2200). S7.95 buys the due 
book, ink developing pen and, in 
most cases, a complete map of the 
game area. 

Solving the Ultima III quest in¬ 
volves more effort and strength of 
will than an Olympian decathlon. 
Origin Systems' hint booklet. Secrets 
ofSosana , doesn't go so far as to give 
outright answers to anything, but it 



Clockwise from the right: 
UHima M's hint book, Se¬ 
crets of So sari a; tnvisi- 
clues booklets for A Mind 
Forever Voyaging and 
Hitchhiker's Guide to the 
Galaxy; Arrays 1 book, Ad* 
venture Games M. 


does prov ide exact maps of every 
town and dungeon in the known 
game world, including the locations 
of traps, treasures, important people 
and die dreaded dungeon gremlins. 
Each square in the vast terrain is 
printed out with different symbols 
representing different things (a liv¬ 
ing creature is a question mark; a 
town or village is a number symbol). 
Its a little pricey ($12*95) for what 
you get, but the information and 
hints it contains are worth it in 
blood, sweat and tears. If your Ulti¬ 
ma III game box doesn’t include 
ordering information, contact Ori¬ 
gin Systems at 340 Harvey Road, 
Manchester, NH 03103. 

A number of other sources exist 
for adventure game players willing 
to pay for the answers to their ques¬ 
tions* "QuestBusters" (see New On 
the Menu, MacUscr, February 1986) 
is a newsletter devoted entirely to 
adventure game (lobbying, with 
news, reviews and most importantly, 
dps for computer adventure game 
players* Write in with a problem and 
you just might get your solution. 


although it will probably take 
awhile. A one-year subscription to 
“QucstBustcrs" costs $15 a year. For 
information* contact "QuestBus- 
ters," 202 Elgin Court, Wayne, PA 
19087. 

As adventure gaming has expand¬ 
ed from a graveyard-shift techie’s 
domain into the mainstream micro¬ 
computer audience, book manufac¬ 
turers have jumped on die bandwag¬ 
on* Wc can't recommend a specific 
tide here—books go in and out of 
print, and as game trends change, 
the information in books goes out of 
date* Still, your local bookstore 
should have a large computer sec¬ 
tion, and hiding among all those 
programming tutorials and how-to- 
get- mo re- from - you r- da r abase man¬ 
uals there w ill probably be at least 
one independently written book of 
adventure game hints. Before buy¬ 
ing, though, make sure your game is 
included in the book by scanning the 
table of contents. 


CHEAT-PROOF GAMES 


Money talks. Here's a 
sample map from Arrays 1 
Adventure Games tL 
Tlie book also lists exact 
solutions to many text 
and illustrated adven¬ 
tures. 



Not all our cheat strategies work 
with each game, of course, but there 
are a few games in which nothing 
short of playing through carefully 
will suffice* Among them: Minds- 
capc’s Dcja Vu; A Nightmare Comes 
Tine; Activision’s Bonvwcd Time; 
Mindscape’s Balance of Power; Sier¬ 
ra’s Ultima II; and others. 

If locking files won’t avail, if there 
arc no clue books available, if the 
company won’t talk to you and if 
you don’t know what else to do, 
there are still a number of ways you 
can safeguard your game and still try 
(continued Jrom page 120) 


90MA€US£R APRIL 1986 


ALEX QUESADA 

























Discover what Easy3D," 
your Mac and your imagination can do. 



Even though Easv3D is fast becoming popular with 
architects, artists and engineers, you don't have to be 
a technical genius to use it. Thanks to its advanced 
interface—created by specialists trained in the behavioral 
sciences—you’ll find that, with little or no training, you’ll 
be able to create and manipulate complex, shaded three- 
dimensional models of lamps, jet planes, buildings, logo's, 
package designs, and more. 

Just draw a basic outline and use the lathe or jigsaw to 
transform it into a solid, shaded figure. Not a wire frame. 


CAPABILITIES 


Instant 2D to 3D transformation 
Call up ready-made objects 
Hidden surface slicer and anti-matter sculpting 
Full rotation, orientation and scaling 
Merge, done and outline objects 
Simultaneous four-view 

Four independent light sources and variable perspective 
Change scene composition and background 
Shaded surface embossing 
Compatible with: 

MacDraw™ MacPaint™ Video Works,™ 
PageMaker™ LaserWriter,™ ImageWriter™ 

Macintosh is a trademark of McIntosh Laboratory Inc., licensed to 
Apple Computer Inc, and is used with express permission of iLs owners, 
MacDrawi MacPaint, LaserWriter, and Image Write rare registered trade¬ 
marks of Apple Computer Inc PageMaker and VideoWorks are registered 
trademarks of Aldus, Inc, and MacioMind ( tnc h respectively Easy3D is 
a registered trademark of Enabling Technologies, Inc. 


Stretch it, shrink it, blow it up, rotate it. and combine it 
with other objects. Then set it in a 3D scene and transfer 
your finished image (up to 8” x 10") into a complemen¬ 
tary program—such as MacPaint™— for use in your layouts 
...drawings...proposals...you name it. 

What's more, Easy 3D is incredibly fast—rendering shaded 
objects at a rate of up to 12,000 polygons per minute on 
your512K Macintosh.™ Yet it costs just $99, 


S99/IMMEDIATE DELIVERY 


Find out how easy Easy3D is. Just stop by your nearest 
dealer and look through the documentation. Or ask for 
a trial-size diskette. Either way you’ll see for yourself 
that Easy3D is a great deal. Plus, if you choose to order 
direct, you'll get a 15-day money-back guarantee. 

But don’t wait. Discover for yourself how easy and fun it is 
to join your Mac in the third dimension. 

^“Advanced user-interface designs 
1 1 from Enabling Technologies, Inc. 

Call toll-free to order (VISA and MasterCard 
accepted) or contact your local dealer. 

1 800 621-1203 

In Illinois 1800 942-2835 
For more information call 1312 427-0408 or write: 
Enabling Technologies, 600 S. Dearborn, Suite 1306, 
Chicago. IL 60605 


MU04fi 































































NETWORK 


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IBM PC 

HARD DISK SYSTEM 

IBM PC w/256K 
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Chart. 66.00* 




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Monogram 

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for the MAC 

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MACINTOSH 

SYSTEMS 


1 MS/SI 2K 
Memory 
BOOK Disk 
Keyboard 
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Price Too low To Print!!! 


APPLE 15" WIDE 
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with MAC Accessory Kit 



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fx-85 bocol/isocps *. 299.00* 
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MICROSOFT 

EXCEL 

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m APPLE 

MAC TERMINAL 

Mac's Most Popular 
Communication 
Package 

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pK-NTRALMOIKT 

L^Stillwan* 

Copy II Mac 

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fcBORlAOD 

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Sidekick 

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fJ-T First Byte® 

Smooth Talker 

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f mjjlmm tt;ru:1n|iFTwni. fm 

Mac Spell + 

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HARRIER 
STRIKE MISSION 

Jet Simulator for Mac 


Each $22.00 


GAT® 

WWII Submarine 
Simulation 
for The Mac 


inroeom 



$20.00* $22.00* $22.00* 


Wholesale Prices Change Rapidly.,.if you ever see a lower price advertised anywhere please 
call! You will find the Network's Price will always be the best I 
































































NETWORK 


...AS A PC NETWORK 

MEMBER ONLY! 

Listed below are just a few of the over 30,000 products available at our 
EVERYDAY LOW PRICES 



GAMES & EDUCATIONAL 


(Please Add Si shipping and handling for each (Hie ordered from below.) 



Wtioleufe 


Wholesale 

Aegis Vac Chadongur 

S 22.00* 

Kegnum The Slide Show Magician 

f 3 1 DC* 

Aji Ion Art Pordolkt. or Card Shoppe 

31.00* 

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19.00* 

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Mflaa Computing Woe file Knife 

1BW 

CBS Software Murder Ay (he Dozen 

3097* 

Mllea Computing Mac Aback 

23, (XT 

Experts) | Igenc s ExpwLogo 

65.00* 

Palinllr Moc Type 

23,50* 

lai Byte Smooth Talker 

aT.DC* 

Penguin Graphics Magician 

26,97* 

Gfiaai wm Cvtcertware Plus 

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SOW 

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Priority Software Forbidden Ouesf 

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saw 

Landscapes 


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Sierra On-Line Frogger 

20 00’ 

Infoco-m Deadline, Suspended 

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Silicon Beach Software Ai/borm! 

16,25* 

iniocorn Enchanter, Pfenoi Fan, Cutthroats 20 W 

Simon A Schuiter Typing Tutor III 

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22W 

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In rocom Suspect, infidel. Sorcerer 

32-00* 

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19,77* 

Infocom Hstctibikers Guide. Saastatker 

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25,ir 

Magnum McPk* Volume t or 7 

20.00* 




BUSINESS SOFTWARE 


(PtHw add JZ50 shipping and handling to* each title ordered from below.) 


Advanced Logit Systems Wjg'rjy Wjc 

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Manhattan Qraphlca Ready Sal So 

ft ww 

Apple MacTatminfii 

65.00* 

Wegaheui Mega Wer 

65.00* 

Apple MacPascal 

84.00* 

Micro (Oil Basic 

79,00* 

Arrays Homo Accountant 

65.00* 

Microsoft Chart 

66.00* 

Borland SrdeiticA for MiK 

37.50* 

Microsoft F4e 

102,00* 

Boston Software Mac Publisher 

65.00* 

Mlcroaoft Multiplan 

101.00* 

Creative Solutions MacFtrth Level l 

MW 

Microsoft Word 

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Creatlva Solutions Mnr. Forth Level tf 

now 

Odseti Hedx Regs 512 K Mac 

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tow 

Organ liallCnal 0MNIS3 

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Software Arte TK Solver 

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Software Pubiuhlng PFStF fto. or Report 

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COMPLETE SYSTEMS 

PRINTERS 


Apple Macintosh £«* Systems 

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Apple imagewntet IS'Carnage (wnh Mac Kiv 

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ATAT030 0PCCPU2 

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12$K2 Floppy! 1 Serial, t Partial 


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NEC 3510 33CP5 Letter Gusifly Pttnfer 

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Apple Wecarfftjaft Security Wt 

Apple Numaoc Keypad 

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Aaainillallon Proceaa Wee’ Turbo* Touch 

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p-Tecnw TOMS Mec Drive 

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Innovative Concepts Flip H Pita Micro (25) 

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Kensington Disk Case 

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Appla Modem 300 

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Kenskigton Dux r Cover 

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Apple Modem T200 

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Kensington Stotter PaeA 

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Computable Mac to Smartmodem 

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Hayea Smarlrnodem 1200 

Maxell Mac Diskettes (Box of 10 ) 

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i Hayet Smarrmodam 2400 

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PC Nshvork tnegawtilar Ribbons (Per 12) 

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charges, Money Orders, personal and company chocks ptoaso allow 10 working days to dear. AN prices 

subject to change without notice! 





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*7 FREE TECHNICAL SUPPORT — The NETWORK supports 
/ every product it sells Our qualified TECH-SUPPORT staff will 
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4 ft SPECIAL SAVINGS BULLETINS —THE PRINTOUT 

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we turn around and make available to our members af iantaslic 
savings via THE PRINTOUT 

1 4 DISCOUNT BOOK LIBRARY — Working walh numerous 
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a library ol Over 1000 computer relaied books and manuals at sav¬ 
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4 MEMBERSHIP REFERRAL BONUS —Our most valu- 
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our members have been referred by word of moulh from other sat* 
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NETWORK will credit a cash bonus lo your account applicable to 
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4 C PRICE PROTECTION —The PC Induslry is crazy!! Prices 
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94MACUSER APRIL 1986 

























































For real life we recommend making 


love, not war. But for a lonely 


afternoon'$ fun try this new game and 


fight your Mac to a standstill. 


WAR AND LOVE ARE MANKIND’S GREATEST PASSIONS, 
While die re’s no computer game yet invented which can 
simulate the art of love, Broderbund’s The Ancient AtIWjji 
War is a realistic enough simulation of war to satisfy mow 
people’s combat urgings. ' 

Though the game is not perfect, it does allow armchair 
generals to try their hands at both strategic and tactical levels. 
Some superb graphics and animation techniques make the 
on-screen happenings far more believable and personally 
involving than the hex-gridded fields and silhouetted sym¬ 
bols normally associated widi computer wargaming. 

The disk arrives with 11 scenarios that simulate battles 
which could have taken place in settings from the Old West 
to ancient China. It is also possible to simulate your own 
battles. In fact, once you have played and mastered die 
included scenarios, the staying power of this disk lies in 
accepting the challenge of making your own maps, creating 
new formations, and designing your own battles to fight. But 
before you can be a battle designer, you’ll have to learn the 
basic system of The Ancient Art of War. 

Each scenario is played on a scrolling map that can feature 
many d life re nr types of terrain. Hills, mountains, rivers and 


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APR 


L 1986 M ACUSER95 







































































DESIGNER BATTLES ^ 



English □ ^ Edmund Howard B The Admiral C Sir M, Constable D Lord Daere 

* E Earl of Surrey F Lord Stanley L Lennox & Argyle 

Scots B G Home & Huntley H Crawford & Errol I King James IV K Bothwell 


Iht Hodden Hill scenario map. 


lakes, forests, villages and forts may 
all have their own effects on a battle 
fought by the various troops. 

The troops available include 
knights, barbarians, archers and 
spies. Each of these troops has vari¬ 
ous strengths and weaknesses. The 
knight is the most heavily armored, 
and so is best against unarmed bar¬ 
barians. The barbarian has no armor 
but is swift and agile, making him a 
difficult target for the archer. Ar¬ 
chers fight best at long ranges, but 
tend to crumple easily in hand to 
hand fighting. The spy is defenseless 
but simulates pointmen or outriders 
that detect enemy movement further 
away than troops without a spy 
could hope to see. 

The artwork used to represent 
these terrains and troops on the first, 
strategic, screen is very well execut¬ 
ed. In order to achieve a feeling that 
the game is indeed based on the old, 
old tome “The Ancient Art of War™ 
{written in about 400 BC in China), 
the artwork lias been rendered in a 
style very reminiscent of venerable 
Oriental woodcuts. This type of 
artwork seems peculiarly suited for 
the Mac^s high-resolution black and 
white graphics. 


Each squad of troops ts represent¬ 
ed on-screen by a silhouette of a 
warrior. This silhouette may be 
clicked on and then a line of march 
ordered for it by dragging a symbol 
with the mouse. The squad so or¬ 
dered will begin moving across the 
map. 

Each squad may be composed of 
units (up to fourteen individual 
troops) representing any combina¬ 
tion of the four styles of soldiery. 
Double-clicking on a squad symbol 
presents a dialog box which shows 
the present makeup of the squad, its 
overall physical condition and level 
of supply. This dialog box also 
shows the squads present speed of 
marching and a Speed Button that 
allows the player to change the speed 
of movement at any time. 

As the unit crosses the various 
terrain at various speeds, the squad’s 
condition and food supply changes. 
And these conditions can be critical 
during combat. 

But before combat is even initiat¬ 
ed, the same dialog box also allows 
the individual soldiers within the 
squad to be arrayed in one of nine 
pre-defined formations. The forma¬ 
tions include Phalanx and Forward, 


Wedge and Wave. A view from die 
top down (rather like a football 
diagram) shows how the squad’s 
various units will align with each 
odicr given the chosen formation. 

Meanwhile, the computer is giv¬ 
ing marching orders to its own 
squads. Eight different computer op¬ 
ponents, from Crazy Ivan through 
Napoleon to the honorable general 
Sun Tzu (author of the original 
“Ancient An of War’’ book), can 
give you various levels of challenge 
to face. 

When opposing squads march 
within battle range of one another— 
the game suddenly takes on a whole 
new dimension, 

ZOOMING IN ON VALOR 

Two squads in opposition begin 
to flash. The player may then hit the 
Zoom Burma atop the strategic map 
screen. When that button is clicked 
the screen clears to an astounding]}- 
detailed tactical display of die battle 
in progress. 

Every soldier in both squads is 
shown in close up, mock three-di¬ 
mensional animation. Knights, 
hunched under the weight of their 
armor, ready their swords; muscular 
barbarians clench brawny fists; and 
the archers draw back on their bows. 

Buttons atop the tactical display 
allow- the player to issue orders to 
die complete squad or to individual 
soldier-types. Clicking on the For¬ 
ward button sends the whole squad 
marching forward. But it is also 
possible, by highlighting smaller “ra¬ 
dio” buttons, to do such things as 
send only your barbarians forward 
and have your archers back off. 

Battles are won or lost depending 
on the orders given here as well as 
the strengths and conditions of die 
men and die style of formations 
opposing one another. It never, for¬ 
ex am pic, makes sense to move your 
archers forward into hand to hand 
fighting. It is also necessary to un¬ 
derstand the difference between the 
Forward and Attack commands. 
When issued an Arrack order a loose 
formation will begin to coalesce, 
making it more massive and harder 
to stop but an easier target for 
archers. Many such tactical consider¬ 
ations become more obvious as more 


96MACUSCR APR 


L 19 0 6 












ARTIST 
IN A BOX 



It’s here! The MAC-ART LIBRARY 
Eleven disks full of MacPaint images 


Including: 

Sports 

Animals 

Plants 

Tools 

Geography 

Slgns'Symbols Borders 
Transportation 
Greeting Card Art 
Buildings 
In the Kitchen 
On the Farm 


Full Library — $200 
Single Disks — $29.95 
Also available: A Single 
Disk SAMPLER — $39.95 

Add $3.00 for shipping 
and handling 

Available through your 
local computer store or 
send check to: 

compuCRAFT 
P.O. Box 3155 
Englewood, CO 80155 
303-650-7472 


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Make Your Mac Run 
Like a Lisp Machine with 


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Semantic Microsystems 


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Suite 340 

Beaverton, DR 97005 
(503] 643-4539 


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YOUR FACE 
STANDS OUT 
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Fontastic unleashes your 
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DESIGNER BATTLES 


and more campaigns are played. 

The actual battles are almost eerie 
to watch. Swords swinging, the 
knights march fearlessly into battle. 
Fists flying, barbarians wreak amaz¬ 
ing havoc with bare hands. Arrows 
fly through the air like deadly porcu¬ 
pine quills. All of this action takes 
place with very realistic sound effects 
that are unbelievably true to life. 
Every arrow lias a wmig all its own, 
every fistfall a clunk, every sword a 
whooshing swing. 

Some will certainly find the tacti¬ 
cal display almost too detailed. As 
men are hit they fly a few feet in the 
air, their eyes widen in shock, and 
they crumple to the ground as bro¬ 
ken casualties. After a few moments 
of combat the on-screen battlefield is 
sure to look very much like a real 
one. 

But, though die blood and gore 
arc more realistically portrayed than 
in most games, so are the qualities of 
valor, courage and heroism. I have 
personally watched, cheering out 
loud, as one lone barbarian coura¬ 
geously charged a line of archers 
which had turned all his comrades 
into so much electronic charnel. Ar¬ 
rows flew about him like avatars of 
death and still he advanced. Reach¬ 
ing the line of archers his mighty 
fists dispatched a first hapless war¬ 
rior. Then, like a combination of 
Conan and John Wayne, this little 
3D image moved his way like a grim 
reaper down the entire line. 

When finally this hero raised his 
arm in the salute of the victor, 
mounded about by the cold, broken 
flesh of his adversaries, it was all I 
could do to stop from screaming, 
“You did iri You did it!” 

This movic-likc animation is car¬ 
ried through on all of the tactical 
screens. Whether you’re watching a 
fort (rather like a castle) being be¬ 
sieged, with arrows flying up and 
down from the battlements; squads 
fighting their way across a bridge or 
through a village square—this feel¬ 
ing of participation in events is the 
highest I have yet witnessed, or felt, 
in any game. 

DESIGNING A CAMPAIGN 

Well, as I did almost nothing else 
for two weeks than play the included 


scenarios, I reached a point where 1 
could win all of the battles on the 
disk. 1 then began to experiment 
with the "Game Generator” part of 
the program. I quickly realized that 
this part of the program could make 


The Ancient A n of War that rarest of 
disks—the type that you keep boot¬ 
ing up year after year. 

The first few battles i designed 
were random affairs just to get the 
(continued on page 118) 


MAKING MULTIPLE-CAMPAIGN DISKS 


Editor's Note ■ if you and a friend 
both create scenarios—or you 
download various scenarios or find 
them via your own user group—they 
must usually be played on separate 
disks * For those comfortable with 
FEDIL MacTools or other disk utility 
programs here is a way to collate 
campaigns designed by more than 
one person ail onto one disk . 

When you create an Ancient Art of 
War campaign disk, the game gen¬ 
erator creates two types of fifes. 

The first is the file describing the 
scenario, numbered and titled in 
sequential order from 'TO" thru 
"TB." That's hexadecimal number¬ 
ing for 'Tl" through "112." But it 
only allows eleven scenarios to be 
alive at one time. That's all the 
program has menu space for. 


It also creates a file called "Ti¬ 
tles," The 'Titles" file is where the 
program crossreferences the "T" 
numbers to the scenario name. 

Using the Finder, It's easy to 
rename the 'T f file to another num¬ 
ber. But to edit the "Titles" file 
requires a file editor such as FED1T. 

Since you don't have to create the 
"Titles” fife, you can simply edit 
what you find in it. At minimum the 
file will have one entry, that will be 
the first'T number in sequence. In 
this case, "TO." When adding a 
scenario to the disk, pick the next 
“T f number in sequence that does 
not have a title associated with it, 
in this case "Tl.” 

Jf you look at the "Titles" file that 
comes with the scenario "Flodden 
Field/ this is what you wifi find: 


(ASCfl) 

T0.T1.T2.T3.T4T 
6.T7T8.T9.TATB 
J5..Flodden Fie 
Id - 1513 AD... 


(HEX) 

5430 0054 3100 5432 0054 3300 5434 0054 
3600 5437 0054 3800 5439 0054 4100 5442 
0054 3500 1846 6C6F 6464 656E 2046 6965 
6C64 2020 2D20 3135 3133 2041 4400 0000 
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 
0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000 


All but one of the periods in the 
ASCII translation are HEX code 00. The 
exception is the last character prior to 
the file name. The first file name 
begins at file position 37. Each suc¬ 
ceeding file name will begin 60 char¬ 
acters later. In this case the "TO" file 
begins at position 37, the ’Tl" file 
name will begin at position 97, "T2" at 
157 and so on. 

At the position just prior to the file 
name is a hexadecimal character de¬ 
fining the length of the file name. So, 
just before the M F" in "Flodden Field," 
you find a Hex "18,” But when you 
count it up. the file name is not 18 
characters long, but 24, All file names 
are six (6) characters longer than the 
hex number given. 

For example* to combine two scenar¬ 
ios from MAUG's DL4 ("Flodden Field- 
1513 AD" and "The Battle of Zook T s 


Ford"), throw away the 'Titles" file 
from "The Battle of Zook's Ford" and 
edit the "Titles" file from "Flodden 
Field," 

Rename the "TO" file from "Zook's 
Ford” as "Tl"* Otherwise, when you 
copy it to the same disk as "Flodden 
Field," it will write over the "Flodden 
Field” scenario. 

Then use FED IT and open the "Ti¬ 
tles” file from "Flodden Field" and add 
"Zook's Ford" to it. Go to sector 0 of 
the file and change position 96 to hex 
"19." Then, at position 97, select 
"ASCII Modify” in FED1T and type "The 
Battle of Zook's Ford." Then write the 
sector back to the disk. That tells the 
system that there is a second scenario 
on the disk, its name, and the length 
of the name. 

To add more scenarios, repeat the 
same technique.—Denn/s Mitchell 


9SMACUSER APRIL 1986 












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TM Macintosh is a trademark of Apple Computers. 


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88 Ryders Lane, Stratford, Connecticut 06497 


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6, SOFTWARE RENTAL LIBRARY, For 25% of our price, rent 
any program for two weeks. Apply your rental fee toward 
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ANY COMMRABLE ADVERTISE! 


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54.00 

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18.00 

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86.75 

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75.75 

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43.00 

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27.00 

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27.00 

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78.00 

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Source On-Line Info Network 

25.00 



















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IE BEST PRICES!!! 


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Mail Center tor Six. 284.00 

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Mac Mail Apple Tak. CALL 

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Macintosh Hold Disk 20MB .. CALL 

Mac 512K. CAU 

Mot +/1 Meg . CALI 

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5.S MB Moc OmniDnne 979.00 
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IOMEGA 

Iomega Drives for Moc.. .. CALL 

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Hood Clooning Kit-Bernoulli 56.75 
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BASF 3Vj SS/DO 11,00 

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EDUCATIONAL 

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ATI 

How to Use Multi Plan.28.00 

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Mac Coach. 

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39.0O 

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Mac Manager.. 

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34.00 

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248.0O 

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29,00 

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36.0O 

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. 39.0O 


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Computer Novel Construction Set. 28,00 

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A Mind Forever Voyaging 26.00 

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Deadline. 

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Hitchikers Guide to The Galaxy 
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Panel Fa II 
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ROBERT WAM8SGANSS 









RESOURCES 



By 

Bob 

Perez 


Listen my children and 
you shall hear 
... sounds and 
music with 
Mac and “C” 


ITS A GIVEN THAT A GOOD 
Mac program has great graphics - at 
least, it should. But what about 
sound? The Mac has one of the most 
sophisticated sound generators of 
any microcomputer on the market, 
yet many of its most popular pro¬ 
grams are limited to the basic beeps 
and hoops made by any machine. 
You can get great sound out of your 
Mac. And it's not even that hard. 

Last month 1 presented a program 
that illustrated how you could incor¬ 
porate MacinTolk, Apple’s software 
speech synthesizer, into your own C 
programs. One of the reasons that 
Apple could get away with a soft¬ 
ware-only speech synthesizer is rhat 
the Mac sports some of the most 
sophisticated sound circuitry avail¬ 
able on a personal computer. This 
month we keep to the audio theme 
and present an introduction to the 
Macintosh sound driver in the con¬ 
text of a complete Macintosh appli¬ 
cation. Our supplied program illus¬ 
trates the concept of an event-driven 
environment as it tracks and handles 
the user's menu selections using both 
the mouse and the keyboard. A func¬ 
tion that plays simple, easily altered 
tunes is provided in a format that 
can be easily transported into your 
own applications. 

The Macintosh sound driver is 
built into ROM and consists of three 
independent “synthesizers”: the 
Square-Wave Synthesizer (SWS), 
die Free-Form Synthesizer (FFS) 
and the Four-Tone Synthesizer 
(FTS). 

The FFS is in many ways the most 
complex of the three and is used to 
produce the most lifelike sounds. 
You could, for example, produce die 
sort of voices that MacinTalk utters 
by competent use of this device. 
Game designers use this synthesizer 
to produce the explosions that sound 
when players fire their phasers at the 
aliens, taking advantage of the large, 
complex waveforms allowed by the 
FFS. The program in the listing 
demonstrates the use of the FFS to 
create some simple “white noise,” 
You can alter the waveform in a num¬ 
ber of interesting ways to achieve 
other effects, although you won’t 


APR 


L 1 9 8 6 M A C U S E R 105 










ONE IF BY LAND, TWO IF BY C 

find much in Inside Macintosh to 
guide you. The best bet here is to 
experiment and keep notes. 

The SWS Ls the simplest of the 
three synthesizers and produces the 
same sort of single tone “beeps” that 
you hear when you click the mouse 
outside of a modal dialog box, for 
example. The listing contains a func¬ 
tion called swplayO that accepts as 


- 

LISTING 



1 o-nrt of nainU */ 

* Sijnplu Application llluttrating use of Macintosh sOun'-f 

routines using 


* Artec C compiler (nodifIbations required lor uio vlth 

other compilers), 

}* 

■ Copyright 1986 by Sob -- All Rights Reserved. Hoft CcrnsItUl 

* iftHi ini-IF function hanoW* initialisation of global* and structures* a* 

* use of fhg x out tiros heroin It pemtitcJ with Copyright 

notice intact. 

‘ vail as the usual Macintosh initialisation of Managers. 

•Include tqulcltdraw. h> 

1 If.cludp «w‘Lndanr.h> 


Init 11 

c 

• 1 AO 1 TjOrr <KOnU.h> 


tegleeor unsigned short h* i. jf 

* Include <wVont.h» 


char jpptirloRl; 

•Incluun {clAiktflo 

1 include <pb,h> 


/* 

1include emoooty.h> 


* 5t*nd4?d sequence to initial Ire nil »aeagera* clear event queue 

Iinclude <lnlrs.h» 


■/ 

1 Includo O□ Line _h> 


tnitera fitthePortJ; 

1 Include Ooqrrent * h> 


InltUlndovs(1; 

InitFontstli; 

(define Fill, til 


inltHenusfjf 

(define no£r; C 


TElnlMi; 

(define FOREVER 1 


InitpinlogoitiiF; 

IdOftnO APPLEHENU 1 1 


F1 ushivent s (overylvent. Of ; 

•define FILEKEFJU 2 

•define EOlTMEJlD i 


InltCursorf); 

•define OFTIOffSMEHlF 4 


r* 

«iinC ln«t bUHKtWdS 4 


' Sul up the i*urnu bar. Usually thin *uvld bu Uunv using ekauuecus arm 

Idnfine rfSlZE 5170 


* qetKenul). we've hard-codec it here for simplicity. The apptltlel) 



* array is a hid to get the 311 Value (the little apple! into a pascal 

HenuHandl* eynnui pHMN&HttS] j 


r string (as expected by K*wM*fVJ| for the nenil bar. Hote Artec C h s utv 



* of tho \t* prof Ik to denote pascal strings. ilso a CToP&trli t unci Son 

struct, rtuhd ( 


* vltn ConsulaiE or other compilers. 

short dur^tIon; 


m t 

I Onq rfltcfj,' 


apptltl([0| * lp /* length byte Of the pascal String ■/ 

long phdiul; 


appt It 1ft [11 - appleMarltJ 

long rittl; 


Tyr^n jj ] 01 - tieuMnn u (A P F il'MEN U, a ppt 11 ie) ; 

long 


AppondMenu (rsycenu* 10] , h \Pfle*p RonpJ (-">; 

long rate]; 
long phase3; 


AddResHenu[ny pc iui|0f.■ drvr 1 jj /» This adds ail desH accessories tc oenu ■/ 

long litaf; 


t' 

long phased; 


" Fill rr.Li, n ,u will haVe only a 'Quit' opt ion . 

char ‘travel; 



char 'vevnZ; 


jywMiHl *■ Kevh!enu{FIllHEhti, "lPFiU">r 

char ‘wavoS; 


Appe nd Me n U | nymrnus 111, “ \F0uit fQ m 11 

Char ‘wjvpI; 

}t 


}* 

* Standard edit canu IlnUnred here Only for dasc accessory support] 

struct synthrac 1 


V 

short coda; 


7 iy™?n U * (2 ] - UevMu r.u [ ED ITMEFiU. “ \ PEd i t" > ? 

struct ftune f sndFlur; 

it 


Apj»endMonu (nyrenbi (?!, M \PUndo/Z; J-;Cut./X;Cepy/e;SASty7V;Clea r k }; 

struct free fern { 


/* 

* tin! Opt ion a boilu Offers a choice of Square Have, yob r- Tone, or 

shots mode; 


‘ Free Foit synthesiser* The last option canonla any sound in progress. 

long count; 


•/ 

char fwaveiFFStEESj 
» ftyff; 

char vaVe|?S6|; 


nyra nus (3 ] - TfevMO n u IO? T I (ttlSflEKD *" \ Pdpt 1 ons " 1 i 

AppendMonp 1 cyr.enu» T 31 * -VRI" lay a Square Have June fS "); 

RppandMehU(nyi^eniia 131*^^PPlay a Four Tone Chord/F M J; 

RppervdKenu (fnyrwtnua 131 ^IPPiry a From Focn Mclse/H; (“jHalt Sound/H w l; 

Parflflimr (pbu fpb? r rpW* spa* ft pc; 

struct ftune -aytuhbl* % »ytunaZ,*aytMn»J; 


/* 

St r uct aynt hrec * oyr *c 1. * iryre c2, * ayra c.3; 


# insert the dor inod nonbi into our oronubaF, then dree thu aenubai * 

Mind 


for U -Of i < HUHHEKUSl >*i| 

t 


1 1 n a o rt Me h u (nystnii ■ [ 11 , C ]; 

/* 


DtaaMenuSarll; 

4 Sot up everything. 

■/ 



inletj; 


f m 

* Set. Up a simple* triangular wave shape for* for Four Cone Synthesiser 

• j 

/■ 


for U • 0, h * n«* j * Of i « ilf +*i* h — 21 

* Fail into cur event loop. 

-/ 


vave()**l - (BytuFh; 

iiViJnL [ f I 


for (1 * 0* h - 755; 1 < 178; **i* h 2\ 


its sole parameter the address of an 
array containing the notes making 
up a tune. At the end of the listing is 
a sample array that is used to feed 
swplayO* Using the information 
contained in the Sound Manager 
section of Inside Macintosh, it's a 
simple matter to create your own 
nines and incorporate swplay(} intt) 
your own programs. 


One of the things you'll notice 
when you consult the Sound Manag¬ 
er manual is that I didn't use the 
standard data structures. Why not? 1 
find that in this case it's a bit tedious 
to have to fill in a bunch of prede¬ 
fined labels for each part of each 
note for an entire tune. Since each 
element in a SWSy nth Record is ei¬ 
ther an int or made up of ints, I 


106 MACUSER APR 


L 19 8 6 










found it much easier to create a 
single array of incs made up of aU the 
values necessary to create a tune and 
then pass this array to the sound 
driver as though it were a SWSynth- 
Record structure. 

This illustrates a point about C 
structures, by the way. When youVe 
got a struct made up of ints or longs, 
each successive member follows the 


preceding member directly in memo¬ 
ry. To use the SWSynthRecord as an 
example (sec page 7 of die Sound 
Manager manual), the “count” mem¬ 
ber appears in memory directly after 
the “mode” member. This is so even 
though “count” is a member itself of 
yet another structure containtcd 
within SWSynthRecord; structs do 
not take up any memory at all them¬ 


selves—only their dements occupy 
space. To improve readability you 
can indent at your pleasure (as I have 
done) when you initialize an array 
that’s substituting for a struct. In my 
example, I start off with the 1 mode’ 
value, then follow with a series of 
groups of 3 in ts, representing the 
“count,” “amplitude”, and “dura¬ 
tion” fields in the “triplets” struc- 



- tBytalh; 


for (i «■ 0, Tv * 0/ 1 < Mr **i, h 2j 
vavefj++) - (Bytelh; 

/* 

* Hori, cr**U a randOra Free Farm wave, using the rendfraei l| J function. The 

* waveform we cr«Jt* generate* simple white nolle. Y&U ctn diddle with 

* the waveforn to create mare Interesting effect*. An Increasingly narrow 

* range of random note* along the wave for a will create decaying white 
4 nolle, for exanple, 

•/ 

for i i • o, j - as if l < FFsrzE.,- *+ii 
icyff .fwavali] ■ nnfroad, jj; 

/ p 

* Initial ire our pointer a and allocate storage for our parameter block* 

* and synthesizer records. Than, initialize the various sound records. 

*/ 

tpbl - {ParnHUPtM NevFtrUlongl slinaM Struct Pa tasiaikRee)} 

I[)b2 - t Par «B1 fcFfc r ) NevPtri (long) si zee f | struct PsrarBlkRec) J j 
fpbl - fPar.-naikjJtrUSovPTir < (long) siroof [Struct ParamSlkRec) ) ; 
a pb - e p at abI k Pt r ) New? 1 1 (f long Mi e« o f f at ruct ParanB lk doc! > j 
frpij - iFaxnBlkPtrlNevFcr ( aor.gUiicof (struct froefotm)|i 
mytunni - I struct ftune *)WjwPtr < (long)*iteof (struct ftunem 
fflytUnoF - (struct (tune *]BcwPtr((long)siroof|struct ftunal); 
nyturibS - (Struct ftune ‘jKewPcrUlongMlxoof (struct rtunom 
myrael - (struct e^athree *) NevPtr ((longMUenf (struct tynthrec) |: 
eyzac2 - tstruct synthrec *)Sc*?tr((long)airoof\■tcuct synthrec]>; 

■yr#t3 - (Struct syathrac ■] KewFtr ((long) lllcOf (Struct synChroc]); 


■ Those rata values produce a c os jar Chord per the Sound Manager ranual 
* of inside Macintosh, pp 20-72, Four Tone Synthoalter. 

■/ 

myt'jnol->rato 1 • Ox3Q25D; /■ Kiddle C *f 
n.ytunol->ratoJ - Ox3cD3T; /- £ */ 
eyiuneWracoJ - Ox4BZ4); /■ G */ 

*ytunei->rsto4 * 0x«94B»; /* c */ 


* Those rate values produce a simple Interval for demonstrating the phase 

* shifting affect. Four Tone Synthesizer. 

V 

nytune2->rat:ol *> 0X33.Q3D; /* C< ftbovo middle C */ 
mytuae2->rate2 “ 0x3303Of 

mytungj—>rate3 - Oxttt’Jb,- /+ Cl above middle C */ 
r.ytufle2-»rat04 - Qx4CGDD; 


■ These rate values produce a C minor chord. Four Tune Synthesizer, 

-/ 

mytune3“>ratal - 0x30250; /* Middle C */ 

«ytU^o3->ratc2 ** 0x33430; /• 01 *f 
mytuno3->tate3 - 0x40241; /* C 
mytuno»rate4 * OxtCupS; c *f 


* Standard phase values for the C chords. Four Tone synthesiser* 

p / 

mytunel-kphasel - aytune3->phaiel - ow 
mytunel->phss*2 ■ mytune3->phase2 * Oh; 
ir.yt uno 1 - > ph a so3 * mytUne 3 - >phs se3 - 0L; 
nyturiol-^phaSoS “ myCune3^>phsae4 - OLi 


* Not so standard for the second tone. Playing around with phase valuta 

* creates interesting affects by causing the sound driver to start at a 

* point along the wavefern other than the beginning Etcpresented by 

* hyte|fl| of tho wave array). For this second tone, va alter the phaat 

■ of the two simultaneously executing notes to illustrate "phase shlf-'-.g" 

* This la a special effect commonly used in recording studios to give a 

* "ilimi Hendrix> sound tg electric guitars, etc. Four Tor.a Synthesiser. 


nyt u no 2->p h a s e1 - 193L* 
ny t u no J->pha s*2 * 311; 
(nytune2->phaso3 - C1L; 
»ytuna2->phaso4 * 12?L; 


* For this example, ail Four Tone waveforms are tho 10 BQ* You could 

* have different w&vafotft* for each voice, if desired, end can even 

* change then in the diddle of a tune. Four Tone Synthesiser* 

*/ 

sycuntl-Tvavel - isytunel->wave7 - mytunel^vaVaJ - mytonel->vave4 - wave; 

MyttineZ-leave! “ syctngl->sivgl - sytuneZ->waves “ mytune2-Wave4 - wave; 

nytuns3-»vsv«I - hytund3->wave7 “ ryture3->wave3 ■ mytunel-^wave4 - wave; 


"Sot UP the synth .records for the Four Tone Synthesizer, 

V 

myrecl">«da - nyrec2->eoda - mytec3->mode - fcHOduJ 
niyr*cl->sndpec * eytunoi; 

Myr*c2->ind3ec “ pytunoJ; 
iiyr ec3-> sndRec ' - mytu no 1 ; 


* initialize tho Free Form Synthesizer struct. 

*/ 

myff.nodo ■ EfHodo; 
eyff.count - gxfidic; 

/* 

m Clear the ioftosuit field of each picincar block so we don't have any 
4 Stray Values in there that make it appear that sound's executing. 

*/ 

SpboLdResUlt “ Cptal->loResult « f pb2->ioRusult - fpb3->lcResult ** 0; 
frpb->ioRosuit - 0; 

1 l m end of initll “/ 


■ The event loop, focal point of most Macintosh applications. 
V 

eventn 

EVontRecord er; 

WindoWRt i wpt r ; 
short wpart; 


* Set up an 'infinite 1 loop to process events 
V 

While (FOREVER) ( 

* Call SyateaTask for any doak accessories that might bo active. Then, 
■ uu Gat Next Event to handle only our events. 

*/ 

SystemTask0f 

if (iCatNextEvent(cveryEvent,**r)| 
continue; 

switch(er.what) ( 

case mouaeOown; 

f* 

* Find out Where the mouse was clicked, 

*/ 

Wpa r t - FindNIndow[pass[a r,wha re), £wpt r )f 


* Nov check wpart to aeo if the click was in e menu or In a desk 
4 accessory window. If in a menu, send the information off to 

* do_Aenu|| for processing. 

v 

switch(wpert) { 


APRIL 1983 M A C U S E R 107 








ONE IF BY LAND. TWO IF BY C 



ture. By referring to my copy of the 

systems include their own versions 

with any of the compilers also as¬ 

Sound Manager manual, I can quick- 

of these high-level routines, and Az- 

sures that youll be able to compile 

ly and easily create new tunes. 

tec C is no exception. Some compil- 

and run the program. The Sound 

Another thing you’ll notice is that 

ers, however (Consulair’s, for exam- 

Manager manual contains ail of the 

I didn’t call StartSoundQ, Stop- 

pie), do not provide these routines 

necessary information for you to be 

SoundQ, or SoundDoncQ anywhere 

and, in any case. 

writing your own 

able to do this from C or assembly 

in the program. None of these rou- 

version of such 

a routine provides 

language. 

tines appears in ROM even diough 

you with a deeper understanding of 

The FTS is the most difficult of 

they’re documented in Inside Marin- 

the entire I/O 

process. Creating 

the three to program, but mastery of 

tosh. Most of the better development 

these routines from tools available 

this synthesizer will mark you as a 

SON OF LISTING 

c*i* InKem/Bar: 


«vpUy((*wtun*lOM; / 

* Th* Squir# Nave Synch**it *1 */ 

d<s jwmUKestl5*l*et (pa i * f*r, Wh*r* \ i ) J 


break/ 


bretk/ 


cam 2 [ 


caia inSysWlndOVI 


fourplayd; /* Th* ! 

Four Tana Synth*sliar */ 

Sy*tucsClick{ior, wptr] j /* Go handle desk accessory click */ 

break; 


break/ 


eaia Jj 


d*f*uit; 


f rasplay [ 1 / /* Th* Fra* For* Synthtsiitr */ 

break; 


br«ak; 


hltomkt 


leiiliPti j /* Kill 

th* currantly executing sound »/ 



break; 


/* 


default 1 


* The o/i ly kayDovn events wo handle are coe-mand key pros;**. 

braak/ 

] 


case k*yDawn» 




if (or.modifieri t e/ndKcy) 




dojion u (Ker.u Key (J cha t ) c r . re i *49 e i c h a rC odcHa skit? 

break; 


break; 


default: 


f 


break/ 

) 


' in case of other events coni fig Through, dequeue then and continue. 



*/ 


HlIicaKanu (01 / 


default; 




continue ,9 


I /* and of do_n;anu (1 */ 


> /* end of nain event switch */ 


/* 


> /■ end of while(FOft£VgRt loop */ 


* The function fourplayO calls turns an th* Tbuy Ten* Synthasliar to play 



* On* of two chords. 


I /* end of event 1] */ 






{outplay{) 


dp_faonclPro»ult> 


l 


unsigned long 


short which; 


t 


Para&lkPtr pb/ 


extern int *wtun*[], about[]/ 


struct ftuna *aytuna; 


register short the Item, tha**ftu/ 


struct synthrac *nyr*c/ 


short err; 




char pa**(296Lj 


/* 




* Start by 1 randomly* 

sal*ctlng tha first or th* itcond chard. Than* 

thtvanu - rresult » It; 


* Initialit* th* pointers tc paint te th* appropriate structural. 

t her ten •< *result/ 


*/ 




which - ranfroaa* 3J; 


•witch(thenenu} { 


■witch (which* E 


Came APFLEMEtttli 


cast Is 


if {theiten < 31 


pb - fpbl? 


swploy {tab-out TO 1) f 


aytun* - nytunal; 


visa £ 


isyrec - myracl; 


/* 


break/ 


* The Desk Manager portion of Inside Macintosh details s pethod 

CA>* 2: 


* for siring 4 desk accessory about to be opened. In real 

pb - fpbi; 


* applications you'd use that method to 

Inaura enough nwory 

mytuna - i»ytun*2/ 


* available before attempting the open. 

5-inco Apple raccpmend* 

ayrec ■ isyrocJ; 


* that accessories not be any bigger than 9K. here we simply 

break/ 


* check for 8K available and if it 1 * net 

th*E*. W* hasp and 

cam* 3; 


* ignore the Open request* 


d*fsuit: 


*/ 


pta - fpul/ 


Get l ten tEsynenh ■ 101, t he it aa , name); 


rytuna - nytun*3/ 


RfsrpHMftmU; 


nyrec - myrac3; 


if ((err - HeaCrrorl)) -- noErrj 


br*ak/ 


DpenO«akhcc(na»o]/ 


i 


Sy 9 Heap(1 )f 


t* 


) 


’ Sat up tha paran black. Sine* wa'r* only using on* buffer far *ach 

break; 


* chard, wa won't allow quaualng of raquaits. ft th* particular chord to 

case f I Lf.HEN’J : 


• bfl played Is siready *sacuting, w*“ll return without activating a now 

bye C |i 


- request to writ*. This isn't a ptoblem in r*al applications wh*ra 

break; 


* you've typically gat 

■ sparse,* buffer* fat sapent* writ* ciqJatt). 

case ERITHF.H'J: 


- In such cases, having separata buffers allows you to modify on* while 

SyitsaEdit Itheltem. -If / /* send edit icos command to desk acc*>mry */ 

4 the other's being written, thuj avoiding a stacato effect each time a 

break/ 


* new ton* i* sounded. 


case OPTICKSKmi: 


*/ 


switch(theitea) ( 


If (pb->icRasult > o* 


case If 


return; 



108 MACUSER A PRIL 1986 











true Mac sound pro. There’s no limir 
to the intricate four-part harmonics 
you can conjure up with this one, so 
it’s no surprise that most of the 
music programs on the market uti¬ 
lize the FTS, The sample program 
demonstrates a simple chord genera¬ 
tion and phase shifting experiment. 
Play around with the values using 
Inside Macintosh as your reference 


point and read my comments in the 
listing, 

SOME GENERAL COMMENTS 

Note the use of register variables 
in the program. Most compilers that 
provide register variables only allo¬ 
cate a few (Aztec provides four data 
and two address), so be judicious in 
your use of these turbo-variables. 


Whenever you’ve got a loop that 
counts down a variable, a register 
variable should generally be used. 
Also, note my placement of the reg¬ 
ister declarations. Since a register 
declaration is really just a “hint” to 
the compiler and will only result in 
an actual register allocation if a regis¬ 
ter is available, prioritize multiple 
register declarations so that the ones 



* The** structure* *r# used if* Artec C to umlaut the pascal EO blocks 
¥ documented In the File Manager nanusI of Inside Macintosh. Other 

* compilers will vary ltnnhtt. For example, Artec uses union* where#* 

* consolslr us#* separate struct* for each type or id block. The ultimate 

p field manes: are the nsff, however, and are identical to Chose documented 

* tfl Inside Macintosh. 

V 

pb->i©Completion - NIL; 
pb->U.i*p.,ioKu£NU:Ji - '4; 
pb“>u. iop.iosuftor ~ ayree; 

pb->y, iop..! Bfi#qCou«t “ lleng}si leaf(struct synthree} / 


* Sot up tho duration for this particular call by assigning a valuu based 
■ on 60 f Lh* of A second. In this example, the C Chords last 1 1/2 seconds 

* while the phase shifting example lasts 5 Seconds, 


nytitnal-duration - 
reytuno!->du ration * 300; 

5nytune3->duraE; ion ■ SO; 


Now, write the buffer to the sound driver With an asynchronous call 


PBKrito (pb, IRL'E); 

i /* end of {outplay(} *f 

ivplay(theturo) 
int *thetune; 
l 

f* 

■ Bat up the parameter block for the square wave call. Note that We pass 

■ an arbitrarily long Value to thi ioPeqCount field since the sound driver 
' Will stop outputting sound in any case when it got* to the 3 zeroes 

* at the end of the synth record* For this example, again, wo won H t 

* allow queueing requests * The synthirecard whoso address i« passed to 

* this function appears at the and of the listing in tho form Of an array 

* ndrad swLUriO(f. 

V 

if (spb->iortoiult > oi 
return; 

spb->iocoapletion - NIL; 
spb->u, lop. ioSef Hum • *4; 
apb->u.iop„1o3uffar - thetune; 
apb->u.iop,iOKeqCOunt - 1000 03 Lj 

F&tfriteupb.rfiUSif 

i /■ end of swplayt) */ 

fraeplaytl 

i 

/* 

* Set up the pararotor block for the Ff#a Fora call, for this example, 

■ again, we won’t allow queueing requests. 

•/ 

if |Efpb->loRo*uVt. > 3] 
roturn; 

t fph-?icCorplotion - NIL; 
ffpb-su.lop.io5to!NU£ * *(J 
ffpb->u.lop.ioBuffer * tryff; 

ffpb->u,lop,ioRaqCount - [ long) s 1 mof I struct freeform!; 

P&Write(ffpb,TRUE}; 


J /* end ot swplayl) 


* The function killioO shuts off the sound driver after checking to See if 

* there's actually any sound buiftg produced. As wo did in both of the sound 

* functions, we poll the iohesult field to *#* it a write request is in 

* progress. This field Will remain positive am long as a write request ll 
■ executing fi.e„, sound 1* being produced}, 

V 

kill Ltd 
! 

if (fpbl->ioRosult > 0) 

PBJflll 10 [fpbl * TRUE); 
if tfph2->toPesult s 0) 

FBKilllO [ f pt)3, THL’E) ; 
if Ifpb3~>lcResui£ > 0) 

FBKilllO t fpb3,TRUE); 
if {spb->ioResult > Q); 

FBKilllO<spb,TRUE); 

IE (ffpb->ioRoiult > 0}? 

FBKilllOIf£pb,TRUE ]1 

1 t - end of l(Ililo{} •/ 


" ran Ere®0 return* a pseudo-random integer between two positive integers. 
* The function expects two positive integer arguments, low and high. The 
1 returned integer should fall ’randomly r between low and high. Inclusive. 
*7 

ran(roral Ecu, high) 

register unsigned short low, high; 


register unsigned short range; 


range - high - low + 1; 

return I aba (RandomU ) I range * lew); 


} /* end of rahfroad */ 


p abs El takes a signed integer and return* its absolute value. We’v* provided 

* it here since the Toolbox Randomf) function returns negative values as w«l 1 

* as positive. Sent# compilers offer this a* a utility sacra in stdlo.h 
V 

abs Cnur) 
short nuttj 
t 

return nux. < C7 - nuininur:; 

} /* end of abs (| *f 


* It's generally a good idea to have one function to handle program! ns Its. 

* Many applications will contain =*0r# than one pppertunity re exit. 

■ By having each such location call a single exit function, you Can avoid 

* duplication of exit clean-up code, a* v«n as providing assurance of a 

* uni form exit approach In all cases. 

bye 11 

\ 

f* 

p Before wo quit, w* chock to SCO it wo left a tune playing. IE so. we 

* shut if off before exiting. 

•/ 

killiolJf 


(ii*pc*e of allocated storage, fhi* isn’t actually required since upon 
termination of our pregram all Soap space used will be returned to tho 
available pgol of nem.ory. Still, roeerbering to deallocate monory that 
you’ve spacifically allocated is a good habit to got into and is done 
hero for illustration purposes. Eliminate these calls if you'd like. 


APRI L 1986 MACU5ER 109 








ONE IF BY LAND. TWO IF BY C 


you want the most arc declared first, integer between i and n, whereas 
That way, if the compiler runs out of the ToolBox Random() returns a 
registers, you'll have your most im- signed integer between -32768 and 
portant variables covered. 32767. To get around this, I've 

The sample program uses the written the function randfrom() 
Tool Box Random () function in a which takes two positi ve integers as 
couple of places and fve included input and returns a pseudo-random 
some utility functions to use with it, integer within the range cncom- 
1 When Pm in the mood for random passed by supplied integers. You 
numbers Pm usually looking for an just can't get true randomness front a 

computer and most so-called ran¬ 
dom number generators are really 
pseudo-random. The effect is close 
enough for our purposes. 

Pve also provided an absf) func¬ 
tion which simply returns the abso¬ 
lute value of a given integer. Using 
abs() within randfrom() assures that 
the numbers returned by Random{) 
will all be positive. fj| 

THE END OF A LISTING 


*/ 

74*. 3 5* 7. 


1,25,1, 

DiipevPtrifpfe&M 

744,25,7. 

DiiposPLr: 

1.25,1. 

QiipeiFtr[spbJ: 

749.25,7, 

DlipaiPtr[ffp&fj 

1.25.1, 

DlSpCiPtf |*ytUfl*l) : 

DLapojPtf tsyrcciu 

749,25,36. 

t?i sposPtr ieytuwJl t 

DiipcaPtr (Tyrant • 

1,35,A. 

DiipsiPtrlaytun*}); 

1899,23,14, 

Di jpo*Pc r <Tyrirc3 1 : 

18*7,25.6. 

1711,35,12. 

EuLtT&iJwUli/ 

1617.35,6, 

1999.35.18. 

i t* end of hyen */ 

1867,25,6, 

1761,35.18. 

/■ 

1687.25. E, 

• fullering driAys cental Ft Ctifl dnacrlpLive tnf ars’at ltw 

1999,25. *. 

■ t?io aqvar* ay/itKosltor, Sfl careful in Croat lciq/edit 1 ft-) liet", a 

1,21.1. 

■ typo cin idnd uauaUy villi ,pnd your Kac out voit. Although the following 

1234,75.7, 

■ tokos up apace, it 1 a eaiier to ViiyoLit the 1 of uch note 

1,25,1. 

■ Ifr^joncy, arplltudc, and duration] this way. See pages 20*J3 of tti* Sutind 

1334,25,7, 

* Manager portion of Ir.iido Haetfiteah for translation of ifwcific netrt into 

1.35.1, 

* frequency values, 

> f 

1334,23.3D, 

tot about 11 ■* t awHodfi, /*■ ritit entry la always fchla conatant ■/ 

1,35,8, 

74^,35, 14, 

19*9,25.14, 

999.25, E, 

1987.73.6. 

1.7^1. 

176],75,12, 

9*9, 75.7, 

18*7.23,6, 

890*25,14, 

1999,75,3a, 

999,75.14, 

1817.25,6, 

1,25, 14, 

17*1,35,10, 

793,25,13, 

1887,35,6, 

1.25.2, 

1989,25,9, 

US, 25,1*, 

1.23,1, 

0*0,0 

1189,25, 7, 

it, 

1.75,1, 

1189,25,7, 

int avtunoH “ f tttltoda, 

594,35,14, 

1.25,1, 

1169,25,30, 

1,25,1, 

<67.35.6, 

1,35,6. 

748.25,8, 

594,25*14, 

607,73.Ef. 

1.25*1 

=94,25,8, 

487,25,8, 

630,25.0, 

749,23,0, 

384,35. ** 

467*23,0. 

74 9.25,8, 

594,25.8. 

661.25, 7, 

130.25,0, 

994,23,8, 

1.75,1. 

749,73,0, 

667.25*7, 

*67,73,7. 

1,25,1. 

1.25.1. 

667,25.7. 

667.73.7, 

1.25.1. 

1,33,1, 

667.25.3S, 

<67,25*7, 

1.25,1. 

1*25,8, 

<67, 75. 37, 

667.25,14. 

1,25,1. 

1,25,12, 

749.35,6. 

667,35,10, 

7*3,35,8, 

1,35,1. 

7 49,25, 0. 

944.25*1* 

667,25,8, 

191.33. 6, 

757,25,6, 

467,35,37. 

667,25.8, 

594,25,14, 

7*3,25,0, 

500,33.20, 

0. 0.0 it 


110MACUSER APRIL 19 86 










Hie MacServe Theory of Networking. 




productivity increases as you 
share applications and docu¬ 
ments with MacServe, over 
PHL. AppleTalk,™ securely, 
quickly, and efficiently, 

It may take days to appreciate 
little things like not having 
to wait to use (ix j printer. With 
MacServe is print spooler, you 
and others can share a serial 
printer and still get back to 
work sooner. 

S Weeks, or months, 
later when you 

expand your network, you will 
recognize die long-term bene¬ 
fits of MacServe. Add disks 


p=ji and printers to your 

JEJ MacServe system, as 

^ you need diem, widv 

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Monthly tips and techniques that save time and trouble. 



SHEET 


Compiled by Track Forman Hines 

Have you found an interesting way to get 
things done faster, more efficiently, or more 
drat inly? Share your tips with The Rest of 
Us and get rich and famous besides by 
sending \anr hints in to Mac User Tips, 25 
West 39th Street, New York, NT 10018 * 
Well pay you $25 to $100 for every tip we 
use, plus well print your name and home 
town in the magazine for ail to see * What 
are yon waiting for? Get out those programs 
and start hunting hints 7 

MACWRFTE 

Do you create a lot of documents 
1 with specific page setup require¬ 
ments? Save a lot of rime and duplicated 
effort by creating a reusable template for 
each non-default page setup you use 
often* Once you’ve set the format for 
page size, starting font* margins, spacing 
and headers and footers, save it as an 
independent document named for rhe 
function you'll use it for (as in “Invoice 
Standard”). The next time you'll need to 
use that format, just open the document 
and type away* Remember to SAVE AS ... 
instead of just SAVE, though, which will 
create a new file for your letter without 
corrupting vour original template. You 
can extend this idea even ftirther to keep 
personalized letterheads on file as well* 

Those special icons in headers and 
footers, like the date, time and 
page number icons, don't change font 
and style unless they're highlighted. You 
can change the fonts and styles these 
items are displayed in relatively easily. 
One technique is to click at the very' 
beginning of the header or footer win¬ 
dow, then select the desired font and 
style from the Style menu. 


way of changing a whole 
footer (including the icon- 
ms) is to first be sure the 
with a carriage return* Then 
iC end, move to the beginning, 
SHIFT while clicking the mouse 
Now, change to your heart’s 

can even mix fonts and font styles 
ecu icon-driven and text entries in 
window by following the first pro- 
cdurc above, then typing a space before 
setting the text’s font and style. Al¬ 
though different bits of text in a header 
or footer can be displayed (and printed) 
in different fonts, the text produced by 
the icons all share the same fonts and 
style* 

While you can’t place text next to 
pictures in Mae Write, you can 
move* the special icons in the header and 
footer windows on top of any pasted 
graphics. The text these icons create will 
appear on your images. 

FONT/DA MOVER 

nn When using the Font!DA Mover ; 

most people hit the OPEN button 
to access the system of another disk. If 
you stick a disk into the drive while the 
Font IDA Mover is open, it automatically 
opens the system of the disk placed in the 
drive* 

V~x\ To install a font or desk accessory 
into an application, hold down the 
OPTION key when clicking OPEN*..* 
You’ll get a choice of all files, not just 
Systems and DA files. And you can 
install a font or DA into any application. 
Why would you want to? Maybe vou 
need a foreign language font only in 
your word processor and some fancy 
display fonts only in MacPaint * By in¬ 
stalling these fonts directly into the ap¬ 
plications you’ll be using them with, you 
can be sure of keeping the fonts and 
applications together when you move 
the applications to other disks with dif¬ 
ferent systems. 

MACDRAW 

Hold down the COMMAND key 
while pressing the mouse button, 
and the last tool used will automatically 
be selected. This avoids the constant 
annoyance of having to rcsclcet the same 
tool again and again. 

Do you need an unusually sized font? 
Create your text in MaeDraw, then copy 
it into Microsoft Word, where it can be 
stretched to any size you want. The best 


news of all is, it prints out perfectly on 
the LaserWriter* (Printing doesn’t work 
as well on die ImageWriter*) 

Steve Mailer , San Francis to y CA 

MACPASCAL 


Run two or more programs in a 
Dffl l row by selecting them on the 
desktop and then choosing open from 
the File menu. If an ImageWriter is 
attached and running, you’ll also get a 
log of the activities performed. 


Cr tgr j For quick and dirty debugging, 
rxyl select a program on the desktop 
and then choose OPEN from die File 
menu. Be sure your ImageWriter is 
turned on* If you make any errors, both 
the MacPascal error messages and the 
statement where the error occurred will 
be printed out in hard copy* 

MICROSOFT WORD 

In Word , any type in 5, 6 and 7 
point sizes will look best if it’s 
printed in high quality, since the Mac 
scales existing 10, 12 or 14 point fonts 
down to half size* Be sure die larger sizes 
arc in the System or in Word before 
trying this trick* 

The bunons in the dialog boxes all 
respond to COMMAND keys, with 
the COMMAND key and another key 
pressed at the same time. Among the 
commands that work: COMMAND D 
switches disk drives; COMMAND E ejects 
a disk; COMMAND PERIOD cancels a 
command. 

Questions such as “Save changes be¬ 
fore closing?”* can be answered in several 
wavs* You can dick,on the button dis¬ 
playing the answer you want, or hit 
RETURN to select the box with the 
heavier border, or press Y for “Yes, save 
it,” or N for “No*” 

Want to scale a graphic in Word? 
Press COMMAND, SHIFT and Y to¬ 
gether, then choose a number (from 0-9) 
to scale down a graphic to the number’s 
corresponding size. Experiment with this 
to see which sizes work best for your 
purposes* 

Stav Mailer, San Francisco, CA 

FINDER 

0 You can work with the little mini 
icons that appear when you select 
a desktop display other than standard 
icon format (such as name, size, date, 
etc.) just as though they were regular 


112 M A C U $ E R APR 


L 1 9 8 6 









icons. Double click to open them, and 
move and copy them just like you would 
with full-size icons. 


ED 


Does the typeface on your desktop 
look 4 Svrong”? There arc several 
possibilities that explain what might 
have happened, especially if you Ye not 
the only one who uses that Mac. The 
default font might have been changed by 
one of the noncommercial programs de¬ 
signed to do exactly that, such as die 
Change Application Font desk accessory' 
and application (two different programs) 
or PRAM2 from the Boston Computer 
Society. AH of these programs arc avail¬ 
able from users 3 groups and through 
BBSs and on*line services like The 
Source, Delphi and CompuServe. 

The best solution in this case is to 
remove the Mac’s battery' for at least 30 
seconds (remember to reset the date and 
time when you restart). 

If that doesnY work, ids possible that 
the System has been modified and one or 
more of the “unremovable” fonts was 
indeed removed. If you suspect this is 
the case (have any friends who tend to 
like practical jokes?), try starting up with 
another disk containing a System you 
know is complete. Any System on a 
commercially sold disk is fine for this 
purpose. 

The last possibility is that the battery 


Mere we show the complete Key 
Caps for the Cairo font. Upper 
case characters are at the right, 
tower case characters am shown 
below. At the far right are special 
characters entered with the shown 
key combinations. 


has tailed. In this case, a new battery will 
solve what ails you. 

MACPAINT 

To print a catalog (using the 
PRINT CATALOG command) of 
MacPaint documents on a disk other 
than the one your application is on, first 
open any MacPaint document on die 
disk you want to catalog. Now, just 
choose print CATALOG from the File 
menu. 

Get ultra bo Id MacPaint letters by 
i entering your text in BOLD and 
outline from the Style menu. Then use 
the FILL option to give letters a shaded 
effect. 

RESOURCE EDITOR 

This is a dangerous tool! Be sure to only 
work on a backup copy. Never use this tool on 
ytmr only copy of anything, or one day yoipll 
be very sorry! 


When opening a resource, hold 
H down the OPTION and SHIFT keys. 
You'll get a dialog box that lets you open 
any resource as though it was another 
resource type. This feature is particularly 
useful for examining version resources. 


Open them as STR resources and instead 
of seeing hex data, you'll usually sec an 
English language string. That string 
ty pically contains version numbers and 
things like that, bur it can contain any- 
diing. Just ty pe into the box to add to or 
change the text already there. 

MacPaint features a private font 
simply called 12. Among other 
things, this font contains the sizes of 
paint brush tools. They can be edited just 
like any font using Resource Editor** built- 
in tools. To edit this font, open Mac¬ 
Paint while m Resource Editor, scroll to 
the FONT resources, double click to 
open that, and then doublc-dick on 12, 
You can scroll along the font in die large 
window and edit to the left of the box. 
The brush shapes are towards the end of 
die font. The largest square brush shape 
is also used as die eraser too! shape, so 
modifying it will modify' both die brush 
shapes and the eraser. As vou dose 
down, save whenever you’re asked to. 

If you’re haxing trouble cutting 
resources, ifs probably because 
die Clipboard is filling up. When you 
CUT, everything moves to the Clipboard, 
while when you CLEAR, the data just 
disappears, CUTS can be undone, but 
CLEARS are final—you canY UNDO them 
m any way. 


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Option - v - to 
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APR 


l 1986 MACUSER113 













































































































































BREAD AND BUTTER BUDGETING 



(continued from page 77) 
two ID codes “SM” and “JM” so 
that his and hers clothing expenses 
could be subtotaled, 

John pointed our, however, that 
they would need a long list of ID 
Codes to create ail of the subcate- 
gorics they needed for taxes and 
interest, and they would still not be 
able to identify categories by two ID 
Codes. For example, John wanted to 
be able to get a total of Sally's FICA 
or his. Worst of all, they found that 
die SPLIT transactions option did 


not each have its own ID Code, and 
so the Marshes were back to square 
one again. 

After the entire situation was ana¬ 
lyzed thoroughly, they decided that 
creating separate categories p for each 
major tax category was the only 
option that met their needs. 

REPRESENTING TAXATION 

John and Sally wanted a running 
total of the amount of taxes they had 
paid from ail income sources. The 
task of keeping track of withholding 



Pick your own category, then choose te Type from among 
the menu Hems. 

taxes and other deductions does not 
match any of HAtllac's features ex¬ 
actly and requires a bit of “fudging.” 


First, the Marshes created categories 
for Taxes—FICA, Taxes—Federal, 
and so on. Then, using each pay 
stub, they treated the total amount 
of money withheld as a Cash Ac¬ 
count Deposit, After entering the 
deposit as the total amount of the 
deductions, each deduction was en¬ 
tered as a cash transaction. They 
used ID codes to indicate which of 
them had earned the money. 

SPLITTING HAIRS 
[AND TRANSACTIONS] 

The most important aspect of pre¬ 
planning is identifying those transact 
tions belonging to more than one 
category (called SPLIT transactions) 
such as paychecks, deposits and loan 
payments. Since the bank hadn't 
provided them with amortization ta¬ 
bles for either the mortgage payment 
or their car payment, the Marshes 
used the HAMac loan planning 
menu to print them out. Here again, 
the Marshes wanted an “exact” 
amount. HAMac could tell them 


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• Built in compiler support for all 

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BREAD AND BUTTER BUDGETING 


how much of the payment each 
month went tor principal (used to 
reduce the loan on their house, 
which was assigned to the liability 
group) and how much of the pay¬ 
ment went for interest. The remain¬ 
der of their monthly payment was 
for taxes and insurance, which the 
bank pur in escrow. 

When they enter the mortgage 
payment check each mouth, they 
check the SPLIT box and enter four 
categories and amounts: Loan- 
house, Interest-house, Property rax¬ 
es, and Insurance-house. The HA- 
Mac system does not allow for 
memos on SPLIT transactions, nor 
does it allow for ID codes. 

PLANNING FOR FUTURE GOALS 

Eva Donovan, a single profession¬ 
al, wants to buy a condominium. 
She has her eve on one that is selling 
for $50,000, She figures that 
$10,000 will cover her down pay¬ 
ment, dosing costs, and a little bit of 
decorating. Eva’s question is “How 
much must I save each month to buy 
the eon do in one year* Or in two 
years? 1 * HAAlac can answer that 
question in a flash, and figure in the 
interest you would receive on your 
money as you save, and also figure 
what inflation is doing to the 
amount of money that you need. 

First, Eva worked out the approxi¬ 
mate monthly payment on a 
$45,000 loan for 20 years. Then she 
let HAAlac figure the amount of 
money she needed to save to have 
the SI0,000 needed to settle and 
move in. HAAlac reported that she 


needed to save S461 a month for 
about 2 years. If she waits a year to 
get started, shell need to save $971 a 
month. HAAlac also calculates the 
interest Eva will receive over the two 
years of saving and the amount she'll 
need to match the buying power of 
$10,000 at her estimated rate of 
inflation. 

JACK'S GOAL: NO CAR PAYMENT 

Jack Kilgallen likes to pay cash for 
his automobiles. He recently bought 
a compact car for $13,800 Curious 
as to how much a similar vehicle 
would cost if he kept the car for 5 
rears, HAAlac provided the answer 
as well as how much Jack wbuld 
need to save each month ow the 
same time frame in order to pay cash 
for his next “comparable 11 car. M4- 
Alac also provides information on 
how much money Jack saved by 
paying cash instead of financing. 

YOUR BUDGETS BREAD AND BUTTER 

Do vou need HAAlac} That all 
depends. If you have never bounced 
a check by mistake or applied for a 
bank loan, know where every penny 
in your budget goes and keep metic¬ 
ulous records neatly filed and ready 
for tax time, you probably don’t 
need this program. 

But if you constantly find yourself 
running a week or two ahead of your 
paycheck, only to puzzle over moun¬ 
tains of receipts and drawers full of 
bills when it’s time to pay the tax 
man, this one’s for you. It could just 
pay off in financial dollars—and even 
more in budget sense.^ 


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You can add or remove any number 
of words. This reduces stopping on 
words that are spelled correctly. 

* Spellswell does not annoy you by 
frequently stopping on contractions 
and abbreviations. 

* Spellswell checks homonyms like 
their/there and shows examples of 
how they are used. Personalize by 
adding name homonyms like 
Peterson/Pederson or removing 
homonyms you don't confuse. 

* Spellswefl’s dictionary checks 
capitalization of proper nouns 

* Spellswell maintains capitalization, 
Replace "Whin" with “When", not 
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* Spellswell is accurate. Spelfswelhs 
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L 1 9 86 MACUSER 115 
















THE HELP FOLDER 


ANSWERS 
FROM THE 
MAC TEAM 

by Dan Cochran 

Got a Mac problem? Something that 
you'd like explained' Something you can't 
find the answer for anpvhcre else? Apple's 
Dan Cochran will answer your questions 
every month in this space , When the ques¬ 
tions are too tough for him. he'll get the 
answers from other members of the Mae 
ream. So ask what you need to know and get 
your ansiven straight from the source! 

Send your questions to Dan care of 
MacUser, 25 West 30 th Street p New 
York, NY 10018. Dan will read all of your 
questions, but , unfortunately, he may not be 
able to answer individual qtu nes. Watch 
this space for the pick of each month's Q & 
A crop. 


I tltink Fve found a bug in the 
Tool Box, It seems that a call to die 
barManager with the constant 
draught Guinness insists on returning 
germ an Import, Seems to get stuck in a 
loop for about 36 times. Inside Macin¬ 
tosh doesn’t shed any light on this 
problem. Any advice? 

Doyle B, Myers 

San Jose, CA 

The first thing to do is to increment 
hopCount before catling barManager. If 
your barManager call is in a loop make 
sure that your increment procedure is 
outside of the loop or vou’re likely to 
have additional problems. Also make 
sure that foam Volume (usually set by the 
user via the control panel and usually nor 
of concern to application programs) 
hasn't been tampered with by another 
application or desk accessory. Thanks to 
Bryan Steams and Jim Friedlandcr of 
Macintosh Technical Support for their 
advice on this subject. Cheers! 


Why is it that when I add new fonts 
to my System flic, they no longer 
appear in alphabetical order within the 
font menu? Is there any way to man¬ 
ually fix tiic listing? 

Bruce E, Sclzler 
Redlands, CA 




The best way to fix your problem is to 
rush right out and buy a Macintosh Plus 
or a Macintosh Plus upgrade for your 
current machine. The original 128K and 
5I2K Macintoshes listed the fonts in the 
reverse order of the sequence in which 
they were added to die System file. The 
new Resource Manager that's pan and 
parcel of the Macintosh Plus will auto¬ 
matically alphabetize not only the font 
menu but the desk accessory menu as 
well. Another neat feature of the new 
Macintosh Plus is its scrollable font 
menu. If you've ever tried to have more 
than 20 fonts displayed in a font menu 
you’ll know what I mean. They were 
there, you knew, you put them in and 
sou could see diem {in Font!DA Alover 
or ResEdit). But you couldn’t use them. 

While we Ye on the subject of fonts the 
ncvs' Key Caps desk accessory allows you 
to see wlut each and every font looks 
like, not just Chicago! And a new menu 
item jets you see what’s in other fonts. 

Unfortunately, there is no way to 
manually alphabetize your fonts on your 
current machine short of starting with a 
new System file without any fonts and 
using the Font/DA Mover - to copy fonts 
to the new System in reverse alphabetical 
order. 


I ajn using Finder version 5.0, Why 
won’t it display the size of Folders 
when Display by Size is selected? 

Jim Ralston 

Greensboro, NC 

Finder 5.0 (and 5.1, which is shipping 
with the new- Mae Plus) supports the 
new Hierarchical File System (HFS) 


which provides a much faster and effi¬ 
cient means of managing a large number 
of files and folders. HFS, however, isn't 
able to determine the size of a folder 
unless that folder is open — a minor 
tradeoff in functionality for speed. 

By the way, while you can use versions 
5.0 or 5J (5.1 is better, it fixes and 
improves 5.0 slightly) with die Macin¬ 
tosh Plus, Mac 512 and Mac XL, it may 
not work properly with the Mac 128 and 
should not be used with those comput¬ 
ers. Owners of 128K Macs should con¬ 
tinue to use Finder 4,1. 


Howcaxi I create an HFS volume on 
a 400K floppy disk? And is there any 
casv way to tell whether a volume is an 
HFS volume or the old flat-file vol¬ 
ume? 

Janet Roth 

Cheyenne, WY 

First, be sure that your System sup¬ 
ports HFS, Then hold down the Option 
key while initializing or erasing a 4Q0K 
disk. Tliis will format the disk as an HFS 
volume. Remember, chough, that there 
is no way to force the old flat-file volume 
structure on a volume that's over 400K in 
size. 

An easy way to tell whether a disk ts an 
HFS volume is to look carefully at the 
closely spaced horizontal lines below the 
volume information in a volume win- 
dow. If there is one black dot or pixel, 
that volume has been formatted with the 
HFS file structure ( top window). If the 
dot is absent, that volume has the old, 
flat-file structure (bottom window). 


Page 43 of the MacDraw manual 
states that you can draw a rectangle to 
border vour text. Any text then typed 
in the rectangle will then automatical¬ 
ly word-wrap. This does not happen. 
Do I need version 1.9 of MacDraw} 
William S. Halstead 
East Hempstead, NY 

This feature works in versions 1,7 and 
1 9 of MacDraw. The trick is to (1) first 
draw die rectangle, (2) select the rectan¬ 
gle so that it is highlighted, and finally 
(3) simply scan typing away. This feature 
won’t work if you draw die rectangle, 
select the text cursor from the palette, 
select an insertion point in the rectangle, 
and then start to type. 

I have the new Hard Disk 20 with 
the Hierarchical File System, I like to 
keep my documents in separate de¬ 
scriptive folders. Do I have to put a 


116 M A C U S E R APRIL 1986 


ANDY MARTIN 










A single bUcfc dot or pixd 
meiit* thd this is in NFS 
fontutted volume. 


Dot is absent .•. This is 
not an HFS volume. 


copy of each application in the folders? 
In fact, will it help speed performance 
to, say, put a copy of MacWrite in each 
folder that contains MacWrite docu¬ 
ments? 

David Hart 

Brooklyn, NY 

The answer is no, do not put multiple 
copies of applications throughout your 
HD20, HFS creates a new resource type 
(APFL) in the Desktop file that points to 
the exact location of each application on 
the disk. Thus when you launch a docu¬ 
ment there is no extensive search. The 
APPL resource tells the Finder exactly 
where the proper application will be 
found if it is on the disk. 


I know that I have to create a 
Bundle (BNDL) resource when I add 
my custom icon to an application that 
came with only the generic (default) 
application icon* I even know how to 
create the BNDL resource* I know 
that the bundle’s function is to tie an 
icon to a file type* The question is; 
How does the Finder do this? 

Pam Monsini 
Denver, CO 

[Answer by Ginger Jemigan of Macin¬ 
tosh Technical Support.] 

When the Finder encounters a file type 
it needs to display, it looks up the type in 
the Desktop file. The Desktop file is used 
by the Finder to keep track of all perti¬ 
nent information about how to display 
the documents on a volume. If the 
Finder finds a bundle for the file in the 
Desktop file, then it uses the associated 
icon when it displays the file. If it can’t 
find a bundle, then it uses the default 
document or application icon. 

If the file is an application that has the 


bundle bit set, but the bundle isn’t in the 
Desktop file, the Finder makes a copy of 
the bundle and puts it in the Desktop 
file* The application is then displayed 
with its associated icon. 



If a data file has lost its icon (it’s on a 
disk without the application and the 
Desktop file was trashed), then it will be 
displayed with the default document 
icon until the Finder encounters a copy 
of die application that contains the right 
bundle. The Finder then makes a copy of 
the application’s bundle and places it in 
the Desktop file of the data file’s disk. 


Please explain the typos of memory 
testing performed by the Macintosh 
on power up. Does the Macintosh 
write and/or read to each byte of 
memory or just a random rcad/wrire 
to memory locations? Is memory al¬ 
ways cleared at power up? 

Barry Cohn 
Lmtisinlle, KT 

Each time the Macintosh is switched 
on, the boot ROM code determines how 
much memory' is present and then tests 
each and every byte. When you, howev¬ 
er, restart your machine after a system 
crash or when using the reset switch the 
same tests are usually performed, but 
aren’t guaranteed to take place* 

The memory test itself consists of 
filling all the 68000 registers with a 
repeating three-byte pattern* A looping 
MOVEM.L assembly language instruc¬ 
tion copies the contents of the registers 
to all available memory'* This write oper¬ 
ation alternates between the highest 
available and lowest available bytes of 
untested memory until the patterns con¬ 
verge in the memory map* 

Next, the code looks at every 1 byte of 
memory, from the lowest to die highest 
byte, comparing every three-byte pattern 
against the register standards. If a single 
bit is different the Macintosh fails die 
test and reports the error and location of 
the defective byte* You’ll get a sad Mac¬ 
intosh arid a number that can be decoded 
to track down the offending RAM chip* 
Since the number of registers available 
for die memory write operation is not an 
even multiple of memory' size, several 
bytes (possibly up to 24) can be left 
untested in high memory. These bytes, 
however, aren’t typically used by' user 
programs or data. 

After the memory test completes, each 
byte of memory' is filled with an SFF, 
using the same method described above. 
Again, several bytes may be left unwrit¬ 
ten. Next the screen is filled with the 
familiar gray desktop pattern and boot¬ 
ing proceeds. 

Thanks to Chris Espinosa for the 
above play-by-play. ^ 


A PRIL 1 9 8 6 MAC U SCR 117 

























DESIGNER BATTLES 


Using the predesigned 
map segments, If* easy 
to construct just about 
any kind of terrain. 

The mini-map at the 
lower left side of the 
screen tracks your ere¬ 
ction process step by 
step. 



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(continued fivm page 99) 
feel for the system. But then I decid¬ 
ed to get serious and to sec if it 
would be possible to design a battle 
as “professional 11 playing and appear¬ 
ing as those included. 

To do so meant I would have to 
do some thinking and research. 
First, it was necessary to recognize 
the game's weak points as well as its 
strong design points. For example, 
there were no mounted troops avail¬ 
able and while there were plenty of 
bowmen there were no gunpowder- 
equipped warriors. I knew it would 
be possible to kludge a way around 
both of these problems. 

Allowing only one troop the abili¬ 
ty to quick march would simulate 
fast-moving cavalry, arrows could 
mean bullets. But it just would not 
look right and to include such 
would, I felt sure, destroy the part of 
rhe program I most loved—‘its realis¬ 
tic feel. 

So, I needed a battle which in¬ 
volved only archers and hand-to- 
hand troops in a somewhat medi¬ 
eval-style setting. It soon became 
apparent that it would be easy to 


simulate small skirmishes within a 
larger battle. 

But could an entire battle be simu¬ 
lated with this game? As a war- 
gamer, I asked myself if I could 
design a wargame scenario at what is 
known as the Grand Tactical level. 
Each unit would really represent 
many, but very similar, units, 

I pulled down a few reference 
books and (in the book Medieval 
England from Oxford University 
Press) finally found a battle that I 
thought Ancient An of War could 
handle simulating. It was the Battle 
of Floddcn Field which had taken 
place in 1513 AD. The book had 
much information on the battle, its 
history and maps. 

I moused to the Game Generator 
portion of The Ancimt An of War in 
order to create a “campaign disk. 1 ' I 
would be led step-by-step through 
the mechanics of this creation pro¬ 
cess, but it quickly became apparent 
that I was righc to have done my 
homework. 

The first thing to do was to make 
a map. At the top of the screen was a 
view of a section of die entire (now 


blank) scrolling map. In the lower 
left section of the screen was a mini- 
map, a miniature version of the 
entire map. At die bottom right of 
die screen were the map board 
“pieces” with which I could fill the 
map. 

Arranged in rows were squares of 
terrain representing various forma¬ 
tions of hills and plains, water and 
bridges. I could dick on a piece with 
the mouse and drag it to the position 
I wanted it on die niapboard. Four 
complete screens of assorted map 
pieces are available which cover just 
about any type of terrain possibility. 

The “Floddcn Field” map from 
Medieval England at hand, I began to 
build my battlefield. The river and 
low hills went together nicely, as did 
the rugged hills die battle was 
fought near. It took a while to 
understand how the jigsaw-like 
pieces could be made to fit but it 
soon became easy to form terrain 
that appeared astonishingly close to 
my source mate rial. 

Once the terrain was together it 
was time to form and place my 
squads. Because of the Grand Tacti¬ 
cal nature of my idea, each of my 
squads would represent more dian 
the fourteen troops shown* Still, it 
was fairly simple to balance die 
forces as shown by the tactical battle 
map I had found in the history book. 
I placed my squads of Scots soldiers 
(seasoned with a few archers) on the 
two hills I had created near the 
southern bottom of the map. The 
hiil to the left was Floddcn Hill, 
where the actual battle would com¬ 
mence. The hill to the right was 
Brankston Hill, where die Scots had 
made camp. To represent die camp I 
placed a village symbol on the right 
hand hill. 

The Earl of Surrey’s knights and 
men at arms were placed in a column 
of march from the two casdcs that 
had served as gadicring points in the 
north. Tile Earl's elite forces were in 
the center. For die formation of each 
group I chose the so-called “Rum¬ 
ble 11 formation as it seemed that 
would best simulate the rush to arms 
diat characterized a prc-Napolconic 
batdc in England. 

Then it was time to place the 
critical flags. Eacli side would have 


118 M A C U $ E R APR IL 1986 



























































JT 


to do its best to capture the oppos¬ 
ing ilag. It was critical to the simula¬ 
tion to place these flags properly so 
that their presence would make the 
lines of battle flow as they had 
historically. 

I placed one English flag in Eta! 
Castle and another in Ford Castle, 
which I had originally positioned as 
my source map showed. 1 reasoned 
that this would cause the coniputer- 
comrolted Scots to attempt a break¬ 
out from their position, through 
English lines and ultimately, to occu¬ 
py die castles. 

The Scots flag was simple to place 
—it went directly within the village 
that symbolized the Scots camp* The 
Engltsh would have to quell the 
Scots" attack and overrun die Scots’ 
base while making certain no break- 
tint occurred to jeapordize their own 
flags. 

Then it was time to change the 
various rules, or variables, that gov¬ 
ern a scenario, I made crossing water 
and hills extremely dangerous as, in 
this game, each unit represented 
many men* I also disallowed castles 
from producing more soldiers* I rea¬ 
soned that most, if not all, of the 
armed might would be present at the 
battle and that rite battle would not 
simulate enough time for mure 
troops to be trained. 

Then it was time to write the 
“story 35 of the campaign-—the intro¬ 
duction that each player would read, 
I typed, “In 1513, James of Scotland 
crossed die border knowing that 
England's King Henry VIII was at 
the wars in France. But the Earl of 
Surrey did not hesitate to take the 
field against the invader* Even 
diough James and his pikemen held 


Follows Mac Interface. ***** 

Printed Documentation: ***** 

On-Screen Help: ***** 

Performance: ***** 

Support; ***- 

Consumer Value: ***** 


Comments: Ancient Art of War 
is an excellent game that includes a 
powerful game generator feature. 
Best Feature: The animated bat- 


the higher ground, Surrey’s men-at- 
arms would, with traditional broad¬ 
sword and halberd, earn 7 the day. 
Can you, as the Ear l of Surrey, 
defeat fames and overrun his camp 
before the Scots capture Etal Castle 
in the North and Casdc Ford in die 
South?” 

I named my scenario simply 
“Fiodden Field—1513 AD” and 
then, with trembling mouse, chose 
to play my own created scenario. 

What an experience! The battle 
raged along purely historical lines 
and it became dear that die Earl of 
Surrey had been, indeed, a splendid 
tactician, (I always choose Sun Tzu, 
who represents the most advanced 
computer level, to play the Scot). 
Even now, more than half the time 
the Scots will get by me and rake the 
castles and flags. 

(The “Flodden Field” scenario is 
available on CompuServe’s MAUG 
group in that group’s DL4 area if 
you would like to try playing it*) 

FINAL SHOTS 

My only disappointment in the 
game was mentioned briefly above. 
There should be two more soldier 
types* Until cavalry and gunpowder 
troops can be simulated in animation 
there will always be battles that can¬ 
not be easily fought in this system* I 
hope that a future version will in¬ 
clude such troops. 

But this criticism does not detract 
from the game as it now stands, a 
beautifully designed and executed 
labor oflove (and war!). The wealth 
of dera if i ts a n i m ated he a u ty an d the 
zest of game designing all go into 
making The Ancient An of War a 
truly classic wargame. 


ties are as much fun to watch as a 
movie* 

Worst Feature: No cavalry or rifle¬ 
men* 

List Price: $44*95, 128K, no 
printer or external disk required* 
Copy-protected. 

Published by Sroderbund Soft¬ 
ware. 17 Paul Dr*, San Rafael. CA 
94903-2101* (415) 479-1170* 


The Ancient Art of War: Report Card 

Overall Rating «... 


ON YOUR MACS! 

(continuedfivni pope 73) 
lines), is good and absolutely neces¬ 
sary. RSG also allows users to set 
multiple tabs of various widths, a 
feature nor lound even on the much 
more ex pc n s i vc PqtfcA !aka \ 

The program’s major limitations, 
however, will get in some folks’ way, 
Manhattan Graphics should think 
about adding scroll bars to the 
screen, fixing it to accept fonnatted 
word processing files and take (at 
least) MacPaint documents directly, 
without using the Scrapbook. 

While RSG'S basic philosophy of 
treating everything in "block” fash¬ 
ion might seem a bit eccentric com¬ 
pared ro rite way that PageMaker or 
MacPttblisher treat text and graphics, 
this idiosyncrasy lends itself to per¬ 
forming a few tricks. By organizing 
text in a number of wide but shallow 
text blocks, it is possible to set type 
around irregular I v-shaped graphics 
or in unusual shapes* This is, howev¬ 
er, a rime-consuming task and de¬ 
mands extreme accuracy, so it isn’t 
something youll want to tty on 
every layout. 

Of course, LaserWriter output of 
RSG pages makes the best use of the 
program but, unlike PageMaker, 
which virtually demands the laser 
printer, RSG can yield some impres¬ 
sive results when used with Im¬ 
age Writer, too. This is certainly an 
advantage for most of us* 

For those who do repetitive lay- 
ours—say, formatting a weekly re¬ 
port with lots of numbers in which 
only the information changes with 
each new edition —RSG allows you 
ro save only the page layout and not 
the information, text or pictures 
within it. This way, new text, illus¬ 
trations or numerical data can be 
easily placed in each new report—a 
very handy feature. 

Best of all, however, Manhattan 
Graphics achieved what it set out to 
do* Because of its very free-form 
design, ReadySetGo is the desktop 
publishing program that works in 
the manner most familiar to layout 
people* This may not he of value to 
everyone, especially those users with 
a strong editorial or word-oriented 
background, but it is ah effective and 
comfortable place to start for many 
artists and novices. 


APRIL 1986 MACUSER119 














MacSuper 20 FP 


68020. 

68881. 

16 MegaHertz. 
32-bit Data Path. 

Magic Numbers: 

We won't make fantastic claims about the MacSuper 20 FP. 
We'll just give you the facts. First, the upgrade features the 
68020 processor, the "big brother” of the 68000 found in 
your Macintosh, It runs at 16MHz, or twice the Mac's basic 
clock rate. It uses a 32-bit data path, twice as wide as the 
68000, allowing it to access twice as much memory at a time. 
The 68020 communicates directly with the 68881, a floating¬ 
point math co-processor, boosting the performance of 
number-crunching programs such as spreadsheets. The 
upgrade features a built-in SCSI port that is functionally 
identical to the SCSI port found on the new Mac+™. Finally, 
the MacSuper 20 FP has four megabytes of RAM, and clips 
onto 128K, 512K or Mac+, requiring no modifications to the 
original Macintosh circuit board. 

The bottom line is that you end up with a work station that 
operates at least four times the speed of a normal Macintosh. 
Faster than a DEC VAX 11/785. Faster than a IBM PC AT. 

Magic Words: 

Available Now. 

Levco 

6160 Lusk Blvd., C-203 San Diego, California 92121 (619) 457-2011 

'‘MitSupeT 10 FP’ b « trademark of Lcvto. "' Macintosh" is s tndcinark licensed io Apple Computer, Ent, 

1 , 1 VAX" li i tridemark of Digital Equipment Cwji, 'PC AT 1 is i indcmark of Intemstiorud Busin™ Mjf.Mnrt 


Please call for pricing and information about our other products. 


Please circle 185 on reader service card. 


THE CHEAT SHEET 


(continued jivnt pqac 90) 

to learn as much as possible as you 

can about the solution. 

First, take copious notes. While 
that address or suspect's name might 
not be important to you the First 
time you hear it, sooner or later 
you’ll wish you had made a reference 
card. For information-heavy games 
like Deja Vu, Borrowed Time and 
Ultima //, it pays to set aside a 
notebook, or at least a section of a 
notebook, which you’ll always keep 
nearby when you play the game. Jot 
down anything that seems relevant, 
even if it makes no sense at the time, 
since all the pieces of the puzzle will 
eventually fit together. Some games, 
like Silicon Beach Software's En¬ 
chanted Scepters, even include the 
Note Pad desk accessory, and smart 
players will use it to its fullest. 

Second, make sure to save the 
game constantly. Many games, Bor¬ 
rowed Time and Deja Vu in particu¬ 
lar, make it easy to save games every 
few moves, meaning that if you do 
something fatal you can easily back¬ 
track. 

Finally, map everything, studying 
your map to be sure you haven’t 
missed a critical location in your 
wanderings. Make sure you've pains* 
takingly looked in every nook and 
cranny of every room. Try to make 
use of visual clues that might not be 
mentioned in text bars, like a large 
chest pictured in a room that makes 
no mention of it, or a window that 
looks like it could be climbed 
through. Take nothing for granted. 
If you have a wallet, try opening it, 
and you could just find an item you 
thought you had to look for. Open 
everything, talk to everyone, and try 
everything you can possibly imagine. 
If that fails, do it all again, and this 
time you just might stumble on a 
person or place you hadn’t seen 
before, or a new approach to a 
situation you thought was unsolv- 
able. 

If all that fails, relax, Put the game 
away a while, and you might have 
some fresh ideas the next time you 
boot it up. Try playing with a friend, 
who might offer a new insight. Most 
important, remember that your ad* 
venture is supposed to be fun. 

After all.,.it’s only a gamely 


120 MACUSE R APRIL 1986 



















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MMFNDERS 


Ever go into a computer store and wish you had someone you 
coutd trust tell you what the various programs and accessories do 
and how weif they do it? These Minifinders detail items chosen by 
the editors. Each one has been rated from 1 to 5 mice and there 
are even a few bomb icons scattered here and there. Red names 
indicate this month's additions. And, since so many of you have 
asked r we've included a code that indicates whether or not a 
program is copy protected, CP means copy protected, NCP means 
not copy protected, HOPE means a non-copy-protected version is 
available at extra cost and CP? means we don't know the status . if 
you do r write us at MmFmders, c/o MacUser, 25 West 35th St, 
New York, NY 10018. Next time you have to find products you 
can count on, count on MacUser! 


MINIFINDER INDEX 


BUSINESS ACCOUNTING .122 

COMMUNICATIONS... 126 

DATABASES.... 123 

DESK MANAGERS.... 128 

EDUCATION... 132 

ENTERTAINMENT... 134 

GRAPHICS & DESIGN. 124 

HARDWARE & ACCESSORIES. 140 

INTEGRATED SOFTWARE.... 122 

LANGUAGES... 130 

MUSIC. 140 

NUMBER CRUNCHING...124 

ORGANIZATIONAL TOOLS___ 126 

PERSONAL FINANCE.. 123 

UTILITIES...... 128 

WORD PROCESSING. 126 


INTEGRATED SOFTWARE 

Crunch is an icon-driven relational spreadsheet that features 
•*■* versatile charting and database capabilities. Strong finam 
cial logic, date and mathematical functions. Spreadsheets 
can be linked. The manual is clear and concisely written. 
Macros are not supported, $195, Paladin, 2895 Zanker Rd., 
San Jose. CA 95134. CP 

Ensemble lets users create a database of words, pictures, and/or 
«*• numbers; graph data; generate custom forms and link files 
for applications such as mail merge. Can perform calcula¬ 
tions and math functions on data. Capacity limited by RAM 
and disk size. £299,95, Hayden. 600 Suffolk St. Lowell. MA 
01854. CP 

Excel is THE power spreadsheet. Of the Mac, of the world. Has 
***** 256-column by 16,384-row capability. Features include a 
powerful, easy to use macro function (with a recorder to 
make creation simple) and elaborate charting facilities, Can 
link multiple spreadsheets, 512K Mac and external drive 
required, $395, Microsoft, 10700 Northup Way, Bellevue, 
WA 98009, CP 

Jazz provides well integrated modules for word processing, graphs, 
**■* worksheets, databases and communications. Each of the 
modules is substantial. HotView, where data placed in any 
module automatically updates all other documents that use 
that data, is best feature. Jazz provides adequate coverage 
of most data and communications needs of small business¬ 
es. Requires 512K and external Drive, $595, Lotus, 55 
Cambridge Parkway, Cambridge, MA 02142. CP 



Quartet is an integrated program that works on a 128K Mac, built 
*#* around a powerful spreadsheet with a full range of functions, 
it can also be used as a database and provides good quality 
charts from spreadsheet data. Documentation is adequate 
but not too well organized. $199. Haba Systems, 15154 
Stagg St., Van Nuys, CA 91405. CP 


BUSINESS ACCOUNTING 

Accountant's Choice is a powerful system built around a relation- 
***** al database, with functions accessed through menus. Stan¬ 
dard reports are provided but most can be customized. 
Multiple journals allowed. Number of accounts determined 
by disk space. General Ledger can stand alone or integrate 
with other modules, not yet available. Requires 512K. 
printer and external drive. $695. Sierra Information Sys¬ 
tems. 10201 Torre Ave.. Cupertino. CA 95014. CP? 

AMS General Ledger is a Ledger with five preset journals: Cash 
***# Disbursements, Receipts, General, Sales, and Purchases, 
Other modules are planned. Account ranges are preset, 
Menus and data entry are very straightforward. Flexible 
summary reports are built in, but customer and vendor 
information is very minimal, $295, Check Mark Software 
PO Box 860, Fort Collins, CO 80522, CP? 

Gallery Finance is a one-write system with General Ledger. Cash 
Disbursements. Payables and Receivables in a single pack¬ 
age, Additional modules to be added. Data entered in a 
journal is automatically posted to appropriate record card. 
Excellent manual includes tutorial on basic accounting 
principles. Requires 512K, printer and external drive. $795. 
Micromax Systems, 6868 Nancy Ridge Dr,, San Diego, CA 
92121, CP? 

Hardlsk is a complex integrated hard disk system (General Ledger, 
**** Receivables, Payables, Inventory, Payroll and Job Cost 
modules) that does not use Mac interface. Fully menu 
driven. Manual is detailed but complicated, with a few extra 
pages that make it Mac-specific. Flexible reporting, state¬ 
ments and account numbering; huge numbers of accounts, 
transactions, profit centers and detailed financial analysis. 
Requires hard disk and printer, $695 per module. Great 
Plains, Box 9739, Fargo, ND 58109, CP? 

MacOneWrlte Cash Disbursements is a simple, one-write check 
writing system. Limited functionality, but does allow some 
detailed information. Menus clear and easy to follow, but 
check printing can be confusing. Other modules planned. 
512K and printer required. $245, Sierra, PO Box 485. 
Coarsegold, CA 93614. CP? 

Pafantlr is a simple, inexpensive accounting system for a 128K, 
■ one drive Macintosh. Manual is clear and concise; program 
uses icons for common operations: menus are clear and 
detailed, with most operations easy to find and use. Flexible 
report formatting and a customized chart of accounts. 
Program is written in Microsoff BASIC so it is very slow, Nice 
design but the speed is intolerable. Requires M/crosoff 
BASIC . printer. $145 per module. Palantlr. 12777 Jones 
Rd,, Houston. TX 77070. CP? 

Rags I0 Riches integrated accounting modules (General Ledger 
***** and Accounts Receivable) use Mac interface to the hilt. 
Information entered in one window automatically transfers. 
Menu commands all have command keystrokes, as can 
accounts. No detailed or flexible reporting. Very easy to use, 
although it can be confusing to operate with several windows 
on screen Requires 512K and printer. $199.95 per module, 
Chang Labs, 5300 Stevens Creek Btvd,, San Jose. CA 
95129, CP 

Strictly Busine&s General Ledger features clear, well-outlined 
***** set-up procedures and operations. Very flexible, with a 
custom chart of accounts; user-defined journals; up to 99 
profit centers per company with up to 100 departments each; 
and customized reports. Program spools to primer and 
allows for printing of multiple documents. Built-in Smooth- 
Talker gives verbal error messages or entries, if desired. 


122 MACUSER APR 


L 19 8 6 






























Other modules planned. Requires 512K, printer and external 
drive, $395. Future Design Software, 13681 Williamette 
Dr.. Westminster. CA 92683. CP? 


PERSONAL FINANCE 

Dollars & Sense is a bookkeeping program suitable for personal, 
m home and small-business use. Easy to use, with a good 
manual and excellent on-screen help. Will handle up to 120 
separate accounts or money categories. Uses standard 
double-entry accounting techniques. Reports can be gener¬ 
ated and either viewed on-screen or printed. Has simple 
graphingand charting facilities. $149.95, Monogram, 8295 
S, La Cienega Blvd.. Inglewood, CA 90301. CP 
Electric Checkbook does exactly what the name says: keeps a 
•m running account of checkbook transactions, balances 
checkbook to bank statements, tracks bills, and even prints 
out checks. Provides detailed financial statements, calcu¬ 
lates net worth, lists expenses by category and tracks your 
personal cash flow. $79.95, State of the Art, 3191-C Airport 
Loop, Costa Mesa, CA 92626. CP 
Financial Cookbook provides nearly 3 dozen "recipes' 1 to help 
**•* users figure out financial formulas (i.e., mortgage costs at 
different percentage rates) by inputting pertinent data. Very 
user-friendly, $44.95 Electronic Arts, 2755 Campus Drive, 
San Mateo. CA 94403. CP 

Financial Utilities Pack is a set of applications that allow users 
to figure annuities, compound and simple interest, depreci¬ 
ation and amortization, Simple and well documented. $69. 
Cognitive Software, PO Box 26948, Austin, IX 78755, NCP 
Forecast Is a tax estimating and what-if program designed to work 
*« with and use Dollars & Sense files. Straightforward, easy to 
use program, $69.95, Monogram, 8295 S, La Cienega 
Blvd,, Inglewood, CA 90301. CP 
The Home Accountant is a complete and easy to use financial 
**** system. Data entry is intuitive. All kinds of reports, including 
charts and checks, are easily generated. Entered data will 
update all relevant material. $150, Arrays, 6711 Valjean 
Ave.. Van Nuys, CA 91406, CP 

WJIlWrltor uses a rule-based system to create wills valid in all 
*** states except LA. Simple to use, comes with a complete 
book on wills, $39,95. Legisoft/Nolo Press. 950 Parker St., 
Berkeley, CA 94710. NCR 


DATABASES 

Business File vision is a masterpiece of Macintosh programming, 
mw the only true graphic database on any micro. Much more 
powerful than the original, accepts MacPaint graphics. 
$395. Teles Software, 3420 Ocean Park Blvd, Santa Moni¬ 
ca. CA 90405. CP 

Factfinder is a free-form information organizer (medium-duty 
mw database). Users enter data on to factsheets in any manner 
desired and select keywords. Searches are by name or 
keyword. Only one factsheet can be open at a time. 
Publisher offers free telephone support (800 number). 
$149.95. Forethought. 1973 Landings Dr., Mountain View, 
CA 94943. NCP 

FileMaker is a nonrelational database that combines lots of power 
*ww with ease of use. Data entry is extremely flexible and all 
items in ail fields are indexed so that multiple criteria 
searches are both simple and fast. Calculation fields make 
the creation of invoices and similar documents a snap. 
Reports can include graphics and multiple data layouts are 
easy to construct. $195, Forethought, 1973 Landings Dr, t 
Mountain View, CA 94943, NCP 

FJtovtalon is a simple database that can change the way you think 
Mi about data and data organization. Records are based around 
user-created graphics screens. Screens and records can be 
linked in complex ways, $195. Telos Software, 3420 Ocean 
Park Boulevard, Santa Monica, CA 90405. CP 


s a 

IstBase is a small, easy to use database that allows users to join 
or append files. It is the simplest, most accessible relational 
database available for the Mac. Supports calculated fields, 
including statistical summaries such as averages. Inte¬ 
grates with IstMerge and IsfPort. $195, DeskTop Software, 
244 Wall St„ Princeton, NJ 08540. CP 
Helix is a relational database that makes extensive use of icons. 
Excels in database setup and forms generation. Setup is 
made easy by the adherance to the Mac interface. The 
manual is clear, thorough and well-indexed. Too complicat¬ 
ed for most simple database applications, excellent where a 
relational database application is required. Requires a 512K 
Mac and an external drive, but is slow on that configuration, 
$395, Odesta. 4084 Commercial Blvd,, Northbrook, IL 
60062 NCP 

The Housekeeper is a home inventory database. Users can keep 
track of assets for both tax and casualty purposes. Special¬ 
ized reports are easily generated. $59.95. Aegis Develop¬ 
ment, # 277, 2210 Wilshire Blvd,, Santa Monica, CA 
90403. NCP 

1 Know It's Here Somewhere stores information in a simple fiiing 
mm system. Ideal for general household or small business use 
File formats are flexible and 31 samples are included. Can 
cross reference up to five files at a time: perform simple, 
wild card, or multiple key searches; and print selected items 
or whole files, $59,95. Hayden. 600 Suffolk St., Lowell, MA 
01854. NCP 

interlace is a flexible relational database that makes it simple to 
create single or multiple files and establish links between 
files. Excellent report generator gives full control over 
appearance, style of output. Switcher, LaserWriter, hard disk 
and NFS compatible. Requires 512K, second drive or hard 
disk highly recommended. S129 retail $95 direct. Singular 
Software, 5888 Castano Dr., San Jose, CA 95129, CP? 
MacLion is a true relational database program. Can handle all 
*•* databasing requirements although set up may require out¬ 
side (consultant) help. Has a built-in programming language 
(LEO) and can be customized for any Can 

handle very large files as well as multiple files. $379. 
Computer Software Design, 1904 Wright Circle, Anaheim, 
CA 92806, CP' 

Mega Filer is a simple file manager, its limited capabilities have 
** been far surpassed by cheaper and easier to use programs, 
Valuable only In conjunction with MegaForm. $195, Mega- 
baus. 5703 Oberlin Dr. f San Diego, CA 92121. CP 
Microsoft File is a flexible data manager. Creates files for a 
«*• variety of data, including simple graphics. Files are created 
in simple row/column format, but reports and forms are 
easily customized by moving field names around on a blank 
form. Sorting is limited to approximately 5000 records on 
128K Mac. $195. Microsoft, 10700 Northup Way. Bellevue, 
WA 98004. CP 

Omnls 3 is a power database, featuring concurrent multiple file 
mm management. Can handle 24 files. 12 at a time, and is fully 
relational. Allows user to create custom environments in¬ 
cluding user-defined menus, commands and dialogs. Good 
report generation capability. Comes in single and multiple 
user versions. $495 [single user version). Blyth, 2655 
Campus Drive, Suite 150, San Mateo, CA 94403. CP 
Professional Bibliographic System is a database designed tor 
•** storing and retrieving bibliographies. Predesigned forms for 
20 types of entries. Citations automatically formatted with 
correct punctuation for printing, $295, Personal Bibliograph¬ 
ic Software, PO Box 4250, Ann Arbor, Ml 48106. CP? 
OverVUE is a power-packed relational database that has extensive 
***** sorting, summarizing and report generation capacity. Has 
macros and a charting function. Good manual. The program 
tries to anticipate every need conceivable in manipulating 
data It can exchange files with a very wide variety of other 
programs (including IBM software). Be sure to get version 
2.0. $295. ProVUE, 222 22nd St., Huntington Beach, CA 
92648. CP 



A P R 


L 19 8 6 MACUSER .123 






MINIFINDERS 



Record Holder is a flexible, easy-to-use form-oriented data 
••• manager. Set up is particularly simple and the search 
features are powerful. Drawbacks are a somewhat limited 
report function and the inability to use fonts other than the 
default font and graphics at all. Has on-screen help. 
$49.95. Software Discoveries. 99 Crestwood Rd., Tolland. 
CT 06084. CP? 


NUMBER CRUNCHING 

CllckOn Worksheet is a 50-row by 20-column spreadsheet that 
•••• loads onto any system disk as a desk accessory. Though 
small in size, it has remarkable capabilities for a desk 
accessory. It produces line, bar and pie charts and changes 
In the worksheet automatically reflect in charts. $79.95. 
T/Maker Company, 2115 Landings Dr.. Mountain View, CA 
94043. NCP? 

Multiplan, the first Mac product from someone other than Apple is 
—— beginning to show age. Still a very capable basic spread¬ 
sheet with simple sorting, 63 columns by 255 rows, many 
built-in functions, other standard spreadsheet features. 
$199.95. Microsoft. 10700 Northup Way. Bellevue. WA 
98004. CP 

ProAnalysIs is a powerful real estate investment analysis pro- 
•••— gram. This program uses the Mac interface as well as any 
program yet published. Analytic power is combined with 
report generating so good you have to see it produce an 
extraordinary product. Requires 512K. $295. Technalysis 
Services, 14555 DeBell Rd.. Los Altos Hills. CA 94022. CP 
StatVIew is a high-powered statistical calculation package. Easily 

— and efficiently handles all the common statistical tech¬ 
niques and tests many uncommon ones. Has a user defin¬ 
able area as well. Easy to use and well documented. 
$199.95. Brainpower, # 250, 24009 Ventura Blvd.. Calaba- 
sas, CA 91302. CP? 

StatWorks is a general-purpose statistics package that is both 

— powerful and easy to use. Handles all standard tests and 
procedures. Single variable and multivariate statistics are 
supported. $125. Cricket Software, 3508 Market St.. #206, 
Philadelphia, PA 19104. CP 


GRAPHICS & DESIGN 

Animation Toolkit I lets users prepare "film clips’* of moving 
••• objects which play back at varying speed, like old-fashioned 
flip books. Drawings are built pixel by pixel in frames, using 
some of the tools from MacPaint. They can be copied and 
altered easily from frame to frame. Each film clip plays 
repetitiously as it is being constructed. A limited animation 
tool, but a lot of fun. $49.95. Ann Arbor Softworks. 308 Vi 
S. State St., Ann Arbor, Ml 48104. CP? 

Art Qrabbor with Body Shop is a desk accessory that lets users 
••••• browse MacPaint documents, selecting and copying as they 
choose. Selections can be larger than screen size. Also 
included are MacPaint documents and templates to allow 
the creation of people in your art. $49.95. Hayden, 600 
Suffolk St.. Lowell. MA 01853. CP 
ClIckArt Special Effects is a MacPaint enhancement desk 
accessory. Allows the user to distort, stretch, rotate and use 
perspective on MacPaint documents. A necessary addition 
for all serious users of MacPaint. $49.95. T/Maker, 2115 
Landings Dr., Mountain View, CA 94043. NCP 
ColorPrflnt facilitates color printing on the standard ImageWriter. 
— MacPaint files set up as overlays are read into ColorPrint, 
and the program controls proper positioning, registration and 
colored ribbon switching. Good results require lots of hard 
work, but it’s cheaper than an ImageWriter II. $49.95. Esoft 
Enterprises, PO Box 179, Owasso. OK 74055. NCP 
DaVIncI Building Blocks features predrawn blocks of brown- 
stone, garden, and skyscraper portions that can be cut and 
pasted together to form landscape and architectural draw- 


ings. Fun for even non-pros. $79.95. Hayden. 600 Suffolk 
St.. Lowell, MA 01853. CP 

Fluent Fonts is a two-disk collection of fonts. Forty-nine different 
—— items are included. All install easily in user Systems. Most 
are well executed and some are extraordinarily nice. This is 
a real bargain for font lovers. $49.95. Casady, PO Box 
223779, Carmel. CA 93922. NCP 
Fontastlc is the best font editor now available for the Mac. 
Features a large editing window with a grid to make 
positioning easy. Select letters to edit by clicking on a 
matrix of the font. Allows scaling of existing fonts and 
previewing the various styles (italic, bold. etc.). $49.95. 
Altsys. PO Box 865410, Plano. TX 75086. NCP 
Icon Switcher changes icons for applications and the documents 
—— they generate, permitting you to customize icons for person¬ 
al work. New icons can be built pixel by pixel in the program 
or created in MacPaint and pasted in. $19.95. PBI Software, 
1155B-H Chess Drive, Foster City, CA 94404. NCP 
The Mac Art Dept, is a collection of over 150 graphic images 
—— ranging from foods to hands holding signs to borders. Best 
suited for letterheads, memos, other business use. Excel¬ 
lent manual. $39.95. Simon & Schuster, Computer Software 
Div., 1230 Ave. of the Americas. New York, NY 10020. NCP 
Mac the Knlfa/Vol. 1: Treasury contains over 500 pieces of clip 
—— art in the form of MacPaint documents and two new fonts. 
The art is well organized and mostly high quality. The rulers, 
for on-screen measurement, and the disk label templates 
are particularly useful. If you only plan on getting one clip art 
disk, this would be a good choice. $39. Miles Computing, # 
212, 7136 Haskell Ave., Van Nuys, CA 91406. NCP 
Mac the Knlfe/Vol. 2: Fonts contains over two dozen new fonts. 
—— Some of these (Paris and Stuttgart, for example are real 
stunners). If you do a lot of word processing try Paris 9 point 
(it’s a big 9 point) as your text face and use High quality 
printing. $49. Miles Computing, # 212, 7136 Haskell 
Ave., Van Nuys. CA 91406. NCP 
MacDraft is the step beyond MacDraw. This object-oriented 

— drafting program is packed with advanced features such as 
rotation, zooming, auto dimensioning and scales. A profes¬ 
sional level product. $239. Innovative Data Design, 1975 
Willow Pass Rd.. Concord, CA 94520. CP 

MacDtaw is an object-oriented structured graphics program. Can 
—— be used to design forms, create presentation materials and 
do technical illustrations. Drawing sizes up to 8 feet by 10 
feet are possible. Text can be easily generated and integrat¬ 
ed in the graphics. MacPaint documents can be pasted Into 
MacDraw documents, but not manipulated. $195. Apple 
Computer, 20525 Mariani Ave., Cupertino. CA 95014. NCP 
MacPaint is the graphics program that started a whole new genre. 
—— Still the best freehand graphics tool. Version 1.5 supports 
512K Macs and the LaserWriter. Multiple tools, patterns and 
features too numerous to describe. A work of art for artists. 
Comes with Macs. Apple Computer. 20525 Mariani Ave., 
Cupertino, CA 95014. NCP 

MacPubllaher is a tool for creating newsletters. Allows multiple 

— page issues. Layout is fairly easy but hard to do precisely. 
Style and font changing ability is limited. Runs on a 128K 
Mac but is slow; a 512K should be considered a require¬ 
ment. Printer support, including LaserWriter, is good. Ideal 
for informal newsletters, not yet a professional tool. 
$99.95. Boston Software Publishers, 19 Ledge Hill Rd.. 
Boston, MA 02132. CP 

Magic Slate is a graphics and design program with built-in special 
••• effects and custom features. Fun but sometimes difficult to 
use. Great for pattern design, block and geometric graphics 
and watercolor-style “washes.” Requires 512K. $99. De- 
vionics. PO Box 2126, Covina. CA 91722. CP 
Microsoft Chart is the standard to be matched in presentation 
—— graphics programs. Users can easily create area, bar, 
column, line, pie, scatter and combination charts. A total of 
42 styles are provided. Limited to 100 data items (64 In a 
series) on a 128K Mac. approximately twice that on a 512K 



124MACUSER APR 


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Mac. $125. Microsoft , 10700 Northup Way* Bellevue WA 
98009, CP 

M.UJ> (MacroMind Utility Disk) is a disk of various utilities for 
***** Mus/c Worts and Video Works owners. It also contains Cheap- 
paint and Art Grabber *,two graphics desk accessories that 
are musts for graphics enthusiasts. Hayden, 600 Suffolk St.. 
Lowell, MA 01854. CP? 

PageMaker is an advanced layout and makeup program. Can 
•*** easily create multiple page documents. Output is optimized 
for LaserWriter. Good documentation, $495. Aldus* 616 
First Ave,, Seattle. WA 98104. CP 
RaadySatGo is a page makeup program for 512K Macs. Users 
**** build up pages from blocks of text* graphics and rules. 
Resizing and scaling of blocks are supported. Each block 
can be precisely positioned. Text and art may be pasted in 
from another source or created within the program. Good 
LaserWriter support. $125, Manhattan Graphics, 163 Varick 
St. New York, NY 10013. NCR 

Slide Shew Magician 1.3 is useful for creating full screen audio- 
*#** visual presentations on the Mac. Frame branching, improved 
editing capabilities, external cassette recorder synchroniza¬ 
tion and digitized sound capabilities make this much more 
powerful than the original. $59.95. Magnum t 21115 
Devonshire St,, Chatsworth, CA 91311. CP 
VldeoWork* is a full-featured animation package. Professional 
***** quality animations are easily accomplished using the tools 
provided. Features frame-by-frame and real-time modes. 
Comes with an art disk of predrawn images and Art Grabber 
(which allows the user to use any part of a MacPaint 
document in Video Works), Includes many special video and 
sound effects and many on-disk examples. $ 99 , 95 , 
Hayden, 600 Suffolk St.. Lowell MA 01854, CP 


COMMUNICATIONS 

InTouch comes with its own communications command language 
***** able to do unattended sessions. Supports Xmodem, MacBin- 
ary and Hermit. Has a macro key function. Many sample set 
up documents and command language files provided. $145. 
Palantir, 12777 Jones Rd.. Houston* IX 77070. CP 
Madeira) nal provides basic telecommunications and terminal 
•* emulation for the Mac user. Doesn't have macros nor any 
sort of auto rediaE/auto logon capability. Best for those 
needing faithful VT100 or IBM 3278 emulation—it is superb 
at those. $99. Apple Computer. 20525 Mariani Ave.. Cuper¬ 
tino. CA 95014. NCP 

Rod Ryder Is a full-featured telecommunications program that 
***** supports MacBinary. Xmodem and Kermit* Remote service 
procedures* auto procedure writer and keyboard macros 
allow automation of many operations. It is shareware and a 
real bargain, $40. The FreeSoft Corp,, 10828 Lack! ink, St. 
Louis, MO 63114. NCP 

Smartcom M balances power and ease of use. Capable of 
***** unattended operation and has a very powerful command 
language. Supports MacBinary. Xmodem, and Hayes Verifi¬ 
cation protocols. The large screen buffer can easily be 
archived both to the printer and to disk. Lacks keyboard 
macros. $149. Hayes* 5923 Peachtree Industrial Blvd,* 
Norcross, GA 30092, NCP 

Tele&capa is the power telecommunicator's terminal program. Can 
*** be configured to emulate any terminal and has all the 
advanced features (except unattended operation). The docu¬ 
mentation does not adequately explain the many features 
and much of the power will be unavailable to all but the pros 
(who can figure it out on their own). $125. Mainstay, 
2S611B Canwood St. P Agoura Hills* CA 91301. NCR 
VereaTerm features include DEC VT100 and VT52. Tektronix 4014 
***** graphics terminal and Data General DG200 emulation. 
Supports Xmodem and MacTerminal Xmodem protocols and 
MacBinary. VereaTerm is easy to use and well documented. 
$99, Peripherals. Supplies & Computers, 2457 Perkiomen 
Ave.* Mt* Penn. PA 19606. NCPE 



WORD & OUTLINE PROCESSORS 


EgWord is a Mac Write lookalike that allows full Japanese kanjt 
word processing on the Mac, Does a superlative job of 
making Japanese text-entry as easy as possible, given the 
difficulties of the language. Great for students of Japanese, 
may find a place in international business as well. $300, 
Counterpoint. PO Box 1685, Cambridge. MA 02138. CP? 
IstMerge is a mail-merge program that integrates data files with 
documents after a blueprint for documents has been de¬ 
signed, Features on-screen help, and the abilfty to add and 
search records. Requires MacWr/te. $95, DeskTop Software* 
244 Wall St.. Princeton, NJ 08540. CP 
Hayden: Speller checks spelling errors in MacWrite t and Word 
**** documents against a dictionary of 20.000 common words 
and user-created dictionary. Reasonably fast and quite 
simple to use. $79.95, Hayden, 600 Suffolk St., Lowell, MA 
01854, CP? 

Just Text is a professional level word processor and page makeup 
***** program that generates PostScript output. Comeswithaset 
of LaserWriter utilities that allow total manipulation of art 
and text. Requires LaserWriter or other PostScript compati¬ 
ble output device. $195. Knowledge Engineering, GPO Box 
2139, New York, NY 10116. NCP 
Laser Fonts are new fonts designed for the LaserWriter, Users 
•*** download them to their machines. Very high quality and very 
simple to use, Willamette (in Medium, Light and Extra Light) 
looks like Avant Garde, M/croFonts provides tiny, expanded 
and condensed versions of the LaserWriter's own fonts. 
$29,95 each. Century Software, 2306 Coiner Ave., Los 
Angeles. CA 90064. NCP 

MacSpellRIght is a spelling checker that works with MacWrite 4.5 
** (not 2.2!). Allows the user to create custom dictionaries. 
Works from within MacWr/te. $89. Assimilation, 485 Alberto 
Way* Los Gatos* CA 95030. NCP 
MacWrite is the basic word processor that comes with the Mac. 
•*«* While it doesn't have every bell' and whistle, it is more than 
adequate for most users. Features of the current version 
(4.5) include document size limited by disk space* global 
search and replace, page numbers indicated in the scroll bar 
and excellent LaserWriter compatability. Easy to use and 
well documented. Apple Computer. 20525 Mariani Ave,* 
Cupertino, CA 95014. NCP 

Mega Forms is a well designed forms generator and processor, 
*#* Forms design is easy. Can use data from MegaFiler. The 
form filling and print functions are slow* possibly too much 
so for large scale use, $295, Megahaus. 5703 Oberlm Dr., 
San Diego, CA 92121* CP 

Microsoft Word is a power word processor for the Mac, It has just 
**#* about every feature your heart could desire. Supports 
keyboard commands as well as the mouse. Does mail merge 
and multicolumn text, $195. Microsoft* 10700 Northup 
Way, Bellevue. WA 98009. CP 

QuIskWord is a word processing accessory that adds soph 1st icat- 
**** ed glossaries to MacWrrte. Simple to install and use, yet 
powerful and efficient, $49.95. EnterSet, # 408* 410 
Townsend St., San Francisco, CA 94107, NCP? 
SemII»w*H is an effective and powerful standalone spelling 
wt# checker. It has many advanced features such as capitaliza¬ 
tion and homonym checking and comes with a large, well- 
chosen dictionary. Full-featured, easy to use. with 
equivalents for all menu commands. $49.95. Greene, 
Johnson, Inc.. 15 Via Chualar, Monterey, CA 93940. NCP 


ORGANIZATIONAL TOOLS 

MacProject allows a user to plan and track a project from 
*** beginning to end. Uses CPM to produce schedules with start 
and finish dates for each task. Can report on resource 
interdependencies and generate all needed printed reports, 
$125, Apple Computer, 20525 Mariani Ave.. Cupertino, CA 
95014. NCP 


126 MACUSER AP R 


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INIHNDERS 


Micro Planner is a heavy-duty project planner. Excellent, but slow, 
*** at the mechanics of project planning, Reports are its 
weakness. Speed is much improved when a hard disk is 
used. $395, Micro Ptanning Software USA, 235 Montgomery 
St., San Francisco, CA 94104. CP 
odft/Cenaultaift is a program that lets users organize Ideas and 
**• helps in thinking through and solving problems. Easy to use 
thanks to extensive use of icons and on-screen help. This 
program introduces some low-level A! (artificial intelligence) 
concepts, $200. Organization Development Software, # 
535, 1011 E, Touhy Ave,, Des Plaines, IL 60018. CP 
ThlnkTank 120 is a basic outline processor. The interface Is not 
*•* the standard Mac interface, but is simple to use and 
efficient. The program is speedy. Printer support is limited, 
but files can be printed in a draft-style mode. Only for 128K 
owners; 512K owners should get ThlnkTank 512, $145, 
Living VideoText, 2432 Charleston Rd.. Mountain View, CA 
94043. CP 

ThlnkTank 512 is a very fast and intuitive organizational tool that 
**** can handle word processing chores in the midst of structur¬ 
ing a pfan or outline, full keyboard control (without mouse) 
is possible, Can store and paste graphics into outlines. Slide 
show features allows high quality presentations to be 
created. Good report formatting and printing 
$245. Living VideoText, 2432 Charleston Rd.. 

View, CA 94043. CP 


DESK MANAGERS 

Battery Pak is a set of 8 handy desk accessories including 
***** scientific and RPN calculators, a background text file printer 
and a 250-page note pad with search and phone dialing 
capabilities. Comes with an installer and the best manual 
we've seen In a long time. $49.95, Batteries Included, 30 
Mural St,, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4E 1B5, Canada, NCP 
The Beak Organizer Is a free*form desk management system 
**** based on card index style files. Has many features including 
alarms, report generation and calculation. The Meta feature 
lets the program run along with another application. $99. 
Conceptual Instruments, 269 W. Walnut St,, Philadelphia, 
PA 19144. CP? 

Front Peek lets smatl businesses and offices easily keep track of 
*** personnel schedules, activities and payments. The program 
can keep track of up to 15 employees, functioning as a day-, 
week- and month-at-a-glance calendar. Highly recommend¬ 
ed for doctors and dentists' offices. Less useful for offices 
less dependent on the human factor, $149,95, Layered, 85 
Merrimac St., Boston, MA 02114. CP 
MacOffix combines many of the simple and necessary office 
**** functions in one easy-to-use package. Features include 
simpte word processing, forms design, form letter produc¬ 
tion, report generation and filing. Good design nearly makes 
the manual unnecessary, $79, Emerging Technology Inc., 
4760 Walnut St,. Boulder, CO 80301. CP 
My Office lets you handle your files and papers in much the same 
*•** way you did before you got a computer. Excellent use of 
graphic symbols makes this program the easiest to use of its 
type, $129,95, DataPak, # 401, 14011 Ventura Blvd., 
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423, CP 

Qulck&et is a set of five desk management and organizational 
w tools that can be used as desk accessories or applications. 
Modular design allows users to add only selected items to 
System disks. Functions include note filer, card filer, calen¬ 
dar. financial and statistical calculators and a file encryptor. 
$49.95. EnterSet. 410 Townsend St.. San Francisco, CA 
94107, NCP 

Sidekick is a set of desk organization applications and accesso- 
**** ries. Functions include phone dialer and logger, desk 
accessory terminal, calculator, clock, editor and more. 
When required resource fifes are included modules take up a 
lot of disk space, and are best used with a hard disk. 
$84.95, Borland International, 4585 Scotts Valley Dr., 
Scotts Valley, CA 95066. NCP 






ummE$ 

Accessory Pak 1 is a set of useful applications and utilities. Paint 
***** Cutter alone Is worth the price. That program allows users to 
browse and manipulate full page MacPaint documents, 
$39.95. Silicon Beach, # 201,11212 Dalby PL. San Diego. 
CA 92126. NCP 

Copy Jl Mac was one of the first back-up programs available for the 
***** Mac. Does efficient sector and bit copies and in its latest 
version can back-up virtually all Mac software. Features 
graphic displays of copy progress. Comes with MacToo/s, a 
multiuse utility that can recover many damaged files. 
$39.95. Central Point Software. # 100, 9700 S.W, Capitol 
Highway. Portland, OR 97219. NCP 
Dlftk Ranger is a speedy cataloguing program that doubles as an 
**** efficient labelmaker, Comes with pinfeed labels. Works with 
regular and hard disks. $49.95. Mainstay, 286118 Can- 
wood St.. Agoura Hills, CA 91301. NCP 
Dubl-CIIck Calculator Construction Set lets users design per* 
***** sonalized calculators with a variety of standard and special 
functions. Multiple functions can be attached to a single 
key. Finished calculators can be saved as installable desk 
accessories or as clickable applications, $99. Dubl-Ciick 
Software, 18201. Gresham St.. Northridge, CA 91321. CP? 
Fedlt Is the best disk editor available for the Mac. The program 
***** also includes extremely powerful disk and file repair and 
recovery facilities. All Mac owners should have this tool on 
hand for emergencies, It is easy enough to use that 
everyone can use it. And best of ail. it's shareware, $30, 
John Mitchell, 939 E. El Camino Real, #122. Sunnyvale, CA 
94087. NCP 

Mac Boaster is a disk-cache program that adds a great deal of 
*** operating speed to a 512K Mac, It installs easily from its 
master disk. This program can increase the speed of your 
512K Mac by 2 to 3 times. $50. Mainstay, 28611B Canwood 
St., Agoura Hills. CA 91301, NCP 
Msg Disk Catalog is a utility that wilt quickly organize a moderate 
**■* size disk library. It's easy to use and has powerful reporting 
and label-making features. $39.95. New Canaan Micro- 
Code. 136 Beech Rd,. New Canaan, CT 06840. CP 
MacLabeter lets users instantly index and print labels for all the 
*♦** disks in a burgeoning collection. Choose border type and 
orientation of your label; index by folder or document. 
Starter set of labels is Included. $49.95. Ideaform, P.0, Box 
1540, Fairfield. 1A 52556, CP 

MacUnk lets users transfer data between Macs and PCs, Simple 
*** to install and run. high-performance software. Can do 
special format transfers such as 1-2-3 to Muitipian and 
WordStar or MuJt/Mate to MacWrite, Contains both Mac and 
PC disks, interface cable is optional. Has Mac and MS*D0S 
disks. $125, $155 with S-ft interface cable. DataViz, 16 
Winfield St„ Norwalk, CT 06855. CP? 

MacMate! combines RAMdlsk and print spooling functions in a 
**** compact package. Both parts are efficient, work well and 
have omscreen help. This is the best product in its category. 
$49,95, SMB Development Associates, PO Box 3082, 
Chatsworth. CA 91311, NCP 

Mac Memory Disk creates a RAMdisk on 512K Macs, The 
*** RAMdisk s size is user selected up to 316K, Has auto startup 
and auto file transfer features. Simple to use, on-screen 
dialogs prompt for all actions, $29, Assimilation, 485 
Alberto Way, Los Gatos, CA 95030. NCP 
MacNoay is a global disassembler A very advanced user can use 
***** this program to look into the code of virtually any program. 
This advanced tool can take you places no other Mac 
program could dream of going IF you have the skill to guide 
it. The documentation is sparse. For pros only. $75. Jasik 
Designs, 343 Trenton Way, Menlo Park, CA 94025, NCP 
The Macintosh Reference System consists of the contents of 
***• Inside Macintosh arranged Into a simple database on a disk 
and a deck of 750 color coded cards that contain the same 
information. Very useful for programmers and developers. 


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$99.95. TOM Programs, # 34B, 1500 Massachusetts Ave. 
NW, Washington, DC 20005. NCP 
MacZap is a three-part disk and memory utility. It can be used to 
recover some damaged files and disks, compare disks, 
analyze disk structure and make back-up copies of most 
disks. Fairly intimidating due to its enormous power. Has a 
good manual. $60. Micro Analyst. 5802B Gloucester. Aus¬ 
tin, TX 78723. NCP 

'Ncryptor is a simple, safe program that lets users password their 
•••• files. The same program is used for encoding and decoding. 
This is the best product in its category. $39.95. Mainstay, 
28611B Canwood St.. Agoura Hills. CA 91301. NCP 
Packer is a simple utility that compresses files. It can be used to 
•••♦ save disk space and also protect files. Packed files can also 
be password protected. Typical space savings range from 20 
to 50% depending on the original file type and size. This is 
the best program of its type so far. $29. Bobbing Software, 
67 Country Oaks Dr.. Buda. TX 78610. NCP 
PC to MAC and BACK has both Mac and MS-DOS disks. This 
•••• program easily and efficiently transfers text and other data 
between PCs and Macs. Easy to use, although not too 
intuitive. Fortunately, the documentation is excellent. Does 
special format transfers such as WordStar to MacWrite. 
Includes a cable for direct Mac to PC connections. $149.95. 
dilithium Press. # 151. 8285 SW Nimbus. Beaverton. OR 
97005. CP? 

Quick & Dirty Utilities, Volume One is a disk chock full of the 
••••• handiest programs you have ever bought. Included are a 
super disk cataloguer, a desk accessory mover and more. 
Several desk accessories including a menu bar clock and a 
terminal are on the disk. "Fileinfo" and "Q&D Filer” are two 
file management desk accessories that you'll wonder how 
you got along without. $39.95. Dreams of the Phoenix. PO 
Box 10273, Jacksonville, FL 32247. NCP 
Quick Disk is a RAMdisk utility. Users can create RAMdisks up to 
350K on 512K Macs. Works well and has good documenta¬ 
tion. $34. Symmetry Corporation, # 103S, 3900 East 
Camelback Rd., Phoenix. AZ 85018. NCP 
Switcher is Andy Hertzfeld’s contribution to Mac productivity. This 
—— program lets users run several programs at once (up to 8 on 
a 1-megabyte or larger machine). Switching between the 
programs is near instantaneous. Slick and easy to use; every 
512K Mac user should get it. Runs on 512K Macs and 
larger. $19.95 from Apple, free from MAUG on CompuServe, 
from Delphi and included with some third-party applications 
(e.g.. Excel). Apple Computer. 20525 Mariani Ave., Cuperti¬ 
no. CA 95014. NCP 

Turbocharger is a disk-cache program. It works by storing 
frequently used portions of a disk in a memory buffer and it 
can dramatically speed up operation (250 to 500% improve¬ 
ments are common). Features include auto-startup and write 
buffering. Only works on a 512K Mac but is a must for one. 
$95. Nevins Microsystems, 210 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 
10010. NCP 

TurboDownload is a desk accessory designed specifically to 
••••• increase the speed of Xmodem data transfers from national 
databases to your Mac. Speed increases range upward from 
50% to over 300% at 2400 baud. $39.95. Mainstay. 
28611B Canwood St.. Agoura Hills. CA 91301. NCP 
Twelve-C Financial Desk Accessory brings all the power and 
—— functionality of a Hewlett-Packard 12C programmable calcu¬ 
lator to your desktop. Can be programmed and all registers 
can be viewed while calculator is running. $39.95. Dreams 
of the Phoenix. PO Box 10273. Jacksonville. FL 32247. NCP 
TypeNow is a desk accessory that allows the Mac and ImageWriter 
to function as an electronic typewriter. Type can be placed 
into blanks in complex forms easily. Typing can be recorded 
and played back or "boilerplate” stored and used as needed. 
$39.95. Mainstay. 28611B Canwood St.. Agoura Hills. CA 
91301. NCP 

XUServe converts a Mac XL into a disk and print server. Uses the 
•••• AppleTalk network and is easily hooked up. Users can 



partition the Mac XL’s hard disk into multiple volumes (read¬ 
only for common access and read-write for private access). 
Runs in the background on the Mac XL, so users can work on 
all machines in the network. Comes with a backup and 
restore utility. $195. Infosphere. 4730 SW Macadam. Port¬ 
land. OR 97201. NCP 


LANGUAGES 

Aztec C is a C language program system that will appeal to users 
—• with a UNIX background. It uses many UNIX conventions and 
in the more expensive versions comes with standard UNIX 
utilities, including the VI editor. Good, solid system. $199 
basic system, can’t produce standalone applications; $299 
development system, can produce standalone applications; 
$499 commercial system, development system plus utilities 
and strong technical support by publisher. Manx Software 
Systems, PO Box 55. Shrewsbury, NJ 07701. NCP? 
ExperLISP is a very buggy, but still incredibly useful, programming 
••• language for high-level programmers. The more you use it, 
the more you’ll figure out about it. System crashes are too 
common for a language this useful and expensive. $495. 
Requires 512K and either an external or a hard drive. 
ExperTelligence, 559 San Ysidro Rd.. Santa Barbara. CA 
93108. CP 

ExperLogo is a version of the popular teaching language. Logo. 
••• Features three-dimensional graphics using "bunnies” rather 
than the usual "turtles.” Very speedy, smooth program. 
Comes with an excellent manual. $149.95. ExperTelligence, 
559 San Ysidro Rd., Santa Barbara. CA 93108. CP 
Hlppo-C Level 1 offers a good basic learning environment for 
••• newcomers to the C programming language.The program s 
limits and restrictions are severe and standalone applica¬ 
tions cannot be created. A good place to begin the study of 
C. Has a useful print spooler desk accessory. $149.95. 
Hippopotamus, # 12, 985 University Ave., Los Gatos, CA 
95030. CP 

MacAsm is a software development system that allows programs 
••• to be written in assembly language. Programmers can 
assemble, edit and test software, and an integrated re¬ 
source compiler lets independent applications run from their 
own icons. $125. Mainstay, 2861 IB Canwood St., Agoura 
Hills. CA 91301. CP? 

Mac C is a good, highly Mac-oriented implementation of this 
popular development language. Latest version has assem¬ 
bler and linker built-in. $375. $475 with Toolkit and floating 
point package. Consulair, 140 Campo Dr.. Portola Valley, CA 
94025. NCP 

MacExpress is a development environment or shell. Programmers 
••• use it to save time and effort when developing standalone 
applications for the Mac. Easy to use for those with a strong 
technical background. S50 test drive package, $495. AL- 
Soft, Inc., PO Box 927, Spring, TX 77383. NCP 
MacForth is an implementation of the popular Forth programming 
••• language. Level 1 is a simple, introductory version with 
limited support of the Mac ToolBox. Excellent tutorial and 
references sections in the manual. Level 2 supports the Mac 
Toolbox fully. Level 3 extends the language so that profes¬ 
sionals can produce standalone applications. All levels are 
supported by the publisher via telephone and electronic 
BBSs (the publisher even has a private SIG on CompuServe). 
$149 (Level 1). $249 (Level 2). $499 (Level 3). Creative 
Solutions. Suite 12, 4701 Randolph Rd., Rockville. MD 
20852. CP 

Machl is a multitasking implementation of Forth that allows local 
•••• variables anfl text files. Several windows can be up with 
different operations in each, operating concurrently. Execu¬ 
tion »s fast. $99. Requires 512K. Palo Alto Shipping, PO Box 
7430, Menlo Park. CA 94026. CP? 

Macintosh *.8000 Development System is a fairly traditional 
•••• asserhjsiy.l^figuage package. The two-disk set provides an 
excellent? ecfityir (Edit), an efficient assembler, a linker, an 


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MINIFINDERS 


executive, a resource compiler called RMaker. The files 
included in this two-disk set have all the basic equates, 
process definitions, and trap calls. Good documentation 
includes a copy of the Motorola 68000 handbook. Also 
included is a copy of the "phonebook" edition of inside 
Macintosh , $195, Apple Computer, 20525 Mariani Ave.. 
Cupertino, CA 95014. NCR 

Macintosh Pascal is Apple Computer's version of this very popular 
*##* programming language. Loaded as it is with innovative 
teaching features, this interpreter is an excellent introduc¬ 
tion to Pascal. Superb usage of the whole Mac interface 
makes this the best way to learn Pascal The documents are 
mostly references, so get one of the tutorial textbooks in your 
bookstore. $125. Apple Computer, 20525 Mariani Ave., 
Cupertino, CA 95014. CP 

Mega max G is an easy to use, full version of C* Has a compiler, 
**** linker, disassembler, editor and much more. Good for 
beginners. Excellent documentation, $299.95. Megamax, 
PO Box 851521, Richardson, TX 75085, CP 
Mlcreftoft BASIC was the Mac's first programming language. This 
•** interpreter (it's not a compiler) now supports the Too I Box 
and the whole Mac interface can be implemented in your 
programs. For non programmers there are lots of programs 
available {in user group libraries and magazines) to run. 
There have been several versions: be sure to get the latest, 
$150. Microsoft, 10700 Northup Way, Bellevue, WA 98009. 
CP 

Microsoft Logo, from Microsoft's MacLibrary, written by LCSI. An 
•«* excellent implementation of Logo, taking full advantage of 
the Mac's user interface. Uses three windows. Turtle looks 
like a turtle, and its screen actions are very precise, 
Windows can be resized and moved about, $124,95, Micro¬ 
soft, 10700 Northup Way, Bellevue, WA 98004, NCR 
QUED (Quality Editor for Oevalopors) is the ultimate source 
***# code editor. Loaded with useful and well thought-out 
features, it will make any programmer's life much easier. It 
is not a word processor, however. $65. Paragon Courseware* 
4954 Sun Valley Rd., Del Mar, CA 92014. NCR 



EDUCATION 

A Bill Becomes A Law is a multiple-choice* roie-playing adventure 
**• in which students try to pass a bill requiring apples in every 
federally sponsored school lunch. A good insight Into 
political maneuverings on Capitol Hilf for junior high and 
high school students. $59.95. Queue Intellectual Software, 
5 Chapel Hiil Dr.* Fairfield, CT 06432. CP 
Astronomy is a low level package with basic features. Slow speed 
** and sparseness of information makes this program of 
limited use to novices, but still useless to experienced 
astronomers. $35. E & M Software Co., 95 Richardson Rd,, 
N. Chelsmaford, MA 01863, CP? 

ChtpWIts is a combination game and teaching tool. Players create 
***** programs to maneuver robots through a set of 8 mazes. The 
programs are written in Chip Wit's built-in icon-based pro¬ 
gramming language (IBOL). IBOl is a nearly perfect Introduc¬ 
tion to programming for nonprogrammers, $49,95. Brain- 
Power, 24009 Ventura Blvd,, Calabasas, CA 91302, CP 
Comet Halley is a single-purpose, single-minded program. Jt will 
**• indicate where in the sky users should look to see this pass 
of Halley's comet That's it. When the comet is gone you can 
erase the disk. $29.95. Great Wave, PO Box 5847, Stanford. 
CA 94305. NCP 

MacChemlstry is a two-disk set consisting of a titration program 
*** (predetermined compounds, not user modifiable), a periodic 
table program, MacNest (a scrapbook with indexing!), and a 
disk of MacPaint files depicting everything from lab equip¬ 
ment to molecular structures of many solutions and com¬ 
pounds, Advanced chemistry students will find programs 
shallow. MacNest is of general appeal. $145. Fortnum, 31 
W. Sierra Mad re Blvd,, Sierra Madre, CA 91024. NCP 
MacEdge and MacEctge If each contain 8 reading or math drill 


m programs for basic skills. Programs follow one of three 
formats, a bit contrived. Contrivances are design flaws— 
they require learning format as well as skill. Exception is 
Alphabet Train, a clever game with great graphics and 
sound, poor font definition, $49.95 each. Think Educational 
Software* 16 Market St., Potsdam, NY 13676. CP? 
MacStronomy is a good package for novice sky watchers. Has 
m expandable database of sky objects that can be customized 
by the user. Professionals may find some features lacking. 
$75. Etlon Software, PO Box 649, Lafayette, Co 80026. CP? 
MacType offers structured typing instruction. Can teach both 
standard and Dvorak keyboards. Features include certifi¬ 
cates for reaching certain levels. Can be used In a muitistu- 
dent environment. $49,95, Pa I a ntlr Software, # 100* 12777 
Jones Rd.* Houston, TX 77070. CP 
MasterType is proof that learning to type can be fun. In this 
•« arcade-style action game words descend from four comers 
towards the center ship; the user must type them correctly. 
Features 18 skill levels, tracks errors, recommends lessons 
and provides comparison scores. $49.95. Scarborough 
Systems, 55 South Broadway, Tarrytown, NY 10591. CP 
Mind Prober Is a demonstration of a very simple expert-style 
m system. How well do you know your friends? Answer certain 
statements as either true or false, and the computer prints a 
3- to 5-page psychological profile of subject in business* 
stress, sex and other situations, $50, Human Edge Soft* 
ware, 2445 Faber PL. Palo Alto, CA 94303* CP? 
Nutrl-Calc uses a large database of nutritional information. Users 
**• can plan good, healthy diets and print out shopping and 
menu lists* $79.95. CAMDE* 46 Prince St., Rochester* NY 
14607, CP? 

FowarMath is an equation solver. Handles problems ranging from 
••m the simplest to the extremely complicated. Step-by-step 
solutions make this a powerful teaching tool* Results can be 
displayed numerically or graphically. Slow, but potent pro¬ 
gram. $99.95. Brainpower, 24009 Ventura Blvd,, Calaba¬ 
sas, CA 91302, CP 

Score Improvement System for the SAT is a no-nonsense drill 
and practice session covering practice tests, vocabulary, 
reading comprehension, algebra, geometry and quantitative 
comparisons. Excellent on-line tutoring for wrong answers. 
Result can be printed out with the ImageWrlter. $99,95. 
Hayden, 650 Suffolk SL, Lowell, MA 01854. CP? 
Smooth Talker trains your Mac to say anything you want. Users can 
*m program the pitch and tone of each syllable to simulate true 
speech patterns. Not too useful—but a lot of fun to play 
with! Latest version includes a female voice. Male and 
female can be mixed in same document to provide entertain¬ 
ment. $149,95* First Byte Software, 2845 Temple Ave., 
Long Beach, CA 90806, CP 

Spanish Grammar III is a teachers' tool consisting of ten modules 
999 for students who need tutoring in the Spanish language. 
Previous knowledge of the language is necessary. Uses 
multiple choice and fill-in formats. Keeps a Teachers Man¬ 
agement Report for up to 40 names. $34,95. Queue, 5 
Chapel Hill Drive, Fairfield, CT 06432, CP? 

Speed Reader II builds skills sequentially to develop faster, more 
m* efficient reading and improve retention. Scores kept, and 
can be graphed. High school level selections included, other 
levels available on data disks. $69.95. Davidson & Asso¬ 
ciates, 3135 Kashiwa St., Torrance* CA 90505, CP? 
Tallatar I & II are classics on other machines, best of the Mac lot. 
99 m Has extensive database, quick sky plotting and can locate 
specific celestial objects. Level II has southern hemisphere 
star table* Messier objects. Good for both novices and 
advanced skywatchers. $49.95 (level I)* $79.95 (level It). 
Spectrum HoioByte, 1050 Walnut, #325, Boulder, CO 
80302. NCP 

Think Fast allows users to improve their recall and recognition 
••• abilities. Tests include compare, copy and recall exercises. 
Users choose the level of difficulty, speed and risk-taking. 
Has session and summary reports to provide feedback and 



132 M A C U 5 E ft APRIL 198 6 









Put power in your 

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results warrant, the system can be changed in seconds and a new 
simulation attempted. The process is quick, flexible, accurate, & modular. 

DesignScope has: amplifiers; comparators; filters, analog switches; voltage 
controlled oscillators; voltage sources; integrators; differentiators; 
rectifiers; log-exponential amplifiers; multipliers; sample & holds; peak 
detectors; delay lines; noise generators; clippers; phase locked loops; 
logical ORs, NORs, ANDs, NANDs, and EX'ORs; D flip flops; frequency 
dividers; monostable one-shots; transient input generators; output plotters; 
& more. $249.95 

requires 51 2K demo disk $10.00 

coming soon... StatView 512+» 

StatView 512+ adds to StatView: * Multivariate analysis with orthogonal and 
oblique transformations. * Step-wise Regression * Four Way ANOVAs with 
repeated measures & unequal frequencies - Confidence intervals, beta- 
coefficients, adjusted r 2 , & Durbin-Watson for all Regressions *8x8 
Contingency Tables * User specified confidence intervals (t & normal 
distribution) • User controlled Frequency Distribution intervals * Fisher’s LSD 
& Scheffe's procedure » Graph confidence intervals for Regressions * Alpha 
columns - Composite Graphics * box plots & error bars 

$349.95 
demo disk $10.00 
available May 15,1985 
requires 512K 


StatView™ 


StatView, the interactive, graphic statistics utility, computes Descriptive, 
Comparative, and Nonparametric statistics including Frequency 
Distributions, Regressions, ANOVA, Chi-Square, Correlations, and more. 
Graphic views of results and ease of use are outstanding. Data interchange 
with other Mac applications. $189 95 

demo disk $10.00 


Lwwm 


PowerMath- 


ChipWits, the robot-programming simulation, is fun and 
challenging, MacUser’s and Macazine's educational 
program of the year for 19851 $49.95 


Think Fast 


ThinkFast challenges you to improve your memory! Set 
the difficulty levels and then concentrate as both your Left 
and Right Brain get a workout. 

$39.95 


PowerMath, the Symbolic Mathematics program, is a 
significant application of Artificial Intelligence to 
mathematics. This expert system is a problem-solver that 
does Algebra, simultaneous equations, polynomial 
Calculus, matrix Algebra, & much more... all with numbers 
of unlimited size, Outstanding ease of use. $99.95 

demo disk $ 10.00 
requires S12K 


BRAINPOWER 


24009 Ventura Boulevard, Calabasas, CA 91302 (818) 884-6911 


Please circle 133 on reader service card. 


















































































^ 

permanent records. Good for users of all ages. Children will 
find it fun. The manual is very clear. $39. Brainpower, 
24009 Ventura Blvd. r Calabasas, CA 91302, CP? 
j Turbo Turtle is a turtle graphics program primarily designed as a 
#**» learning tool for children. Uses Logo commands for graph- 
ics, but is not a full Logo implementation. Simple to use, 
good introduction to Logo for young children, $59.95. 
Hayden, 600 Suffolk St., Lowell, MA 01854. CP? 


ENTERTAINMENT 

A Mind Forever Voyaging is a departure in text adventure games. 
mu it has a more extensive vocabulary and a more involved 
story than most of the genre. The story here is gripping, but 
there are only a few puzzles to solve. Still this is a tripin 
the imagination well worth taking. Requires 512Kor more. 
$44.95. Infocom, 125 CambridgePark Dr,. Cambridge, MA 
02140, CP 

Airborne is a classic arcade-style game with "real" sound effects, 
m* The player sits at a gun position on a low rise and defends 
against an assault from flying enemies. Game noises 
digitized from actual recorded sounds add to the game. 
$34.95, Silicon Beach, # 201, 11212 Dalby PL, San Diego, 
CA 92126. CP 

Amazon is an illustrated adventure authored by Michael Crichton, 
**• Unravel the fate of a doomed expedition with the help of 
Paco the talking parrot. Three difficulty levels, good sen¬ 
tence parser. $49,95. Telarium, One Kendall Sq,, Cam¬ 
bridge, MA 02139. CP 

The Ancient Art of War gives users a chance to refight some 
***** famous campaigns on both strategic and tactical levels. 
Campaigns can also be designed from scratch. Very play¬ 
able, addicting game. Requires 512K Mac, $49.95. Broder- 
bund. 17 Paul Dr.. San Diego, CA 94903. CP 
Balance of Power is the world's first computer peacegame. This 
***** simulation allows players to become either the President of 
the United States or General Secretary of the Soviet Union. 
Extraordinary artificial intelligence routines and general play 
make this a classic. $54.95, Mindscape, 3444 Dundee Rd., 
Northbrook, IL 60022. CP 

Baron is the world of real estate, in a financial simulation. Buy and 
***** option properties in five key areas; invest in industrial, 
residential, or land property; or put cash aside in high- 
interest accounts. $59.95, Blue Chip, 6740 Eton Ave., 
Canoga Park, CA 91303. CP 

Championship Boxing allows statistical replay involving famous 
•*** boxers. Players can modify existing boxers and can create 
their own fighters. Good sound and graphics. Sierra, PO Box 
485, Coarsegold, CA 93614. CP 
Cutthroats casts players in this full-text adventure as a deep-sea 
** diver, hired by a band of toughs to locate shipwreck 
treasure. The game is very closed-ended, requiring almost 
Pavlovian obedience. Multiple endings. $39,95. Infocom, 
125 CambridgePark Dr,, Cambridge, MA 02140. CP 
Cyborg is a text adventure game with an interesting twist. Robot 
«** brain is implanted in concert with yours. It scans, evaluates, 
and reports, then carries out actions. Word and sentence 
understanding is very good. Absorbing game for adventur¬ 
ers, $39.95. Broderbund, 17 Paul Dr., San Rafael, CA 
94903, CP 

Deadline is a text adventure in which the player is a detective 
*** cailed in to investigate what seems like a simple drug 
overdose. The family lawyer thinks it was really a murder. 
You have 12 game hours to find the killer! $49,95. Infocom, 
125 CambridgePark Dr., Cambridge, MA 02140. CP 
DeJaVu is an unusually good version of the old card game 
**** "Concentration," Great graphics and sound, one- or two- 
player modes, improves concentration painlessly, $39.95. 
Rubicon, 6300 La Calma Dr., Austin, TX 78752. CP 
Doja Vu A: Nightmare Comes True is a graphic adventure that 
***** breaks new ground. Innovative use of the Mac interface in 
truly playable and exciting game, A great introduction to 


graphic adventure games, $54.95. Mindscape, 3444 Dun* 
dee Rd., Northbrook, IL 60062. CP 
Dinner at Eight is a useful recipe filing system that includes a 
*#•# collection of recipes from a nationwide sampling of restau¬ 
rants. Users enter number of diners and program scales 
recipes accordingly. $59,95. Rubicon, 6300 La Calma Dr,, 
Austin, TX 78752, CP 

Dragonworld is an illustrated adventure in which the player 
*** attempts to save The Last Dragon from the Duke of Dark¬ 
ness. Several on-screen illustrations at once. Outstanding 
documentation lists all words recognized by the program's 
sentence parser. $49.95, Telarium, 1 Kendall Sq.. Cam¬ 
bridge, MA 02139. CP 

Fokker Trl plane is about as near to flying as you can get seated in 
***** front of a computer. Very realistic simulation and excellent 
graphics. Well designed and implemented. $39.95. FBI 
Software, 1155B-H Chess Dr. f Foster City. CA 94404, CP 
Forbidden Quest is a text adventure with pictures. Begins in a 
*** spaceship, with you in extreme danger. The game provides 
several levels of on-line help, from simple hints to actual 
solutions. The disk Is accompanied by five graphic prints, 
called Artext, of specific scenes with hidden clues. Very 
playable if a bit mundane, $44,95. Pryority. 635 Sanborn 
Rd., Salinas, CA 93901. CP 

Gateway, another Artext game, comes with 3 full-color prints. You 
*** inherit a boring old building from a supposedly rich uncle, 
eventually learning that the building is a "gateway" to a lost 
civilization, $49,95. Pryority, 635 Sanborn Rd., Salmas, CA 
93901, CP 

Gala puts players in command of an American submarine in World 
***** war II, This superb simulation game uses all of the Mac's 
graphic capabilities to really make you feel that "you are 
there." $39.95. Spectrum Holobyte, # 325, 1050 Walnut 
St., Boulder. CO 80302. CP 

Grid Ware is a three dimensional arcade style game. Good 
**• playability, but definitely meant for those that enjoy shoot- 
em-ups. Bizarre graphics, $39.95, Ann Arbor Softworks, 
Inc., 308 1/2 S, State Street, Ann Arbor, Ml 48104. CP 
Gypsy is a computerized, customizable Ouija board. More than just 
**** a software package, users get a pasteboard playing surface 
and a Mouse Mover with 99 ball bearings, $39.95, Magnum, 
#337, 21115 Devonshire St., Chatsworth, CA 91311. CP 
Harrier Strike Mission pits you against a well defended island. 
*•■* You fly an advanced Harrier jumpjet from a carrier offshore. 
Fair graphics and reasonable flight simulation prove that 
color isn't necessary in a flight simulator, $49.95, Miles 
Computing, 21018 Osborne St., Bldg. 5. Canoga Park, CA 
91304. CP 

Hippo Computer Almanac is a collection of interesting facts that 
*•* users access using a question and answer format. This is a 
game or toy, not a real almanac, $34,95, Hippopotamus, 
985 University Ave., Los Gatos, CA 95030. CP 
Infidel is a text adventure In which the player, left alone In the 
*** desert, must find and plunder a lost pyramid. Good sentence 
parser bad Mac interface, twist ending. $44.95. Infocom, 
125 CambridgePark Drive. Cambridge, MA 02140. CP 
Legacy is a two-part text/graphic adventure. A magical orb in Drab 
**** Castle must be found through the use of spells and careful 
adventuring. Wei I-construeted game and fun to play, 
$39.95. Challenger, PO Box 1478, Homewood, IL 60430. 
CP 

Lode Runner is a 150-screen action-strategy challenge that 
**#* requires a joystick for truly effective play. Move around a 
grid of ladders and platforms collecting treasure; dig a hole 
to trap pursuers, Build your own challenges, $39,95, Broder- 
bund, 17 Paul Dr., San Rafael. CA 94903, CP 
MacAttack puts the player in command of a super tank defending 
**• the wastes of Alaska against invaders. This 3D simulation 
pits you against attacking tanks and warplanes that fire 
heat-see king missiles. Defeat the horde and get treated to a 
graphic fireworks display over the town, $49, Miles Comput¬ 
ing, # 212, 7136 Haskell Ave., Van Nuys, CA 91406. CP 



134MACUSER APRIL 198 6 









COPY II MAC" 

• BACKS UP PROTECTED SOFTWARE! 

Copy I! Mac does more than just sector copy. Its bit copy program has the built- 
in power and flexibility to handle most protection schemes* automatically! 

• RUNS PROTECTED SOFTWARE 
FROM YOUR HARD DISK! 

Copy II Mac makes using your hard disk as convenient as it should be. No 
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GIVE YOUR MAC MORE MUSCLE - USE COPY II MAC! 

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C ENTRAL POINT 
Software, Inc. 


97 m >sw r.i|nto> Mm -win 

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VI-R 8-5:30. W, Coasi Time 
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“ WSf (Prepayment Required) 


plus S3 s/li (SH tjverseas) 


*\\'v uixlalv Copy It VfcR iis often as tieedcxl in handle new protections; you as a registered owner 
may ujxiale at any time at a reduced price 

Backup idililies also available for the IBM, Apple and Commodore 641 

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RUN THOUSANDS OF APPLE II PROGRAMS ON YOUR MAC WITH 


FEATURES 

a) Supports Hi-Res, 
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with modifyable axis, 
d} Emulates full 4 drive 
Apple system. 

ej Complete Apple 
RAM disk 
emulation, 
f) Commumcations 
disk to 
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software 
from Apple 
or download 
from BBS 


DinaMAC 

RunProDOSor 
D0S3.3 software 
on your 512K MAC 
without 
modification. 

Micro*V. 

DISTRIBUTING, INC 
1342B Route 23 
Buffer, New Jersey 07405 



Dealer 

and 

Distributor 

Inquiries 


TM FEATURES 

g) Program the MAC in 
Applesoft, Integer, & 
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language 

h) Access printer & 
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i) Supports Lang, card. 
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system calls, 
j) Comes with 
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and system 
master 
software, 
k) Help 
screens 
available. 





Please circle 175 on reader service card. 


Now: NOT Copy Protected! 



XZTISC 


“Blows Away The 
Competition”* 

The experts agree, 

Aztec C is the C 
for Macintosh 


* An excellent effort ., t blows away the com¬ 
petition for pure compile speed, code size and 
run time , M 

COMPUTER LANGUAGE - April 1985 

"Aztec C is the most comprehensive and pro¬ 
fessional package of the five in our test group 
,, Aztec C offers features and advantages that 
the others cannot begin to touch." 

-BYTE MAGAZINE * November 1985 


No other software development system comes 
dose to the power, performance and profes¬ 
sional features of MANX AZTEC C for the 
Macintosh. 

To see why we've got the competition on the 
run, take advantage of our special offer on the 
AZTEC C68k Developer's Version, ft s a cost- 
effective, upgradable system, with a range of 
features not available on any other Macintosh 
C development system - at any price. 

Or. order our AZTEC C68k-e Commercial Sys¬ 
tem, which includes the UNIX utilities “vi," 
MAKE. 01FF and GREF, a symbolic debufjger. 
MacRamlhsk, Library Source, and a full year of 
free updates. 

Order your AZTEC C today, and leave the com¬ 
petition al the starting gate. If you're not com¬ 
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days for a complete refund, no questions asked. 


AZTEC Cti8k*e Commercial System £499 

AZTEC C68k-d Developers System CALL 

AZTEC C6Bk*p Personal System CALI 

C-tree database I with source) $390 

Lisa Kit £ 99 

Cross Compilers: 

MAC ► Apple n $750 

MS-DOS ►MAC and others $750 

VAX ►MAC CALL 

AMIGA, CBM-68k. 68k ROM CALL 


For lurlher information, nr to place your 
order, call; 



Please circle 194 on reader service card. 

















THE SOFTWARE STRIP 


(t'from page 43) 
of its products in Softsrrip format. 
Researchers can use their readers to 
simply enter the data into their com* 
platers and easily extract correct bib* 
liographic references. 

Any business that makes extensive 
use of data can now transmit this 
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chan 40 K of data can easily be placed 
on a single page and read into the 
computer in less than 5 minutes, 
significant amounts of data can be 
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The Softstrip system has the po¬ 
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Compatible with all 

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Each protection system unique 

Stops all copy busters 

Call 408/970-9240 



2640 San Tomas £xpy„ Suite 201 
Santa Clara, CA 95051 










PAGE# 

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ADVERTISER READER SERVICE # 

Affinity Microsystems Lid., 118 

Altsys Corp, 99 

Bear River Associates. 141 

Beck-Tech, 1S6 

Beck-Tech, 196 

Brainpower Inc., 133 

Cauzin Systems, 151 

Central Point Software, 105 

CM A M kto,168 

CompSerVOo, 68 

Compu Craft, 166 

Cortland Computers Inc., NA 

Creaiive Solutions Inc., 171 

Cricket Software, 134 

D2 Software. 176 

Desktop Software Center. 48 

Enabling Technology. NA 

Ergot ron Inc. 163 

G/eene Johnson, 172 

General Computer Co., 61 

Hayes Microcomputer Products, 130 

Innovative Technology, 39 

Infosphere, 110 

UO Design, 187 

Kurta Corp., 173 

Levoo, IBS 

MacConnecfon, 82 

MacDoctor Electronics, 162 

MacRentalS, 152 

MacStore, 1S5 

MacUndef ground. 106 

Manx Software, 194 

Meacom, 161 

Micah, lnc„ 163 

Micro Conversions, 73 

Micro Graphics Images. 145 

MicroRainCorp.NA 

Micro W. 175 

Miles Computing, 69 

Miles Computing, 173 

Miles Computing, 179 

Mirror Technologies. 164 

Mirror Technologies. 160 

Mousirak, 170 

Nationwide Expo, 167 

Northeastern Software, 76 

OjXimum Computer Luggage, ISO 

PaJo Alto Shipping Co., 154 

PC Connection, 82 

PC Network 60 

PDS Video Technology, 139 

Penguin Software. 77 

Personal Computer Peripherals Corp., 50 

Programs Pius, 69 

RH Electronics, 190 

The Saving Zone, NA 

Semantic Microsystems, 148 

Singular Software, 193 

Sir-Tech Software. 62 

Software Discoveries. 146 

Soft Guard. 191 

Sof-ware Tools, 169 

Software Ventures, NA 

SONY Corp. of America, 192 

SupeiMac Technologies, Inc,. NA 

Target Sofware, 195 

Think Technofogy, 182 

TML Systems, 149 

Uncle Ars Software Rental, 174 

Vision Technologies, 161 

Worthinglon/Babcock, Inc., 160 

Zedcor Inc,. 177 


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I ■ 1 1 1 r ■ ■ I ■ 11 ■ ■ ■ 1 11 11.. 1. 1 1 .. 1 1 1 [ 1 1 ... 1 11 1 111 11. 11 111 








































When Your Macintosh 
Needs an Upgrade, 
the Number to Call is: 

(818) 407-0571 


^ _ 

IMAGES 

The Single Source for All 
Your Macintosh Upgrade Needs. 




Fully integrated 20-mbyte internal 
hard disk plus l - mbyte of RAM, 
complete with RamDisk software. 

$2195.00 


BH 

MegaMath I 


1 mbyte of memory with a 68881 math 
Co-Processor. The utmost in speed ! 

$1495.00 



!-mbyte of RAM, and SCSi 
port with a Co-Processor port 
give you flexibility as well as value. 

$595.00 


gone 


External video output card will 
drive monitors and video projectors, 

$149.50 


Integrated. Compatible. Upgradeable. 

McgaMac is a trademark of MicroCraphic Images, Macintosh is a trademark of Apple Computer. 


Dealer Inquiries Invited. 


Ptease circle 145 on reader service card. 




<r 

512K Memory Upgrade 

$ 169.00 




PRICE INCLUDES: 

PARTS 

• 16 256K 150 nano-second DRAM chips (faster than Appfe chips) 

- 17 30mil gofd plated, machine screw, open frame. 16 pin DIP sockets 

• One 74F253 multiplexer (distributes high addresses to new memory) 

• 4 metal film resistors, one glass capacitor (for multiplexer circuit) 

- One custom M-512 ultra-small, double-sided^ solder masked 
printed circuit board on 7 pin gold header (multiplexer mount) 

• Fully socketed; No piggy backs or jumper wires; Fan not required 


SERVICE 

* Experl labor, complete installation 

* 120 Day Warranty, parts and labor 

* Software: Ram disk, Switcher, Switcher 
Manua], Memory Test, Disk Duplicator 

* Free Return Shipping, 2nd day air, any¬ 
where in United States (motherboard only) 

* Board Swap Onfy Upon Request 


Now, the highest quality upgrade in Silicon Valley is available to you at factory direct pricing, SI69 includes a 120 day 
warranty, a Mac Doctor™ Program Disk (RamDisk, Switcher, Memory Test, Disk Duplicator), and Free Return 
Shipping 2nd day air anywhere in the United Slates (of a motherboard only). Now that's service! Logic boards 
are swapped only upon request. To upgrade, ship your Mac motherboard or your entire Mac with payment or 
request for COD. If system down-time is unacceptable to you, we can ship you a complete 512K motherboard and 
refund you an exchange credit when you send us your swapped 128K hoard. Or do it yourself with our 512K Kit: 
alt parts, instructions, software, $99. Call or write for Mac opening tools and instructions. Sony and Maxell 
disks sold at cost plus 10% with any upgrade. Walk-in upgrades in San Francisco area. Dealer inquiries welcome. 


SEND YOUR BOARD WITH CHECK OR MONEY ORDER fCA RESIDENTS ADD 7% SALES TAXI TQ : 




Mac Doctor Electronics 

405 Lytton Avenue, Suite One, Palo Alio, CA 94301 

Phone Orders; (415) 321-3358 




Please circle 162 on reader service card. 











































* 


MINIFINDERS 



Mac Backgammon with Crlbbage provides graphic versions of 
** these classic games. Variable skill levels allow the user to 
set game difficulty. At the expert level both games will 
challenge experts. The graphics are attractive but slow the 
games down quite a bit. $49. Videx, 1105 Northeast Circle 
Blvd.. Corvallis. OR 97330. CP 

MacChallenger lets players land a space shuttle. The graphics of 
•*** this flight simulator are crude and it's a hard machine to fly, 
but it's also a lot of fun. Version 2.0 lets you record your 
landing attempt (that’s what most of them are!) and then 
review it from any of ten camera angles, a truly unique 
touch! $49.95. Aegis Development, # 277, 2210 Wilshire 
Blvd., Santa Monica, CA 90403. CP 
Macinooga ChooiChoo is a set of electronic toy trains. Run on 
**** the layouts provided, or create your own, as complex as you 
wish. Create scenery using built-in tools or import fancier 
MacPaint scenery. $39. Fortnum, 31 W, Sierra Madre Blvd., 
Sierra Madre, CA 91024. NCP 

MacJack II is a blackjack game pitting users against the house. 
**** Includes good graphics, insurance against dealer blackjack, 
splitting and doubling, and table limit that rises with your 
stake. The game plays very well, and can be quite addictive. 
$39,95, DataPak, # 401, 14011 Ventura Blvd., Sherman 
Oaks, CA 91423. CP 

Mac Vega 6 contains seven complete casino-style games: bacca- 
*** rat, blackjack, craps, keno, poker, roulette and slots. All are 
fairly standard but generally well designed. House rules can 
be altered by selecting establishment from a menu. The 
games are all fun to play, but not particularly absorbing. 
$59. Videx, 1105 Northeast Circle Blvd,, Corvallis, OR 
97330. CP 

Make Millions is a fascinating business simulation in which the 
***** p I aye r com pete s a ga i n st th e com p u te r to ta ke contro I o f f i ve 
companies, then run them profitably. Different strategic 
options and human-seeming associates make simulation 
more complete. Appeals to the closet capitalist in all of us, 
$49,95, Scarborough Systems. 55 South Broadway, Tarrv- 
town, NY 10591, CP 

Millionaire is a financial simulation based on the stock market, 
***• "News' 1 affects stock prices, so read it religiously. Turn a 
pittance into a fortune to win the game, $49.95. Blue Chip, 
6740 Eton Ave.,Canoga Park, CA 91303. CP 
Mind Over Mac features five games. Entertainment for the whole 
**** family. Good graphics paired with synthesized sound and on¬ 
screen help (each has a Rule menu). $49,95, Think Educa¬ 
tional Software, 16 Market St., Potsdam, NY 13676. CP? 
NewGammon is animated backgammon that will challenge even 
mm good players. Features Include variable skill levels and 
strategies and options to play the Mac or watch the Mac play 
itself. Many positions are included so that you can learn how 
to play them without having to set up a whole game. An 
arcade-like high speed play mode is also included. This is 
the best backgammon player currently available. $39,95. 
Newsoft. PO Box 4035, Newport Beach, CA 92661. CP 
Porplexx is a board word game based on Scrabble , Players can 
vary the rules and board to suit their tastes and skills. Up to 
four can play and the game can either be an active player or 
a scorer and arbiter. Has a 90.000+ word dictionary and 
good graphics. $39.95. Hayden, 600 Suffolk St,, Lowell, MA 
01854, CP 

Pinball Construction Set lets users create their own pinball 
**•* games, as elaborate or as easy as desired. Uses MacPaint 
for backgrounds and has lifelike sounds (on 512K Macs). No 
documentation to speak of. $40. Electronic Arts, 2755 
Campus Dr., San Mateo, CA 94403. CP 
Planetfall leaves users shipwrecked on a seemingly deserted 
m planet, with only Floyd the Droid to help figure out how to get 
home. Two possible endings. This full-text game is written in 
a tongue-in-cheek style. $39.95. Infocom, 125 Cambridge¬ 
Park Dr,, Cambridge, MA 02140. CP 
Psion Chess is as good a micro chess player as you'll find. This 
•*•*» 1984 World Micro Champion makes superb use of graphics 



and the Mac interface. Switch between 6 languages for a 
touch of spice, $59.95, Psion, 40 Undeman Dr,, Trumbull, 
CT 06611. CP 

Real Poker is five-card draw against five other players with Old 
***** West names, distinct personalities and playing styles, in a 
saloon setting. Dealing and play are very fast. Game 
evaluates your hand, suggests cards to keep/discard. Dy¬ 
namic, exciting, addictive game. $39.95, Henderson Asso¬ 
ciates, 980 Henderson Ave,, Sunnyvale, CA 94086, CP 
Rogue is a strategy dungeon adventure in which each quest is 
■■*• completely different. Randomly generated rooms, monsters 
and treasures keep even veterans on their toes. $39. Epyx. 
1043 Kiel Ct.. Sunnyvale, CA 94039, CP 
Sargon III is a capable chess program with 9 levels of play* 
**»* problem-solving modes, take back, change color, hint* 
manual play, etc. Easy Play option blocks Sargon from 
stealing search time during player's move, effectively dou¬ 
bling number of levels. Pieces are moved graphically. Disk 
stores 107 classic games for review and replay. $49.95. 
Hayden, 600 Suffolk St,, Lowell, MA 01854. CP 
Strategic Conquest is a large scale, strategic conflict on the 
***• Mac. This very involved war game will be enjoyed by those 
who like this genre, $49.95. PBI Software, 1155B-H Chess 
iDr.i iFoster City* CA 94404, CP 

Suspended is Info corn's most unique text game. Using a small 
mm plastic board and six markers, the pfayer keeps track of six 
uniquely designed robots which check on damage to a 
complex's machinery and report back what they perceive as 
the problem. $49.95, Infocom, 125 CambridgePark Dr., 
Cambridge, MA 02140. CP 

Tycoon is a financial simulation based on the ups and downs of 
hm commodities market. Build a fortune in pork bellies and 
Swiss francs, checking the "Financial Journal” for news 
affecting the market. $59.95, Blue Chip, 6740 Eton Ave * 
Canoga Park, CA 91303. CP 

Ultima II players take the part of a character who travels through 
**•* land, sea* atr, space and even time itself In a quest to find 
and defeat the evil sorceress Minax, Good Mac interface; 
excellent game; confusing graphics. $59,95. Sierra, PO Box 
485, Coarsegold* CA 93614, CP 
Ultima III allows up to four characters to cooperate to explore the 
***** vast wilderness of Sosaria; dungeons, oceans* and the 
Moon Gates to heip solve the adventure. $59.95. Origin 
Systems. 340 Harvey Rd,. Manchester, NH 03103. CP 
Universe 2 is the most complete space adventure yet created. It 
**• has so much data that it requires 3 disks! Good, playable 
game, marred by poor parser in the text adventure sections. 
Requires 512K. $69,95. Omnitrend, PO Box 3, W. Simsbury, 
CT 06092, CP 

Webstev^s Revenge is a Boggle-Uke word search game. Super 
***• graphics make it a pleasure to play. The dictionary is 
adequate and the user can always overrule it if necessary. 
Multiple skill levels make this a game for all* $34.95. 
Shapeehanger Software. 113 E. Tyler, Athens, IX 75751. 
CP? 

Winter Games lets Up to eight players compete against each other 
m»« jn Olympic events including figure skating, bobsledding* 
biathlon and ski-jumping. Mouse and keyboard controls this 
action game. Excellent animation, good graphics, good 
theme music, $39, Epyx, 1034 Kiel Ct.* Sunnyvale. CA 
94089, CP 

The Witness is a full-text adventure that casts the player as a 
mm detective assigned to get to the bottom of a death threat. 
When the victim is killed, you have only one night to find the 
real guilty party. $39.95. Infocom, 125 CambridgePark Dr., 
Cambridge, MA 02142. CP 

Wizardry is an outstanding dungeon exploration adventure pitting 
***** a party of up to six characters against the guardian monsters 
of the evil wizard Werdna. Capture his amulet to earn your 
reward. Even after solving the game, youil want to go back 
into the dungeon. $59.95. Sir-Tech* 6 Main St,. Ogdens- 
burg, NY 13669, CP 


138 M A C U S E R APR 


L 19 8 6 














INTRODUCING 


TEMPO 



Tempo ,M — the ultimate macro. 

Fly through complex command sequences! Integrate programs automatically! 
Make Jazz sing, OverVUE swing, and Excel jump for joy! 


Add the Power of Macros to 
Your Macintosh 

What*S a macro? A macro records any sequence 
of commands or keyboard entries once and then 
replays them all quickly forever after. A single 
keystroke will recall the most complex series of 
commands. And you can create up to 450 Tempo 
macros in every application. 

Go beyond simple record and playback. 
You get powerful features that will enhance 
nearly every Macintosh program. Programs like 
Jazz™, Excel” 1 , Mac Publisher™, MacDraw™, 
Helix''\ OverVUE r \ File Vision™ and nearly 
every other ™ designed for the Macintosh. 
Automate lengthy commands. Just 
turn Tempo on while you per¬ 
form a series of 
commands or key- 
strokes once, and 
mid! you've made a 
macro. Ibrmat spread¬ 
sheets. Add boiler¬ 
plate. Get creative! 

Build vertical market 
applications by inte¬ 
grating unrelated programs 
with Tempo. You can create 
a single macro to automati¬ 
cally move data between an 
unlimited number of Macin¬ 
tosh programs. 

Not just for the “power 
user,* Even if you only use 
Tempo for tasks like printing out a 
document with one command instead of three, you 11 
save time in nearly every Macintosh application. 


Fantastic Features Make the 
Difference! 

Pause for text entry; Tempo will pause while re¬ 
playing the series of commands so you can enter infor¬ 
mation. You can even emteymr mv dialog im! Thar 
way your Tempo macro can walk somebody 
through a program they've never 
used before. 

Pause for Time, Either 
hours, minutes or seconds 
or until a given clod time, 
when the macro automatically 
shuts up again. Wbrks great 

with m<xlems. Or for reading lab 
data at regular intervals. 
Conditional Branching! 
A Temp macro will read a 
spreadsheet cell ora database 
entry or anything else you can 
copy into the clipboard, and 
imvuh to another mem based 
on the contents. It uses 
simple “greater-than 11 and 
“eq ua I - to "-sty le B oo I ean 
logic, and actually lets 
you pmgram your 
programs. 

live through the 
launch " One 

macro can launch a 
hundred programs. 
Now' there beauty ! 
'ibu can cake information from your account¬ 
ing program, move it to a spreadsheet, compare it to 
List months results, build a graph trom it, and 
modem it to an analyst. All with a single keystroke! 



Real-Tune Replay; Play bade at the same speed 
you recorded, You can create "self-running demos" for 
nearly any Macintosh software. 

Much, Much More! We haven't even covered vlth 
ing your macro after yam created it. Or suspending or 
mmlling action in the middle of a macro. And modi 
more still. 


Two Great 
Negative Reasons to 
Buy Tempo Now! 

1, Tempo is not mpy-pmkekd, so you can easily in¬ 
stall it in your hard drive, 

2, If you're mt absolutely Iktppy with what Tempo 
can do for you and your Mac, return it within 
90 days for a rump lore re hind. Well guaran¬ 
tee you r satisfaction! 

Call 

1-800-255-5550x425 

right now, today! 

Call us for the dealer nearest you, or you 
can order directly from us. 

For 399, you get more macro power than a 
micro has ewer had before. 

For 128Kand 512K Macs! 



A tfini i y M icn mstim. Ltd 
UlVtlWalnut Sinvt, Suite (25 
Hfulcfer, CO 80iUZ 


Copyright Affirm y Microsystems, Ltd A SI the usual trademark irp> apply ru thfr named software 

Please circle 118 on reader service card. 









Word Challenge is a Boggle lookalike. Features multiple (26) skill 
•* levels and an extensive dictionary. Even "pro 41 Boggle 
players should find a level that will challenge them. New 
version has improved graphics. $39.95. Hayden, 600 Suf¬ 
folk St,. Lowell, MA 01854. CP 

WordPlay is a word game with over 50 crossword puzzles for 
mm different levels of expertise. User friendly, it offers on¬ 
screen Help menus. A Work mode allows development of 
new puzzles for the creative, $49.95, Pafantir, 12777 Jones 
Rd.. Houston, TX 77070. NCP 

Xyphus is a role-playing game pitting four characters (fighters or 
***• wizards} against multiple scenarios that grow increasingly 
harder. Excellent Mac interface and icon control. $39.95, 
Penguin, 830 Fourth Ave*, Geneva, IL 60134. CP 
Zork I is a full-text adventure game that lets players explore a 
mm strange underground empire. Parser understands full sen¬ 
tences: players can take many different routes to final 
success. Beware of the thief, who steals random objects. 
The ultimate text game. $39,95, Infocom, 125 Cambridge¬ 
Park 0r, T Cambridge, MA 02140. CP 
Zork li is where the adventure continues in the underground 
•••* empire. A wandering wizard keeps things interesting, though 
there’s a way to beat him if you persevere. $44,95, infocom, 
125 CambridgePark Dr,, Cambridge, MA 02140. CP 
Zork III is the final chapter in the trilogy. Players come up against 
m** the ultimate enemy—the Dungeonmaster himself. More 
ctosed-ended than previous larks. $44.95. Infocom, 125 
CambridgePark Dr., Cambridge, MA 02140. CP 


MUSIC 

ConcertWara+ Is an enhanced version of ConcertWare. Has 
m« different instruments and the ability to use any four of a set 
of eight at any point in a musical piece. Can read and use 
ConcertWare and MusicWorks files. The best program for 
those who want to listen to music on the Mac. $69.95. Great 
Wave Software. PO Box 5847, Stanford, CA 94305. NCP 
Deluxe Musk Construction Set: an active piano keyboard and 
«M instant audio feedback make this program perfect for 
educational applications, and the advanced notational capa¬ 
bilities will satisfy most advanced musicians, $50, Electron¬ 
ic Arts, 2755 Campus Dr., San Mateo, CA 94403. CP 
MusIcWorks allows the user to create and play simple musical 
m* compositions. Music entry is by either a grid or a staff and is 
very easy. Users can select various Instruments and modify 
each to produce new effects. Compositions are limited to 64 
measures and overall limitations make this a beginner's 
program. There are many public domain music files avail¬ 
able to play. The manual is clear and thorough. $79.95, 
Hayden, 600 Suffolk St., Lowell, MA 01854. CP 
Professional Composer is aimed at music professionals. Pro- 
duces performance-quality sheet music; has only limited 
playback facilities, $495. Mark of the Unicorn, 222 Third 
St. Cambridge. MA 02142. CP 


HARDWARE & ACCESSORIES 

A+ Mouse is a replacement mouse. It works by optical tracking on 
mm a special mousepad. Good choice if the original mouse fails. 
$99. Mouse Systems, 2336H Walsh Ave., Santa Clara, CA 
95051, 

The Easel is a compact and portable carrier for up to 20 disks. Can 
«« be converted into a standup rack for desktop use. Solidly 
made, attractive and useful. $19.95. Innovative Technol¬ 
ogies, 5731 La Jolla Blvd., La Jolla, CA 92037. 

Ergotron is a Mac (and external drive) holder that allows a full 
mm range of swiveling and tilting. Very strong, this well made 
unit is also very easy to use. $99.95. Ergotron, PO Box 
17013, Minneapolis. MN 55417, 

Hard Disk 20 is Apple's entry in the exploding hard disk sweep- 
*»• stakes. This quiet, small unit uses Apple’s new Hierarchical 
File System (NFS), It is a pleasure to use and will perform 


even better when the new ROMs are available. The lack of 
utility software (spooler, backup, security) is its only draw¬ 
back. $1499, Apple Computer, 20525 Marian! Ave., Cuperti¬ 
no, CA 95014. 

Hyper Drive HD20 is an internal 20-megabyte hard disk. It only 
mm adds about 5 pounds to the Mac’s weight. Good, full featured 
unit with all common utmties;spooler, security program and 
backup utility. It could use memory a bit more efficiently, 
and it remains to see how well it will work with Apple s new 
HFS, $2195 installed in a 512K Mac. General Computer 
Company. 215 First St.. Cambridge. MA 02142. 
MacCharlle Is one of the most unusual Mac products imaginable, 
«m its components slip around the Mac and the keyboard and 
convert the Mac into an IBM PC done. Amazingly it works 
well. The enlarged keyboard has a few bugs but is a joy to 
use. $1,195 with 256K RAM and one floppy drive. $1,895 
with 64QK RAM and two floppy drives. Dayna Communica¬ 
tions. 50 S. Main St,, Salt Lake City, UT 84144. 
Maclrrtlzer is a graphics tablet and absolute positioning device 
mm that replaces the mouse. Various scales are possible, $599. 

GTCO Corp.. 1055 First St. Rockville, MD 20850, 
MacNIfty Stereo Music System converts Mac sounds to simulat- 
mm* ed stereo by splitting highs and lows between two powerful 
speakers. User controls bass, treble, balance, low and high 
impedance output, and most importantly, volume. Hear your 
music compositions the way they were meant to be played, 
$79.95. Kette Group. 13895 Industrial Park Blvd., Minne¬ 
apolis, MN 55441. 

MacNIfty Switch allows any port on your Mac to connect to two 
«* peripherals. Turn the knob to switch between the two 
devices. Plugs are friction-fit, not screw-fastened like most 
Mac peripherals, so in some cases may loosen by them¬ 
selves, $34.95, Kette Group. 13895 industrial Park Blvd., 
Minneapolis, MN 55441. 

MacTabtot is a stylus-driven graphics tablet. Users can easily 
mm sketch or trace art using this absolute-positioning device. 
Has a working area the size of the Mac screen. Allows 
concurrent use of the mouse. $495, Summagraphics Corp., 
777 State St. Extension, Fairfield, CT 06430. 

Mac Turbo Touch is a mouse replacement device. Features 
mm include 2.5-inch diameter track ball with control buttons to 
either side. Users either love it (and refuse to use anything 
else) or hate it; very few so-so's on this product. Takes a few 
days to get used to. $129. Assimilation, 485 Alberto Way. 
Los Gatos, CA 95030. 

MacVIstan is a digitizer that uses an ordinary video camera for 
mm input. Capable of extremely fine results and special effects. 
Easy to use and well documented, $399.95, Koala, 3100 
Patrick Henry Dr,, Santa Clara, CA 95052, 

Magtc is both the most intimidating and easiest to use digitizer 
mm available. Use a regular video camera for input. Once the 
crowded screen is mastered, any effect is possible. $399, 
$549 with camera. New Image Technology, # 104, 10300 
Greenbelt Rd., Seabrook, MD 20706. 

Mousetrak is a fabric covered foam mousing pad. If will increase 
mm the efficiency of your mouse while helping to keep it clean. 
Pad comes in a variety of colors. Particularly useful In the 
typical office desk top environment. $10. Moustrak, # 503, 
1 Weatherly, Mill Valley, CA 94941, 

Numeric Turbo combines a track ball with an enhanced numeric 
mm keypad. The keypad includes working cursor keys and other 
direct function keys that bypass the Mac’s Command and 
Shift keys. The track ball takes some getting used to and 
some never learn to like it. Those who do rarely ever use a 
mouse again. $149. Assimilation, 485 Alberto Way, Los 
Gatos, CA 95030, 

ThunflerScan replaces the ribbon cartridge in an ImageWriter, 
mm which is required to use it. Laser scans art that can be run 
through the ImageWriter, producing high-quality digitized 
images. The Images can be manipulated as they are created 
or afterward. Output has been optimized for LaserWriter. 
$229. Thunderware, 21 Orinda Way, Orinda. CA 94563. 





140 M A C U S E R APRI L 1986 











1-800-MAC-USER 

MOVING? If you're moving house soon and 
you re a subscriber, please try to let our 
subscriptions department know six weeks in 
advance so that we can ensure you don't 
miss a single copy of MacUser. Just dial . 

1-800-MAC-USER 

CALL USf It's a toll-free call and a real live 
MacUser human being will answer between 
the hours of 9:00 AM and 5 30 PV1 (Eastern 
Standard Time) to process your new 
information and confirm the details 

1-800-MAC-USER 

SUBSCRIBE! You can also dial this number to 
order a subscription to MacUser, You'll get 
the same whopping 48% discount off the 
newsstand price as described in our regular 
subscription card 

l-800-MAC-USL“ 

SUBSCRIPTION QUERY? And if you have a 
query or complaint relating to your 
subscription, we ll do our best to solve It for 
you while you're on-line. If you call outside of 
' human hours,' an answering machine will 
take details 

1-800-MAC-US;’ 

PRODUCT INFORMATION If you would like 
information on products or services 
advertised in MacUser, you can save yourself 
the trouble of using the Reader Service Card 
elsewhere in this issue and call us Instead 
Please be sure to have a list of the products 
for which you want further information on 
hand before you call. 


l-800-IVJAC-U$EF 


Last, please help us to help you by not 
calling our editorial offices on the East or 
West Coast with subscription inquiries. We 
do not have the records available on screen 
there and can’t give you any sensible 
answers to questions about subscriptions. 
Conversely, our subscriptions people aren't 
set up to handle editorial brickbats and 
roses. You'll find our editorial telephone 
numbers listed under the masthead on page 
4. Thank you for subscribing to MacUser! 


"Connecticut residents only , please cell 
(203) 853-1858 for all subscription 
inquiries 




How To Tap 
The AppleII 


Four It Ox 

Using Mac + fl r you can fill your Macintosh to overflow with 
AppleH software. Thousands of routines, graphics programs, games, 
industry specific applications, utilities and, of course, AppleWorks, 
are yours to choose from in the AppleII program library. 

Filled With Features 

Mac + [] V30 is an Apple lie emulator 
(123k, BO column) lhal nms Applesoft, Integer 
BASIC, 6502 and 65C02 machine language, 
DOS 3,3, Pro DOS and PASCAL 1.3 on your 
Mac without any hardware add-ons. 

Mac + U disks arc also compatible with 
the AppleII Uni Disk 3.5* 

Communications software 
included with Mac + II allows transfer 
of a program and its files through an 
Image Writer cable or modem. 


Program 
Library 
For Your 
Macintosh. 


meacom 


P.O. Box 272591. Houston, TX 77277 
(713)526-5706. Telex: 4945935 


V]£A jrd MG JurcpU'd Mjc + LI iswnHrn hy Omd 
McrrunQ Mjl + LE Y.t.Ui$|J9.95J rjnukr&LinAppIrll + 
nr an enhanced Apptdfcand ie^uin;s d 5UL Mar, m 
Mjc. Uls No For AppleII Owners: Mp.irjijn nrrtv 47fji: 
UmDGS {SIS.IWJ which 1 $ DOS U for rhe L 'mDisk Jfi 
Apple, Mjcinirmli. AnplnWorks., UniDisk ,t S. ImjficWritrr 
jnd PfrOOS a[ l- trjJtmirkiaf Apple Computer, Inr. 
L’siiDOSisairjdriiii.irkuif Msacain 


Please circle 181 on reader service card. 


Introducing MacSpin™ 


Shows structure, trends, relationships 
New way to display and interact with data 


Feam res 


* 3-d display of any 3 variables in 
your dataset 

- Real-time rotation shows you 
patterns, outliers 

• Animation shows you trends 
with time or some other variable 

-Highlight categories of interest 


Ease of L se 


* Point and Click to identify 
and highlight outliers etc. 

* Create new variables and 
categories interactively 

* Edit data using worksheet view 

* Works with spreadsheets, 
databases, statistics packages 



V at Kin Waqvii'i 
1 rip m m ■C i f 
|Fiii*At ► CUT* 
jaiifTKim C ai*i 


D 2 Software, Box 9546, Austin Tx 78766 


Conics 


• 189 page manual. 

■ Examples in Science, 
Medicine, Business 
- Example data Included 

Intro, Price $79.95! 
Orders: (512) 835-2982 
Master Card, Visa, C O D 
Brochure Available 

Duller inquiries welcome 
Runs on 5 1 2k or 1 28k Mac 


Please circle 176 on reader service card. 








































You Can’t go Wrong 
with MacLightning: 

MacLightning™ is the first RAM-based interactive Spelling/Grammar 

checker for Macintosh™ 


W hether you’re using Microsoft Word,™ 
Excel,™ Omnis 3,™ Jazz,™ or any other 
Macintosh program, MacLightning watches 
your every move and beeps when you make 
a mistake. 

Once alerted to an error, you can find the 
correct word by hitting one key. And correct it 
the same way. Or if you'd rather check your work 
at the end of a session, MacLightning will check 
a section or an entire document with a click 
of the mouse. With a top speed of 60 + words 
per second, it’s the fastest road to a perfect 
document. 

MacLightning remembers the words that 
are important to you. Any word, name, place or 
abbreviation can be added to the Dictionary with 
a single click. And that’s not all! 


Soon you’ll be able to add additional Data 
Libraries such as encyclopedias, medical, legal 
and scientific references and technical dictionaries. 
Just choose the Library you need, and it’s busi¬ 
ness as usual,.. without the mistakes! 

So before you go wrong, stop by your 
local dealer and go right with MacLightning™! 

Requires 512K Macintosh. $99.95 

MacLightning 

From Target Software. Jne. 

I 4206 S,W. I 36 5t„ Miami, Florida 33 186 
(30S) Z52‘0892 
I 800-MAC LITE 

Please circle 195 on reader service card. 



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The Mac is by far the best medium for producing beautiful, high resolution graphics quickly & easily. To kick off 
our new section, "Picture Palette/' we invited some of MacUser’s contributing artists to dash off a few pretty 
pictures. Next time, folks, it's your turn! Send your Mac graphics, along with a short description of how you ac¬ 
complished your results, to MacUser Palette, 25 West 39th Street, New York, NY 10018. We'll pay $25-$ 100 
for every picture we print, plus we'll print your name* home town, & methods. Show off your talents to the peo¬ 
ple who count—MacUser readers. 


APRIL 1986 MACUSER 143 


















THE DEVIL'S ADVOCATE 



THE AMAZING 
NEW 

MACINTOSH! 

by John C. Dvorak 

T H IS column consists mainly of spec¬ 
ulation, hut sometimes 1 hear a story 
that bears repeating. In the case of" the 
secret French Macintosh, the story hears 
repeating over and over. It seems that for 
over two years Apple has been using the 
services of Jean Leon I.emh a French 
computer designer and noted physicist. 
He's the French equivalent of Alan Kay 
and Fm told he and Kay communicate 
often about the best design for the next 
generation of personal computers. 

IS it enough to say that amongst the 
cognoscenti, Jean Leon (as he is called) is 
as well-known as Seymour Cray? I Je lias 
been used by nearly every major main¬ 
frame manufacturer as a consultant. Me 
supposedly ironed out some throughput 
hugs in the new IBM 3090 machine and 
has worked with the Russians on a 
supercomputer of some sort. The con¬ 
nection with Apple is a little mysterious, 
hut Fee been able to gather enough facts 
to piece together a scenario that will give 
us some idea as to Apple's plans for the 
future. 

AN abtmse memo sent to me by an 
insider at Apple concerning Apple's 
ownership of a L 05-foot yacht named 
the Apple Eumpa turned me on to the 
whole story. The hoar is anchored near 
Sr. Trope/ in the south of France I sent 
the memo to a friend of mine who works 
for Computer land in Europe to check 
this out and he confirmed that Apple 
does indeed have a huge motor-powered 
yacht in the Mediterranean, On hoard is 
a satellite uplink and an entire develop¬ 
ment team headed by Jean Leon. It turns 
out that Jean Leon is good friends with 
lean-Louis Gassec and that connection is 
the main reason Steve Jobs (who had 
somehow' met Jean Leon in Farts while 
on a junket) hired Gassec. 

APRIL* 1986 was supposed to be the 
date that a new generation of computers 
was to be announced, according to my 
sources. The new generation was sup¬ 
posed to he designed by these French¬ 


men. The original notion was that the 
Macintosh by then would have supplant¬ 
ed the Apple II as the bread and butter 
computer and the Jean Leon machine 
(dubbed the “Sylvie*) would be intro¬ 
duced as Apple's corn' into the personal 
workstation market. It would be a direct 
competitor with Sun and Apollo Com¬ 
puters at a third of the price. Now it 
seems that this machine may never be 
released, especially since Steve Jobs is 
gone and John Sail ley has been fighting 
with Jean Leon over the specifications of 
the computer. Over the past six months 
the relationship between the French de¬ 
sign team and Apple has been strained, 
to sav the least. 



“FOOLS, idiots, jerks,” is what Jean 
Leon calls the Apple Corporate people. 
* 1 D re a i ne r, ni( i n ey- w asto r, ph on ey, 11 i s 
what Apple executives call Jean Leon, 
Currently there is a dosed door battle in 
Cupertino over the expenses that the 
1 US-four Apple Europa Is racking up 
monthly. Fm mid char on board, Dom 
Peri gn on and 1, afire-Rothschild flow like 
water. Apparently the brouhaha over 
expenses stemmed from a phoney ex¬ 
pense report sent to Cupertino one 
month, Among other things it listed a 
wine expense of over 510,000 for one 
parry! 

JOKE or no joke, the whole operation 
is under review and it's possible that the 
Sylvie may never appear or be complet¬ 
ed- 

I heard that the Sylvie is a 1024 x 
1024 full-color machine with three pro¬ 
cessors. Jean Leon is supposed to he 
some sort of genius with parallel process- 
ing. It has three 68000 chips. One lor 
I/O, one for the screen and one for data 


manipulation. The machine uses all high 
speed components and operates at one 
megaflop speed. 11 comes with 10 mega¬ 
bytes of main memory and it's supposed 
to sell for less than 53000. 

MEANWHILE, there is a big battle 
over nvo issues. It seems that Alan Kay 
and Jean Leon are convinced that new 
algorithms will make voice recognition a 
reality, so there will be no need for a 
keyboard. For CAD/CAM use, the 
mouse will do all the work. Scullcy 
thinks it’s idiotic to even consider pro¬ 
ducing a machine without a keyboard. 

CAN you imagine a machine without 
a keyboard!? Fve heard that demos done 
by Jean Leon include putting a keyboard 
on the screen and then typing on it with 
the mouse. Needless to say, Scullcy will 
fight this dumb idea. 

HOPE for a keyboard, folks! Then 
again, the keyboard issue may just be a 
smokescreen for the real problem be¬ 
tween Scullcy and Jean Leon. It seems 
that Scullcy is so hot on making this 
machine IBM compatible that he insists 
that it have a fourth processor-—an Intel 
80286 or. better still, a 80386, Jean 
I .eon is dead set against IBM compatibil¬ 
ity in this way. 

TO make the computer IBM compati¬ 
ble with another chip would screw up his 
efficient design, or so the story goes. 
This additional chip means that the ma¬ 
chine will cost more and provide only a 
marketing gimmick. 

DELUDE the user with emulation, 
perhaps?! That seems to he what Jean 
Leon wants to do, Sail lev's advisors have 
convinced Scullcy that an hud chip has 
to be on-board, Emulation never works 
right and it's a software bottleneck, For¬ 
tune Systems guys used to tell me how 
they were going to emulate all kinds of 
things with their 68000, including the 
Apple II and the IBM PC, Needless to 
say, it never happened. 

A person with experience in this in¬ 
dustry soon realizes that there is comput¬ 
er-assisted design to help build boards 
and design chips, hut we do nor have 
similar tools for software development. 
That's why software lags so far behind. 
So maybe the fourth processor is the wav 
to go, 

FEW, if any, Apple executives are 
siding with Jean Leon on this issue or on 
die keyboard issue. Apparently this has 
the Frenchman tip in arms. Meanwhile 
the April date is long forgotten. 

READERS may get lucky and gel to 
see a prototype in Las Vegas at next fall's 
COMDEX.* Have a mce day,^ 


144 Rfl A C U 5 E R APRIL 1986 


DAVID COULSQIV 














Only the Hayes Transet 1000 
can get you out of this one. 


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FLAK! IOAM! 



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Now your PC can do three 
things at once instead of making 
you wait while it does one thing 
at once. 

Wc call it tri ple taskin g . e 

It means you can work with 
your PC while the Transet 1000 
receives your electronic mail 
and runs your printer for you 
simultaneously. 

Three jobs at once. No waiting. 

When you're away from your 
desk, or at night while your PC 
is turned off, Transet 1000 serves 
as an electronic mailbox. 

Because it has its own indepen¬ 
dent 128K or 5I2K memory. 

To get the messages that come 
in through the night, you can 
call them up on your PC. Access 
them through a remote modem 
if you're away from the office. 


Or even have them waiting for 
you in hard copy. 

By now it's dawning on you 



Hayes 

Say yes to the future with Mayes. 

* Manufacturer** estimated tetatl price 


• Miucxarnputct Product* r* 

that Transet 1000 can make your 
PC about three times as produc¬ 
tive as it is now. Which is no 
small statement. 

You've also figured out it's 
more than just a print buffer. 
More than just a communica¬ 
tions buffer. And probably costs 
a lot. Right? 

Wrong! 

It costs only $399' for the 
128K model which stores up to 
90 pages. And only $349* for the 
312K version with up to 360 
pages of storage. 

For more information and 
specifications, contact your 
authorized Hayes dealer. Or 
Hayes directly at (404) 441-1617. 

Hayes Microcomputer Prod¬ 
ucts, Inc., P.O. Box 103203, 
Atlanta, Georgia 30348. 

Please circle 130 on reader service card. 









STARE AT THIS 
FOR 18.5 SECONDS. 
THANK YOU. 

YOU’VE JUST DEMONSTRATED 
THE BEST REASON 
TO OWN A HYPERDRIVE. 


it takes 18.5 seconds to star t 
MacWnteon a regular 512K Macintosh. 
And only 5,5 seconds on the worlds 
fastest Macintosh—namely one with 
HyperDnve. {Which will work with either 
the 512K Mac or the Macintosh Plus) 

To demonstrate the second best 
reason to own a HyperDnve, stack fifty 
diskettes atop one another HyperDnve 
holds up to that much data without 
enlisting outside help from any disk¬ 
ettes at all. 

The next demonstration will 
require a little imagination. Imagine a 
Macintosh with software that protects 


your data against loss by copying it onto 
diskettes A print spooler that lets you 
go on to other jobs while your printer is 
occupied. And a security program that 
protects your files from unauthorized 
entry You've just imagined a Macintosh 
with HyperDnve. 

The next demonstration requires 
no imagination at all. Just stare at your 
Macintosh, Since HyperDnve is the first 
hard disk that's installed inside the Mac, 
it also preserves the Macs appearance 
and portability. 

But for the most convincing 
demonstration of adjust perform this 


simple operation: Visit an authorized 
General Computer dealer He'll show 
you all the reasons why HyperDnve is r 
in the words of Macworld, "the hap¬ 
piest marriage of the Macintosh and a 
hard disk" 

For details, call us at (800)842- 
9000, Ext, 7 or (800) 843-909Q Ext. 7* 

=' GENERAL 
^.COMPUTER 

The leading edge starts here. 


"In Canada. call our distributer at {S0t» 66b 126? 1986 Genera! Computer Corp HyperD™*;.the? General Computer Coip tot>o and Ifn? loading edge starts fieri? are trademarks of Genera! Computer 

Corp Apple arid Mac Write are trademarks ol Appte Computer, Inc Macintosh r, a trademark Incensed to Ajiple Computer (no 


Please circle Sion reader service card.